[Aptitude] Logical Arrangement : Circular / Round Table

Aptitude57 Comments

  1. Introduction
  2. Circular arrangement
  3. Step 1: Draw the diagrams
  4. Step 2: Run the Checklist
  5. Step 3: Proceed with questions


There are 4 types of ‘Logical-Arrangement’ questions

  1. Circular : Sitting In a Round Table
  2. Linear : Sitting in rectangular table or row
  3. Traits: List of people given, A lives in Hyderabad and prefers T  and owns Maruti etc.
  4. Family trees: A is the father of B who is mother Office…

These problems are quite easy to solve but can be very time-consuming if you donot proceed in a proper manner.

Circular arrangement

It is the easiest of all arrangement questions.
However one point must be kept in mind: “A is sitting adjacent to B”= Either A is on left side of B OR A is on right side of B. In short, you’ve to consider multiple possible cases during the calculation.
Let’s try a question

6 people A to F are sitting in a round table. A is not adjacent to B or C; D is not adjacent to C or E; B and C are adjacent; F is in the middle of D and C.

Step 1: Draw the diagrams

It is compulsory to draw diagram. You can’t solve the ‘circular-arrangement’ with drawing diagrams.
Ok, Lot of people are not sitting adjacent to eachother but we can’t use those “negatives” as starting-point to draw a diagram.
Better take the positive statement “B and C are adjacent” as our starting point and proceed.
There are two possible cases

  • Either C is on the right side of B Or
  • C is on the left side of B.

Now use another positive statement: “F is in the middle of D and C.” Fill this in given cases
New diagrams look like this

Now deal with the negative statements:”A is not adjacent to B or C”
Consider case#1: There are only two seats left: skyblue and orange colored.
But A cannot be seated in skyblue chair, because question statement says “A is not adjacent to B or C”
Therefore A can be seated only in orange chair for case #1 and
Similarly for case #2, A can be seated only in Red chair.
After A is seated, there is only one seat left and only one man (E) is left so we place him in the remaining seat.
Alright all seats are now occupied, which means we’ve to run the checklist. IT serves two purposes

  • Incase you made any mistake in arrangement, you’ll find out at this stage OR
  • In One of the two cases, all checklist will not ‘pass’ thus we can eliminate one possible case and will be left with final perfect correct arrangement.

Step 2: Run the Checklist

ChecklistCase 1Case 2
A is not adjacent to B or CPassPass
D is not adjacent to C or EPassPass
B and C are adjacentPassPass
F is in the middle of D and C.PassPass

Damn it, both cases are passing the checklist. Time for some questions

Step 3: Proceed with questions

Q1. If one neighbor of A is D, who is the other one?

Both cases are valid and in both cases A is sitting between D and E.
Therefore if one neighbor of A is D, then other is E. We get same neighbor “E” in both cases.

Ans. E is the other neighbor.

Q2. Who is sitting on the left hand side of A?

Both case are valid and in first case, D is sitting on the left hand side of A.
But second case, E is sitting on the left hand side of A.
So we are not getting ‘one’ definite answer. It can be either D or E. So final answer is
Ans. No conclusion. Cannot be determined. Data insufficient. D or E.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  5. Spectrum Geography (selective) (Hindi | English)
  6. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  7. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  8. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  9. Oxford School Atlas with Census 2011
  10. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Arihant

So far 57 Comments posted

  1. Deepak Vashist

    Can't the arrangement be A,D,B,C,E,F

    1. aditi

      how F is in middle of D and C with your answer?

  2. Deepak Vashist

    its passing the checklist..but answers not same.

  3. Mrunal ♣ मृणाल ♣ મૃણાલ

    Your arrangement is not passing the checklist.
    Checklist Item #4 says F is in middle of D and C.
    In your arrangement (ADBCEF), F is in middle of E and A.

    1. xxx

      blind or what ?

    2. RV

      If you think in circular way F is middle of C&D here and satisfying all checklists
      , Sir plz clarify why dont we go for this?



  5. Neeraj

    Mrunal Ji,
    The link to venn diagram is not working, kindly fix it if possible.

  6. Mridula

    I have MK Pandey 2011 BSC publication.I don’t have seating arrangement as a separate chapter in it,the chapter-20 is Problem Solving! What to do for that!U have told to do it first from K Pandey Chapter-20 and then go to RS Aggarwal!


  7. love

    thankyou sir

  8. Ceral

    Sir, Only to solve to find answer is very easy, but is very tough to solve in a limited time.. SIr please tell me some short cut method to solve in just 30 seconds.

  9. Dhrubo

    What about the DOUBLE LAYER puzzle..!!

  10. Neha

    Dear Mrunal,

    Please help on double layer puzzels.
    Like sitting in circular way with professions and names.

    I need help on these as they are very popular with upcoming RBI exam

    1. deepali

      Mrunal sir,
      I am looking for practice questions for the sitting arrangement questions as said by neha ..kindly help

  11. Rakesh Kumar

    Dear Sir,
    Pls help me to solve the below circular arrangement question which had been asked in SBI(Associates)PO Exam-2011. I tried to solve several times but failed, pls help.

    Eight colleagues, A B C D E F G and H are sitting around a circular table facing the centre but not necessarily in same order. Each one holds a different post- Manager, Company secretary, Chairman, President, Vice President, Group Leader, Financial Advisor and Managing Director.
    A sits third to the right of managing Director. only two people sit between Managing director and H. The vice President and the company Secretary are immediate neighbours. Neither A nor H is a Vice Presidentor or a Company Secretary. The Vice President is not an immediate neighnour of the Managing Director. The Manager sits second to the left of E. E is not an immediate neighbour of H. The manager is an immediate neighbour of both the Group Leader and the financial Advisor. The Financial Advisor sits third to the right of B. B is not the Vice President. C sits on the immediate right of the Chairman. A is not the Chairman. F is not an immediate neighbour of A. G is not an immediate neighbour of the Manager.

    1. Sai Abhishek

      “D-H-C-B-A-G-F-E”. drop me a personal mail for detailed explanation notes on how i’ve arrived based on given clues of the Question

      1. balachander

        pls send me notes for the seating arrangement question sent by rakesh kumar sir :) thank u :)

        1. Sai Abhishek

          First of all i would like to wish you a very happy dusshera Mr. Balachander.

          please go through the link which leads to the word document where i have explained the process as of how i’ve arrived at the answer.
          It’s the best possible way i could explain the clues, their inferences regarding to the arrangement.


          please let me know that, did you understand the explanation ?? was my explanation has reached upto your expectation or not and was it in the convincing one or not??

          Your feedback is valuable to me …. please take time to comment after going through the word document

          1. deepika

            Hello sir, Thanks 4 ur pdf :) :)
            but i have a doubt- second statement says “only two people sit between Managing director and H” ..Does our final ans satisfy this condition?

          2. Sai Abhishek

            Greetings ms.deepika,
            happy diwali to you in advance, thanks for pointing out the mistake and i apologise for the same to all the forum members.
            Follow this link uploaded by me, a word document with correct arrangement::


            correct arrangement + explanation has been provided in the above doc.

          3. deepika

            Thank you for your response,sir.. Advance happy diwali to you too :)

      2. shiv

        condition no 2 is violating accordimg to your arrangment there are two person between managing director and H

      3. jolly

        plz sir give me clues of seatting arrangement(high level)
        which has center some inside and some outside
        plz sir give me clues today becoz my ibps exam 19th of oct

    2. Senthil kumar and das

      Sorry, your answer is wrong. It does not satisfy 2nd condition.

    3. dushyant

      A-president, B-CS, C- MD. D-FA, E-CM, F-GL, G-VP, H-Manager
      sequence- A-G-B-C-E-F-H-D

      1. shiv

        ur answer is correct


    Mrunal sir have u posted any article on sitting on 2 parallely arranged tables each table facing the other

  13. vikas

    Dear Mr. Mrunal
    In chapter #6 Puzzle Tests of Modern Approach To Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning by R.S.Agarwal page no. 258 Question No. 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 are neither correctly explained nor are their answers correct…
    If possible please send me a detailed explanation….

    Also there are only 8 questions on circular arrangements in puzzles…..Can you send me few more questions of the same type and if possible with their explainable answers..

    It will be very kind of you if you can reply at the earliest as my exam is only 7 days ahead…

  14. vijay

    please send seating arrangement notes

  15. ishaan


  16. kavya

    can you plz post more questions on logical arrangement in which some face inwards and some outwards.

  17. gayu

    How to find which is left direction and which is right direction in a circular sum? Is it gonna be clockwise/anticlockwise? Soooo confusing…

    1. Sai Abhishek

      Dear Gayu,

      Don’t go by clockwise/anti-clock wise directions as those perceptions are pretty much confusing with the context/statements of the problem and your sense of direction as you may perceive !!!!

      step 1 : Take a definite statement which gives sense or a rightful meaning to the pattern;;;; ex:: ‘P’ sits to the third right of ‘Q’.

      step 2 : Imagine yourself be one of the letters (p or q) sitting at the bottom of the arrangement.

      step 3 : Now, if you were sitting at the bottom of the circular arrangement then your left and right hands gives left and right as well as clock and anti clock wise directions which you may continue to follow till you arrive at a valid solution.

      You having a seat or Getting yourself in the pattern is the key to unlock the problem …

  18. Mr Brightside


  19. Abhi

    Sir, Can you give example for some another difficult Seating arrangement.

  20. vijay

    Hiii…very nice Way to explain everything…For shopping..www.offersmania.in

  21. indu bala

    sir, is left direction is clock wise and right is anti clock wise when we are facing towards centre or towards inside and is true for all cases whether it is square or rectangular arrangement

  22. Nidhi jamidar

    hey ……….sr plz prvd m notes to solve doubled layer sitting arrngmnt …………….at my mail id

  23. vandana negi

    sir, would you please give me question based on sitting arrangement which comprises of eight friends sitting around a circular table in which four of them are looking outside and four inside. If you will do me a favour I will be very grateful to you.

    1. Sai Abhishek

      Dear Vandana Negi and hi all those who are part of this discussion thread ….

      here’s a question for you all to try …!!!!!

      Q) Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H are sitting around a circular table. Not all of them are facing the center . some are facing the center and some are facing away from the center. it is known that , H is third to the right of A, who is third to the left of D. E is third to the right of C. F who is facing the center, is to the right of H. B is sitting to the left of H and right of D. C is to the left of F. C and G are facing the same direction, that is either both of them are facing the center or facing away from the center.

      P.S :: the problem has no mistakes i.e I’ve checked twice after typing it, also there are no omissions of sentences.
      this problem has a valid solution. if you are not able to solve the problem, it’s upto you to understand where you stand.
      will be posting the solution soon ………

      1. Varun Tiwari

        C G A
        G E
        B E C B
        D H
        H D F
        A, F, H, are facing center , C, G, D are facing away, E and B are either facing center and away

        1. Varun Tiwari

          C G
          B E
          H F D
          A,F,H ARE facing center C,G, D are facing away

          1. Sai Abhishek

            The correct solution for the above problem is

            Facing the center :: F, A
            Away from the center:: C, D, G, H
            (facing)cannot be determined:: B, E

      2. PRASHant


        anti-clockwise the sequence is A*,C^,F*,H^,B?,D^,E?,G^

        * = FACING CENTER


  24. Alekhya

    Can you please post seating arrangement questions in which some people sits facing the center and some people are away from the center and also tough puzzles. I have practiced a lot. Even though in po papers I can’t able to attempt in that particular time.

  25. Murali

    Sir these all are level 2 questions can u post level 5 questions

  26. deepika mali

    hye sir this is deepika

    plzz, provide some, ……with two or more conditons type sitting arrangment questions like asked in po exams………..

  27. Neeraj

    i could help

    1. khusi

      Sir please solve this-

      P,Q,R,S,T,U,V and W are sitting around a circular table facing the center. Each has different professions- CA,CS,ICWA,FCA,Laser,I AS,Computer Engineer and PILOT- but not necessarily in same order.

      Q sits second to the left of W’s husband,who is neither an FCA nor a Computer Engineer.No female is an immediate neighbour of Q . S’s daughter sits second to the right of U and on the immediate left of ICWA. U , who is sister of V is a computer engineer. U is not an immediate neighbour of W’s husband.S’s daughter is a CA. Only one person is sitting between P and U.W’s brother S sits on the immediate left of his mother, who is an IAS . P is the father of V. Only one person sits between W’s mother and T.T sits on immediate right of the person who is a CS.
      Only one person sits between W and V.V sits second to the right of the person who is a Pilot. V is mother of R and not an immediate neighbour of T.

      1. Ravi G. Patel

        Q is W’s mother and IAS
        R is pilot
        P is w’s husband and laser
        V is FCA
        U is Com.Engg
        W is CS
        T is S’s daughter and CA


  28. k.saranya

    Hello sir i need a shortcut pdf for aptitude question .it will very helpful for me.

  29. suraj sharna

    Perfect way of solving..! Thanx alot Mrunal Sir. Nowadays round table questions are presented in exams in a different way earlier all sitting in a round table used to look at the centre but now somebody is facing opp o the centre and etc these question are very tricky. Kindly give some suggestions to solve them aswell..!!

  30. amar nath

    Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
    Six persons Jay, John, Jack, Jordon, Joy, James are sitting in a circular table but not necessarily in the same order.
    Jay is sitting third to the right of Jack and second to the left of John. James is second to the right of Jay and immediate left of Jack. Joy is third to the right of James and second to the right of Jack. Jordon is fourth to the left of Joy. John is second to the right of James. Jack is second to the left of Jordon.

    q)Which persons are facing towards the centre?

    1. Saman


  31. ravindra

    Read the information given in the questions and on the basis of the information, select the questions Given after the information.

    1. P, Q, R, S, T, U, and V, W are sitting in a circle facing the center.
    2. P sits second to the right of w who is 3rd to the left of T.
    3. Only 3 persons sit between R and V
    4. S and T are immediate neighbors of R and v.
    5. V sits between R and S.
    6. V is not an immediate neighbors to T.

  32. Diwakar Roy

    Need help regarding machine input output questions.

Write your message!