- What is 118th Constitutional Amendment Bill, 2012?
- What is Article 371?
- What is Article 371-J?
- What is Domicile requirement?
- Where do Domicile requirements apply?
- It seeks to amend Article 371 of the Constitution to insert a new article 371-J.
- Falls under Part 21 of Indian Constitution (Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions).
- Article 371 and its sub-articles, deal with special provisions for Assam, Nagaland, Gujarat, Maharashtra etc. Usually, they are about establishing special Development board for the particular backward regions to grant more funds, and/or reservation in local Government jobs-colleges etc.
- For example Article 371 (D), Telengana region has a provision of local cadres for reservation in direct recruitment and admission to educational institutions and setting up of an administrative tribunal. (Domicile requirement/ ‘sons of soil’ policy in education and employment)
- Has been amended many times, to include new articles, for example
- It’ll grant special status to six backward districts of Hyderabad-Karnataka region to
- Establish of a separate Development Board
- This board will see that sufficient funds are allocated for Development of the region.
- Local reservation in education and Government-jobs (Domicile requirement.)
Domicile means you must be a resident of the given area for getting college admission, job, land purchase, fighting elections etc.
- Jammu and Kashmir- outsider cannot purchase land.
- Similar provisions for Scheduled and tribal Areas (5th and 6th Schedule of Indian Constitution)
Recruitment in Army for below-officer ranks. They’ve district / area wise vacancies and separate educational qualifications according to areas. For example Soldier (General Duty) minimum requirement
- Candidate should have passed class 10, if he is from Jaisalmer and Barmer Dists of Rajasthan.
- But if he’s from Andaman & Nicobar Group of Islands, he can compete even if he is merely passed class 8.
- Earlier, if you wanted to contest for Rajya Sabha election from a particular state, you had to be ordinary resident of that state (e.g. Mohan had to buy a house in Dispur to get the voters’ card and fight Rajya Sabha elections from Assam.) But then parliament amended to Representation of People in 2003 and removed this provision.
(^List is not exhaustive)