[Polity] National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID): Meaning, Use, Controversy

Z-Miscellaneous12 Comments

India Yearbook
  2. Concerns
  3. Privacy and misuse
  4. Wikileaks like situation


  • 26/11 attacks on Mumbai led to the exposure of several weaknesses in India’s intelligence gathering and action networks. So, Chindu came up with the idea of National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID)
  • NATGRID will integrate 21 categories of data from agencies like
  1. Banks,
  2. Railways and airlines,
  3. Income tax department,
  4. Credit card companies etc.
  5. Visa and immigration
  • This combined data will be made available to 11 central agencies including the R&AW, the National Investigation Agency, the CBI, the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, the Intelligence Bureau, the Narcotics Control Bureau and the Enforcement Directorate to help them prevent terrorist attacks and criminal activities.
  • NATGRID Will become fully operational in 2013-14


Privacy and misuse

Some people are concerned about the protection of individual privacy and misuse of information by law enforcement agencies. However, The Government has tried to calm down the fears by assuring that

  1. NATGRID is only the technical interface for intelligence agencies and not an organization in itself. If the agency initiating the inquiry is not authorized to get that information, it cannot get it.
  2. NATGRID has strong information protection technology and external audits
  3. Security and intelligence agencies will not be able to use the NATGRID system to access information for any purpose other than that of countering terror.
  4. NATGRID will not “store” any personal data, but only facilitate transfer.

Wikileaks like situation

  • SIPRNET is a computer network connecting US Defense and State Departments (similar to our NATGRID)
  • One Soldier Bradly Mannins, accessed the SIPRNET, copied all the US diplomatic documents and sent them to Wikileaks founder Julian Assange.
  • Similar fiasco could happen with India’s NATGRID.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 12 Comments posted

  1. AKM

    diagram not enlarging.

  2. tanu

    same as akm abuv


    to enlarge…save image as save as…and then zoom it,,u`ll get what you want…

  4. chenab khanna

    mrunal u said data in natgrid is vulnerable then wht is govt’s action to prevent wikileaks like case????/

  5. gaurav singh

    sir, chindu naam badiya h

  6. jude_lucy

    data warehousing & mining

  7. david

    NATGRID will enhance the capebility of Indian Intelligence agencies & time saving for various enquries, reason :can get all info about suspects in single click.

  8. John AbRaham Lincoln

    Hi Thanks for such an informative article Mrunal

    But i have a doubt in my mind , as you know we have two type of terrorism 1. from outside
    2. from inside

    and a majority of these terrorist do now have voter/adhar card , no registered vehicle , they obviously will not upload their pic while getting train reservation , filling income tax(haha)
    so how can we stop terrorism by storing the information of innocent civilians
    initially i thought this is a measure to stop crimes but the line
    —3.Security and intelligence agencies will not be able to use the NATGRID system to access information for any purpose other than that of countering terror. —-

    says something else .

    In countries like America this system can prove to be efficient (assuming the security of information) because but in INDIA we should pay more attention (and money) to stop infiltration , communal clashes , Kashmir issues etc

  9. Chandra Shekar

    The fears expressed by the readers are incorrect, b.cos this organisation also will fail in its primary objective,like the 11 agencies which can access the data.

  10. Sanjiv

    We have a number of Intellegence agencies who collect some information but this is small piece of jig saw puzzle and unless the agencies exchange information or have a source from where it is collated the picture does not emerge.
    There is an urgent need to have this system in place if we have to fight terror in real time.
    If we have nothing to hide why fear as an honest citizen?

  11. Harman

    The above passage states that Natgrid will become fully operational by 2013-14;
    the diagram says that Natgrid will become fully functional by 2018

    Please clarify? and What are the four phases??

  12. Jugal

    Can someone tell me how many central police organisations and central armed police forces are there in India?

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