[Diplomacy] Russia Pakistan Relations: Growing Ties

Diplomacy25 Comments

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  1. Why India is unhappy with Russia?
  2. Why Russia is unhappy with India?
  3. Why Pakistan is eager to be friend of Russia?
  4. Why Pakistan is important for Russia?
  5. Why Pakistan is important for World Powers?
  6. Why India’s fear about Russia Pakistan relations is misplaced?
  7. What should India do?

Why India is unhappy with Russia?

  • Recently India-Russia defence minister-level talks were scheduled @Delhi.
  • But the meeting was postponed after Russian Defence Minister didnot come.
  • At the same time, Pakistani Army Chief Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani visited Moscow, thus causing Indian Government to conclude that Russian Defence Minister had stayed back to meet Gen.Kiyani and discuss weapon-deals with him.
  • Apart from this, another bitter issue in Indo-Russian relationship = the Gorshkov aircraft carrier. Because Russia has failed to deliver it on time and demanding more money for repairing and upgrading it.

Why Russia is unhappy with India?

  • Earlier, Russia used to be the sole military hardware supplier for Indian Government. But nowadays, Russia faces competition in India’s arms bazaar from the US, Europe and Israel.
  • Recently India was going to buy ammunition for Russian made ZU-23mm Anti-aircraft guns from a Bulgarian Company. But Russia had sent a message to India that Bulgaria doesn’t have the permission from Russia, to export such ammunition to third country.
  • Hence this move (of Russian Defense minister skipping the meeting in India), is seen as a message from Russia to India that “As a customer, if you’ve the right to choose, then we can also explore our options as a seller” (i.e. we can sell arms to Pakistan!)

Russia Pakistan Relations

Why Pakistan is eager to be friend of Russia?

  • Pakistan wants Russian cooperation to upgrade its military hardware, including Mi-17 helicopters and T-80UD tanks.
  • Pakistan also wants to exchange military-to-military exchanges with Russia

Why Pakistan is important for Russia?

  • For decades now, Russia’s South Asia policy had focused on cultivating a special relationship with India and keeping Pakistan at arms length.
  • But nowadays, Russia’s main concern is narcotics smuggling through Afghanistan, growing religious extremism and China’s growing influence among Central Asian Nations, including Afghanistan. [Recall that Central Asia has huge reserves of minerals, therefore India is also interested in Central Asia- through Connect Central Asia Policy (Click ME).]
  • Many in Russian Government believe that Pakistani Army provides the best lever to effectively influence Afghanistan’s Government.
  • Russia wants Pakistan to award the work of building its section of the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline to Russian energy company Gazprom. [Although Gazprom had wanted Pakistani Government  to award this contract without bidding, but Pakistan is reluctant to do so. Therefore there is some bitterness in relationship.]
  • US plans to end its combat role in in Afghanistan after 2014. And As America retreats from Afghanistan, China seeks to expand its influence in Kabul, and hence Russia wants to protect its interests. Therefore Russia needs Pakistani army’s cooperation.

Why Pakistan is important for World Powers?

  • Pakistan has always had great strategic value for major powers (US, China, Russia) because of  its geopolitical location at the crossroads of Central Asia and the Gulf,
  • This is especially true when it comes to Afghanistan.
  • Pakistan remains the principal external determinant of Afghanistan’s future, because of its long and open border with Afghanistan- whether it is economic interests (Chinese/Russia) or military invasion (US’s war on terrorism).
  • Therefore, any major power with interests in Afghanistan must necessarily engage Pakistan.

Why India’s fear about Russia Pakistan Relations is misplaced?

  • Some Indian Foreign policy experts believe that Russia has found a new ally Pakistan.
  • But this does not necessarily mean Russia would want to give up its special relationship with India.
  • Russia’s softness towards Pakistan has just begun and it is unlikely to acquire any alarming dimension in the near future.
  • And regarding the fears of Russia selling weapons to Pakistan…well, Russia is not unaware that India’s arms market is much bigger and Pakistan does not have the financial resources  (lolz) to become an attractive customer like India.

What should India do?

  • Russia is still a dependable ally and the range of its assistance — from sharing knowledge for the indigenous Arihant nuclear missile submarine project, the leasing of the Chakra nuclear attack submarine and first rights on the new fifth generation fighter aircraft — cannot be ignored.
  • When circumstances change and interests are redefined, great powers have no hesitation in recasting their foreign policies. There is no room here for sentimentalism.
  • So, Rather than protesting Russia’s or any other great nations’ engagement with Pakistan, We must focus on strengthening our own ability to influence the developments in Afghanistan.

Ref

www.indianexpress.com/news/as-russia-warms-to-pakistan/1013374/0

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
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  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
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  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
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So far 25 Comments posted

  1. Abhishek Sharma

    Very nice info..Thnx for sharing..!!

  2. esskay

    Hi Mrunal. Please arrange for 33 years Mains History Mains papers. i beg you ! please . i would be really thankful to you .

    1. Ankur

      dude u get those things at flipkart with answers also…

      1. esskay

        Thank you Mrunal. I really appreciate your help here. you are doing a great job. Regards.

      2. vikas

        Thank you Mrunaal.This will help us a lot.Waiting for NDB related to BRICS and INDIA’s new strategic and economic interest in NEPAL.Thanks in advance

  3. Rhonda

    There are no permanent enemies in international relations,only permanent interests. 🙂

  4. shashank

    mrunal sir…thanku very much for ur every share…plz even share issues regarding middle east policy for india…and even why africa has become an international junction,like needs for india and other concerns…

    thanku very much for ur work…

  5. jayakar

    great work sir

  6. arjun mehra

    sir the article was of great help .i got anews that upsc has changed its mains patterns for 2013 ,abolishing all the optional and going to introduce common paper 4 all pls let me know is it arumor or fact

    1. Deepak A

      @Arjun: Please share the source link !

  7. Abhishek

    Great work Sir Ji.. One question.. Are you writing any new articles these days? I am a regular visitor of your website and do not see any new articles..

  8. ram

    geography mains 2012 QPs plz..

  9. roopal

    sir
    from where can i get the commerce upsc 2012 mains question paper
    thnx

  10. hitaish

    Sir, please give an account of different submarines which India purchased from Russia?

  11. SS

    once again mrunal bhai tu CHEETAH hai

  12. OMNIVOROUS

    Mrunal u r doing very good job.I want to know about your current status/job etc

  13. V.ARUN

    thanks Mr.Mrunal after studying the diplomacy paper my confidence will boost up cos it’s very useful for my optional paper(pol.sci)
    II for international relations

  14. deepak bharti

    great work sir…and thanks for it.

  15. Zeeshan Aslam

    dear sir
    how are you?
    I am very happy to find you but unfortunately I am not satisfy with your comment ( Putin to Manmohan. if you buy weapons from USA, EU and Israel then we can also sell weapons to Pakistan/
    My respectfully your counter argument is not good which you mention in you fake pic.
    okay leave it, can we cooperate with each others?

  16. RC10

    Another one which is not printable

  17. Jude_Prudence

    Self Reference:

    Forget the entire article, just remind yourself that “pakistan is The Zipper which closes the Middle East and South East Asia, Pan European Integration. Russia wants to develop relation with Pakistan not simply cuz it thinks India is shifting towards America. MSR initiative, 1R1B, Russia wants to become the mediator b/w Pakistan and India displacing U.S.A.

    Threats to Russian plan
    India doesn’t wants to become part of Pan Eurasian group
    india gets closer to USA
    USA destablizes Pak via a “Colored Revolution”
    Pak’s internal non state actors.

    The Grand Picture:
    IS Russia- China uniting? DOn’t know but the Road initiative is Russian, the water initiative is Chinese. SO In 1B1R, the silk road goes to Russia (its the bigger supplier of money and the link b/w Europe and CHina)

    Thing is, forget 1B1R, the over glorified, focus of the rising Eurasian Community.
    A Pan European World.

    1. Puj@

      hi Jude.
      could u help with 1B1R and colored revolution.
      Thankuu.

      1. Jude_Prudence

        1B1R=ONE BELT ONE ROAD AKA NEW SILK ROAD
        EURASIAN COMMUNITY= THE NEW USSR
        RUSSIA IS CENTRAL FOR SILK ROUTE, NOT CHINA. CHINA IS STILL GROOMING ITS STRING OF PEARL ALBEIT IN A LARGER MANNER

        RUSSIA & CHINA HAVE ONCE BEEN TO WAR

        FOR THE TIME BEING BOTH MAY SEEM LIKE PARTNERS, BUT RUSSIA IS STILL A WORLD POWER.
        PAKISTAN IS ACCESS TO INDIA AND THEN ENTIRE EAST ASIA.

        IF RUSSIA IS ABLE TO PLAY THE ROLE IS MEDIATOR, IT WILL GET TO DIRECT BOTH INDIA & PAK AND THEN ACCESS TO ENTIRE SE ASIA.

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