[Download] Public Administration (Mains) 2012 Question Paper 1 & 2 of UPSC Civil Service IAS/IPS Examination

MK Pandey Fast track to objective arithmetic

Public Administration (Mains) 2012: Paper 1


1.  Answer the following questions in  not more than 150 words each :- 12×5=60

  1. ‘On a more sophisticated plane public choice is concerned with “Pareto optimality”, or at least with “Pareto improvements”.’ Comment.
  2. ‘In the  canonization of this  abstract idea of ‘Staatsraison’  are inseparably  woven the  sure instincts of the bureaucracy for the  conditions which preserve its own power in the State’ [Weber]. Explain.
  3. ‘Man’s motives …  in different subparts of the same. organization may be different’ [Edgar Schein]. Discuss.
  4. Leadership is the ‘influential increment over and above mechanical compliance with the routine directives of the organization’ [Katz and Kahn]. Analyze.
  5. ‘Policy judgements comprise reality judgements, value judgements and instrumental judgements’ [Geoffrey Vickers]. Elucidate.

Q. 2.

  1. How would you trace the development of Public Administration in terms of different paradigms from the  politics/administration dichotomy of 1900-1926 to the rise of Public Administration as Public Administration after the formation of the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA) in the USA in 1970 ?  30
  2. Two sub questions
    1. In what respects is  Taylor’s ‘Scientific  Management’ or classical motivational theory different from the classical organizational theory expounded by Gulick, Urwick etc ? 15
    2. What light does Antonio Gramsci ‘s critique ofTaylorism throw on its socio-psychological underpinnings ?  15


  1. ‘Three features characterize Simon’s original view of bounded rationality : search for alternatives, satisficing, and asp.iration adaptation.’ Elucidate. (20)
  2. Two questions
    1. ‘The  essence, of the  contingency theory paradigm is that organizational effectiveness results from  fitting characteristics of the organization,  such as its  structure,  to contingencies that reflect the situation of the organization.’  Give your reactions to  this statement. 20
    2. In the light of your discussion on above, also show where and how this ‘fitting’ differs essentially from the  ‘coping’  with ‘stress’  from the environment emphasized by the systems theory of organization.  20


  1. ‘Open access to  government records is …  the hallmark of a democratic government’,  but ‘governments are not hesitant about destroying records – very deliberately – in order to prevent investigations,  as well as to  generally weaken accountability’. Do you think that in this situation right to  information can go to  the  extent of demanding complete  declassification and ‘de-archivization’ of government records? Argue. (30)
  2. Should media exposure be included in rules for administrative accountability in India ? State your views.  15
  3. Comment on the role of Civil Society in facilitating administrative accountability with special reference to the ‘J anlokpal’ issue in India.  15



Answer the following questions in not more than 150 words each :- 12×5=60


  1. ‘Riggs’s  classification of societies into fused, prismatic, and diffracted is built around the concept of differentiation.’ Analyze.
  2. ‘The  anti-development  thesis  . ..  reduces development to an idea without history, impervious to change’, but ‘fails to take account of the fact that for all its  faults,  development can be empowering.’ Discuss. .
  3. The ‘selection model of recruitment rests on the assumption that the primary needs to be met are those of the organization.’ Examine.
  4. ‘Our  normal expectation should be that new programs will fail to get off the ground and that, at best, they will take considerable time to  get started. The cards in this world are stacked against things  happening’ [Pressman and Wildavsky]. Comment.
  5. ‘Those who budget, deal with their overwhelming burdens by adopting heuristic aids to calculation’ (Wildavsky]. Explain.


  1. Do you think that there is an unresolved and often overlooked tension in Dicey’s concept of rule of law,  considering that the other principle of parliamentary sovereignty in English constitutional system runs counter to it ?  20
  2. Would you agree that the strong Rechsstaat version of the rule of law found on the Continent never existed in  England because of its particular history?  20
  3. Why is le droit administratif regarded alongside the  Napoleonic Code as the  most notable achievement of French legal science ?  20


  1. Comment on the reasons why universal theory remams  elusive  in  comparative  public administration.  20
  2. Given the importance of the issue of sex equality in development_ do you think the self-help group movement adequately addresses absence of women in the former mainstream development agenda ? 20
  3. Would you agree with Bachrach and Baratz that along with decisions, non-decisions are also part of policy ? Give reasons for your answer.  20


  1. ‘Relations are the building blocks of network analysis’ – In the light of this statement summarize the form and content of relations in ‘network analysis’.  15
  2. Trace the background and development of PERT and enumerate the steps involved in the application of PERT.  15
  3. Draw a simple PERT chart for a seminar planning project.  15
  4. ‘The  apparent demise of e-Government and e-Business as the main organizing principles of society has created the conditions for the rise of e-Governance from the ashes’ – In the context of the  above statement show the  distinctions between e-Government and e-Governance.  15


Public Administration (Mains) 2012: Paper 2


Q.1: Attempt each of the  following in about 150 words each :- (12×5=60)

  1. “The Mughal Administrative System was military rule by nature and a form of centralised despotism.” Analyse.
  2. ‘Judges should not govern the country. They can lay down a law, not interfere with governance.’ Discuss.
  3. Critically examine the variables in the composition and functioning of Cabinet Committees.
  4. “‘Memorandum of Understanding’ scheme between the Government and Public enterprises has forced public undertakings to improve their overall performance.” Do you agree with this statement?
  5. To what extent has the  74th Constitutional Amendment Act created a ‘federation within a federation’ in India ?


  1. “The success and prestige enjoyed by a Chief Secretary depend, to  a large  extent, upon his equations with the varied sets of people and institutions that form the work environment.” Critically evaluate the statement and its relevance to the role of the Chief Secretary in the discharge of his functions.  30
  2. In the exercise of his/her functions, the President of India is a mere ‘Convenient working hypothesis’. Do you agree with this view ? Justify your reasoning with illustrations.  30


  1. ‘Parliamentary  Departmental Committees have played their role effectively in analysing the demands for grants.’ Evaluate.  20
  2. (i)  Explain the emerging ambiguity in respect of the  developmental role of the  District Collector in  the  wake of the  73rd Constitutional Amendment Act.  10 (ii)  Justify ‘indicative’ planning in the context of LPG  10
  3. ‘Parliament is an independent institution, not to be seen as an extension of government or of a party.’ Elaborate.  20


  1. ‘The authority of the Governor in the discretionary field  is  not unrestrained. If it is  misused … the President can check him/her and if necessary, he may even remove the Governor.’ Examine this statement critically in the context of the Office of the Governor.  25
  2. Discuss the recommendations of the  Sarkaria Commission in  respect  of the  National Development Council for improving Centre-State planning relations.  20
  3. ‘The Arthashastra is a book of political realism.’ Elaborate.  15



Q.5.  Attempt each of the  following in about 150 words each :- (12×5=60)

  1. ‘Bureaucrats should not play politics,  but understand how politics works.’ Comment.
  2. ‘Good governance is closely aligned with effective democratic governance.’ Elaborate.
  3. ‘Corruption is more of an environmental than an administrative problem.’ Discuss.
  4. ‘Questions  represent a powerful technique of parliamentary control over expenditure.’ Explain.
  5. ‘Panchayati Raj Institutions are still affected by State control and domination by bureaucracy.’ Do you agree ?


  1. Local self-government in India is the interplay of several factors – historical, ideological, and adminis- trative. Critically examine these factors.  30
  2. ‘Efforts made towards administrative reforms so far  have been lacking in congruence between strategy, structure and substance.’ Discuss with illustrations.  30


  1. Indian administration is  yet to fully appreciate and adopt the benefits of Information Technology. Elucidate.  15
  2. What is an output-based performance budgeting system ? Analyse this system in the context of India.  15
  3. NGOs demand greater autonomy from the State and are now ‘new actors’ in development. How effective are they  as instruments  of decentralisation and debureaucratisation ? Critically evaluate.  30


  1. Compare and contrast the Padmanabhaiah, Ribeiro and Mallinath Committee Reports.  25
  2. “Even though law and order administration is a State subject in the  Indian Constitution, it  is paradoxical that the para-military and other kinds of security forces under the Union Government have grown in recent years.” Critically analyse the statement.  20
  3. How does New Localism impact  Centre-State- Local relations in the era of LPG ?  15
Lucent General Knowledge Objective English

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अब तक 187 कमेंट्स लिखी गयी

  1. sarathsr says:

    dear sir,
    had you given the analysis of the pub ad q paper 2012?if so plz provide me with a link

  2. ameet says:

    very very difficult paper indeed

  3. ripon says:

    Mrunal sir
    please provide the recent trend analysis about Pub admin and how to approach after the recent mains paper.Any changes needed from earlier versions of strategy ? should i still follow mohit bhattacharya as the main book source or refer ignou materials ? I have been self preparing with pub ad and electrical for last two years and have been visiting this blog almost daily.

  4. CA PEEYUSH JAIN says:


  5. shruti says:

    Could u please publish the question papers of Hindi literature too?

  6. abhishek says:

    what if i will crack prelims of civil service and won’nt able to sumit final year result due to delay in result of college.in such condition will upsc allow me to sit in mains exam.

  7. nandita says:

    thank u mrunal sir


    what if i will crack prelims of civil service and won’nt able to sumit final year result due to delay in result of college.in such condition will upsc allow me to sit in mains exam.

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  10. Meera says:

    Hi friends… After reading the questions and all these comments i felt that i will not be able to clear CS in 2013 if i take PA as my optional. Many of my friends and my coaching institute suggested to take any other option for mains as last year many people could score only average marks. But I decided not to give up as i studied subject around 50-60%. So i went through few books to find out the concepts asked in these questions. For example, I found out the word “Pareto optimality” in the 10th page of Mohit Bhattacharya’s New Horizons of Public Administration. May of you have read it already. From this i understood one thing… Most of the people here are not reading the basic texts very well… I think in the same way we could trace many ideas in this questions. Don’t blame UPSC for your ignorance and stop misleading people. Read between lines and Try to dig up the gemstones as Mrunal’s blog says.

    All the best for all who opt Pub Ad. Don’t stop preparations. Read books very well and don’t forget to go through “INDEX” after studying each paper it will give an idea whether you skipped any crucial word or concepts.

    • besty says:

      Dear Meera..
      Thanks for the encouragement. can you give the list of books youve used to prepare and also any links if available to read up online.. It would be a great help to me… as i have not enough finance to buy books or go for coaching im much relying on online stuff…

  11. Bhuvana.J says:

    I need ur help, how to prepare for IAS exam. Kindly do the needful.


  12. Bhuvana.J says:

    I need ur help, how to prepare for IAS exam. Kindly do the needful.



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