[Treaties] Aichi Targets for Biodiversity Protection under CBD

Z-Miscellaneous41 Comments

India Yearbook
  1. What are Aichi Targets?
  2. Strategic goal A
  3. Strategic Goal B
  4. Strategic Goal C
  5. Strategic Goal D
  6. Strategic Goal E

Let’s recap what we learned in previous article:
Earth Summit led to=>

  1. Biodiversity protection: CBD (Cartagena+ Aichi+Nagoya)
  2. Reverse Climate Change: UNFCCC (Kyoto+ Copenhagen)
  3. Sustainable Development: Agenda 21, RIO+20

Aichi Targets Convention on Biodiversity CBD

COP-10 under CBD

  • The Parties (Countries) under Convention of Biodiversity (CBD), meet at regular interval.
  • These meetings are called Conference of Parties (COP)
  • 10th such meeting was held at Aichi precinct (district) of Nagoya, Japan.
  • This COP-10 gave birth to two things
  1. Nagoya Protocol on Genetic Resources
  2. Aichi Targets for biodiversity

What are Aichi Targets?

In the COP-10 meeting, the parties agreed that previous biodiversity protection targets are not achieved, So we need to do comeup with new plans and targets.

Mid/Long termBy 2050
Short termBy 2020
  • This short term plan is officially known as “Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020”.
  • It is a a ten-year framework for action by all countries to save biodiversity.
  • This short term plan provide a set of 20 ambitious yet achievable targets, collectively known as the Aichi Targets.

Aichi Targets= 20 targets, divided into 5 sections (A to E).
Strategic goal A
Address the causes of biodiversity loss

  1. Make people aware about the values of biodiversity
  2. Integrated biodiversity values in development + poverty reduction plan
  3. Subsidies which are harmful to biodiversity= and eliminate them, phase them out or reform them
  4. Sustainable production and consumption.

Strategic Goal B:
Reduce the direct pressure on biodiversity and promote sustainable use

  1. Reduce the rate of natural habitat loss + forest loss by at least 50%
  2. Reduce overfishing
  3. Agriculture, aquaculture and forestry in sustainable manner
  4. Reduce pollution and excessive use of fertiliser
  5. Prevent invasive alien species (non-native)
  6. Minimise the choral reflow destruction, ocean acidification

Strategic Goal C
Safeguard ecosystems, species and genetic diversity

  1. Conserve terrestrial and inland water, coastal – marine areas
  2. Prevent extinction of threatened species
  3. Maintain genetic diversity of agro-plants, domesticated animals and minimising genetic erosion

Strategic Goal D
Biodiversity benefits to all

  1. Safeguard ecosystems for women, tribals, and poor.
  2. Combat desertification and restore the degraded ecosystem
  3. Operationalise the nagoya protocol on genetic resources, via national legislations

Strategic Goal E
Participatory planning, capacity building

  1. National biodiversity strategy and action plans – update for participation
  2. Integrate the knowledge of tribal communities
  3. Scientific and technological knowledge sharing application
  4. Financial resources mobilisation

For additional details, you may refer to their official site click me.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 41 Comments posted

  1. xyz

    mrunal sir can u tell me about the upciming gpsc exams?

  2. Akash

    Please tell me about Agenda-21 and rio+20

  3. Jayanth

    Good Work Mr.Mrunal Sir, Thanks for sparing your precious time writing this article. Helped us Lot.

  4. aditi

    thanku sir for this article…

  5. kumar

    Sir jee can u plz give us detail of LIC vacancy i.e Development officer,….its salary…

  6. mukesh

    hello sir how r u ?

  7. D.K.Gupta

    Thank you very much sir.

  8. chandu

    Annaa(Brother in Telugu),I follow you daily.Thank you very much.

  9. santosh unhale

    hi….yes as usual,very good article…
    I wan to know more about agenda 21 n Rhio 20..in your simple n easy flow language…

  10. sumati

    hi sir,

    really its a good job..
    very good article ,its provide a vast information ….
    thanks a lots

  11. arun gurjar

    hey admin this m lookin rwrd to upsc exms n i hav heard tat upsc z goin to change d petrn of der exmss is it truuu or wat ?

  12. arun gurjar

    help m ne1 elsss knows nethin about dis

  13. TULIKA

    sir i just started prepration for upsc , my subjects are geography and agriculture but im so confused about my stratergy to b folo can u plz help

  14. Deepak raj

    as usual awesome..! Sir, can you please give information about agenda 21-Rhio 20 in your way of explainin plese sir:-)

  15. Vrushaal

    HI Mrunal Sir,i have started preparing 4 PT 2013 from dis November.Wel,i hav been a 68-70% markswala student,n i hav a gap of 3 years in my degree n UPSC preparation.Wat should b my strategy to clear PT? 4 mains,Pub Ad n Philosophy r my optionals.how to prepare them WISELY? PLS SUGGEST.

  16. yashaswi chauhan

    hi mrunal,kindly write articles on following hot topics:-

    * CASH TRASFER scheme-pros and cons in terms of economy,politically,for beneficiaries etc.
    * how to avoid -ve marking in ENGLISH COMPREHENSION(CSAT).

  17. hitaish

    Thank u so much for giving us such valuable information

  18. pavankumar

    sir,i have bought compulsory english for judicial and civil services by A.P.Bharadwaj.would you tell me how to go thorough that book.which section should i start with?

  19. tapesh

    plz tell me the relevance of aichi target in indian context..

  20. Jabes

    One Stop for Analysed or Processed Information. I keep on Visiting for For Sourcing your Knowledge Factory.

    Thanks Mrunal !

  21. Bhupender Singh

    Its really good ….thanks Mrunal.

  22. preeti sagar

    i am waiting 4 ur article on nagoya and cartegena protocol. article on aichi target was as usual simple and effective. thanks a ton 4 making things easy to understand

  23. Yogi

    Dear Sir,
    Thanx 4 this really informative article. Kindly elaborate on choral reflow destruction…

  24. TANU


  25. balamurli krishna

    What is this Bali Action Plan ?

  26. Meera

    Thanks mrunal.

  27. ashish pareek

    Thank you sir, appreciated..

  28. Amit shrivastav

    Thanks mrunal the articles are simply awesome…

  29. razia khan

    plz tell me articles of CBD and article os UNFCCC

  30. Dr.L.K.DADHICH

    Surprisingly, Aichi Targets have not been taken seriously by the government of India and the state biodiversity boards are not taking much advertised biodiversity act 2002 to the level it should have been taken. In Rajasthan no good activities have been planned by the state biodiversity board. Now is the high time for village panchayats to safe guard their flora and fauna for the development of their own villages where the land is rich of natural resources. Only a strong political and administrative WILL shall help in popularizing AICHI targets for biodiversity conservation in the larger interest of the nation.

  31. subhransu nayak

    Hello mrunal sir,
    In “strategy goal D” first point.. Why “women” r mentioned specifically.. Even in previous article “CBD accpts things” 6th pt. its mentioned” vital use f women”…
    Can u tell me in wt contxt have “women” term been focused??

  32. Girish Singh Sayana

    I just wanted to enquire that do you upload State specific data for state PSC ie If I am preparing for Uttarakahand state pcs I was in need of data regarding Uttarakhand so could you please upload regarding that
    Or could you please guide about how to study State specific means studying about Uttarakahnd


  33. arul daniel

    pls explain bali action plan

  34. Soujourn

    Please upload articles related to current topic list…..

  35. mohamed abdi

    thnks sir

    i am doing biodiversity and preservation of species course .and i was reading long term strategies of AICHI than i got these short terms of strategies and targets thnx

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