[Studyplan] SSC-CGL Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Graduate Level Exam Tier 1, 2

SSC685 Comments

  1. Introduction
  2. #1: Getting the conceptual clarity
  3. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)
  4. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)
  5. #2: Practice
  6. Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?
  7. Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude
  8. Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
  9. Download: Blank answersheet

introduction

Competitive exams are meant for real-men and women. This is no country for crybabies, kids, college teens and no0bs. So first of all, you must get rid of the following “loser” mindsets:

  1. Yaar this maths is so hard, I can’t do it.
  2. I’m not from science/engineering background hence this is not my cup of tea.
  3. I’m poor in maths and I cannot improve.
  4. Thik hai, dekh lenge. (alright, I’ll see).
  • Maths is not difficult. All it requires is concept clarity + lot of practice. In SSC-CGL exam, you’ve to face Mathematics at two stages
StageMaths-QuestionsPenalty
Tier-I (Prelims)50 QsNegative 0.25
Tier-II (Mains) Paper I: Arithmetical Ability100 Qs worth 200 marksNegative 0.50
  • The Approach for Maths, stands on two pillars.

Pillars

How?

  1. Conceptual clarity
  1. NCERTs  (Free download links @bottom)
  2. Mrunal.org/aptitude
  3. For some topics, directly Quantitative aptitude books.
  1. Lot of practice
  • From Quantitative aptitude books.
  • There are lot of books in market, the question is, which one to refer? It is explained at the bottom of this article.

#1: Getting the conceptual clarity

  • We’ll divide Maths or Quantitative Aptitude, into topics and further into subtopics.
  • Your task is to cover one topic at a time, first get conceptual-clarity and then solve maximum questions at home.
  • Whenever you learn any shortcut technique, you note it down in your diary.
  • Similarly, whenever you make any mistake while solving sums, you also note that down in your diary. Night before the exam, you review that diary of mistakes. (why do this? Because it is the “Art of Aptitude” (Click ME)
TopicSubtopicsHow to approach

Number theory

  1. Divisibility, remainders
  2. LCM and HCF
  3. Unknown numbers from given conditiofor
  4. Fractions-comparisions.
  • NCERT Class 7 Chap 2, 9 (fraction)
  • NCERT Class 10 Chap 1 (divisibility)
  • Finally your Quantitative aptitude book.

Basic Maths

  1. Simplification (BODMAS)
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 1
  1. Surds, indices
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 12
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 1
  1. Roots, squares, Cubes
  • Basics from NCERT Class 8 Chap 6 and 7.

Algebra

  1. Linear equation
  • “Mother’s age was x and daughters age..”
  • “3 mangos and 5 bananas purchased for…”
  • X+1/2x+3=3/8 then find X.
  • ^This type of stuff. Just practice and you’ll get a hang of it.
  • Basics given in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2 and 9.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 4
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 3.
  1. Quadratic equations, Polynomials
  • Factorization and roots. Heavily asked in Tier-II.
  • NCERT Class 8 Chap 14
  • And then NCERT Class 9 Chap 2
  • Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 4

Avg and Ratios

  1. Wine-Water mixture (Alligations)
Can be solved without formula. Go through http://mrunal.org/2012/03/aptitude-alligationsmixturesalloys.html
  1. Simple Average
Lolz
  1. Ratio-Proportion-variations
For ratio-proportion NCERT Class 8 Chap 13.
  1. Partnership
http://mrunal.org/2012/05/aptitude-partnership-and-profit-sharing.html

STD

  1. Time speed distance
  2. Trains, platforms
  3. Boats-streams
  4. Time and Work
  5. Pipes and Cisterns
All of them can be solved with just one Universal STD formula. Explained in www.Mrunal.org/aptitude

Geometry

  1. Angles, sides, bisectors, circles etc
  • NCERT Class 9 Chap 6, 7, 8 and 10. Quantitative aptitude book.
  1. Mensuration (area and volume).
  • Basics explained in NCERT Class 8 Chap 3, 11.
  • Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 9, 12, 13.
  • Lastly Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 13
  1. Trigonometry
Understand basics from NCERT Class 10 Chap 8 and 9. Then exam-oriented concepts from your Quantitative Aptitude book.

%

  • Basic % (increase, decrease in consumption, population)
Also do NCERT Class 8 Chap 8.
  • Data-interpretation cases.
Mere extention of % concept. Just practice.
For long division, use this approximation method: http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-long-division-two-digit-division-calculation-without-tears-and-without-boring-vedic-speed-maths.html 
Profit, loss, discount, marked price.http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-concepts-of-marked-price-and-successive-discounts-profit-loss-without-stupid-formulas.html
Simple and compound interest ratehttp://mrunal.org/2012/04/aptitude-compound-interest-rate.html

PCP

  1. Permutation
  2. Combination
  3. Probability
  • Not asked as such.
  • But Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I. Hence not much attention necessary.
  • But again, they too can be solved without mugging up formulas: go through various articles on www.Mrunal.org/aptitude

Misc.

  1. Coordinate Geometry
  • Lately SSC has started asking 1-2 question in each of Tier I and II. But they can be solved by merely plugging numbers in the readymade formulas given in your Quantitative Aptitude book.
  1. Progression: Arithmetic+ Geometry
  • Again, rarely asked in SSC. Sometimes a question or two comes in the “Reasoning” portion of Tier-I.
  • Basically you just have to plug in the values in formulas. Basics of Arithmetic progression explained in NCERT Class 10 Chap 5.
  1. Logerithms
Not asked.

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 1 SSC CGL Maths

Topic201020112012
Ratio+Partnership331
number theory652
Avg+alligation332
TSD652
Misc.302
basic math11115
algebra605
DI345
%6145
Trigonometry009
Geometry3512
Total505050

The 2012’s Tier-I paper, is “trend-breaker”. Because

  1. The conventional questions from ratio-proportion, basic maths, time-speed-work are asked for namesake only.
  2. Otherwise, Out of 50 Maths questions in tier-I, almost 30 questions are from just Geometry+Trig+Percentage application.
  3. Earlier, they used to ask mostly area-volume-perimeter type questions from Geometry segment. You just had to plug-in values into the formulas and get the answer.
  4. But This 2012’s paper has mostly theory based geometry (angle, bisector, tangent, inequality of triangles etc.)
  5. Similarly the difficulty level of algebra, number theory based questions is bit raised.

Or perhaps SSC too decided to employ the BackbreakingTM move of UPSC! Anyways, jokes apart, the lesson here is, “adapt.”

Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)

Tier 2 SSC CGL Maths

Type201020112012
basic math1143
Misc.223
number theory875
DI10205
Ratio+Partnership646
Avg+alligation567
TSD7127
Trigonometry048
Algebra101310
%271819
Geometry141027
Total100100100
  • Here too, Geometry+Trigonometry have been given emphasis like never before.
  • Almost 65% of the paper is made up of Geometry, Trig, Percentage and Algebra (and in that too, mostly Quadratic equations.)

#2: Practice

  • Merely knowing the concepts or formulas won’t help. Because unless you practice different variety of questions, you won’t become proficient in applying those concepts flawlessly in the actual-exam.
  • Second, despite knowing concept and formulas, people make silly mistakes either in calculation or in pluging the values.
  • Third reason- Tier I has 200 questions in 120 limits. =not even 2 minutes per question. Plus, questions reasoning and comprehension might take more than 5 minutes! Therefore speed is essential. Since there is negative marking system, accuracy also matters.
  • So it is beyond doubt that you have to practice excimer number of questions at home.
  • The question is where to get the practice? Which book should be used for SSC exam?

Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?

  • In all competitive exams, “uncertainity factor” is involved. Despite your best preparation, you might lose the success-train by 2-3 marks.
  • Therefore you must never put all eggs in one basket.
  • While you are preparing for SSC, you should also keep open mind and apply for other competitive exams, such as IBPS, ACIO, ONGC, Railways, LIC, CDS, Coast Guard etc. (Depending on your career-taste).
  • Publication houses will come up with new books for each and every of ^these exams, but we have neither the time nor the money to buy a new book for every new exam.
  • Such readymade books are only skimmed down version of original topicbooks. For example, if there is SSC-FCI exam, or ACIO exam, these people will combine a few topics of GK, maths, reasoning and english. And present you a book.
  • Problem= you don’t get comprehensive understanding or coverage. Besides, given the population of India, competition level is always high, irrespective of exam. So half-hearted preparations with readymade “condensed” books don’t help much.

Almost all of these exams follow same structure:

  1. General awareness
  2. Maths
  3. Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal)
  4. English vocabularly, grammar and comprehension.
  • How do they differ from each other?= number of questions, difficulty level and inclusion / exclusion of particular subtopics.
  • So when you’re picking up books for the first time, you should choose the books, that have universal usefulness for similar exams. That way your time, effort and money will be saved.

Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude

DONOT use Quantitative Aptitude by R.S.Agarwal for SSC-CGL.

Problems with RS Agarwal’s Math book:

  1. The way SSC-CGL question pattern is transforming, R.S.Agarwal’s book on Quantitative aptitude, is just not ‘upto the mark’ to match this changing environment.
  2. Its chapter on Trigonometry (Height and Distance) is simply insufficient to handle SSC-CGL level bombarding.
  3. Similarly coverage of algebra, quadratic equations and number theory is either absent or just for namesake.
  4. Geometry coverage is mostly confined to area-volume-perimeter (=mensuration). But SSC-CGL is moving towards Non-mensuration geometry (angle, bisectors, midpoint, circles, triangles etc.)
  5. The printing and presentation is very “ cluttered”. He has written the book assuming that you were already good at maths from school level.
  6. If you’re already good at basic concepts, use this book for practicing and improving your speed, else don’t bother, there are better books in market.

Pricing factor

Author

Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations (S.Chand)
R.S.Agarwal

Quantum CAT (Arihant)
Sarvesh Kumar
Fast Track Objective Arithmetic (Arihant)Rajesh Verma
  • The point is, both books of Arihant Publication (Sarvesh or Rajesh) are way better than R.S.Agarwal, in terms of content, presentation, language and coverage, without being too expensive than R.S.Agarwal’s book.
  • And both of them have universal application for almost all of the competitive exams in India (for maths segment).
  • My advice, go with either Rajesh Verma or Sarvesh Kumar. Then the question, which one to pick up?

Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma.

Fasttrack

Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar

Sarvesh

  • The size and price factor goes in favor of this book.
  • Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas given here and there. Language, presentation is lucid.
  • Algebra, quadratic equation and Trigonometry specific chapters are given for exclusively for SSC.
  • If you solve all the sums of this book, then mathematics portion of SSC-CGL (Tier-I and II) will be as easy as a walk in the park.
  • Although book is written for CAT and  Management exams, he starts explaining everything from basics. Then exercises are divided into “Introductory<level 1<Level 2<Final round”, based on difficulty level.
  • Thus it becomes ideal choice for any aptitude exam.
  • So for lower level exams (SSC/IBPS), you should solve all his solved examples, then introductory exercises, finally level 1.
  • That’ll be quite sufficient.
  • While it is excellent for SSC, IBPS, UGC, LIC, CDS etc. level exams, its utility starts diminishing as you move towards higher-end exams.
  • Function, graphs, Quadratic equations, Geometry, Permutation-Combination-Probability coverage is “Thorough”. (Hell even more sums than Arun Sharma’s).
  • This make it ideal “text-book” for CAT/CMAT and other higher end exams.

^But merely getting either of these books, is not going to make you a topper.

If you want to become truly “invincible” for the maths portion of any competitive exam, then you must practice maximum numbers of questions at home and maintain a “diary of mistakes”.

This concludes how to approach Mathematics/Quantiative Aptitude for SSC-CGL exam.

Now only two topics remain (will be discussed later, in separate articles):

  1. How to approach Logical Reasoning
  2. How to approach English vocabulary, grammar and comprehension

Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
Mrunal.org/download
Download: Blank answersheet
https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B9AJvFSzIyiwVGZBbHMtUWEwV2M
Studyplans for other topics of SSC-CGL
Click on following articles to know strategy, booklist for General Awareness, Reasoning and English.

General Awareness for Tier IClick me
Reasoning / General Intelligence for Tier IClick me
English Grammar, Vocabulary, Comprehension for Tier I and IIClick me




So far 685 Comments posted

  1. Aiman Reyaz

    Today i gave this exam for the first time, if only i had read this article a couple of months ago. around 83 i think i will get. do i stand a chance?

  2. neha

    plz ans this ques…..
    there are five buses M,N,O,P,Q in a row on a road.bus M is standing at the front and Q is standing at the back end. Bus N stands b/w M an O. bus P stands b/w O and Q. Which bus is in the middle of the five?
    a. M
    b. P
    c. N
    d. Q

    1. chetu

      yeah the ans must be o but it shows wrong answer n in answer key also it has given wrong answer,….
      now wat to do frds…
      plz help me out………..

  3. chitra basu

    sir
    I am 26+ and a general category student so my only option remaining is to go for bank po,upsc and state psc(west bengal).this year ssc cgl will be my last attempt so i am too much nervous as anyhow i want to clear my exams this year only because next year i will not get the time because of my marriage.in my last two attempts for 2 marks in ibps i could not clear it.i am not good in maths part.please suggest considering my case which single book to follow for the maths part in ssc,sbi and ibps.and also a good book for reasoning section in bank po.
    i will always remain obilige to you for this help.
    thanking you.

  4. shiv kumar

    please notify me the upcoming exams and particularly for civil services exam and i am opting for Botany kindly suggest me the reading material

  5. Priyanka Khanna

    Hey Mrunal,I have a serious question,please don’t ignore it this time. Is there going to be an article on GEOMETRY or not?? A simple yes or no would do :) The only reason I’m asking about this is because I don’t want to approach this topic from a wrong perspective and there is no doubt that you’ve always made things a lot clearer and easier for us!

    1. Mrunal

      I’m stretched between too many projects at the moment, so hard to say.
      But nonetheless, Geometry for SSC = Start with NCERT maths textbooks, then practice sums from Sarvesh Kumar/Rajesh Verma/ old/mock SSC papers or any other book that you’ve.

  6. Zubair

    Mrunal Sir,my target is SSC and I am yet to start my preparation for SSC CGL Tier-II.
    Also,I am a working professional,in this situation,from which book should I study ?
    Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh Verma or Quantam CAT by Sarvesh Kumar

    1. Anurag

      I m a working professional.. I bought Quantum CAT looks good.. you can practice topic wise questions before going to Level 1 ,2 or final round problems…don’t know about Rajesh Verma

  7. aradhana

    hi my marks is coming around 96 and i belongs to general category what are my chances
    and in maths i scored very less ….does it put any effect on my result????
    please let me know what r my chances

    1. love shandilya

      tier 1 cleared for sure but not good marks U HAVE GUD CHANCES 2 CRACK D EXAM
      but go well prepared for tier 2 to hit d maximum……

  8. Ambika mishra

    kuchh books hindi me ho to aachha lagta hai padhne me asani hoti hai hindi medium student ke liye aaisa karne par aap sabhi ko thanks

    1. Irene Thomas

      I thnk it wud be better 2 start wth the basics.. I’m planning 2 start wth NCERT maths txtbuks kls vii-x.

    1. Rajesh

      Please please please please batado yaar. rajesh verma or suresh verma…….which one should i opt. plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

  9. aradhana

    hi everyone SSC CGL TIER 2 PAPER HAS BEEN POSTPONED TO 1SEPT 2013 …..PLEASE CHECK SSC OFFICIAL WEBSITE

  10. deepak khanduri

    very impressive Mrunal, u have given all d necessary details tht i waz looking for, i shall also like to see ur opinion on english with appropriate books, take care n thnx alot. Also tell me is their any need for coaching classes to prepare for tier 2, if yes then which one u suggest.

  11. Dhirendra

    Please best book available in hindi for ssc tire 1 and tire 2 level maths. fastrack maths is mot available in hindi

  12. Dhirendra

    Please suggest best book available in hindi for ssc tire 1 and tire 2 level maths. fastrack maths is mot available in hindi

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  14. Amit

    My exam is on 19th. Do i need to download another admit card? I m having old one.
    Has the centre changed ?…………

  15. Neha

    sir,
    For bank exams i.e ibps po which maths book shd i follow..which includes short tricks as well.. kindly rply.

    1. BHU student

      neha for bank Po u have to studying r.s.agarwal and quantum cat by savesh kumar .really it’s helpful,ya in the beginning u face a prblm but after that it’s simple…………

  16. मनु झा

    Anyone has his Test center @Bharatpur from Delhi for SSC?
    Contact @manujha.665 @ Gmail (dot)com (remove the sapces)

  17. Lakhan Jadeja

    Sir app ke article me Sarvesh Kumar ki price 380rs. and Rajesh Verma 303rs. hai but abhi maine Sarvesh Kumar ki book ka order dene k liye flipkart me dekha to Sarvesh Kumar ki price 503rs bata rahe hai to ye vahi book hai ya change ho gayi hai plz reply muje next SBI, IBPS , SSC ki exam k liye book leni hai

    1. BHU student

      mr. lakhan as on flipkart it shown 503 but when u buy this from a bookstall u get it of approx.290…………………….

        1. silver

          dude homeshop18.com se le lio waha pe achya khaasa discount hai…and check other sites too agar usse bhi sasti milti hai…

          1. Lakhan Jadeja

            price to same hi hai but flipkart me dono ka table of contents dekh ke jyada confusion ho gayi hai kyuki shortcut tricks jyada rajesh verma ki book me di gayi ho esa lagta hai and flipkart me abb to sravesh kumar ka 2013 ka bhi edition hai

  18. suman

    sir,i m starting my prep for ssc cgl-2014 and want some tips for the same. books preferred are best or not bcoz i m starting with the same. i m little bit good in math but how to get my prep complete so that i can crack the same in my first attempt. how to start the english and what should be my daily routine of study…bcoz i m not going to any coaching centre and just following u’r stratagy. sir, i want your suggestion for the same.plz help me. i want complete prep . plz help me.

    1. BHU STUDENT

      suman it’s not a necessary to join a coaching ,u have to only follow books those heir mrunal sir ,i already follow all of them n s it’s gives a +ve results…………..

  19. Jay

    Hi Mrunal.. m expecting around 90 marks in tier one exams, as per the key, is it enough to get to the second level?

  20. Atul Patel

    plz give advice for Quantum book by sarvesh k verma 2012 an 2013 both avalible in flipkart konsi leni chahiye ?

  21. Atul Patel

    thanks for reply sir

    boksadda.com pe new edition old edition se cheap mil raha hai to vo try karna chahiye ? confusion isliye hai kyuki number of pages decrease

    aur k confusion hai

    apne rajesh varma k liye kaha ki

    “Concepts, techqniues, readymade formulas given here and there. Language, presentation is lucid.”

    to ye sab quantum- sarvesh kumar me bhi mil jayega na ???

    sarvesh kumar me sab basic a jayega and apne kaha ki its ideal textbook so

    ye dono sentences k liye dono book me confusion ho raha hai kyi ki compitive exams k liye techqniues, readymade formulas k bhi jarurat hai to plz clerify karenge techqniues, readymade formulas k liye rajesh verma leni chahiye ya quantum – sarvesh kumar me sab a jayega plz rely karna

  22. shivani

    Hey! I appeared for ssc cgl on 19th May..expecting between 90-95..Can I be sure of clearing Tier 1?very confused :\..Please reply asap This is my first attempt .so no clue about there procedure and result patterns.

  23. Shahzad ali

    sir, i have score 74.50 marks in ssc cgl tier first…and i m belong to obc category..then do i stand a chance to clear this exam..and preparation start for tier 2nd…

    please please please reply….

  24. AMIT MISHRA

    Hello! MRUNAL bhaiya,I am preparing for ssc cgl 2014 and ihave one year to complete my graduation so suggest me, which book can i prefer for maths, M TYRA,fastrack by RAJESH VWEMA or quantum cat by SARVESH KUMAR???? please guide me

  25. jawahar lal gupta

    Hi Sir,

    Can u tell me the book for General knowledge and English for SSC.

    Thanks & Regards,

    Jawahar Lal Gupta

  26. ankita

    i want to know is any need of coaching or we can do self practice in maths for tier-2 exam.plz tell me which books is good for self study

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