- Indian Diaspora: overview
- What is Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD)?
- Why is PBD celebrated on 9th January?
- What happens during PBD?
- 10th vs 11th: Themes, location, chief-guest
- What did Mohan say?
- What did President Pranab say?
- What did Purryag say?
- Criticism against Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD)
- Air Kerala
- Awards: (PBSA)?
- How are Award winners selected?
- Mock questions
- Indian Diaspora is second largest in the world after China.
- About 25 million people spread across 200+ countries.
- 5 million of them in gulf region.
- Remittance= Indian person working abroad, and sends money back to his family in India.
- According to World Bank report, the remittances received by India is higher than China. (despite the fact the size of Chinese diospora >> Indian).
|Remittances in billion dollars (2012)||66||70|
- Every 9th January. Since 2003.
- Organized by Ministry of Overseas affairs.
- This day is celebrated to mark the contribution of Overseas Indian community in the development of India.
- It provides an interaction platform for overseas Indians to address their issues and concerns to Indian Government.
- Because on 9th January 1915, Gandhi returned from India from South Africa.
- Note: some websites say Gandhi returned on 7th Jan. but official website of Ministry of Overseas Indian affairs says it was 9th Jan.
- It is usually a three day event (7 to 9 January).
- Delegates from various countries participate in seminars, conferences.
- Speeches made by by PM, President.
- Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Awards given to meritorious people.
- This convention also helps in “networking” among the overseas Indian community. So they can share their experiences in various fields, make business deals etc.
|10th (Jan.2012)||11th (Jan.2013)|
|Theme||Global Indian: Inclusive Growth||Engaging diaspora – the Indian growth story’|
|Chief guest||Kamla Persad Bissessar (PM of Trinidad and Tobago )||Rajkeswur Purryag (President of Mauritius)|
- About 2,000 Non-Resident Indian delegates from 44 countries participated in the 11th CBD.
- In last four years, Two financial crisis emerged from the developed world.
- 2004-10, our GDP growth rate was 8%, but in 2011-12 it has came down to 6.5%.
- But we are confident that things will be back on track.
- So NRIs, please be partners of India’s growth (=you fellas invest money in India so we can develop).
- We need new approaches to address challenges in infrastructure, education, energy, water and agriculture.
- Indian expatriate community has developed a more global presence.
- And in the process, they’ve also become more vulnerable to economic crises, conflicts, civil unrest or just senseless hate crimes.
- We are concerned about the safety and security of overseas Indians. (in individual hate crimes, and in national crisis such as Arab spring, Libya etc.)
- We want not just “physical” safety but also social + emotional well-being of Indians living overseas. Therefore:
- We’ve launched an insurance scheme for workers.
- We’ve established welfare funds in embassies for distressed Indians.
- We’ve created mechanisms to help vulnerable women abroad.
- We’ve signed four new social security agreements with Finland, Canada, Japan, and Sweden, to provide provide exemption from double payment of social security.
- Very soon we’ll also sign two more agreements with Austria and Portugal
- We’ve also negotiating such agreements with GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) countries.
- We’ve launched this Rs.5 Ghadar Stamp
- We’ll upgrade of the Ghadar memorial in San Francisco into a functional museum and library
- We’ll also install a sculpture in that memorial, to honour Ghadar patriots.
- In 1913, the Punjabis in USA and Canada founded Ghadar Party to liberate India from the British rule.
- Prominent leaders of Gadar Party= Sohan Singh Bhakna and Kartar Singh Sarabha.
- 2013 = 100 years passed since formation of Gadar Party.
- Therefore, Mohan released a five rupee stamp during Pravasi Bharatiya Divas to commemorate the Ghadar Movement Centenary
- Image on the postal stamp shows a few hands with torches.
- Scholars feel this image doesn’t relate to the Ghadar movement; the stamp should have been more specific.
- Allowed QFI to Invest in Indian Capital market.
- Foreign Currency Non Resident account Banks (FCNR) scheme.
To help Overseas Indians easily travel in India, we’ve
- Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) cards
- Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) cards
- Mauritius President Rajkeswur Purryag, was the chief guest at Pravasi Bharatiya Divas. He said
- India wants a permanent seat @ UN Security Council, and we (Mauritius) totally support India for this.
- We look forward to
- Leaders and rich NRIs meet for wine-n-dine.
- Only lip service.
- No concrete action.
- So far 11 PBDs have been held, yet following problems are not solved.
- Air India doesn’t have enough flights.
- For NRIs it is very difficult to return home during festival season because All airlines intentionally increase the ticket price. A ticket to ticket from Dubai to Trivandrum that usually cost Rs 15000 is suddenly increased to Rs.75000!
- While Government amended the Act to give voting rights to NRIs. But problem= they’ve to come back to India to cast their vote. Now who has the time and money to do that?
- NRIs want online voting facility or some other arrangement like voting at the Indian embassy in their respective country.
- But Government is not serious about implementing it. So the whole “NRI voting” = #EPICFAIL.
- Colleges charge way too high fees for NRI quota admissions.
- For NRIS, the Pravasi Bharatiya registration fees was $250. So participation is limited to only the “elites” among the NRIs.
- Indians languishing in foreign prisons even without trial or after the completion of terms. Yet no legal and financial assistance is given to them by Indian embassies.
- Lack of rehabilitation/finance facilities for those NRIs who returned home after recession in USA and elsewhere.
- Gulf returnees are harassed @customs.
- plight of the aged and sick parents back home
- Psychological problems of the children who grow up without proper affection or guidance of their parents.
- During PBD-2013, the CM of Kerala announced that Kerala Government is planning to setup its own “Air Kerala”
- because Air India gives step-motherly treatment to Kerala workers in Gulf countries. (e.g. not enough flights, very high ticket prices during vacation and festivals).
- Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award (PBSA) is the highest honour conferred on overseas Indians.
- Total 15 awards given.
- Two Important names (for exam) are:
|Who||Patricia Maria Rozario||Dr. Rasik Vihari Joshi|
|Contribution to||Music||Sanskrit literature|
|Why important for exam?||Because she is the only woman among Diaspora winner of 2013.||Because from 2009-12, no awards were given in literature category.|
||US||Health care. specializing in otolaryngology (head and neck surgery)|
||Victoria||welfare of Indian diaspora.|
- Indian embassies across the world, send nominations.
- If a person won this award previously, he can nominate one person.
- All nominations go to the five-member jury. (Appointed by PM.)
- Jury decides who’ll get award.
- Award is presented by the President of India.
Q1. Correct statements
- Pravasi Bharati Divas (PBD) is celebrated on 9th January because on this day Gandhi went from India to South Africa.
- PBD is organized by Ministry of External Affairs.
- Only 1
- Only 2
Q2. Incorrect Statements
- In terms of diaspora population, China is ahead of India.
- In terms of remittances, China is ahead of India.
- Only 1
- Only 2
Q3. Correct Statement
- PBD was started in 2003.
- 2012’s PBD was held in Chennai with theme “Global Indian: Inclusive Growth”.
- 2013’s PBD was held in Kochi with theme “Engaging diaspora – the Indian growth story”.
- Only 1 and 2
- Only 2 and 3
- Only 1 and 3
- All of them
Q4. Incorrect Match
- Only 1 and 2
- Only 2 and 3
- Only 1 and 3
- All of them
- Write 20 words (2 marks)
- Komagata Maru incident
- Sohan Singh Bhakna
- Kartar Singh Sarabha.
- Gadar Party
- Patricia Maria Rozario
- Dr. Rasik Vihari Joshi
- Discuss the role of Ghadarites in the freedom struggle of India. (6m)
- Briefly list the problems faced by Overseas Indians and the initiatives taken by Government of India to address them. (15m)
- Write a note on the role of Overseas Indians in the growth story of India.(25m)
- The sun never sets on the Indian Diaspora.
- Do you agree with the criticism that PBD is mere a “talking-shop”? if yes, what steps should be taken to make this Event more meaningful?
- Suppose “Air Kerala” is setup. What precautions should be taken to ensure it doesn’t become another white elephant like “Air India”?
- Why are the Indians increasingly becoming victims of hate crime? What role can/should Indian Government play to address this problem?