[Approach] UPSC 2013 General Studies: Prelims + Mains for Civil Service IAS IPS Exam

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This articles needs to be tweaked further in the light of actual papers of Mains-2013. However should give the basic idea to new players.

  1. Prologue
  2. What is not changed?
  3. Prelims approach
  4. What about the current affairs?
  5. Mains Exam: Change of format
  6. GS1: Culture History Geography
  7. GS2: Polity, Yearbook, IR
  8. GS3: Economy, Environment, S&T, Agro, Disaster and Security
  9. GS4: Ethics
  10. Personal Opinion?


  • Ok, so few days back UPSC released the much awaited notification for 2013  So you already know, what is changed. It is a stale news.  This article is just an overview article for future approach.
  • I’ll upload a full fledged strategy / approach / studyplan for General studies (Mains), combined with all list of topics to be prepared, resources, downloads etc. Yes i know preliminary is over, but it takes time for me to wade through all the books and pdfs myself. You don’t want me to misguide you in haste, do you? hahaha. Besides I’ve other exams to look into IES, CDS, RAS et al.

What is not changed?

  1. Age- attempt limit is not changed.
  2. Age is still counted on 1st August of the given year. (rumor market said UPSC was planning to count age on 1st Jan.)
  3. Vacancies are almost the same (2012: 1037 vacancies, 2013: approx. 1000)
  4. Mains to Interview quota is same (twice the number of vacancies. It was same in 2011 and 2012)
  5. Prelims syllabus is not changed even one bit. (so the approach / strategy for prelims remains one and same.)

Prelims approach

Approach to general studies for prelims, already given long time ago.Here is just a checklist, ask yourself:

  1. I’ve finished reading NCERT, NIOS, Yearbook, Laxmikanth etc. (+static topics from GS Manual) multiple times. I’ve rock solid command over them (or I’ll be revising them often until I get rock solid command).
  2. I’ve tried/ will try myself with the MCQs given in GS Manual.
  3. For aptitude, I’m doing maximum practice at night (so I don’t fall asleep by simply reading some book).

That’s Well and good, you’re on right track.  Now the question that bothers a lot of candidates:

What about the current affairs?

Current affairs itself is quite big. But for prelims, you’ve to concentrate only on the current affairs associated with specific sectors:

High priority current affairs
  1. Environment n biodiversity
  2. Science tech
  3. Polity
  4. Economy.
  5. Yearbook stuff (Government schemes/ org. etc)
Low priority current affairs
  1. International relations.
  2. Misc.GK (Sports, awards, persons in news, books, authors etc): Lists already given for 2012 and 13 click me
  • If you’ve been maintaining notes out of Hindu/Indianexpress past one year, that’s totally awesome. Just keep doing it.
  • But those of you, who joined the game late and or did not diligently read newspapers/maintained notes. What to do now? Here is a firefighting tip. Do any one of the following

Option A:

  • Get a book called Wizard’s Current Affairs 2013. (they publish it every year. Please note, other publication houses also release similar books. Use whatever is easily available to you.)
  • It doesn’t guarantee UPSC  is directly going to asks questions from it. But such book gives an  overview of what happened past one year (in topicwise fashion: bilateral, sci-tech etc.)
  • The book itself is quite thick but you don’t have to prepare everything, just concentrate on the high priority areas. Then you dig internet, standard reference books etc. for topics that are directly indirectly related to it and are “basic” in nature. For example, there is news about Libya, then you check Libya’s location in the map, its capital, its bordering nations and so on. There is some news about Eastern Dedicated freight corridor, then you dig out from which states does this corridor pass through? …..Prelims is not about Ph.D. Prelims is mostly about tricky questions from very basic concepts / facts.

Option B:

  • hit the public library. Pick past 1 years’ current affairs magazines (CST, Chronicle, PD, Wizard..whatever is available).
  • Go through the first 20-25 pages :the important national international affairs are given here.
  • And Remaining pages of magazines is usually filler material (toppers’ interviews and recycled articles on polity), you can read them if you’ve time and mood.
  • But from those first 20-25 pages, note down the exam worthy current affairs, come back home dig net +/- standard reference books as and where required.

^Please note, these option A / B are just firefighting tools. They’d work fine for SSC, SBI type exams. But Current affairs for UPSC is a different game altogether. That’s the reason I’ve always advised people to read daily newspapers and maintain notes out of it. As a UPSC aspirant, Current affairs must be part of your daily routine. If you don’t do it on dailybasis, that’s when you’ve to turn to such (not so reliable) ^firefighting tools.
And don’t put too much of your time in current affairs, because lot of questions come from static part (theory) too.

Another concern is regarding “Cutoffs possibly getting high” because IFoS and IAS have common preliminary exam. My point is: Just read revise and practice. Leave rest in the hands of God. Don’t enter the exam hall with the cut off mindset or negative marking will dig your grave.

That’s for prelims. Now let’s move to Mains.

Mains Exam: Change of format

Before (upto 2012)After (2013)
Regional language paper.
Marks not counted in merit.
300Same as Earlier300
English Paper. But marks
not counted
in final merit list.
300same as earlier300
General Studies2 papers6004 papers (new topics included)1000
First optional2 papers6002 papers500
Second optional2 papers600Removed0
InterviewYes300Yes but marks reduced275
Merit from 2300.
Merit from 2025

What is removed from general studies?

  1. Statistics and data interpretation topic removed from General Studies (Mains).
  2. Public Health, Health education and ethical concerns regarding health-care, medical research and pharmaceuticals topic removed. (It is no longer Explicitly mentioned under syllabus, although doesn’t prevent UPSC from asking this under GS3!)

GS1: Culture History Geography

#1: History and Culture

  1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Same as usual. NIOS, IGNOU tourism studies, Spectrum book on Culture.
  1. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  2. The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
Same as usual. Bipin Chandra +/- Spectrum +/- GS Manual.

#2: History of World

  1. events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries,
  2. colonization, decolonization,
  3. political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  1. NCERT.
  2. http://Mrunal.org/history
  3. Any one book: Norman Lowe, Jain and Mathur or Arjun Singh.

#3: Socio stuff

  1. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  1. For Post independence India, use Bipin Chandra: India Since Independence. (Ramchandra Guha’s book not giving good cost:benefit ratio.)
  2. Starting point is IGNOU MPS 003 India democracy and Development.
  3. Then there is Decent material scattered in IGNOU Sociology, political science and Public Administration (BA, MA).
  1. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  1. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  1. Effects of globalization on Indian society
  1. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

#4: Geography

General StudiesBefore change2013
Preliminary examGeography = Physical + World  + IndiaSame
MainsGeography = only Indian Geography.Now Geography = Physical + World  + India.

Now, Let’s check the syllabus of geography (general studies)

Physical Geography

  1. Salient features of world’s physical geography.
Starting point is NCERTS / GS Manual.
  1. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,
  2. geographical features and their location.
  3. changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
Starting point is NCERTS + GS Manual + NIOS biodiversity + selective reading of IGNOU Disaster  Management.+Indian Geography by Khullar.

India and World Geography

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent
  1. Starting point NCERTs
  2. then Mrunal.org/Geography
factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

GS2: Polity, Yearbook, IR

#1: Polity + rights issue

Basic Constitution

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions basic structure.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States,
  3. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  4. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  5. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
  6. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  7. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Starting point is: yes you guessed it right, the great M.Laxmikanth. Then DD Basu if you’ve time and mood.
  • +net digging and newspapers for new stuff e.g. right to education.
  • Also Mrunal.org/polity
Advanced topics

  1. issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure,
  2. Devolution of powers + finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  3. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  4. Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  5. Representation of People’s Act: Salient features
Starting point is (again) IGNOU MPS 003. Then again lot of good stuff scattered around in IGNOU Public Administration, Political science and sociology.Also newspapers, columns, net digging from current affairs point of view (e.g. Pressure groups –> Lokpal)
Rights issue

  1. Vulnerable sections: protections, Betterment: mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies.
  2. Vulnerable Sections: Welfare schemes.
  • Starting point again our good old Laxmikanth.
  • For welfare schemes, INDIA Yearbook, list of topics given here click me
  • + newspaper + official websites of respective ministries.

Yearbook, Welfare schemes

  1. Ministries and Departments of the Government;
  2. Government policies for development in various sections.
  3. Social Sector development: Health, Education, Human Resources.
  4. Poverty and hunger: Issues relating to
Basic functions and overview of policies given in India yearbook. After that, Newpapers, Yojana Kurukshetra, official sites of respective ministries.12th Five Yearplan PDFs click me. (they contain truckload of fodder points).

Public Administration related

  1. Governance: Important aspects of
  2. Development processes and the development industry
  3. the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  4. transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  5. e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;
  6. Citizens charters
  7. Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • Respective chapters from IGNOU BA, MA Public Administration.
  • 2nd ARC reports click me (selective reading).

IR / Diplomacy

  1. India and its neighborhood- relations.
  2. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  3. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,
  4. Indian diaspora.
  5. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
Approach remains same as earlier.

  • Starting point is selected topics on international relations from IGNOU BA (Political Science) click me
  • Dispora strategy given separately click me
  • Then IGNOU MA (Political Science) MPS 002 click me
  • + newspapers, magz, net digging And
  • Mrunal.org/diplomacy

GS3: Economy, Environment, S&T, Agro, Disaster and Security

For a paper worth 250 marks, UPSC has packed way too many topics here!

#1: Economy

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  2. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  3. Government Budgeting.
12th FYP plan PDF files.Basic of budgeting is explained in Laxmikanth, Ramesh Singh etc. But hardly any direct-static questions come in mains. So this is mostly yearbook, IGNOU (Economics) newspaper and current affairs.+ Mrunal.org/economy
  1. Effects of liberalization on the economy.
Basic given in NCERT Class 11 economics. More can be found in Ramesh Singh, Netdigging.
  1. changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  2. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  3. Investment models
Basic given in India Yearbook.Then IGNOU (Economics BA, MA) selective reading, Newspaper columns, 12th FYP pdfs for more fodder points.

#2: SnT + Environment

  1. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  2. Achievements of Indians in science & technology;
  3. Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  4. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  1. Starting point is India Yearbook.
  2. Then The Hindu’s Sci-tech portion, net digging and
  3. www.Mrunal.org/snt
  4. +/- Spectrum’s book on Science Tech.
  1. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  1. NIOS, IGNOU material on Environment-Biodiversity.
  2. India Yearbook
  3. Official site of MoEF
  4. Newspaper columns, Yojana, Kurukshetra.

#2: Agro

Now this is a new topic introduced in 2013.

  1. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country,
  2. Irrigation: different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage,
NCERT geography,  GS Manual+ Indian Geography Khullar etc.
  1. e-technology in the aid of farmers
  2. Farm subsidies: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies
  3. minimum support prices;
  4. Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;
  5. Technology missions;
  6. Land reforms in India.
  • Starting point is INDIA Yearbook, List of topics given here: click me
  • Official website of Agriculture ministry.
  1. transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
  2. Animal rearing: economics of
  3. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain managemen
  • Yojana-Kurukshetra old archives + new issues.click me
  • food processing already covered in my article series. visit mrunal.org/economy


1.         Disaster and disaster management.Selective reading IGNOU MPA 018


1. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandateThis is given in India Yearbook. Click me for the topicwise list
2. basics of cyber securityAlso given in India yearbook. More stuff can be found the previous writing competition held at Mrunal.org/Write2Win

For the remaining topics:

  1. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  2. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  3. Challenges to internal security through communication networks,
  4. role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,
  5. money-laundering and its prevention
  6. border areas: Security challenges and their management
  7. linkages of organized crime with terrorism

For above topics, Lot of revision friendly content available in the previous writing competition held at Mrunal.org/Write2Win

+newspaper and net digging.

GS4: Ethics

Lot of vague topics added. Anyways, first let’s check the topics for which exact material is available

Probity in Governance:

  1. Concept of public service;
  2. Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
  3. Information sharing and transparency in government,
  4. Right to Information,
  5. Codes of Ethics,
  6. Codes of Conduct,
  7. Citizen’s Charters,
  8. Work culture,
  9. Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds,
  10. Challenges of corruption.

Ethics in Public Administration

  1. Status and problems;
  2. ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
  3. laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;
  4. accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

For ^above topics, you’ll find content scattered in around in

  1. IGNOU MPA 011 and 013
  2. 2nd ARC reports.

Remaining topics

  1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.  Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values
  2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  4. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  5. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  6. corporate governance.
  7. ethical issues in international relations and funding.
  8. +Case studies

Personal Opinion?

Father Wallace, a renowned Gujarati author and Maths Professor in St.Xaviers’ College, Ahmedabad. Once a TV reporter asked him, “Lot of students in class 10 hate mathematics. So, What is your advice to them?” I was watching TV and hoped that he’d give some awesome set of formulas that will completely demystify mathematics even for the weakest student. But all he said was:

“Mitro maare Etlu j kehvaa nu ke tamne gume ke naa gume, bhanvu toh padshe j!”
(Friends all I’ve to say is, whether you like it or not, you’ll have to study.)

Same applies to the pattern change, you can welcome it, you can condemn it, but as long you’re in this competition business, you’ve to play by UPSC’s rules. Anyways for the sake of timepass reading, here are my opinions.


  • Most of the General studies syllabus (mains) can be covered using IGNOU, Yearbook, Yojana Kurukshetra, newspapers etc. So atleast the reform is not heavy on your pocket (in terms of having  to buy lot of new books / material).
  • Thanks to IGNOU’s material, self-study is easily possible. (available on egyankosh.ac.in)


  • Reading so many PDFs on computer screen =painful on eyes.

Overlapping topics

  • Each mains paper has 3 hours duration so UPSC can take maximum two papers per day. Now, suppose today is GS1+2, then tomorrow will be GS3+4.
  • Here comes to issue: you’ve to prepare similar topics again and again for two days because of their overlapping nature. for example:
  1. Social empowerment in GS1, and next day Inclusive growth for GS3.
  2. R.T.I, citizen-charter etc. as [Polity] topics for GS2 and next day for Ethics under GS4.
  3. Role of civil services in a democracy (under GS2) and next day almost similar thing for Ethics under GS4.

So it feels as if the topic-list is compiled in haste, and that Agro topic in GS3 (+including supply chain Management!) sticks out like a sore thumb.

One Optional still kept

  • Instead of two, now you’ve to pick only one optional. Makes it difficult for senior player to decide: which subject to keep and which one to drop. (especially when UPSC is yet to deliver marksheets for Mains 2012).
  • UPSC should have removed both optionals. That way, people have to spend less money on books / coaching + more time sparred to pursue any career backplan/ other exams.

Faster results

  • It still takes 1 year to finish the exam. Very painful especially for those who fail in mains and have to reappear in next prelims within 2-3 months.
  • UPSC Should have converted prelims into a computer based MCQ test like IBPS/LIC to hasten the result delivery.

On an unrelated note:

  • If we look at the larger picture, everyone has to give so many exams simultaneously (UPSC, State PSC, IBPS, SSC, LIC, CDS, CAPF….) These should be combined into only 2-3 exams for combined recruitment into all these jobs.


Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

802 Comments on “[Approach] UPSC 2013 General Studies: Prelims + Mains for Civil Service IAS IPS Exam”

  1. hey,ask ur community to come up with some innovative ,probable ,thinking-kind of questions.it will be relly helpful…

  2. IGNOU:The University is in the process of reviewing IPR policy and hence access to the content of eGyanKosh is restricted till further orders :( …can someone help me?

    1. hi lavanya, The site is under constuction for long time..even i also faced problem like you only…

    2. for me to what to do ??????????????

    3. Me too facing the same problem…
      What to do?

      1. you can purchase ignou books from book shop(delhi).

      2. i have ignou books on economics and history of ba,ma degree which is useful for gs syllabus if someone needs it can take from me

        1. @mrithunjya I need economy books so can u give them to me thanks

        2. namstey sir ,sir i need for this book economics and history for gs purpose,this matter in soft copy of hard copy say plz
          if soft copy than plz mail me on my email id thanx a lot my id [email protected]

        3. excuse me am eagerly searching for ignou book am from warangal . could u provide dos ignou materials for me n dis iz my contact no 8790700632 u can cl me any time i vl b respond

  3. hi just wanna know as i saw saw many new added chapters in laxmikanth new edition of polity….should we buy new edition book by selling old one or remain with old edition book.

    1. buying the new is the best because new contains lot of folder materials because even if we see the gs syllabus advanced topics have been added such as comparing other country constitution,presuure group,representive act which are absent in old

  4. sir please render specific books of ignou gs history(ancient india)

  5. indian budget books of economics helful for main exams studies

  6. Dear Mrunal,

    A doubt. As per as the yearbook divisions that you have given in the separate links, will that be as relevant for the UPSC – 2014 candidates. If we follow this strategy, we need to follow Yearbook – 2013 for a considerable bulk of syllabus. However in 2014, we can have some more current topics (I am guessing relatively lesser, as most of the static topics will be covered in Yearbook 13 only) in Yearbook – 14, which will have material in the relevant syllabus portions. Can you please then make a topic wise article of that year book as well, linking it with this strategy?

    I am hoping I am not asking too much of you, its a humongous task, however I have been following this blog for a few months now, and if anyone can do it, its you.

  7. Dear Mrunal, ( Sub – Request UPSC to negate compulsory Language paper )

    coming straight to the point, I felt Hindi paper was very tough (atleast for South Indians) and regressive. Please, can we start a thread to gather support to request UPSC to either negate compulsory Language paper or to reduce the cutoff drastically ( even 30% is bad ). Pls give in your valuable thoughts to progress on this issue seriously.
    Others are cordially invited to suggest and help start a reform.

    [email protected]

    1. I totally agree with you my dear Friend. I had a “migraine” because of this stupid paper. Really doesn’t make sense to have Hindi or other regional language. How do you “defend” or debate the utility of this paper when I am placed in Kerala, Gujrat or Tamil Nadu Cadre. Such languages should be made contingent part of training rather than the selection process in the first place.
      Second, there are ‘controversial’ questions too. Like translation this year, when I completed the part, I realized that Bloody Hell this one was about C.V.Raman and not some random person. That called for so many changes here and there to incorporate the respect but I simply wrote an apology for my failure to realize same. Really not worth the trouble.

      For those harping on my misery – I will surely clear it, been in north for a long time and at one time was among toppers in Hindi for 10th Boards.

      1. Absolutely Right Ms.Neena.
        Heard some guys made a signature petition to UPSC for sample Ethics paper and UPSC also cordially obliged to the request. Is thr any way we can request UPSC to consider our situation. I request our Dear Guru Mr.Mrunal to help us out.

        Others pls pour in yur suggestions.

        1. Well nothing can be done about that my friend….if you actually remember UPSC had negated the languages previously in the first notification….it was due to the protest in maharashtra, bihar etc the languages were introduced once again….so it was DEMAND OF THE PEOPLE. The above comments of yours and ms neena is totally justified. But it was again our own people who motivated to negate the rational step taken by UPSC

          1. “ai laa” heheh.. Wasn’t inclusion of English in marking scheme the root cause of collective demonstration rather than exclusion of “regional languages”? Also hate the idea of “Demand of people”, That might have put a lot of “candidates” at disadvantage, for sure. What would make sense is to teach the regional tongue of the state(cadre) in later stages….. I wrote to Dr.Agrawal; you can do that too. Other means is to use online petition sites, mostly used for prolonging TV series in US.
            Good luck :)

      2. @Neena,

        I agree that Hindi paper was very tough.But the logic of keeping this paper goes this way

        it is extremely important to keep a qualifying english paper (you understand why).Now if there is only an english paper hindi medium students will say that this is a partiality.You see how there was a debate in parliament over this.Also if you are not comfortable in Hindi , you can take other regional language like
        Gujrati ,Marathi,Malyalam etc.

        I for one are among the people whose chances of clearing this papaer hang in between.But as an Indian , we are expected to know atleast one regional language.This is only my opinion and people may differ.

        1. “ai yo”, hehehehe…
          The rationale of English itself is quite murky. Use of English in parliament was entertained as most MPs werent comfortable using Hindi, which they felt was being forced on them. Before they could realize, it became part of culture and then indispensable part of economy which relies heavily on service sector.

          Now “other regional languages”, well language should be promoted but our country is facing a yawning communication gap because of this diversity. Delhi Magistrate’s remark(Dont they know English in Gujrat) over the received charge-sheet which was in Gujrati and court had to be deferred in absence of a translator illustrates the structural problems use of different languages can produce. Well, even education becomes a major casualty of languages when books need to be translated and “quality” translation is rarely done affecting poor kids and their future potential.

          Now my argument is that suppose I pass Sanskrit as ORL, how does it help me when I am anywhere in India? Even your saints or “poojaris” might not be able to talk to me in Sanskrit. It is this futility of mandating a Regional Language(well please tell me where Sanskrit is used, why French which is actually used and allowed in literature along with Russian is not allowed) when I am not even going to use it. Once cadre’s are assigned then proficiency in local language or dialect should become contingent part of your probation. This will definitely help both North and South Indians who are placed in “alien” parts of the country, left to struggle or depend on assistance of their subordinates.

          I am not saying remove the regional language, that would actually kill a culture but Hey, wake up and make some useful structural change.

          While demonstrations are concerned, believe me a lot of “candidates” will still stand up against such system as we do not like being subservient.

          1. For the record, I had a migraine because of Hindi doesn’t mean I am anyway flunking this subject. I will definitely clear 50% mark. I was among toppers in my class 10 Board examinations in Hindi. Its just that wasnt used to writing in Hindi anymore. Also wrote a lot of “urdu” words in second essay as was completely bored and numbed (due to headache) by then.

          2. Yes Neena I completely agree that there should be no regional language paper.I was only pointing out how making English paper compulsary leaves no option for UPSC under ‘political pressure’ to keep the regional language paper.I believe my language of putting it was not clear.

          3. Neena..u seem to be an alrounder ..found gs papers easy…topper in Hindi…why don’t you tell your roll no…..we would all be so glad to see your roll no. In the list

          4. Every 10th pass student has done basic a regional language subject or hindi. The reason for including compulsory language for the sake of proficiency in some Indian language was already met many years ago.

            Even if a candidate picks say Malayalam and is posted in Bengal, he still has to learn some bengali worth conversing. Again the compulsory language paper is of not much use in this case.

            Reasoning about fairness wrt to regional languages on par with English doesn’t hold much water, simply because English is an international language.

            Most of a bureaucrat’s office work is in english but the public interface is in local language.

            As I see it, there is no easy solution to this vexing compulsory language issue, and just accept things doled out by UPSC as long as they are not arbitrary.

  8. Mrunal, the link which you provided for downloading for IGNOU materials were not working. I would like to download Political science materials for International Relations (GS-2).

  9. I’m a science student with general degree,i want to attempt 2014 prelims so how should i start my preparation from now onwards?and is it better to prepare for both mains and prelims at a time?is it possible to cover the mains syllabus in 3 months after prelims?

    1. no we cannot cover all main exam syllabus after prelims so reading together is important because there are topics which are present
      for mains but absent for prelims such cyber security,diaster,public administraction,sociology,world history,diapora,advaced topic of economy reading together is important

  10. Mrunal Sir..links for egyankosh are not working?? is there any other way to get IGNOU stuff downloaded? Please reply

    1. if we refer ignou books the sub topics of upsc have scattered in economics and sociology so refering reference text books through flipchart is best

  11. history;bipian chandra,culture spectrum,world history old ncert,post independene-by india after independence-ram chanda

  12. Sir,ur doing a great job. helping out those who can’t afford coaching fees or dnt wanna join it. Ignore ur critics..they hv a lot of time to do that.
    U r my Guru..nd of course of many others. (y)

  13. Dear Mrunal,
    Can you tell selective reading or chapters of MPA 018.

  14. Hi,
    What are chapters/ selective reading important for Disaster Management in MPA 018.

  15. mrunal study plan for ias is awesome for the aspirants. it is the best guiding tool for the strategy of an ias aspirant

  16. hello sir
    i am appearing for csat 2014..
    Kindly guide me for my optional subject..GEOGRAPHY
    i dont have any coaching class

    plz help me friends…

  17. Which of the GS manuals/guide among the following is best for preparing UPSC paper 1-GS(PRELIMS) and for UPSC PAPERS 2,3,4,5-GS (MAINS):-


    (Please, state merit and demerits of each)

    I will be very grateful to you. Please send your reply at my email id.

    Thank you.

  18. hello sir
    i am appearing for csat 2014..
    Kindly guide me for my optional subject..GEOGRAPHY
    i dont have any coaching class

    plz help me friends…

  19. dear sir

    i was ordering “india since independence” by bipin chandra but its reviews by readers on flipkart were not positive so should i go for ramchandra guha’s book?

    1. i have book of ramchandra which i downloaded from various blog do u need it

  20. i appeared in PRELIMS 2013 but could not clear it …..applied only for FOREST SERVICES…so does that count as an attempt for IAS/IPS????

  21. sir please tell me which bookgto go fro indinia since independence or indina after independence by ramchandra guha??

    1. ramachandra guha’s book is simply not meant for the purpose of cse.. not only
      highly voluminous’ it has stories after stories and thus not to the point analysis…
      strictly avoid it
      good luck

    2. Bipin Chandra use, for post and pre

  22. I’m planning to take up the Indian forest service examination and I’m confused in selecting the subjects and I need help can any one guide me..

  23. How is Majid Hussain’s Book “Geography of India ” for GS prelims cum mains.Is it a good choice..?
    I think new NCERT is not sufficient.Pls give me a reply

    1. Dear Jaison, instead of Majid Huasain, read from GS Manual along with NCERT,that would cover up the whole Indian Geography part. By the way NCERT for Geography is most important and is more than sufficient. Most of the questions comes from them only.

      1. Dear friend,
        I cross checked last prelims question.Very few questions asked from NCERT.GS manual is not good for Indian Geography.For Physical Geography it was ok.Even Mrunal is not confident about NCERT in lastPrelims Geography question analysis.Check it.


  24. sir ,
    could you please tell me what i can i do if i missed current affairs from jan 2013 to sep 2013!!

  25. Sir,is it necessary to go through ncerts of 11th &12th for biology,chemistry and physics?

  26. Sir, the whole information together with the website is GREAT…It’ll work like lighthouse for many puzzled aspirants like me…This is a real SOCIAL SERVICE…Thanks a lot…

  27. Sir,is ncerts of 11th &12th required for biology,physics and chemistry?

  28. Is this pattern a confirmed one? I recently hearf from a friend of mine that the UPSC is going to revert back to old pattern? Have you heard anything like that or are there any chances of this happening?

    1. Sir, thanx for inspiring the remote & helpless aspirants like me… Sir, Could u kindly suggest clear cut steps/routine combining the IAS prelims cum mains syllabus accompanied with the prescribed books & study materials for the remaining time for the upcoming UPSC 2014 pls?

  29. Is this pattern confirmed for now? Can the old pattern be reinforced again in near future?

  30. ignou ki kaun kaun si book required hain upsc pre aur mains ke live..pls tell the list if possible.mains public administration.Hindi medium

  31. sir can u pls tell that how can i prepare the gs fourth paper of mains?

  32. Did anyone see the news-CBI arrested 2delhi students for using unfair means during csmain 2013

  33. i am preparing for CSE 2014 for mains i have opted psychology is any one or a group there from navi mumbai or mumbai preparing for the same so that we can do group studies i have not joined any classes.

  34. @ mrunal sir and all veterans
    for the civil mains 2015,i have decided to focus on P.A……………..BUT WHEN I SEE THE OPTIONALS OFFERED IN THE IFoS………………..THERE IS NO P.A. PAPER PRESENT IN THE LIST OF OPTIONALS………………………………………..NOW WHAT TO DO????????????????PLEASE GIVE YOUR VALUABLE SUGGESTIONS……………………………….PLEASE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  35. confused with optional selection…GEOGRAPHY,,ANTHRO,SOCIOLOGY…i hav pharma background


  37. Hello mrunal sir
    Please provide me GS4 books and strategy for remaining topics.
    Also provide your renowned strategy and books for public admn. Optional.
    One more for essay and compulsory english. Urgently

  38. hello mrunal sir
    can you please tell us we have to follow the same stratergy for 2015 or some changes will tale in approach of GS
    and pleas tell us subject wise passing percentage…specially anthropology,history

  39. hello mrunal sir
    can you please tell us we have to follow the same stratergy for 2015 or some changes will tale in approach of GS
    and pleas tell us subject wise passing percentage…specially anthropology,history

  40. How to cover the remaining topics, mentioned at the end of this post? Any help is appreciated, Thanks!!

  41. Sir Please Give a Download link to IGNOU ECONOMICS

  42. Mrunal Ji, Please provide which specific ARC reports to go through..

  43. Sir I completed my graduation in BSc biotech;zoology;& chemistry :;what subject can I opt in civil mains.

  44. thank you sir.

  45. Dear sir, please suggest me important books with author for UPSC MAINS EXAM according to papers THANK YOU

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