[Ethics] Sample Questions, Case studies for UPSC General studies paper 4 based on Donald Menzel’s book

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UPSC Paperset
  1. Prologue
  2. Essay-ish / Abstract Questions
  3. Ethics Case Studies / Role playing Questions
    1. Disobeying an informal order
    2. Returning unspent money
    3. Misleading for good purpose
    4. Private matter of Public employee?
    5. Political neutrality
    6. Political neutrality Part.2
    7. Salary hike vs Team spirit
    8. Holding Charity Auctions in the Office
    9. Spouse in the same office
    10. Private endorsement by Public Official
    11. Man of Word or Man of Money?
    12. Courage with a price tag

Prologue

So far in the [Ethics] mock-question series

  1. UPSC’s sample paper for GS4
  2. Samples questions based on ethics courses of San Diego and Texas University

Now this this articles contains case-studies/questions are based on Donald C. Menzel’s book Ethics Moments in Government:Cases and Controversies.

  • For the Essay-ish questions I’ve merely lifted statements from the book. Because UPSC seems to be doing similar thing for Public Administration (lift sentences from some book and ask the candidate to ‘comment’ on it).
  • for the case-studies questions, I’ve given Indian flavor to those American cases and included a few answer key points but by no means they’re sacred/official/final/marksworthy- they’re only meant to serve as lighthouse for the utterly confused.

Essay-ish / Abstract Questions

Answer following questions 12 marks/120 words each:

  1. What do you understand by ethics audit? How is it different from financial audit?
  2. Are ethics practices and behaviors in the business world different than those found in public service? If so, why?
  3. Describe an ethical issue you have had to address in your school or college life and the way you handled it. If confronted with the same issue today, would you handle it in the same way?
  4. Are ethical standards in business organizations higher or lower than those in public service organizations?
  5. Is there more unethical behavior in government than in business?
  6. Do you believe the ethical performance of an employee can be evaluated fairly and accurately? Yes/No/Why?
  7. Is a professional code of ethics that is not enforceable a satisfactory code? Yes/No/Why?
  8. How does corrupt behavior resemble or differ from unethical behavior?
  9. Should we hold appointed officials, such as collectors and tehsildaars, to a higher standard of behavior than elected officials such as municipal councilors? Yes/No/Why?
  10. Gandhi always advocated the purity of means- with respect to that, do you think it is unethical for a military officer to mislead the enemy? Yes/No/Why?

Comment on following statements (12 marks/120 words each)

  1. Ethics are less a goal than a pathway, less a destination than a trip, less an inoculation than a process.
  2. Righteous disobedience is better than Moral muteness.
  3. Exemplary leadership is critical to encouraging ethical behavior in government organizations.
  4. Openness and transparency are critical safeguards that keep our democracy alive and well.
  5. Ethical codes are merely veneers. Shiny on the outside but hollow on the inside.
  6. Living up to the public trust is much more than just an act of compliance.
  7. Ethics is the cornerstone of effective, efficient, democratic governance.
  8. Ethics may be only instrumental, it may be only a means to an end, but it is a necessary means to an end.
  9. The relationships between ethics, service, and trust are mutually reinforcing.
  10. Ignorance is not an excuse for misconduct.
  11. Those who commit misconduct out of ignorance should be treated less harshly.
  12. If men were angels, no government would be necessary
  13. Humans roam the earth, not the heavens, so ethics are indispensable.
  14. Honesty and truthfulness have to be practiced and balanced with delicate diplomacy on some occasions.
  15. List the reforms necessary to encourage ethical behavior and prevent misconduct in public organizations of India.

Ethics Case Studies / Role playing Questions

Disobeying an informal order

DevAnand is working as a clerk in Collector’s office. Due to staff shortage, Dev also performs the task of raising flag over the office building every morning and taking it down every evening, although it is not part of his official job description.

One day a criminal turned politician Madan Puri dies. Years ago, Devanand’s best friend was murdered during a riot allegedly orchestrated by Madan Puri.

Nonetheless, State secretariat passes an order to all District collectors, to keep National flag at “half-mast” over their offices, to mourn the death of the Mr.Madan Puri.

DevAnand sees this news on TV, gets angry with such mockery of our national flag. He decides not to goto office next morning and keeps the door key of rooftop with himself. He is confident, “no formal punishment can be given to me, because this was not part of my official duty. At most Collector sahib will reprimand me informally but I don’t care because Madan Puri killed my best friend.

Do you think DevAnand has made the right decision? Yes/No/Why?

Answer keypoints

DevAnand made a wrong decision because:

  1. It prevents other staff members from carrying out the ‘official’ order from StateHQ.
  2. It puts his boss in an embarrassing position in front of the StateHQ.
  3. If Dev’s conscience doesn’t permit him carrying out a task, he should inform his boss. But running away with keys, without informing anyone = irresponsible.
  4. Such behavior is not expected from a good team player / a public servant.

Returning unspent money

DevAnand is running an NGO to help street children. He receives government grant of Rs.2 lakh rupees for a project to teach the “out of school” children, who work at tea-stalls, do boot-polishing etc. A year passes, but Dev managed to utilize only 50,000 rupees from the grant. Despite his best efforts, he couldn’t convince many poor children or their families to join his NGO’s program.

As per the grant rules, Dev has to return all the unspent money back to government by the end of March 31st. But his colleague Pran suggests following:

  1. If we honestly return Rs.1.5 lakh back, then government officials will think we are amateur, ineffective NGOs and they’ll substantially reduce our grant for next year or even worse- they’ll not give us any project next time!
  2. We should take help of CA Prem Chopra to manipulate our account books and show majority of the grant was utilized for education.
  3. Many other NGOs do the same thing- there is no problem – nobody will raise any objection, as long as we give 20% of the grant to SDM in charge of this project.
  4. Although it sounds unethical but we won’t use this money for personal needs, we’ll use it on street children only. Hence our act is fully ethical and moral.

What should DevAnand do with the money?

Answer keypoints:

  1. “Because others are also doing it” – is never the valid justification to commit an unethical or criminal act.
  2. Two wrongs don’t make a right:
    1. Manipulating account books to keep the grant money.
    2. Bribing SDM to keep the grant money.
  3. The shelf life of lie and deception is very low- especially when manipulating the account books – ask Ramalinga Raju, ex-chief of Satyam.
  4. DevAnand was unable to use 75% of the grant money, it implies
  1. Dev didn’t try hard enough OR
  2. Government had exaggerated the amount of money required to educate the out of school children OR
  3. both

In anycase, If Dev keeps the unspent grant, government will continue pumping more money- other NGOs and the SDM will keep amassing wealth. Therefore, DevAnand should return the unspent grant back to the government.

Misleading for good purpose

DevAnand is the inspector in charge of Rampur Police station. The police station building is in dire need of repairs, but hasn’t received any grants for years. One day, a cyclone hits a nearby area, damaging most of the houses and shops. Although Dev’s police station gets partially damaged, but most of the building remain intact . Government sends a disaster assessment team to ascertain the level of damage and pay relief money. The DSP Mr. Pran, orders DevAnand to do following:

  1. Hire some laborers and destroy the remaining parts of your police station building.
  2. When disaster assessment team comes, you tell them building collapsed by the cyclone, and ask them to give priority in funding after all police station is one the most important public offices in a town.

Should DevAnand obey his boss’s order?

Answer keypoints
The shelf life of lie and deception is very low. Especially when many people are involved. In this case: laborers and any bystanders.
Both Dev and Pran are risking themselves to an unnecessary negative publicity and possible departmental inquiry and punishment for professional misconduct. Indeed police building needed repairs and should have been given a grant months ago, but three wrongs don’t make a right:

  1. Wanton destruction of a public building.
  2. Misleading the disaster assessment team.
  3. Police officer DevAnand spending his time and energy in such activity rather than doing rescue-relief-patrolling duty after the disaster.

Private matter of Public employee?

DevAnand is working as an under Secretary in the pension department. One day, his friend GuruDutt, an SBI PO, narrates following incident:

  1. For last two years, a retired Government employee Mr.Ashok Kumar is giving away 30% of his monthly pension to Mrs.Bindu Chopra every month through cheque.
  2. I found Mrs.Bindu Chopra happens to be the wife of Mr.Prem Chopra, a section officer in the pension office under you (DevAnand.)
  3. I feel something is fishy- may be this is part of a large bribe scam where senior citizens are forced to pay money to clear their pension files from Prem Chopra, and have to submit bribes in his wife’s account.

DevAnand visits Mr.Ashok Kumar’s house but he is suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, unable to give coherent answers. Frustrated DevAnand directly confronts Prem Chopra. But Prem says “Mr.Ashok Kumar was a friend of my father. He has no relatives or children and my wife Bindu has been taking care of him like daughter since a long time. Therefore, Mr.Ashok Kumar gives us money out of good will, so we can send our son to an expensive IIT coaching class @Kota, Rajasthan. Besides this is a personal family matter and none of your damn business.”

Do you think DevAnand made a blunder or was he merely performing an ethical duty?

Answer keypoints

Here, both GuruDutt and DevAnand has failed to act in responsible manner. Because:

  1. A banker must keep his clients’ data confidential, unless required by the law to disclose it.
  2. GuruDutt didn’t even wait to cross verify who else is giving money to Mrs.Bindu Chopra’s account. Because if there was a ‘large scale bribe scam’ then lot other senior citizens would be making payment to Bindu’s account, and not just Mr.Ashok Kumar alone.
  3. Even in that situation, Gurudutt had to consult his boss within his own bank first. He cannot go around giving informal tips to outsiders. This is an unethical act for a banker.
  4. DevAnand too acted in hasty manner. First, he starts ‘investigation’ based on an informal tip from a banker who is not supposed to tip him in the first place. He should have consulted the vigilance department before moving further.
  5. Second, Dev Anand confronts Prem Chopra, without any hardcore evidence. When you’re holding a public office, you can’t go around accusing people in such haste. It breaks the office discipline, destroys the staff morale and allows the guilty person to cover his tracks.

Political neutrality

Prem Chopra, a civil society activist, has launched a mass-movement to change Prime-ministerial form of government to presidential form of government. Dev Anand is an undersecretary in the PMO. Before joining civil service, he had done Ph.D on the demerits of presidential form of government. He is invited by a news channel for prime-time debate. The newschannel anchor, Mr.Arnab Goswami assures DevAnand following:

  1. It’ll be only an educational-intellectual debate among scholars.
  2. No politicians from ruling or opposition party are invited in our show.
  3. You’re invited in your capacity as a scholar in political science and not as a bureaucrat.

Should DevAnand accept Arnab Goswami’s invitation for news-debate?

Answerkey point:

No. Because bureaucrats should not voice their opinion about political matters on public platform. Even if no politician is invited, some other scholar/participant/anchor might raise points in favour or against the ruling party during the debate, and Dev will find himself in a political minefield.

Political neutrality Part.2

To curtail the mounting fiscal deficit, Finance Minister Pran Chindu decides to merge agriculture ministry with forest ministry; coal ministry with oil ministry and reduce personnel in the central services by 30%. But opposition party is hardly raising any objection –they are occupied with onion price rise issue. Media is too busy covering MS Dhoni’s new hairstyle.

DevAnand, an employee in the Cabinet secretariat feels both Opposition party and media have failed to perform their ethical duty to inform citizens about matters of public interest. Therefore, he starts writing anonymous blogs and tweets to inform public about the negative consequences of Chindu’s austerity measures. Is DevAnand doing the right thing?

Answer key points:

  • No. DevAnand is not doing the right thing.
  • Role of public servant is to obey the will of the community- articulated through the elected members including the said Finance Minister.
  • Public servant has to remain politically neutral. Dev is crossing that Laxman-Rekha by his anonymous blogs.

Salary hike vs Team spirit

DevAnand has been serving as the Chief fire officer in city for over 3 years. Because of his efficient management, there were very few fire incidents, no lives were lost and property damage was minimum. He enjoys almost a celebrity like status in local media and city dwellers. As the election year comes, Mayor Pran, with an aim to garner goodwill among voters, frames a budget with 10% pay raise to fire bridge staff and 25% pay raise for the Chief fire Officer. Should DevAnand accept it or not/Why?

Answer key points:

  1. Firefighting is a team work. Team leader must display fairness and equity.
  2. If Dev accepts 25% raise, it could promote his image as an aloof, insensitive, self-serving boss. Staff may not follow his lead with same enthusiasm afterwards.
  3. Exemplary leadership is critical to encouraging ethical behavior in government organizations.
  4. Therefore, Dev should not accept more than what is being offered to other employees of Fire brigade. (10%).

Holding Charity Auctions in the Office

Pran, the bank employee, approaches Bank Manager DevAnand and says following:

  1. My child is suffering from blood cancer. I don’t have health insurance policy and my salary is insufficient to meet these medical expenses.
  2. But over the years, I’ve been collecting autographed bats and balls of various cricketers.
  3. I seek your permission to hold a charity auction in the office. I’ll also send fliers to clients of our bank. Everyone is welcome to bid for these bats and balls, so I can raise money for the medical treatment of my child.

Three other bank employees-Prem Chopra, Madan Puri and Ranjith overhear this conversation. They also inform DevAnand – indeed Pran’s financial situation is very bad and his child will die if the treatment is not done on time, therefore permission should be given to hold this charity auction.

Should Dev give permission or not?

Answer keypoints:

  1. No. Because some members may informally feel pressured to give money -Especially Pran’s juniors and subordinates.
  2. It might create a feeling of alienation between employees who bid and those who don’t.
  3. Next time another employee will try to do the same, may be with a trivial reason e.g. I’m willing to auction t-shirts autographed by filmstars to repay the last EMI of my home loan, allow me to hold auction in the office. And if Dev says no that time, it might create an impression Dev is biased towards certain employees- staff morale goes down.
  4. Therefore, it is best to keep auctions and other money raising activities out of the workplace irrespective of their noble aims.

Spouse in the same office

DCP DevAnand marries Sub inspector Rosie. In the office, Rosie doesn’t directly report to DevAnad but Dev has responsibility for signing off on her annual evaluation. Although Dev doesn’t give any preferential treatment to Rosie but one of her colleague, Prem Chopra, complained several times to the DIG Pran: “Dev saab always gives highest ratings to his wife and I’m always given average ratings despite my best performance in criminal investigations.“

DIG conducts inquiry, doesn’t find anything against DevAnand. Later Dev officially reprimands Prem Chopra for this unprofessional behavior.

Frustrated Prem Chopra narrates this incident to his wife Bindu. Bindu decides to take matters in her own hands, writes an anonymous email to the local press, informing how Rosie hasn’t legally divorced her first husband Marco, yet she is staying with DCP DevAnand and gives vivid details of their “adulterous” live-in relationship.

Rita reporter, an expert on such masala news, starts giving ball by ball commentary in her newspaper about Rosie’s past by interviewing her college friends, neighbors, relatives etc. Everybody in the town starts gossiping about this. Dev asks his IT expert friend GuruDutt to investigate. GuruDutt digs out that email originated from Prem Chopra’s home computer.What should DevAnand do:  Reprimand Prem Chopra once more?  Suspend him for indiscipline? Sue him for defamation? Is doing nothing an option?

Answer key points:

  1. Doing nothing is not a viable option since situations like this only fester and become more problematic.
  2. It is never a good practice for a public official to have a relative in a subordinate position. Despite efforts to avoid perceived acts of favoritism, sooner or later the official will find himself being accused of an inappropriate action. Therefore, Police and Military organizations often have anti-fraternization policies. (e.g. As per the US Air Force rules, one of the couple has to quit from the service.)
  3. This situation is all about the perception of favoritism. The perception may or may not be true whether DevAnand is giving preferential treatment to Rosie during annual performance evaluation.
  4. To prevent this from happening, DevAnand needs to stop chasing Prem Chopra and take steps to get his wife posted in another office, or seek his own transfer to another office.
  5. Last but not least, the DevAnand should put to rest the question of the legality of his marriage to avoid future accusations.

Private endorsement by Public Official

Prem Chopra runs a company that offers private security guards, CCTV, burglary alarm and other security devices.

DCP DevAnand learns that everytime after a theft or robbery takes place, Police Inspector Pran advices the victim and bystanders to install security devices from Prem Chopra’s company to make their home and shops secure from criminals. Pran even tells them “When you goto Prem Chopra’s office, tell him I’ve sent you, he’ll give you special discount.

Dev confronts Pran about this matter. Pran justifies his action by saying:

  1. Yes, I take money for Prem Chopra to endorse his security products for homes and offices.
  2. No, I’m not doing anything unethical because
    1. I use this money to pay my informers and keep a check on criminal elements. I don’t spent this money on myself or my family.
    2.  Even municipal buses and railway-wagons have advertisements, then why is an endorsement by a city official unethical or illegal?
  3. Besides, Prem Chopra’s security devices are very effective at preventing burglary.

Should DevAnand permit Pran to continue this endorsement activity? Yes/No/Why?

Answer keypoints

  1. Advertisement on bus / railway wagon is not same as a public official promoting a brand. Because those bus/railway ads don’t interfere with vehicle’s primary function of transporting persons from one place to another. But when a public official promotes a brand, he is spending part of his office time and energy for private gain rather than serving the citizen.
  2. If Dev permits Pran, then other staff members will also start similar marketing. Thus part of the office-time will diverted to selling products rather than solving crime
  3. Might even lead to internal rivalries about who is earning more commissions.
  4. Citizens may feel informal pressure to buy such products fearing their file / matter will not be cleared by the public officials otherwise.
  5. Endorsements of commercial products by public officials can easily result in an unethical situation: sharing financial gain through bribes, kickbacks, or postemployment opportunities for government officials.

In short, it will open a Pandora’s box. Therefore, DevAnand should order Pran to stop this activity at once.

Man of Word or Man of Money?

DevAnand is a brilliant maths teacher in a private English medium school in Ahmedabad and gets yearly package of Rs.3 lakhs. Another school at Baroda offers him package of Rs. 3.5 lakhs. Dev makes a verbal commitment to the Baroda school principle, “Sure,I’ll join your school from next month.“

But when Dev submits his resignation to A’bad school, its Principle Mr.Pran requests him to stay and offers new package of Rs.3.8 lakhs. Should Dev take back his resignation? yes/no/why?

Answer keypoints

  • from ethical perspective, even verbal acceptance = contract. And contract must be honored.
  • Even if Pran’s counteroffer is higher, Dev has a moral obligation to remain consistent with his original intention (of joining Baroda school).

Courage with a price tag

(Copy pasting a news report from TheHindu)

December 7, 2012, Chandigarh.

Robanjit Kaur, 23-year-old daughter of ASI Ravinderpal Singh was returning home after her IELTS coaching class when Shiromani Akali Dal leader Ranjit Singh Rana and his goons started teasing her. She called up her father Mr.Ravinderpal Singh, an ASI with Punjab Police.

When her father arrived and confronted the group, a heated argument followed and Rana pulled out his pistol and began firing at both father and daughter. Both received bullet injuries and father collapsed.

Even as Ms. Kaur struggled to shift her father into a vehicle to take him to hospital, Rana and his gang returned with a rifle and shot Ravinderpal Singh again in full public view.

Ms. Kaur said to media, “Rana kept kicking and hitting us in full public glare. I cried and pleaded for help but everyone ran away. Even when the ambulance came, I had to lift my father into it as no one came to help me.”

End of news.

A Sociologist remarks: “Our government has not set up a system to encourage civilians to fight against criminal acts. Why should someone risk injury or their life to save another if one’s life or livelihood is endangered? Government needs to enact a new scheme named after you know who, to reward any civilian with Rs.10 lakh, a government job and a 3 BHK flat, if he prevents a crime in a public place.”

Do you believe announcing big financial rewards to pedestrians who standup against a criminal, will change the situation? Does or can courage have a price tag? Yes/No/Why?

Answer keypoints

  1. Indeed an act of courage should be rewarded and applauded.
  2. But running a scheme with Rs.10 lakh and a government job, might lead to vigilante mobs of unemployed youth, roaming around with hokey sticks and baseball bats looking for a crime to happen (or orchestrating a crime by themselves) in order to get the money and the job.
  3. In the given case, goons were armed with pistols and rifles. No unarmed civilian can be expected to fight with them. In future, might lead to a situation where a poor man intentionally jumps in the fight, knowing fully well that he’ll be killed- but only doing so his family can get Rs.10 lakh.
  4. Maintenance of law and order is state’s responsibility not civilians’. Money is better spent on recruiting more policemen and judges.

For more on case studies & revision notes, visit Mrunal.org/ETHICS

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

57 Comments on “[Ethics] Sample Questions, Case studies for UPSC General studies paper 4 based on Donald Menzel’s book”

  1. Thanks…

  2. Hey mrunal.. m a regular reader of ur articles..
    I think it wuld help much if u could provide sme stuff to read about ethics instead of just giving da sample questns only…
    Its not a complain just a suggestion. Thnx

  3. ab toh pura bharosa ho gya muje ethics ni aati

  4. regarding Chandigarh case study mrunal sir answer can be like this know?
    collective strength of civilians might have helped in tackling such situation
    or calling to other police officers and media at least might have helped the poor girl, may be not at the time of opposing at least to lift the patient to hospital.
    here morals like collective responsibility and coordination might have helped, this should be encouraged among civilians as fundamental duty instead of paying to their reaction.

    1. @prasanna: man, I live in chandigarh so I’ll chip in with my 2 cents here.
      The morals you speak of, I fully endorse in public discourse, but promotion of morals alone won’t do. Think about it, we’re operating in a society in which people need to be lured with promises of money and jobs to make them do the RIGHT thing!

      Allow me to be more clear- The common man has never read the Indian Penal Code but he still knows that shoplifting is a crime. So In ordinary circumstances, you do not need incentives to ensure people do not steal. Catch my drift?

      A more comprehensive solution would be one that aims at the culture that prizes economic gain above all else and therefore is faced by such morally repugnant dichotomies that pitch fiscal responsibilities against dilettante vigilantism. That way is a lose-lose situation.

      Spending more money on existing law and order infrastructure? My God! the only increase that will be seen shall lie in the graphs depicting crime rate and the girth of the bellies of Punjab Police personnel!

      Even though mrunal’s answer is politically correct, and exam-wise perfect, I only speak here as a citizen and not as an aspirant when I say that people in punjab need some serious sensitivity training!

      1. Although what you suggest is appealing…One must remember that laws are written from the perspective of the overall working of the state machinery. One act committed in defiance of the law or the spirit of the constitution can have huge repercussions. While people’s part could have aided in said case, no government wants to deal with vigilantes. Also, people are responsible for the protection of life. That includes one’s own life as well. If the citizens are not safe, it can only be assumed that the administrative authorities are not working to their full extent. just as is suggested, any democracy that wishes to keep its citizens out of harms way would use the same approach to tackle this problem.

  5. gurudut!!! madan puri!!! dev anand!!! big time movie buff is mrunal …ha ha

  6. really great service by you along with lots of humour, study with fun….. thanks very much

  7. I dnt want to hurt any one but plz as a future honest officers we must protest about the reforms of cbi autonomy without Politicalinterferencebecoz yesterdays story of ysr congress person of Andhra came outside of jail with influence of congres at centre for making with him Alliance for 2014 election let us protest for reforms for cbi autonomy which is Done in the case of nirbaya its our nation we shudnt encourage this corrupt practices any more

  8. Sir,

    can u put the soft copy of the book online??? It will be of great help

    1. @mrunal …. sir…please put a soft copy of the book,,,

  9. excellent case studies..

  10. Really an interesting set of problems as well as answer keys!!!!!…………..Thanks a lot.

  11. Regarding Man of Word v/s Man of Money:
    Sir,
    My question is should a Teacher got readily tempted with loftier salary offer? OR
    Better first intimate School, in which the teacher is currently teaching, admin regarding ‘School at Baroda’ offer and the teacher can also request for increase salary, then after if situation favors him, he may accept School at Baroda offer.

    1. wil it not b the case of blackmailing? i m getting X offer from Baroda so u pay may X+ otherwise I leave.

      my question is- why sud not a teacher be tempted with higher salary offer? r u saying considering Teaching as a noble job or for any person in general sud not be tempted by higher salary?

      with the rise of privatisation, switching job for money is very common and acceptable thing.

      Same type of work, better salary = is it not look lucrative?

      i m not debating, trying to get just solution, effect of working in IT sector is visible in my comments :)

  12. worth reading sir . awesome u r . :) Thank u so much . If possible provide answers for case sudies which were included in previous post of ethics.

  13. Thank you for providing the extra effort of your thoughts on what the answers should be …
    It would be a great help if you can add a few reading material for the essayish Questions.
    Me being a working aspirant spend more time on the net and thus my studies are more on the online material during most part of my day and thus your portal becomes key.
    Hence this request to make it even more comprehensive.

  14. Hello Mrunal Sir,
    Regarding the second question on political neutrality, i beg to differ from your answer stated above.
    If the public servant is anonymously writing blogs & expressing his views, what is wrong with that? Being a public servant doesn’t means that he do not have the right of free expression.
    Officially, if he is performing all his duties very well, i don’t think he is doing anything wrong.
    Even our fundamental duty asks to esquire & question everything in doubt.

    Thank you.

    1. @sagar yes! we need attitude like this in the bureaucracy, absolutely agree with you man.

    2. @Sagar

      It is true that each person has his right of free expression, but once you are a public servant, you have to let go some of your fundamental rights for the sake of discipline. Please recall the reasonable restrictions given in Article 19 of our Constitution.

      A public servant has the obligation of acting in accordance with the policies formed by the people’s representatives. As a result he is not allowed to voice his dissent in public, because it would impede the functioning of the government if the government servants decide to act against the government.

      Of course that does not mean that a public servant loses his right to free speech, he voluntarily chooses give precedence to the disciplinary rules rather than the fundamental right. If one chooses to exercise the fundamental right one can always resign from the job and voice his dissent.

      It may be said that (in the given case) the anonymity maintained by the official would not impede functioning the government (as it would not be presumed to be a voice from within the government) but that again is morally and ethically wrong.

      1. How is that morally and ethically wrong ? Maintaining Anonymity while voicing his/her opinion is one of the channels used frequently/encouraged by public officials . Although you could say the structure of the government is rigid , fluidity is introduced through such means . Its not as if he is leaking sensitive or confidential information/state secrets. Case in point , no moral or ethical wrong being done here , on the contrary i think he has the moral high ground .

  15. please provide something on investment model

  16. Terrific effort, Mrunal!!! You are awesome. Keep it up :)

  17. Mrunal Sir,
    Can you provide some guidelines about how to go about them, i.e. how to solve it, how to write the answer.
    Can you please provide sample answer to any one or few of these questions.

    Please reply soon.
    Thank You

  18. Mrunal Sir,
    Thank You so much.

  19. Thanks a lot for this post. This will prove of immense use for the exam.Thanks again.

  20. Dear Mrunal

    Thanks very much for this awesome stuff. This is exactly what i was looking for. Even Delhi market does not have enough case studies. So your effort is really helpful.
    I hope to imbibe this virtue of serving without any apparent monetary or other benefit in myself.
    You are indeed inspiring.

  21. Excellent.Expecting more case studies.

  22. thanku sir
    kammal ka material provide kiya hai, aapke effort ko salaam
    sir shuru me aapne jo questions diye hain essay tipes, unhen hindi me prepare karne k liye koi book ya koi material bata sakte hain, agar possible ho to pdf available kara sakte hain, aap to hindi midium ka hone ki pareshani samajh hi sakte hain, material ki kami hoti hai aur jahan mein rehti hun wahan to magazine tak nahi milti aur mein kisi ias aspirant ko bhi nahi jaanti to jo hai bas aapka hi sahara hai, plz sir help kijiye…

  23. thanku sir for ur kind information

  24. thank u sir

  25. SIR SHARE THE COMPLETE ARTICLE ABOUT NATIONAL INTEGRATION COUNCIL..PLZ

  26. very good. thank u sir..!

    1. epic(awe)some ;)
      as always

  27. Wonderful adaptation from ASPA Book Mrunal. Exemplary work.

  28. @MRUNAL SIR PLEASE POST THE E-BOOK…

  29. Thank you sir..

  30. sir should we buy this book and from where,I mean what material should we read to answer your questions

  31. anyone having this book pls share

  32. thank you very much sir.you have done very good job.

  33. really commendable job…thanx sir

  34. Hi Mrunal, I have recently started following your Blog and I must say that you are doing a great job. Can you please suggest me some books or reading resources for preparing for “Ethics” section of the exam ? Can any of the other aspirants suggest something on this? Thanks.

  35. Sir,cAn u suggest some boooks for this paper

  36. Great job Mrunal….
    This is my first site by first surfing on the internet for the ethics …so I appreciate u for data…
    So I am starting for ethics right now….

  37. Please suggest a good book for GS Paper 4…Subbarao or Arihant…or any other.

  38. Sir,please post important study materials for preparation of

    UPSC(GS -4) mains paper on my Email.I need your help sir .please!!!

  39. #Case Study : You have an opportunity for an internship in a respected business in the community. Part of your qualifications comes from a Senior Project that you worked on with several other students. Through the interview process, you discover that you are given credit for a key section of the project that really impressed the company. In fact, another member of your senior team, with little input from you, did that section. How do you proceed?

  40. Mrunal sir ur site has been extremely beneficial fo my mains prep

  41. Commendable perspective..

  42. Lovely article – one of the best things I’ve recently read, and by far the most useful. I think it could also be useful for everyone to know how and where to fill a form online. Try PDFfiller to fill a form here http://goo.gl/W3yHeH. It allows you to to fill out PDF files.

  43. Dear Mrunal
    Greetings from Nepal,

    Great !

    The Public Service Commission (PSC) of Nepal recently changed the syllabus of Joint Secretary. It includes one of the chapters “Ethics and Morality” has covered different topics which almost you are mentioned in your site. Here (Kathmandu) most of the aspirants of PSC competition exam (especially Joint Secretary competition ) has been suffering from the materials in this topics. Actually, I benefited…

    Thank u very very much for ur great job….

    Regards

    Bal Sagar Giri
    Under Secretary
    Government of Nepal

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