- MCQ Paper
- Essay/Descriptive paper
- Physical Test
- CAPF Interview Experience
- Civil Service?
- Service Preference
- Career Backup
- Credit: Friends/family
- Marketing Propaganda
|Name||Navdeep Singh Suhag|
|All India Rank (AIR) in CAPF-2012||4|
|No. of previous attempts in CAPF||Once|
|Home town/city||Rohtak, Haryana|
|Work-experience if any||No|
|Bio of other competitive exams, including success/failures|
|Bio of coaching for any competitive exam (if taken)||Yes, for Civil Services Mains G.S.- Vajiram and Ravi|
|Hobbies, Extra Curricular Activities, Achievements|
|Do you have NCC certificate?||No|
|% in class 10||77%|
|% in class 12||77.5%|
|Graduation course and %||B.A. History Hon. 55%|
|Name of college and year of passing out||Hansraj College, Delhi University, 2007|
|PG||LL.B. Campus Law Centre, Delhi University, 2010|
|Any professional courses||LL.M. Faculty of Law, Delhi University, 2013 ( 2nd Topper)|
|Hobbies||Reading Literature (Mainly English Novels and Short Stories) and jogging|
Q. Tell us something about yourself. When and why did you enter in the competitive exam field?
I am born in a sports family where my father as well as mother both represented India at International Level in Wrestling and Athletics respectively and my elder brother is also an International Wrestler. I have done boxing at school and at district level, along with that I always had an inclination towards reading and general knowledge. My family backed me in all of my decisions.
I have been very clear about my goals in life and have been following same with all the support from my family. I got All India 1st Rank in CDS right after my graduation, however, I decided to pursue my higher studies and aimed for Civil Services. Many had commented that it was a wrong decision but I still believe that we must not betray our dreams. My father always say that a person should have never quit and strive till vey end of bout, result is immaterial but efforts are everything.
Since my 11th class I was clear that where I have to go for Graduation and what I have to do after that, tht is why i am preparing for the civil services. I always participated in competitions since school days initially physical later academic like Quiz, Debates etc.
Q. List of Essential books and tips for success in the CAPF written exam?
- For CAPF written exam, as common with other exams, one should first get acquainted with old papers and accordingly try to have firm base and preparation of basic and static topics like History (prefer NCERT of 11th and 12th), Geography (NCERT of 11th and 12th), Art and Culture (NIOS Material), elementary science and technology (With Application Orientation like how and what are its uses, Source:- Mrunal.org and old notes of any IAS aspirant). Practice for Mental Ability Part and those who are weak in Maths need not fear much as not all questions of Maths are tough, so one should try those questions which are easy.
- For dynamic part like Economy, follow Mrunal.org religiously as you can understand that easily and don’t waste much of your time as in case with most books, newspaper either Hindu or Indian Express (equivalent in terms of coverage), Political and International Events (Newspaper plus Diplomacy Notes of Mrunal.org) and focus on neighboring countries more.
As for tips are concerned, I am of view and with my experience state the following:-
- Identify from old papers and topics which are going to be your core areas and which you are not much comfortable with, say for example one is very good at GMA etc.
- Focus on your core strength and concentrate in those areas much more, at same time try not to completely ignore your weak areas.
- Your strategy should be attempting most questions of your core areas and as much as you can manage of your peripheral areas but no guessing in peripheral areas though you can go for calculated guess in core areas.
- Your target should be maximizing your attempts in paper.
- Twenty days before exam just got for revision with nothing new to study as in end only concrete knowledge is handy.
- Keep you cool in exam hours with eye on time management, remember exam performance also depends how good you handle yourself under pressure.
Q. How did you prepare the Essay, grammar, précis and report writing?
For essay I never looked for a particular book or material but sought advice from a senior who scored consistently good marks in Civil Services Essay Paper. The key to score good marks in essay is writing practice that is to sit and write essays at home and then get them evaluated by some friends or seniors. For CAPF I analyzed the previous topics and focused on reoccurring topic of Internal Security and prepared fodder material in advance.
For précis, I wrote a lot of practice sets which are available in almost all competition books. I was worried about précis as in school I didn’t had exposure to it. But once you start writing it then it comes natural to you after some practicing.
For report writing I just got myself acquainted with basic rules of it and saw format of few reports. It is rather easy as we are in habit of reading newspaper regularly, so I tried to mimic the reports we saw in paper.
Q. In CAPF-2012 Exam, following essays were asked. Which essay did you write in and what key points did you include in it?
- Emergence of regional parties and its effect on the federal structure of India.
- Population stabilization-India’s critical need.
- Migration from neighboring countries to India and its socio-economic impact.
- The role of technology in coping with challenges to internal security.
As I have mentioned earlier I prepared Security related topic in advance so I chose 4th topic (as listed above). In introduction I started with an anecdote about how use of IR Sensors is making the task of guarding LOC easy now days with accuracy. Then in main body I listed the major internal security challenges in India, ranging from cross border insurgency to Left Wing Extremism along with non-traditional cyber security, food security etc. Simultaneously I linked the role of technology in coping with these challenges along examples from real life and various initiatives by state and center govt. In my conclusion I tried to underline the fact that technology alone can’t be sole bedrock in our internal security apparatus rather there should be a judicious focus on human element also.
Q. In CAPF-2012, they asked counter-arguments for following, in 75 words. Please provide your answer.
|Argument||your counter argument|
|(i) FDI in retail in India is a bane for a small trader.||I highlighted the positives that FDI promises for small traders:-Single wholesale procurement point for various products at least cost by elimination of middle man.|
Quality assurance of the products procured.
It will provide small trader exposure to new and better technology.
Bring new management models and R & D.
Provides infrastructure facilities
Competition will force them to be more innovative which will ensure better results.
|(ii) Control of social media is an anti-democratic proposition.||In this I used the concept of reasonable restrictions as propounded in Article 19(2) of our Constitution. As unregulated freedom sometime becomes enemy of that very freedom and democracy itself. In case of social media, the recent example of violence and instigation of violence against migrants from North East in Karnataka, spread via distorted and morphed facts on social media is manifestation of chaos and anarchy which lurk behind unregulated social media.|
Q. To pass Physical Efficiency Tests (PET), what preparation did you do at home? Where was your PET held? How was your experience, share some tips.
I started my preparation for PET only a week before actual date as I was involved with my State PCS Mains and then Civil Services PT preparation. I have sports background so I didn’t feel much trouble in getting into shape soon but I would suggest other candidates to at least try all the events in a quick succession so as to stimulate the real test conditions. Otherwise, the officials present there are also very cooperative in the sense that they give time lag between events like 800mt and 100mt.
My PET was held at Basic Training Centre of ITBP, Bhanu in Panchkula District. Ours was first batch of this recruitment. Officials were very cooperative in matters like sending few of their employees to get our documents photo stated in case one missed some. One important thing to be remembered is to furnish all important documents, originals, at time of PET or else you will not be allowed to undertake test.
Take PET as test of your courage and determination rather than physical ability as it is more related to mental toughness. Here it pays more is to be determined mentally in comparison to physical preparedness. So focus on this aspect too while preparing.
Q. What specific preparation did you do for the interview? Who was the chairman? Provide the list of questions asked in CAPF Interview. (and if possible, the answers as well). How was the overall interview experience? And any tips for future aspirants.
For interview I paid attention to my subject in graduation and also on all possible questions from Law like recent amendments to criminal laws, developments in Delhi University like Four Year Graduation Programme etc. I also focused on traditional questions like why C.A.P.F. and why CISF as first option etc.
For guidance I read Interview experiences of previous toppers posted on Mrunal.org and few of friends who have faced such interview.
My interview went as follows:-
-What are you doing till now since your LL.M. has finished last year?
Sir my result technically came in February this year and in mean time I was working under one of my Professor Sir for my Ph.D. proposal.
-What is Copyright and Intellectual Property Rights?
These are intellectual property laws which try to strike balance between the individual’s rights and society’s benefit. One inventor is provided with legal protection for disclosing his invention for a specified period so that society at large can benefit from his invention……..(Continued)
–What is actual position of implementation of patent and copyright laws at local police station level? Many police officer of lower rank might say that how and why to register complaint in case of violation of copyrights etc. as they are not aware of such laws.
Sir I don’t have a practical experience of this kind. Though it may be situation due to lower level of knowledge of police personnel but at higher level we have a vibrant IPR laws which are updated recently in 2005 to make them in tune with WTO compliance.
At this chair smiled that you don’t have practical experience of this type.
–Judicial Reforms needed in India
Judicial reforms need to looked at from structural, functional and behavioral point of view. In structural part we need to over haul the acts, statutes, rules etc. and in behavioral part we need to reduce the adjournment culture………
– Why Can’t We Adopt From Other Systems Like Plea Bargaining, Jury Trial?
Sir we are in fact doing this as in 2005 amendment of Cr.P.C. we have introduced Plea Bargaining though for smaller offences, but we can’t go for outright shift to foreign features like jury trial as we have low level of literacy and longer exposure to present system. While talking about our Judicial System Sir we should bear in mind that it caters to 120 million people and hence pressure is also large in terms of absolute number.
–Diff between Ordinance and Act
Text Book answers for this. But when I quoted Article 123, he corrected me that its 213, to which I agreed but I corrected it seconds later by saying, “Sir I beg to state that both 123 and 213 deals with ordinance in terms of President and Governor’s power.”
– Tell about Food Security Ordinance
Sir it is a new right based approach adopted by India to provide safety net for poorest of poor ensuring Food Security with coverage of 50% of urban population and 67% of rural population with targeted PDS system at subsided rates….
– Tell about link between Food Security Ordinance and India’s stand at WTO.
I believe that there can be an argument from Western Countries that it is a sort of agricultural subsidies and they will try to weaken case of India as leader of 3rd world countries at WTO negotiations over agricultural issues and trade, as we have taken stand strongly opposed to agricultural subsidies in West. But we may counter it as it is not a direct subsidy as case in western countries.
– What is one main cause of pendency in judicial system and its remedy?
Sir this whole line of argument that one main reason is itself wrong as it is cumulative cause of many factors , then I quoted small duration of court hours and long summer vacations along with that there is issue of vacancies, adjournments, cooperation between bar and bench etc.
–Is ongoing Judicial Activism good or bad?
No sir it is not good because it goes against the separation of power in our constitutional scheme. Hence I have a view that is it is not good for our polity.
–Should the powers of CPF be increased, decreased or untouched for their effective functioning vis-à-vis State Police Forces?
Sir the powers of CAPF should be kept same for now as provision relating to CAPF is provided in the Union List entry 2A of Schedule VII and it specifies that they are to aid and advice state police forces and even Supreme Court has said that they are only for this purpose and not to substitute State Police. If we increase those powers that would amount to infringement of the autonomy of State Govts in law and order which is their constitutional mandate. However we can go for better coordination in CAPF and State Police for their more effective functioning.
–What is methodology u want for your Phd?
Ma’am, I will be conducting a non-doctrinal research which will be of comparative nature. In this I will be comparing, Competition Acts of various countries like US Antitrust Act, EU’s Competition Act etc., their decided cases and legal positions and provisions with that of Indian Competition Act, along with their comparative analysis.
-What were your duties corresponding to your position of responsibility in school?
It was related to distribution of duties among various duty bearing students under House whose term it was, checking on adherence to disciple by students, dress norm, help in organizing events in school and like-wise other duties.
–Do you had power of punishment? If no how u dealt with students in case of breach of discipline?
No ma’am I didn’t had punitive powers as such in school. Moreover I don’t believe in punitive punishment as a system of reform rather I believe in persuasion, negotiation and conciliation to drive home any point.
Q. How was interview: normal, stress, mixed? Did they ask any uncomfortable questions, if yes how did you answer it?
Over all, interview was rather mixed as it started with lot of anxiety on my part. But as interview progressed I regained my composure and confidence.
|Paper-I: General Ability and Intelligence||159|
|Paper-II: General Studies,Essay & Comprehension||079|
Q. How did you maintain the study-mood, motivation and tempo throughout this period? There are ups and downs- phases of mood swings, sometimes boredom and even depression. How did you fight that psychological battle? On an average, how many hours do you study?
For this I must say one has to indulge in battle against one’s own self. You should form a schedule and stick to that for your preparation. However, it is easily said than done so over one should develop his or her own habit of studying, starting lightly then increasing work hours. There is no need to restrict into specific criteria of so and so hours of study. In fact study is like practice or performance in sports or says endurance which needs to be cultivated over a period. If one forces himself/herself to sit for particular set of hours that doesn’t really guarantee performance in studies. Hence my suggestion is to discover your own pace of inculcating knowledge and retaining things that u have studied.
I do make point of what I study daily to complete my daily target which I fix that morning only and in case of time wastage on any day I let my guilt feeling take over things and recover the waste time next day. Respect time that is crucial and it never comes back and no matter what even an hour should be considered critical where it counts. But yes do party out regularly as it is equally important to rejoice and recoup your energy. As it is said in Army, “we work hard and party harder.”
Q. Did you appear in Civil Service (Mains) 2012? If yes, share the experience, marks, what Essay did you write?
Yes, I had appeared In CS (mains) and unfortunately could not clear it. I wrote essay on PPP and score 102 marks in it. Experience was not very encouraging though I find GS paper 1st easy and have score 220 marks total in GS, with 126 in Paper 1st.
Q. What was your service preference order (CRPF>CISF>SSB etc) and why did you pick up the particular order?
I had consulted few seniors and friends, regarding choosing service preference, who have certain exposure to CAPF and then decided to give this particular order of choice.
Q. If you were not selected, what was your career backup plan?
As career back up, I was always clear that I would go for academics and research. I find teaching satiating in regard of contribution to society.
Even now I have to take a final decision on joining this service which will definitely be contingent upon my performance in exams that I have given or in process but certainly this result has boosted my confidence and also provided with a splendid career choice with me.
Q. Through this journey and success, what wisdom did you gain about competition and life? What is your message to the aspirants?
I must tell my fellow aspirants that you should take your preparations in a very objectively and organized manner. But at same time we should try and understand the very fact that one can’t control the outcome of everything including exam result itself.
Most of us believe, especially in beginning, that if we work hard we will surely get success but life is not so always so methodical and expected. So we should be content with our efforts and not try to link them with outcomes and result, manifested as Nishkam Karma Theory of Geeta and ‘Duty for sake of Duty’ of Kant.
In above context I would like to quote from The B.Geeta (shared with me by a dear friend), when Arjuna asked Lord Krishna that why should a person not look at fruits of his efforts?
The answer given by Lord Krishna, with simple example, is worth considering especially for aspirants. Lord Krishna replied, “You will agree that this world considers you a par excellent archer, suppose that one day you got for hunting in forest and set target on a deer grazing at a distance, now in this situation you have control over what, it is on your eyes to focus better, on your breathing to lay still while targeting, focus of brain and your experience as an archer. However you have absolutely no control over that deer which is your target and if it decides to shift/move a bit as you shoots arrow, you will bound to miss. Hence a rational man should control only those things which are under his control and should not try to control the outcomes which are beyond his domain.”
Hence that is why an aspirant should only focus on his/her efforts and leave things which are beyond his/her competence, as result is contingent on many factors which are beyond our comprehension. So have courage and will power to take defeat also.
Q. Behind every topper are many people who stood by him/her during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? Any specific incidence that you would like to share with the readers?
I would like to underline the fact that each and every human being is product of his/her socio-cultural milieu and his family and friends influence him/her a lot. In that sense I believe that I am lucky to have unconditional support from my family. My father always encouraged me to go after my dreams without putting any fetters of career choice, job security etc. Whenever I was down or disheartened which was more common in initial days, I found my family behind me. My mother being a sports person is in fact more mentally tough then I am and been always encouraging me to go for best.
In regard to this exam I would like to share an incident. I was given temporary rejection for being overweight by 9.5 kg and filled an appeal. During intervening period I had my Rajasthan Mains so I couldn’t go for physical workout much, so I lost weight simply by starving myself and not eating anything except water melon or citrus fruits for a month, which is indeed frustrating. It was my mother who encouraged me to sail through; despite her maternal love and care she ensured that I remain steady in my course of weight reduction. Finally I reduced 11 kg with minimum physical exercise.
My brother is my personal source of inspiration and epitome of hard work. I look up to him for motivation and always find him encouraging me not even in preparations but also for life as such. I owe a lot to my brother for my self-confidence and will power.
I also like thank my seniors and friends for guiding me through all my endeavors. Their wise counsel has helped me throughout my span of preparation.
Q. You are well aware for the sacred-golden-unwritten rule of conducting toppers’ interview= The last question must be about self-marketing. So, Did you use Mrunal.org for your preparation and if yes, how did it help you? And you can even reply “No”. I’ll publish your answer as it is.
I indeed used Mrunal.org and it was helpful in more than one way. I referred economy, science and tech, diplomacy notes of Mrunal.org and also took insight into PET experience shared by previous toppers.
During interview preparation I took help of Mrunal.org in terms of inputs from fellow aspirants and sharing of interview experience by others.
The most important and striking USP of Mrunal.org is simplicity and conceptual clarity it provides, that too in terms of a lay man, especially in case of tough and twisted economic topics.
I recommend fellow aspirant to use it for their own preparation and derive benefit out of it.