[Download] Geography Mains 2013 Paper 1 & Paper 2 for UPSC Civil Service IAS IPS Exam Optional Subject

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India Yearbook
  1. Prologue
  2. Geography Paper I Section A
    1. Question 1 (Compulsory)
    2. Question 2
    3. Question 3
    4. Question 4
  3. Geography Paper 1: SECTION B
    1. Question 5 (Compulsory)
    2. Question 6
    3. Question 7
    4. Question 8
  4. Geography Paper II Section A
    1. Question 1 (Compulsory)
    2. Question 2
    3. Question 3
    4. Question 4
  5. Geography Paper 2: Section B
    1. Question 5 (Compulsory)
    2. Question 6
    3. Question 7
    4. Question 8


UPSC didnot  apply uniform word limit here. In some questions: 15 m = 250 words and 25 marks=also 250 words! And in some questions 25 marks=400 words.

Although skeleton remains same like earlier:

  • There are EIGHT questions divided in two SECTIONS
  • Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all
  • Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, any three are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
  • Word limit in questions, whence specified, should be adhered to.
  • Illustrate your answers with suitable sketches, mops and diagrams. These shall be drawn in the space provided for answering the question itself.
  • Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank must be clearly struck off.

Geography Paper I Section A

Question 1 (Compulsory)

Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10 marks x 5 = 50

  1. Differences between Normal cycle and Arid cycle of Davis.
  2. Differentiate Storm Surges and Seiches.
  3. Uniqueness of fauna in the Notogean realm.
  4. Impact of Pleistocene Ice Age on the crust of the Earth.
  5. Types of endemic plants and their degree of vulnerability to extinction.

Question 2

Answer the following in about 250 words each:

  1. With suitable examples, bring out the impact of local winds on the climate of an area. 20
  2. What are the characteristics that make CHC a serious threat to the ecosystem? Give examples. 15
  3. What is ‘Base level’? Explain the types of base level. 15

Question 3

Answer the following in about 250 words each:

  1. “Offshore Acoustic Study helped the development of the concept of sea floor spreading.” Explain.20
  2. Discuss Dew point and the various forms of condensation. 15
  3. Bring out the relationship between climate and vegetation in the Mountain Biome.15

Question 4

Answer the following in about 400 words each:    25 x 2=50

  1. Compare the Subsidence and Glacial control theories on the formation of coral reefs. 25
  2. Explain the levels of Noise pollution and the legislative measures to control it. 25

Geography Paper 1: SECTION B

Question 5 (Compulsory)

Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10 marks x 5 = 50 marks

  1. ”Ellen Churchill Semple is an ardent supporter of Determinism.” Explain.
  2. Role of Venezuela in the production and export of oil.
  3. Misra’s theoretical stages of Rural – Urban Process.
  4. Countries most affected in case of shut-down of Nuclear power.
  5. Relevance of Heartland theory in Contemporary world.

Question 6

Answer the following in about 250 words each:

  1. What is Geriatrics? What are the problems associated with Geriatric population? 20
  2. Discuss the changing pattern of production and export of Coffee in the world. 10
  3. What are the basic postulates in the Central Place Model of Christaller? 20

Question 7

Answer the following in about 250 words each :

  1. “Urban Solid Waste Management poses the greatest challenge in Metropolitan planning.’ Elaborate.
  2. Analyse the reasons for a comparatively poorer development of fishing grounds in tropical areas.
  3. Explain the parameters for assessment and the spatial pattern of Human Development Index in the world.

Question 8

Write about the following in about 400 words each. 25 Marks x 2 = 50 marks

  1. “Urban Geography is nothing but city “in” area and city “as” area.” Elaborate.
  2. Analyse the causes for changes in the pattern of world trade.

the end of paper one, here comes paper 2 with same instructions (5 out 8…)

Geography Paper II Section A

Question 1 (Compulsory)

  1. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all of the following. Write in your  Booklet the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural, in not more than 30 words for each entry :     2×5=10
    1. Mishmi Hills
    2. Lipulekh Pass
    3. Bees River
    4. Rihand Dam
  2. Explain the topographical and structural characteristics of the Siwalik Range. (10 marks| 150 words)
  3. Discuss the mechanism of Indian Monsoon. (10 marks| 150 words)
  4. Identify the main industrial clusters of India and account for their development. (10 marks| 150 words)
  5. Explain the method of delineating crop-association regions with reference to India. (10 marks| 150 words)

Question 2

  1. Discuss the potentiality and present status of horticulture in the Western and Central Himalaya. (20m|250 words)
  2. Delineate the coalfields of India and mention their distinctive features. (15|150 words)
  3. Explain the role of multinationals in globalization of industries India. (15m|150 words)

Question 3

  1. Distributional pattern of industries in India does not provide requisite basis for division of the country into distinct Industrial regions. Elaborate. (25m| 250 words)
  2. Discuss the role of institutional factors in shaping the pattern of Indian agriculture. (15m| 150 words)
  3. What do you understand by ‘Young India? How can the present state of population composition be converted into an asset for the country? (15m| 150 words)

Question 4

  1. Comment on the feasibility of interlinking of rivers of India and its possible contribution to resolution of water crisis. (20m| 250 words)
  2. Define agricultural productivity. Mention the methods of its measurement and bring out the disparities in its regional distribution. (15m| 150 words)
  3. Discuss the problems in realization of benefits of globalization and liberalization in industrial sector of India. (15m| 150 words)

Geography Paper 2: Section B

Question 5 (Compulsory)

150 words each. 10 marks x 5 = 50 marks.

  1. City-regions as territorial unit for regional planning and development
  2. Snags in the Food Security Policy of India
  3. Demographic dividend and its implications on environment
  4. Planning and development of ‘Tribal Regions’ in India
  5. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all of the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural, in not more than 30 words for each entry.
    1. Rajgir
    2. Sindri
    3. National Highway No. 24
    4. Churk
    5. Indira Gandhi Canal

Question 6

  1. Write a note on geopolitics of the Indian Ocean realm. (20m| 250 words)
  2. Comment on the basis of creation of new States in India in 2000. (15m| 150 words)
  3. Enumerate the basic indicators of development and explain their application in identification of the spatial diversity in development in India. (15m| 150 words)

Question 7

  1. Write a note on the emergence of National Settlement System in colonial India and discuss the factors contributing to urbanization in post-independence period. (20m| 250 words)
  2. Define slums and explain their problems. (15m | 150 words)
  3. Discuss the objectives of Vision 2020′ in creation of viable village complex in India for Inclusive Rural Development’ programme. (15m| 150 words)

Question 8

  1. Identify the earthquake-prone zones and suggest strategy for their management. (20m| 250 words)
  2. Describe the impact of linguistic diversity on the development of various regions of India. (15m| 150 words)
  3. Describe how urbanization creates air and water pollution in India. (15m | 150 words)

click me For Geography 2012 question papers.

click me for geography 1979 to 2012 papers

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 121 Comments posted

  1. Krishna Kant Kamal

    Please upload ias mains 2013 Electrical Engg papers.

    1. neha

      mailed. check it out!!

  2. abhijeet jagtap

    pls send me polity,geo,his 2013,2012 papers

  3. sourav

    can anyone tell me the source of this question….
    “Misra’s theoretical stages of Rural – Urban Process.”

    1. saurabh

      Only D P Agrawal knows the source.

  4. ravi rawat

    sir can you please upload optional(2013) Economics question paper….

    1. Mrunal

      @Ravi, UPSC has uploaded all mains-2013 question papers on their official site.

  5. shalini gupta

    cite is very helpful

  6. RAHUL


  7. saif

    any body plz help me by providing 10 year main qsn paper….in ([email protected])
    thnx in advance….

    1. neha

      you can download question papers of last 7 years from upsc website

      1. Gopi

        will I get it with the answers ??

  8. devi

    friends,which one is better tk optional in both of anthropology and geography,

  9. saurabh

    Has anyone joined vision ias test series here?
    I have joined it recently. How you scale there marking, Is it liberal or tight?

  10. mani

    whats this CHC…..even 2 months after mains i dont know it for sure
    its not chloro hydro carbons…..not able to link it to environmental damage thru google search…

    1. saurabh

      Probably its CFC not CHC, as no information is available anywhere about CHC.

      1. Roitrs

        Chlorinated hydrocarbons

  11. amit

    hello mrunal sir

    sir I am humbly requesting you to please guide me on how to cover optional (GEOGRAPHY) syllabus
    i dont have any coaching… plz hekp me.

    I ahve covered
    1. NCERTS (Mentioned in your post)
    2. Read GOH CHENG LEONG ohysical geography
    3. Done topics from GS manual (Mentioned in your post)
    4.Ignou material (Mentioned in your post)
    5. Revising

    Kindly guide me further…
    PLz do reply sir


  12. amit

    Is anyone kind enough here to reply
    for my above query

    please do reply

      1. amit

        thanks a ton siddharth for ur reply…..
        Do i need to cover any thing other than this …..
        i think after this i should refer to previous year paper again n then cover rest …. topics…

        1. Nandan

          Dude buy savinder Singh for paper one and rest all u have covered ,try rupa series for part b of paper 1

  13. ramachandra

    send me kannada litrature optional paper

  14. bhanu

    For GS paper(not for optional) which of the following books should be used,should be used selectively,should be used as combo,is a better alternative of the other.
    1. NOS, GS Manual.
    2. Spectrum/ Majid Hussain/ Khullar)
    3. Go Cheng Leon
    4. 2. Principles of Geography – NECRT 11th Book
    5. 3. Economic Geography of the World (11th Class NCERT)
    6. 4. Physical Geography of India (NCERT)
    7. 5. Environment & Economic Geography (NCERT – 9th Class)
    8. 6. Cultural & Economic Geography of India (NCERT)
    9. Yearbook
    10. Geography through Maps by K Siddhartha
    11. Oxford school atlas

    1. bhanu

      what about Majid hussain books-Human Gegraphy,Fundamentals of Physical Geography,
      Indian and World Geography (Paper-1)



  16. Mayank

    After seeing such a weird paper of geography is it adviceble to continue with geography as an optional subject….though I have gone through almost all books of savindra singh but still unable to find the source of question…

  17. Mayank

    Pls advice me on the same

  18. hariprasad

    pls anyone send yearwise question papers of optional geography(mains)

  19. Yashni

    in questions like section A 1.3 mechanism of monsoon, the map of india would be provided or we would need to draw it by ourselves ?

  20. NITHYA

    should each coal field be described for that question in section a of geography 2?.

  21. NAVYYA

    Please suggest me books for geography as an optional subject.
    ASAP or any handmade notes of toppers for geography.

  22. NAVYYA

    please suggest me book for Geography as optional subject ASAP or any handwritten notes of a topper.

  23. sanjeev

    who is better for geography ,neetu singh or shabbir sir ? particularly human geography n settlement part ? who’s notes are complete n comprehensive ?

  24. ranjeet

    Please suggest me some book for geography as mains optional. …totally clueless about these question…any through way to prepare…

  25. Shailendra Kumar Singh

    Mrunal Sir , when i am clicking on “click me for geography 1979 to 2012 papers” then page sent to me “The page you are looking for cannot be found.” How can i download these papers ?

  26. Bhavesh Patel

    Mrunal.org has make a best reputation in UPSC,i think all the pass out of UPSC must have visited Mrunal.org.
    Kudos mrunal Sir,

  27. Bhaskaran

    Sir, there is any link in question papers of optional preliminary which is held before 2013

  28. Siddappa saidapur

    Sir l like optional question paper and definitely it is help to beginner’s and u also send or give some answers of above question its means that its help incentives …how to write answer

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