- Philosophy Paper I: Section A
- Philosophy Paper 1: Section B
- Philosophy Paper 2: Section A
- Philosophy Paper II: SectionB
- There are EIGHT questions divided in two SECTIONS. Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
- Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
- The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
- Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
- Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
- Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.
- 250 marks | 3 hours for each paper.
Q1 Write short answers to the following in about 150 words each :x5=50
- Explain and evaluate Strawson’s arguments for his conception of the nature of a person.
- Explain Wittgenstein’s arguments against the possibility of private language.
- Distinguish necessary from empirical propositions. How is a necessary proposition justified ? Explain.
- Discuss how by refuting the different concepts of substances Aristotle establishes his own theory of substance.
- What is an antinomy ? Describe the major antinomies discussed by Kant.
Q2. Four questions x 12.5 marks each x 200 words each
- Explain Plato’s ontological theory of Forms. Is knowledge’ one of the Forms ? Give reasons.
- State Kant’s view of causality. How far is Kant able to answer Hume’s objection that causal relation lacks logical necessity ?
- Distinguish between atomic and general propositions. Show how they are justified true.
- Write a short critical essay on Spinoza’s conception of freedom of the individual.
Q3. Four questions x 12.5 marks each x 200 words each
- Explain Descartes’ method of doubt. Can this method be used to justify his belief in the existence of God ? Argue your case.
- Comment : ‘Movement is contradiction itself.’ Examine, in this context, Hegel’s dialectical method.
- Examine John Locke’s theory of substance.
- Examine Sartre’s distinction between Being-for-itself and Being-in-itself.
Q4. Four questions x 12.5 marks each x 200 words each
- Comment : Moore’s defence of common sense essentially is defence of ordinary language.’
- Analyse Kierkegaard’s concept of choice. Can there be, in his view, correct or incorrect choice ? Discuss.
- Give a critical account of Leibnitz’s principle of the identity of indiscernible.
- Give a critical account of Hume’s theory of the Self.
Q5. Write short answers to the following in about 150 words each 10×5=50
- Analyse the relation between the theory of saptabhanginaya and anekantavada.
- Explain the Buddhists’ position of ‘Impermanence’ and show how the idea of Impermanence leads to the theory of momentariness of reality.
- How is the pramanya (validity/truth) of a statement determined ? Examine, in this context, the theory of paratah-pramanyavada.
- Explain the possibility of jivanmukti. Critically compare it with the Yoga account of kaivalya.
- Explain Sri Aurobindo’s conception of cosmic salvation through spiritual evolution of the individual.
Q6. Four questions x 12.5 marks each x 200 words each
- Describe the five types of differences (panchavidhabheda). Bring out their philosophical significance for Madhva’s theory.
- What is samavaya ? What are the grounds for accepting samavaya as a distinct padartha ? Discuss.
- Evaluate the relation, if any, between purusa and prakrti.
- How can isavara (God) be distinguished from Brahman (Absolute) ? Which of the two concepts are philosophically better ?
Q7. Four questions x 12.5 marks each x 200 words each
- Analyse the Nyaya concept of vyapti and examine its relation to tarka.
- Evaluate Prabhakara Mimamsaka’s arguments for accepting sruti as pramana.
- Examine the Nyaya-Vaisesika arguments for the existence of jivatma(soul).
- Distinguish between Svarupa laksana and Tatastha laksana of Brahman after ankara.
Q8. Four questions x 12.5 marks each x 200 words each
- Comment : ‘Accepting sunyavada makes one indifferent to the pursuit of dharma.’ Examine, in this context, Nagarjuna’s arguments for sunyavada.
- ‘Not karma, but knowledge alone leads to moksa.’ (Samkara). Do you agree ? Justify your nswer.
- Evaluate Ramanuja’s critique of Samkara’s theory of maya.
- Give a critical account of the concept of cittravrtti in Yoga philosophy.
Q1. Answer all the five parts below critically in not more than 150 words each: 10×5=50
- Does corruption have not only a moral dimension but also an economic dimension?
- What is the significance of including duties of citizens in the Indian Constitution?
- Does the idea of equal respect to all religions provide a consistent and viable state policy?
- Does the combination of democracy and socialism lead to a more equitable society?
- Is there any impact of caste discrimination on democracy in Indian context?
Q2. 15+15+20 (250 words each)
- What is meant by ‘democracy’? What are the various forms of democratic governments?
- Is a democratic government able to represent the interests of minority groups?
- Is a democratic government better than a benevolent dictatorship? Give reasons for your answer.
Q3. 15+15+20 (250 words each)
- What do you understand by ‘gender equality’ and why is it important?
- Is economic independence essential for equality between men and women?
- Why is adequate representation of women in political institutions important in this context?
Q4. 15+15+20 (250 words each)
- Explain and evaluate Aristotle’s conception of justice.
- What is meant by justice as fairness’? Explain the basic tenets of Rawls’ theory of justice.
- How is Amartya Sen’s approach to justice different from that of Rawls?
Q5. Discuss the following critically in not more than 150 words each :x5=50
- Is God indispensable for religion?
- Is religious morality consistent with individual freedom?
- Is there anything else other than human efforts which may be conducive to attainment of liberation?
- Do theists succeed in explaining the natural evil in the world as a necessary counterpart to good?
- Is religious faith opposed to reason?
Q6. 15+15+20 (250 words each)
- State and elucidate the cosmological argument for the existence of God in Western and Indian philosophy.
- Discuss two main objections against this argument. Are theists able to answer these satisfactorily?
- Critically evaluate three major objections against the argument from design for the existence of God.
Q7. 15+15+20 (250 words each)
- What is the nature of mystical experience?
- Is mystical experience open to different interpretations?
- Can mystical experience be regarded as a valid source of knowledge?
Q8. 15+15+20 (250 words each)
- What is meant by saying that religious language is non-cognitive?
- Can religious language be said to be verifiable?
- Do cognitivists provide a cogent answer to the objection based on falsifiability?