[Conservation] UNESCO status for Great Himalayan National Park, Draft Western Ghat Notification

Environment94 Comments

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  1. Great Himalayan National Park
  2. Draft Notification on W.Ghats

Great Himalayan National Park: UNESCO nomination

why in News? March 2014: Government nominated it for UNESCO heritage site, because of its fragile ecology and inaccessibility.

  • located at Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
  • At the height of 1500-6000m. Climate: Western Himalayan temperate and alpine type.
  • Rare species found in the park
  • Also has glaciers.
  • Rivers: Tirthan, Sainj, Jiwa Nal, and Parvati. (all get water from glaciers)
  • Sanctuaries near the park: Sainj, Tirthan

UPSC’s unwritten rule dictates that we mugup the species found in this park and their “endangeredness” for MCQ!
Flora in Great Himalayan National Park

SpeciesIUCN classification
Blue Sheep / Bharalleast concern. Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar.
Snow LeopardEndangered
Himalayan Brown Bearleast concern.
Himalayan Tahrnear threatened. one type of goat.
Musk DeerEndangered. Musk produced by Males. Used in cosmetic/perfume industry. Also found in China.
Kalij Pheasant (Bird)least concern
Cheer Pheasant (Bird)vulnerable
Himalayan Griffon Vultureleast concern. [note: Indian vulture (long billed) is critically endangered but this Griffon is least concern, as per IUCN.
Golden EagleLeast concern. Note: Bald Eagle is the national bird of USA.

Western Ghats: Draft notification

Q. Discuss in brief the Draft notification on Western Ghats ecologically sensitive areas. [100 words]
MoEF published this draft, based on Kasturirangan committee’s recommendations for protection of Western Ghats.
Salient features
In Ecologically sensitive areas:

  • New hydropower projects only after EIA (Environmental impact assessment)
  • Permitted “orange” category industries but with strict vigil.
  • Diversion of forest land for non-forest purpose: information must be provided in public domain.
  • Gram Sabha consent necessary for all new projects.

Following activities are prohibited in the Ecologically Sensitive areas

  • New thermal power plants
  • mining, quarrying and sand mining. Existing mines will be phased out within five years.
  • Any new ‘Red’ category of industries. (Categorization will be decided by pollution control board)
  • Building and township projects beyond specified size.
Enforcement:
  • Under State governments, pollution control board and forest departments.
  • MoEF will setup a dedicated Monitoring Centre for Western Ghats
Penalty:
  • Any violation will be punished under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

~130 words.
Btw,Why controversy over this draft?

  • Kasturirangan committee wanted creation of ecologically sensitive areas (ECA) in Western Ghats
  • The villages are to be declared as ECA if they have more than 20% ecologically sensitive areas in their boundaries.
  • But this draft notification removed “agriculture, plantation and settlement” from ECA definition. (to benefit some regions in Kerala, because of farmers’ protests)
  • Environment activists have challenged this in in National Green Tribunal.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha


So far 94 Comments posted

  1. Abhishek Gupta

    its is very helpful, as i can revise things while sitting in the office.

    1. vivek udhan

      it is quite precise and exact but but needs to be present in various angle.

  2. [email protected]

    In addition to the material published in our site, some more information about De-horning rhinos,would be useful for us. This was published in THE HINDU on March 29, 2014 in Letters to Editors column.

    The Assam government must explore the use of an indelible dye, a technique used in the Rhino Rescue Project, South Africa. Here, the dye is introduced which turns the inside of the horn bright pink. It is similar to products used in the banking industry to permanently stain stolen bank notes. It is visible on an X-ray scanner even when the horn is ground to a fine powder. Thus, airport security checkpoints can pick the presence of this dye in a treated horn. The dye could also discourage the use of horns for ornamental purposes. This will reduce smuggling of rhino horn which costs $60-$140 a gm in the international market. We need to explore all possible options to disincentivise and stop the evil of poaching.

    Thank you.

    1. khav

      this is a great update.. hats off!

  3. vinoth

    friends,

    i am from Chennai and preparing with sociology optional. i am unable to find IGNOU material here in chennai. Would very much appreciate, if any one from Delhi could get it and courier it… i can pay over net banking or any other method you would prefer.

    thanks
    vinoth.

      1. vinoth

        thanks Deepak, it does help…. i knew mrunal had uploaded it but could not locate it.

  4. mukesh

    Any frd kindly provide me the hisory notes in english. Thnc.

  5. C.m punk

    Dehorning is a lot more complicated issue than it appears.It is not merely poaching issue, it has ehtical aspects too.For instance loss of identity(one horned)which makes them unique all across the world which further will reduce its tourism value.Loss of behavioral functions,loss of confidence,loss of fertility or capacity to breed are somewhat related to dehorning. More over horn has very important role in thermoregulation and capacity to deal with infections and diseases.So according to me dehorning is not the best solution.But considering namibia’s success in curbing poaching through dehorning the best way to move forward is to couple it with extensive intelligence-led security and monitoring along with a publicity drive to ensure that poachers are aware of this(as horns are not visible when shooting from distance ) without which there may be a lag effect.During transportation and storage thefts or robberies may occur and cause leakage of horns in black market which requires lot more extra effort to prevent such situations..In conclusion dehorning is not a standalone solution.Fingers crossed
    C.m punk(best in the world)

  6. Subhadip Das

    Sir , I am Subhadip Das , living in a small village in Maoist-affected Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal . I have done M.Sc. in Mathematics . After that I had to do tutions , as I am not from a well being family .My age is 26 now . I am getting prepared for this UPSC 2014 .My optional is maths and through analyzing previous 10 years UPSC questions , I’ve found that 60-70% marks in optional can be scored . My only concern was how to get prepared for GS papers , but your hard work in this blog has made this possible . I’ve got only 48% in graduation. So would there be any problem regarding this in the UPSC personality test ? I would like to thank your initiave and hard labour to help candidates like us to dream about and crack the UPSC .

  7. Raghubeer

    Anayottam – Literally means Elephant running. Anay – Elephant. Ottam-Running. Easy to remember now??? 😛

    1. Jiss Tom

      Yes raghubeer, you are right…its elephant race… 🙂

  8. Vicky Bajwan

    thnx a lot sir….

  9. pavitra

    sir im pavitra. im going to give IAS pre this year (2014). sir i have a doubt about current affair preparation. sir i could not read the hindu of previous months. i started it from 1 april 2014. sir for pre 2014 from which month it is necessary. you are giving information from march 2014 and im following that religiously. sir is this sufficient or i will have to read previous months the hindu. sir im from hindi medium so it is very difficult for me to cover old the hindu. sir please suggest me what should i do. now a days im preparing environment, history, polity, india yearbook and comprehension. but not doing anything for current. only reading your posts. plz sir help me…. thankyou

  10. Hariom dixit

    Hiiii…. waoo weldone. Nice n incredible side and helpfull .

  11. sukhvinder singh

    thank you…

  12. Abhilash

    It is indeed an extremely useful initiative and deserve gratitude from all the aspirants.
    Thanks a lot.

  13. aman

    Mrunal Sir, your contribution for doing this great job will be written in “Golden letters” in the history of Career Mentors
    We all thank you for this priceless work, especially from the section of students, who can not afford the coaching fees and the costly education material.

  14. chikkayya.m

    sir… thanks a lot…..

  15. C.m punk

    Draft notification on western ghats don’t even deserve my meaningful comments..Protection of environment and development need a balanced approach.But as always government is trying maximum to tilt it towards the latter side without even caring for the sustainable development which is still a paper material.An angry citizen’s next step should be to plead remaining 5 states to do the same as kerala did and further help government in reducing size of e sensitive areas..I dont want to say anything more on this..Just want to ask government that is there any other committee in process after kasturi???
    C.m Punk(best in the world)

  16. dharani

    thank u sir ,this site is very useful for me

  17. C.m punk

    The missing flight brought up the issue of hitherto less known chagos islands.on one hand it was declared marine reserve which is a highly protected area rich in biodiversity and on other it has been polluted by us navy human waste..2016 will be a very important year for mauritius as it will pave way for its full rights on these islands once again since 1968..no issues between usa and mauritius as they are allies but the way u.k has been asserting its sovereignty over many such territories is quite worrisome…Fingers crossed
    C.m punk(best in the world)

  18. REKHA SINGH

    Nice analysis!!

  19. Arvind

    Sir in RPA topic you have written U/A 101& U/A 190 of the constitution members are disqualified.I think it shoud be U/A 102 & U/A 191.

    1. Meher jayaram

      Yes exactly. I too wanted to type the same comment before seeing yours.

  20. DR. RAMESHWAR

    THAK U SIR

  21. tushar

    Am unable to setup how ro relation betwwen study and current ,will u plz guid me on it or am not regular studying .

  22. Vijay

    anyone with Management optional… plz share the notes!!

  23. Jude_Prudence

    RPA Section 8 SC Guidelines. Who got disqualified

    1. lalu Ji
    2. Jayalalita Ji
    3. I don’t remember Ji

  24. devimalleshwari.vatala

    Its very helpful to prepare civil services sir i want to ask which magine should read

  25. anjali

    Sir , i am facing problem doing geography..i have done geo ncerts 6 to 12 but i have rea them once..seniors say revise them only .. I have done wizard geo book alongwith..but m not satisfied..
    Plz tell me some gud soiurce where i can quickly revise geo….

  26. rekhasingh

    mai net ki taiyari kar rahi hu first paper me liye help chahiye

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