[Security] Need for Hijacking Policy, MH-370, Infrasound, Transponder

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Mitrapal Philosophy
  1. #1: MH 370 & Anti-hijacking Policy in India
  2. #2: Tourist visa on arrival
  3. #3: energy coop with Sudan + USA
  4. PIB Misc.
  5. Mock MCQ Questions

#1: MH 370 & Anti-hijacking Policy in India

  • 8th March 2014: A Passenger flight of Malaysian Airlines from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing disappeared.
  • you can read all conspiracy theories on Dailymail click me
  • Let’s focus on two MCQ worthy topics


  • Transponder = device on airplane. It reports an aircraft’s altitude, speed, direction etc. to ground controllers and nearby aircraft.
  • also, Helps radar to detect the plane.
  • When plane is on ground, the staff can turn it off. (to prevent wrong signal confusions.)
  • But MH-370’s transponder was turned off whil it was in air. => someone had hijacked it and perhaps wanted to use it as plane-missile like in 9/11 attack.


  • Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation(CTBTO) = HQ Vienna.
  • It monitors infrasounds to detect nuclear explosions.
  • If a large plane had crashed, their infrasonic sensors would have detected it as well.
  • by the way, Infrasound is produced by both
Natural SourcesMan Made Sources
  1. volcanoes
  2. earthquakes
  3. meteors
  4. storms
  5. auroras
  6. elephants use it for communication.
  1. nuclear bombs
  2. mining operations
  3. chemicals explosions
  4. aircrafts
  5. rocket launches
  6. wind turbines (causes headache)
  • Infrasound are Low frequency sounds (<20Hz) =travel farther than high frequency sounds = ideal for long distance communication.

Anyways, India has deployed INS Saryu, INS Kumbhir and INS Kesari + two Dornier aircrafts to search MH-370 wreckage.


India’s Policy against Hijacking (2005)

(topic becomes important given the MH-370 Development)

  • Hijacked plane can be shot down, IF there is evidence that
    • it’ll be used for 9/11 like attack.
    • it is carrying weapons of mass destruction.
  • The decision to shoot down the plane will be taken by panel of PM, Defence minister and a high ranking IAF officer.
  • If plane is high-jacked on Indian soil, the security agency can prevent its take off.
  • NO negotiations with hijackers on their demands.
  • If at all talks are started- it’ll be for preventing loss of life or ending the incident.
  • Hijacking = act of terror. Death penalty for hijackers.

Other than that:

  • International convention on Anti-Hijacking: Tokyo, Hague, Montreal.
  • India made Anti-high-jacking act, 1982 – too old. New bill made in 2010- but pending.

#2: Tourist visa on arrival

Under Ministry of Home Affairs.
2010scheme started for five countries
2011six more added
2014, Feb180 countries

Why in news? Because PIB says it lead to boost in tourists.

Mechanism for (Tourist) Visa on Arrival

Following applicable from Sep’14 for 180 countries:

  • Foreigner has to apply online (3 days before arriving to India)
  • When he reaches India, pays 60$ fees, goes through biometric identification and gets the (Tourist) Visa.
  • Validity: 30 days, Cannot be renewed. He must leave after that.

But why should India give Visa on Arrival?

  1. Will boost tourism and business
  2. Can help us earn >40 billion USD by 2017
  3. Challenges: women security, bad infrastructure, unhygienic places.
Before 2014from Sep.2014
~40 countries eligible for visa on arrival.Visa on arrival facility available to tourists from 180 countries. Including

  1. US (Despite Devyani!)
  2. China (Despite Dushmani!)
  3. UK
  4. UAE
  5. Bangladesh
Not eligible for Visa on Arrival [security reason]
  1. Pakistan
  2. Sudan
  3. Afghanistan
  4. Iran
  5. Iraq
  6. Nigeria
  7. Somalia
  8. Sri Lanka

Tourists from these countries need to apply for visa through Indian embassies in their country.

Same continued.

By the way, India is not the first country in the world to have “Visa on arrival” facility. Following countries already offer this facility: Japan, Finland, Singapore, Indonesia, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Cambodia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Laos and Myanmar.

#3: energy coop with Sudan + USA

India USA

  • Recently meeting held Under PACE-R (Partnership to Advance Clean Energy –Research and development).
  • More details under my old article click me

India Sudan

  • India will help Sudan develop renewable energy resources -wind, solar, biomass and small hydro-plants.
  • training, resource assessment via our national research institutes + IREDA

Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA)

  • Under ministry of new and renewable energy
  • It is an non-banking financial institution, to finance renewable energy projects in the country.

Some additional fodder

  • Despite Sundan’s close relations with Paki, they shared a cordial reletions with us sinc freedom.
  • During WW2, Indian troops sacrificed in liberation of Sudan.
  • In past India has backed Sudan, when others tried to pass resolution against Sudan.
  • India have 25% stake in oil field in South Sudan.

PIB Misc.

  • core banking solution /software of RBI
  • helps auctioning of government securities (G-Sec)
  • was in news- because government decided to re-purchase some securities (via RBI)
  • What will happen to money supply when RBI purchases g-sec from market? money supply increased or decreased? Think about it!
  • Office of Registrar General & Census Commissioner = falls under Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • recently held workshop
  • Issue: at present ~80% of births and ~65% of deaths get officially registered. need to increase this to 100% by 2020
  • Need for web based portal for uniform civil registration throughout India.
  • exhibition jointly organized by aviation ministry + FICCI
  • at Hyderabad
  • theme: Enhancing air connectivity
BOOK: “SUNRISE AND SLUMS”by Hindi poet Dr. Ravindranath Shrivastva. (Padmashree)
national Archives of Indiafalls under culture ministry. Celebrated 124th b’day in March 2014

Mock MCQ Questions

Q1. Correct statement about Tourist visa on arrival scheme?

  1. This scheme is launched by Ministry of overseas affairs in 2014.
  2. India is the first country in the world to have “Visa on arrival” facility.
  3. Tourist from every country except Pakistan, Afghanistan and Somalia are eligible f or this scheme.

Answer choices

  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 2 and 3
  3. only 1 and 3
  4. None of them

Q2. Correct statement

  1. The matters related to registration of birth and deaths fall under Ministry of Health and Family welfare.
  2. 12th Five year plan wants to achieve universal registration of births and deaths by the end of 2017.
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q3. Correct statements about Infrasounds

  1. Infrasound are inaudible to humans to audible to elephants.
  2. Auroras and meteors can produce infrasounds.
  3. They are ideal for short distance communication because they can travel a path than high frequency sounds.

Answer choices

  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 2 and 3
  3. only 1 and 3
  4. All of them

Q4. What is the utility of a Transponder device on an airplane?

  1. It is a technical instrument inside “blackbox” that prevents data from being destroyed when plane crashes.
  2. Pilot uses this device to turn on the “Auto-Pilot” mode while the aircraft is at high altitude.
  3. It reports an aircraft’s altitude, speed, direction to ground controllers and nearby aircrafts.
  4. None of Above.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

105 Comments on “[Security] Need for Hijacking Policy, MH-370, Infrasound, Transponder”

  1. realy helpful, sir+
    u have bifurcate all the new,
    i hope it would be continue till my 2015 attempt, its very good work,
    hads of to you sir.

  2. I saw one paragraph and I think it should be rephrased:
    By the way, India is not the first country in the world to have “Visa on arrival” facility. Following countries already offer this facility: Japan, Finland, Singapore, Indonesia, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Cambodia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Laos and Myanmar.

    I think you meant to say:
    Many countries(US,UK, Germany,etc.) have visa on arrival since many year. India was offering the facility to the following countries before 2014 as well:
    Japan, Finland, Singapore, Indonesia, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Cambodia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Laos and Myanmar.
    And now the other countries(180 odd new ones) are added to the list as well.

  3. Thanks a lot sir for all information

  4. Hi mrunal,
    In the homepage, i can see ads of Vaji************* .But u r great critic of those.i really dont get it.

    1. I too have a family to feed, server rents to pay, lightbill, phonebill everything. Adspace are sold to a “middleman”, he is free to decide whatever ads are there to appear- whether its coaching class or Congress party.
      Though My line is same is usual- success possible without coaching.

      1. Mrunal Sir… you are a real Godsend.. :)

      2. Hets Off your Sprite.

      3. and Economy impossible without Mrunal :)

      4. “Congress party” ha ha ha …actual that vaji*** ad stays for only 1-2 hr in the evening.And please dont mind I never mean to offend u… I am a great admirer of u.These days I am the one who is using u r site day n night,taking maximum profits.

      5. success possible without coaching.(We are realizing it due to your valuable guidance )

        Thank you, for your commendable efforts..

        Almighty bless you, Sir..

    2. Actually im not getting words to extend my gratitude…..After landing in this site, I (of course many i hope) decided to take up UPSC without coaching….Indeed (mrunal) he deserve more than words from many to be grateful…!

  5. can anybody help – what is difference between FPO and Rights issue

    1. Sailesh kindly be more elaborate.

      1. Acc to the article http://mrunal.org/2012/04/economy-shares-vs-stocks-rights-issue.html “to expand the company, if you want to issue additional shares(under the companies act) you can issue additional shares to the existing shareholders only. This is called “rights issue of shares”

        but acc to definition of FPO (Follow on Public Offer) is a process in which an already listed company raises additional capital from the public after IPO .
        If we go by both definitions both FPO and Rights issue of shares have one common that both are used after IPO to expand the company but only diff is in Rights issue =>shares are issued only to existing shareholders and in FPO=>to public at large.Then by this logic, does nt FPO violates the Company Law and at what circumstances FPO is used????

  6. NTRO is National Technical Research Organisation. it’s not reconnaissance. please correct it

    1. yes NTRO is National Technical Research Organisation

  7. Desperately need an article on crimea crisis in mrunay-way. Cant follow anythng now from newspaper.

  8. Sir, please provide The Hindu S & T of Dec-Jan-Feb…eagerly waiting for it!!! Thanks on advance.

  9. Internal security needs to be the top priority of the government,,India needs to allocate more budget to this field of concern..Its clear that maoists are one step ahead..Lack of funding or i should rather say lack of utilization of the allocated funds,poor use of technology,poor surveillance,Deficit of training and adequate skills etc etc are few of the many concerning areas for india’s security forces.On the other hand maoists are displaying their intelligence through successful execution of counter-attacks but till they resort to anti people,anti-development and anti-democratic behavior(Like putting pressure on the voters not to vote) solution is no way near to possible..Fingers crossed..
    C.m punk(best in the world)

  10. sir , on 13th march news paper the author wrote NTRO as NTRO (Natioanal Technical Reconnaissance Organisation) , But on next day they defined it as – National Technical Research Organisation in errors and clarifications section . . what should be followed between these two ?
    nd sir thanks a lot for ur valuable compilations , this section is helping us lot . .

  11. Mrunal Sir .. You are great Sir :-) hats off :-)

  12. Sir…i have seen current affairs section fr d first time….dey are very good….can I have access to all previous months current Affairs…i vl Be grateful

    1. plz notify me if u’ve got the link of previous months current affairs

  13. Can anyone elucidate the difference between A VOTER and AN ELECTOR?

  14. Dear Mrunalji, while writing for pib kindly provide link for the pib upload of that date, this will make access to articles in a better way.
    Though we do have subscribed but kindly incorporade. Pib Subscribed mails becomes confusing at times

  15. thanks a lot for such honest and great help sir!!!!!

  16. you are great sir

  17. sir i want pdf form of all current affiars plz help me

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