[Yearbook] India 2014: Energy, Powerplants, Nuclear Phases, Renewable Energy: how to prepare from IYB and 12th Five year plan, with sample MCQs

Yearbook34 Comments

India Yearbook
  1. Prologue
  2. Energy
    1. NCERT: Energy
    2. NIOS: Energy
  3. IYB: Ch11 Energy
    1. What to IGNORE?
    2. [High Priority] Organizations
    3. [High Priority] Schemes and Projects
    4. [High Priority] Acts and Policies
    5. [Low priority] Public sector undertakings
    6. [Low priority] Misc. Chillar Organizations
  4. IYB Ch25: Sci-tech (Nuke Energy)
    1. Nuke energy: org
    2. Nuke Energy: 3 stage program
    3. Nuke Energy-Location & terms
  5. 12th FYP: Vol2 Ch14. Energy
  6. Mock MCQs from IYB Ch11,25 and 12thFYP Ch14
  7. Answers/Hints

Prologue

This article series deals with how to handle India 2014 || Bharat 2014 (+12th Five year plan + sample MCQs).

So far we are done with

  1. ch1 (land and people), ch30 (state and UT) click me
  2. ch12 (Environment and Forest) click me

Today, we’ll see how to handle the Energy topic.

Energy

Energy topic hurts at four places:

  1. Sci-tech: basics of electricity, combustion and its principles, terms
  2. Geography: locations (India and world), physical geography related
  3. Environment: pollution, renewable energy / clean energy, nuke plants vs jholachhap NGOs, coalmines vs policy paralysis vs energy security and so on.
  4. Economy: infrastructure, inflation, CAD angle and so on.

Accordingly, you’ve to prepare the base material from the following sources:

India yearbook ch11 Energy

NCERT, NIOSfor basic theory on science, geography and environment angle. (Chapter list given below)
India Yearbook (IYB)
  • ch.11 Energy (coal, petroleum and renewable)
  • Ch.25 sci-tech (Nuclear Energy and its three stages)
12th Five year planchapter 14 Energy
Mrunal.org/geographyLocation factors: coal mine vs steel plants, refineries vs synthetic fibers and so on.

Parallel notes making from newspapers and magazines. But first things first: start with….

NCERT: Energy

classbookchapter
7sci.14
8sci.5,6,14
Geo3
10sci.12, 13
geo5
12geo*7

*Class 12: India people and economy

NIOS: Energy

Read following chapters

28BNonrenewable sources of energy
22point 22.5 onwards (nuclear hazard). Since ch28 gives basics Nuclear energy, so first read Ch28, then come back to 22 for nuke hazards.
29BRenewable sources of energy I
30BRenewable sources of energy II
31BEnergy conservation

both NCERT and NIOS, available at Mrunal.org/download

IYB: Ch11 Energy

Once you’re done with NCERT and NIOS, proceed to Ch11 of India 2014 || Bharat 2014.

What to IGNORE?

Ignore following topics because:

  • they’re mostly bolbachachan filler info
  • they give outdated information, talk about 11th FYP or 2012 era.
chtopic to ignoreEnglishHindi
11first three para (cap. addition, power generation, hydro cap.)255225
11Ignore the big list of CEA regulation257not given
11Ignore APDRP and present status of R-APDRP258-59Not given
11Transmission sector260230
11Special packages for Arunachal, Ladakh, J&K etc.283253
11Research and development283-84254
11International cooperation284254

[High Priority] Organizations

chtopicEnglishHindi
11Ministry of power254224
11List of PSU & ORG. under power ministry254224
11Ministry of petroleum and gas271242
11Central Electricity authority (statutory)256226
11Appellate tribunal for electricity258228
11Bureau of energy efficiency BEE262241-42
11Ministry of new and renewable energy-MNRE280Not given
25Dept. of Atomic Energy792830
25AERB799839
25NPCIL falls under DAE and its functions793831
25Uranium corp. of India795833
25Heavy water board796834

[High Priority] Schemes and Projects

chtopicEnglishHindi
11Ultra-mega power projects- their features and sites . (Power finance corporation ltd. is the nodal agency)255-56225
11New sites for thermal projects259Not given
11National mission on enhanced energy efficiency, its four initiatives262Not given
11Captive power plants260Not given
11Open access of transmission, distribution of power FDI261Not given
11National grid261, 265-266263
11National electricity fund262242
11Rajiv Gandhi gramin vidhyutikaran Yojana (And rural electrification ltd.)264233
11Bharat Stage- III / IV275247
11Renewable power- grid interactive280Not given
11Renewable power- Offgrid- its benefits281252
11Renewable purchase obligation RPO280Not given
11Jawaharlal National solar mission281252
11National biomass cook stoves initiative282253
11Solar cities283Not given
11Ladakh renewable energy initiative283254

[High Priority] Acts and Policies

IYB hasn’t talked about any act/policy in detail, except the salient features of electricity Act. Meaning you need to dig NET/PIB to get details about…

chtopicEnglishHindi
11Electricity act- 2013257-58227
11National electricity policy258228
11Policy initiative private sector259-60228-30
11New hydro policy (not given only term mentioned)
11Mega power policy261231
11NELP- New exploration licensing policy- maintain current notes for 10th round271243
11Coal bed methane policy (CBM)272243
11Pricing of petroleum products275248

[Low priority] Public sector undertakings

  • Important: In Your School Atlas ,locate the oil refinery sites given on Page. 274’s Table.(In Hindi Year book, check page. 246)
  • In the PSU topics, they gave long bolbachan speech about their ‘evolution’, recent acquisition, turnover, production etc. (although data is mostly old- from 2012 era).
  • At most, you should focus on the chronology / main area of expertise of the given PSU and which ministry controls which PSU.
  • Beyond that, don’t waste lot of time in this topic, because cost : benefit is bogus.
  • although for IR/bilateral angle, you do need to maintain notes about ONGC videsh etc.
chtopicEnglishHindi
11NHPC- National Hydro-electric power corporation ltd. and its sites263231
11NTPC- National thermal power corporation ltd.264232
11Rural electrification corporation ltd. (IMP. because it implements Rajiv Gandhi vidhyutikaran Yojana)265235-36
11Power grid corporation of India ltd.265236
11Power finance corporation ltd. (IMP- because it develops ultra mega power projects)266-67236
11National power exchange limited267238
11Satluj Jalvidhyut nigam limited267238
11Bhakhra Beas management board271241
11ONGC, ONGC videsh272243-244
11GAIL- Gas authority of India limited273245
11OIL- Oil India ltd.273244
11IOCL- Indian Oil Corporation ltd.276248
11HPCL-Hindustan Petroleum Corporation ltd.276249
11BPCL-Bharat Petroleum Corporation ltd.277250
11Coal India ltd.279Not given
11Neyveli lignite corporation279Not given

[Low priority] Misc. Chillar Organizations

chtopicEnglishHindi
11National power training institute268239
11Central research power institute268-69240
11North Eastern electric power corporation limited269241
11PCRA- Petroleum conservation research association278Not given

IYB Ch25: Sci-tech (Nuke Energy)

While Chapter 11 dealt with coal, petroleum and renewable. But it missed nuclear energy. So, after finishing ch11, directly move to Ch25.

Nuke energy: org

chtopicEnglishHindi
25Dept. of Atomic Energy792830
25AERB799839
25NPCIL falls under DAE and its functions793831
25Uranium corp. of India795833
25Heavy water board796834

Nuke Energy: 3 stage program

chtopicEnglishHindi
25Overview of three stage program793830-31
25First stage of nuclear program794831
25Stage -2 of nuclear program798837
25Stage-3 of nuclear program798838

Nuke Energy-Location & terms

Nuke energy application in agriculture, healthcare = that we’ll see separately during sci-tech portion. right now, it’ll break the flow. so only focus on the “energy/reactor” angle:

chtopicEnglishHindi
25Location of deposits794-95833
25Location of underground mines and opencast mines of uranium795833
25Vitrification- nuke waste management796835
25Mobscan, Ropman, Rohytam797836
25Bhavini, Kamini798837-38
25ADS, SODAR, IREMON, CERMS799839
25List of research reactors800841

12th FYP: Vol2 Ch14. Energy

CLICK ME to download 12th Five year plan. (Available in both Hindi, English available)

relevance12th FYP: Ch 14 EnergyPage# of PDF file
MCQIntroduction: first sentence for MCQ156
MCQdefinition of energy intensity of GDP- and Implication of its rise and fall
MCQtable 14.5 for ascending-descending type MCQ160
fodderEnergy security –definition , how to achieve160-61
fodderreview of 11th fyp: to get the “Criticism/limitation” points161
MCQ/fodderUltra-Mega Power Projects; and challenges faced by them (last sentence).164
MCQ14.28 Supercritical technology164
fodderwhy distribution companies make losses? (= the Kejriwal vs Anil Ambani fight)165-66
MCQ14.35. R-APDRP scheme- only the purpose166
MCQ14.37 Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidhyutikaran (prepare in detail because IYB gave shallow coverage) + its limitation/challenges given on page170168
MCQ14.42 Open Access to electricity- meaning given on first sentence.170
MCQTable 14.18 for Hydro. electric potential (Ascending-descending type MCQs)174
MCQ/fodder14.63 National grid176
fodder14.66 North East: why difficult to extract hydro power177
fodderbenefits of PPP and privatization in electricity distribution180
fodderUniversal electrification180
MCQ14.95 Nation mission on Energy Efficiency NMEEE183
fodder14.99 policy reform suggestions184
MCQ14.103: lignite production ascending descending order for MCQs186
MCQ14.112 coal benefication188
MCQ14.113 coal bed methane: the fact about its pricing policy188
fodder14.129: Challenges in coal import (last two sentences)192
MCQ14.130: underground mining of coal (For MCQs) + table 14.29192
fodder14.145: need for amendment of Coal mines act195
MCQ/mainsstatutory body: PNGRB199
MCQ14.157: NELP block prioritization order (although this is changed recently, after Kerjiwal went to SC and Moily allotted majority of gas to city gas distribution companies)199
MCQ14.175: fact that commercial scale production of Coal bed methane already started in Raniganj, WB205
MCQshale gas exploration, coal gasification, gas hydrate program – although PDF hardly gives any info. so, dig NET for principle,benefits,MCQs.205
MCQ14.180 fact that flaring of gas = wasteful for economy.205
fodder14.184 reforms required in oil and gas sector. (for mains/interview)208
fodder14.187 Wind energy potential in india209
fodder14.188: problems in using renewable energy209
MCQtable 14.43 last column for ascending descending order MCQ.211
MCQdig net for Bagasse cogeneration
MCQRenewable Energy Development Fund214
fodderBioenergy mission215
MCQfact that

  1. India is the second largest wind turbine manufacturer next to China.
  2. Higher hub height of wind mill increases its electricity output
216
fodder12th FYP physical targets on energy: (not all, but a few need to be remembered so you can “throw” data at the examiner).220

Dig net for following topics/terms

(Because they’re mentioned the 12th FYP but not elaborated. And these topics sound good enough to be asked under MCQs.)

  1. bagasse cogeneration: principle, benefits
  2. Solar cooker has two types: Box vs dish. so what’s the difference in their mechanism/ which one is better?
  3. Solar air heating- what’s the use?
  4. biofuels
  5. shale gas, gas hydrates
  6. green township
  7. alternate fuel vehicle: principle, benefit
  8. fuel cell vehicle
  9. power generation from hydrogen: principle, benefits

Mock MCQs from IYB Ch11,25 and 12thFYP Ch14

Q1. Consider following statements about Coal bed Methane

  1. It is a nature gas found in anthracite coal mines but no in lignite coal mines.
  2. Its commercial production is yet to start in India.
  3. The market prices of coal bed methane are administered by Director General of Hydrocarbons (DGH).

Correct statements

  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 1 and 3
  3. only 1
  4. None.

Q2. Under NELP auction

  1. The Public sector oil companies are given first preference over private sector Indian companies and foreign companies.
  2. Indian companies are given first preference over foreign companies
  3. National oil companies, private sector Indian companies and foreign companies are given equal opportunity to bid for the exploration licenses.
  4. None of above.

Q3. What is the purpose of National electricity fund?

  1. Give interest subsidy to power utilities companies- to improve their distribution network.
  2. provide interest subsidy to private sector companies involved in Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidhyutikaran Yojana
  3. Provide interest subsidy to private sector companies involved in generation of electricity from municipal waste, solar and wind sources.
  4. None of above.

Q4. Consider the following entities

  1. Union government
  2. Punjab State government
  3. Himachal State government
  4. Uttarakhand State government

Q4. Which of them are the stakeholders in Sutluj Jal Vidhyut Nigam?

  1. only 1, 3 and 4
  2. only 2 and 4
  3. only 1 and 3
  4. only 2, 3, 4

Q5. Among the given regions of India, which one has lowest potential for hydroelectricity generation?

  1. Northern
  2. Western
  3. Southern
  4. Eastern

Q6. Which among the following, provides highest amount of clean energy to India?

  1. Solar energy
  2. Biomass
  3. Small hydropower
  4. Wind energy

Q7. Which of the following refinery is not located in Assam?

  1. Bongaigaon
  2. Noonamati
  3. Numaligarh
  4. Tatipaka

Q8. Consider the following statements about Energy Intensity

  1. Energy intensity is the amount of energy required to produce a unit of GDP.
  2. In India, Energy intensity has increased in the last three decades
  3. Falling level of energy intensity implies that the growth in energy used is less than the growth of GDP

Correct statements are

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. only 3

Q9. Consider following

  1. first stage: Pressurized Heavy water reactors
  2. second stage: Thorium-Uranium 233 cycle
  3. third stage: fast breeder reactors

which of the above are wrongly matched?

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. only 3

Q10. Consider following statements about radioactive elements:

  1. uranium is produced by irradiation of thorium
  2. thorium is produced by irradiation of plutonium
  3. plutonium is produced by irradiation of thorium
  4. plutonium is produced by irradiation of uranium

which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 12
  2. 34
  3. 14
  4. 24

Q11. Which of the following are examples of coastal sites for nuclear plants: Kumharia, Bargi, Haripur, Mithi Virdi, Kovvada

  1. all except Haripur and Kumharia
  2. all except Bargi and Kovvada
  3. all except Kumharia and Bargi
  4. all of them

Q12. Consider following states: Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Meghalaya and Andra. Which of them uranium deposits?

  1. only Jharkhand and Rajasthan
  2. only Meghalaya and Jharkhand
  3. all except Andra
  4. all of them

Q13. Which of the following, is an example of open cast uranium mine

  1. Jaduguda
  2. Bhatin
  3. Banduhurang
  4. none of above

Q14. What do you understand by the term Vitrification

  1. It is an advanced technology for nuclear waste Management.
  2. vitrification converts nuclear waste into a liquid, which can be used as a substitute of heavy water in the nuclear power plants.
  3. Both A and B
  4. neither A nor B

Q15. Consider following pairs

  1. SODAR: radiation monitoring network
  2. IREMON: robot to handle emergencies in nuclear powerplant
  3. ROHYTAM: prototype fast breeder reactor

Correct pairs are

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. None of them

Q16. Which of the following are examples of research reactors in India

  1. Apsara, Bhavini, Purnima
  2. Bhavini, Kamini, Purnima
  3. Apsara, Kamini, Purnima
  4. None of above

Q17. what is the purpose of Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reform Programme (R-APDRP)?

  1. increase the share of renewable energy in the total energy production of india.
  2. address the distribution losses in electricity network
  3. exploit the hydroelectricity potential of north east
  4. none of above

Q18. consider following statements about Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)

  1. electrification of all un-electrified villages
  2. free connection to all BPL families
  3. Implemented via Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) as the nodal agency.

Correct statements are

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. all of them.

Q19. National electricity grid

  1. Aims to connect the four regional grids of North, South, East and West into one national grid.
  2. once completed, it’ll be the second largest system in the world after China.
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q20. Consider following statements

  1. Coal beneficiation is a technology to extract coal from deep underground mines without use of manual labor.
  2. In China, majority of the coal output comes from Underground mines.
  3. Although Underground mines are considered less harmful to ecology, but technologically they’re unfeasible in the Indian forests.

Incorrect statements are

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. All of them.

Answers/Hints

  1. D. as per IYB pg272
    1. CBM is found in lignite seams=#1 wrong.
    2. CBM commercial production has already started from Raniganj since 2007 =>#2 also wrong.
    3. 12th FYP topic 14.113: CBM prices are determined by the developer, subject to Government approval. The word “administered” makes the statement wrong.
  2. C: equal opportunity
  3. A
  4. C. Sutluj Jal Vidhyut= Union + HP
  5. B. Western India has lowest potential.
  6. D. Wind energy largest [12th FYP table 14.18]
  7. D. Tatipaka=Andhra.
  8. B only 1 and 3
  9. C: 2 and 3. IYB pg 793
  10. C: 1 and 4.ura238=>plu; thorium=>ura233. IYB pg 793
  11. C: all except kumharia and bargi. pg794
  12. D all of them. pg795
  13. C. Banduhurang in Singhbhum
  14. A only first correct. pg796
  15. D. none of them. pg797, 799
  16. C. Bhavini = company that produces fast breeder reactors. pg798. remaining are research reactors, full list at pg800.
  17. B. distribution losses. 12th FYPvol2, pg166
  18. D. all of them
  19. D. Both wrong. there are five zones and it’ll be largest in the world. 12th FYPvol2, pg176
  20. C. 1 and 3 are wrong. 12th FYPvol2, 188, 192

visit Mrunal.org/yearbook For more on Yearbook related topics/articles.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha


So far 34 Comments posted

  1. Darshan

    mrunal is back
    more economic related articles are awaited
    Sir pls thrown light on vodafone transfer price tax issue

  2. रवि कुमार

    धन्यवाद महोदय! कृपया सिविल सेवा(मुख्य) परीक्षा 2013 की आंसर की(answer key) उपलब्ध करायें!

    1. रवि कुमार

      मै आशा करता हूँ की आप अपना प्रतिउत्तर देंगे!

      1. yogesh

        see career launcher website

  3. saumitra pandey

    sir plz write an article for ukraine russia current conflicts

    1. yogesh

      web is flooded with related articles !!

  4. ravi

    Sir,i purchased newest bharat 2014 book but as u analyse abv many imp topics not given in this hindi version yearbuk so shud i purchase newone in english or shud keep continue with hindi version even nt containing imp topics…plz guide sir

    1. himanshu shuarma

      Start from. Ukraine crisis n its implications on india.

  5. meghna

    hii all frnds..mrunal sir is doing great job fr us…i was thinking for discussing sm bit of current affairs among us through this thread..like discussing the hindu newspapaer or other sources as per our liking or availability n add on to purpose of mrunal sir of helping ourselves…if yes then pls start this healthy discussion from tomorrow..any news which is imp frm ur point of view….thnksss

    1. himanshu shuarma

      Start from ukraine crisis n its implication on india…

      1. meghna

        u have some points.?.i have what i got from hindu newspaper.like granting russian language regional status in ukraine..and so and so…

      2. meghna

        and india’s crucial relation with russia…

    2. amol datta bavale

      Gud idea, I ll represent my arguement on majority political dispensation/rule.

    3. GFOX

      meghna it would serve you well to discard using SMS lingo, here or anywhere else.

      1. meghna

        hey what about new guidelines issued for polio eradication…i guess it to be important from health sector..

      2. susmitha

        ya its good idea.
        i’ll present my argument

  6. Tarique

    Sir as you did for the previous topic i.e. Environment,Could you please provide with the list of the changes which have been made from India Year Book 2013 for this topic and all the upcoming topics.Thanks and Regards.

  7. Rajender

    sir, i have 2013 year book. should i buy 2014 year book?

  8. himanshu shuarma

    U shoul recieve NOBEL PEACE PRIZE. Because you bring lot of peace level in our preparation path…aweosome work done by u!!

  9. meghna

    Thnx amol fr ur +ve response..i can contribute wid the hindu np…i gt np one day late..so can say abt imp news of 8th march may b in evening…thnx

  10. V Hooda

    sir cdse m jat reservation kya benefit milega kya

  11. meghna

    russia bid crimea’s bid to split from ukraine…….BMB organised financial literacy on women,s day…no visa needed for PIOs coming for surrogacy is important i guess…q on surrogacy has been asked in upsc mains exam as well..so new development may b important…risk of global warming on causing malaria n other dreaded diseases adds a new dimension of serious concern for avoiding further increase in temperature…fundamentalist view on freedom of speech and expression on editorial page suggest good and valid points for mains q paper..no recognition to israel as jewish state by palestinian prez…now the government has the right to set inflation target….

  12. meghna

    hey friends if i missed some important news item or there are other important news items from other sources..please suggest me..thnks

    1. GFOX

      you’re going in the right direction. just keep up the good work and you’ll soon reach your destination. yes surrogacy assumes an important position do read up on a new disease called “monkey fever” and best of luck, meghna 🙂

  13. meghna

    kindly elaborate “monkey fever”…thanks GFOX

  14. Khuhsboo

    Sir,pls clarify two doubts.
    As Lucknow is one of the centre where re-exam will be conducted. Does it mean that it will be held at every centre in Lucknow or some seleted one?
    Can those students who couldn’t get through Tier I of the SSC CGL 2013 can also be allowed to appear in the re-exam going to be held soon?

  15. yogesh

    waiting for next article in the series …

  16. G L Narasimha

    Sir pls give the information in year book so that it would be for reference as notes………..i mean u provide,if possible,the cream of all points in a particular chapter so that we can refer to them in case of time shortage

  17. G L Narasimha

    u copy paste the important points in the yearbook so that it can be used as notes ………although one time reading of yearbook is more better………..

  18. Rakesh Kumawat

    Good morning friends………Its about Boko Haram “western education is sin”……….My views- 1. there has been no proof of being associated with Al queda. 2 War for Islamic statehood is a diplomatic fake issue, just to get access to financial & human resources through getting mass mobilisation in the name of religion. 3.Has long history of violence but recently media got internationalised the issue of girl students’. abduction. 4. Western countries lies eyes on vast oil resources of Nigeria, Africas’ largest economy surpassing S. Africa.
    Reality of BokoHaram: 1 It gets support from local landlord and traditional leaders along with local & regional politicians to keep people in medieval era for their narrow interests. 2. Western education spreading logic, rationality & awareness about human rights & life with human dignity among mostly educationally & socially backward sections, especially women- against exploiters’ interests. Hence, declared western education is sin. 3. Spread of christianity is causing suspision among Islamic population with fundamentalists provoking them. 4. Recent abuction’s main purpose is to get released their men in jail & compensation for the killed by army. demand for Islamic statehood is diplomacy for mass support.
    Possible solutions : Its your turn Now………..Waiting eagerly friends, thanks……….

  19. niharika saxena

    A list of hydraelectric power plants in india.

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