[Yearbook] India 2014: Environment, Biodiversity, Forest, climate change: how to prepare from IYB and 12th Five year plan, with sample MCQs

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IAS Mock Interviews
  1. Prologue
  2. Approaching Environment Biodiversity
  3. Ch1: Flora and Fauna
  4. Ch12: Environment
    1. What to Ignore
    2. [High priority]: Organizations: main
    3. [High priority]: Policies/Schemes/Projects
    4. [High priority]: Theory
    5. [Low priority] Miscellaneous organizations
    6. [Low priority] International treaties/Conventions
  5. 12th FYP plan: Ch4 and Ch7
    1. Vol1.Ch4: Sustainable Development
    2. Vol1: Ch 7 Environment, Forestry and Wildlife
  6. Mock MCQs: IYB Ch1 & 30
  7. Mock MCQs: IYB Ch12, 12th FYP ch4 and 7
  8. [FAQ] Do I need to buy new edition IF I already have 2013?


  • In the last article, we saw how to handle Ch1 and Ch30 of India 2014 || Bharat 2014 (+sample MCQs)
  • In this  article, we see how to handle environment related segment from: IYB (Ch1, Ch8) and 12th FYP (ch4, Ch7).

Approaching Environment Biodiversity

Environment from India Yearbook

Total four stages

Stage INCERT, NIOS and Mrunal.org/ENB
Stage II
  • India Yearbook ch1, 12, 23 [also ch11 on energy- but we’ll see that in next article]
  • 12th FYP ch4 (Sustainable Development), ch7 (environment)
stage IIIfollow-up from books/net for whatever GA/GK/theory is left e.g. list of parks sanctuaries etc.
Stage IVContinuous notes making from newspapers, magazines. (This stage must be started ASAP, even if other stages haven’t started.)

Three prerequisites before touching IYB for Environment

  1. When it comes to international treaties/kyoto/Nagoya etc. the India Yearbook and 12th FYP only give bolbachchan type coverage= not much useful in MCQs (or even for recalling points in mains). So first read the treaties and summits given on Mrunal.org/ENB
  2. NIOS material for Environment and Biodiversity. Religiously mug it up for prelims.
  3. NCERT following chapters related to Environment Biodiversity (EnB). [yes you need to study BOTH NCERT and NIOS for UPSC prelims, as far as EnB topic is concerned]

Both NCERT and NIOS, free download available at Mrunal.org/download

7geo.1 to 6
science7, 16 to 18
sci.7 and 18
sci.14 to 16
11geo(Physical)15 and 16
geo (India)4 and 5
economy9 (Sustainable development)
12Biology13 to 16

Assuming that you’re done with pre-requisite #1, 2 and 3…welcome back.

Overall Chapter 12 (Environment) and 23 (planning-subtopic Environment) give following details

  1. Various organizations, bodies
  2. List of policies and laws.
  3. Terms/ schemes.

Although in all three things, you’ll have to do “Followup” by digging google. Because the data given in the book alone is not sufficient to handle MCQ/Mains. But you need to read the book, to prepare the base.

Ch1: Flora and Fauna

topicwhat to focus
Climate/Seasons (page 4)
  • Four official seasons
  • Six traditional seasons
  • Two seasonal winds
Flora Page 5(English) ; Page 4(Hindi)
  • Total number of plant species: 46,000
  • Vascular flora:15,000
  • 8 distinct florist regions: what trees are found in which region?
  • Definition of Ethno-botanical study-MCQ
  • Red Data book-Published by BSI.
Fauna (page6)
  • Ascending Descending order of Amphebia, Mammalia, Reptilia etc.
  • Salt water crocodile is found in __?
  • Project crocodile __(Important for chronological order of various projects)
  • This section lists names of many wild life species-You need to find out the places where they are found.

After this census related information starts. Ignore it for the moment we will get back to it during education, Health care, Welfare related chapters.

Mock MCQs related to this chapter, are given in the appendix of this article.

Ch12: Environment

What to Ignore

you may ignore following topics, because

  1. bolbachchan paragraphs, useless junk for MCQ/descriptive.
  2. outdated data from 2012’s era- lot new developments have taken place
12Milestone achievement291261
12Environment research297267
12Education and awareness298268-69
12National museum298269
12Wildlife education and training299269
12Centre of excellence299269
12Sustainable development and international cooperation*302272
12Climate change302-03273

*It deals with RIO+20, but same thing explains in detail in Mrunal.org/ENB

[High priority]: Organizations: main

12Ministry of environment and forest285255
12National biodiversity authority NBA288258
12National tiger conservation authority290260
12Wildlife crime control bureau- statutory290261
12Central pollution control board- CPCB292263
12Central wetlands regulatory authority295265
12Eco-development forces(IMP- They are under defence ministry and not under environment ministry)296267
12National green tribunal*301272
12National environment assessment and monitory authority- NEAMA301272
23National Ganga river basin authority682699

*better dig net for more.

[High priority]: Policies/Schemes/Projects

12Forest management scheme289260
12Project tiger, project elephant (insufficient info given, dig NET for more)291261
12Environment impact assessment- EIA, its amendment291-92262
12Policy for abatement of pollution- 1992292262
12National environment policy- 2006292262
12E-waste rules- 2011293264
12National river conservation plan294264
12National wetlands conservation program295265
12Biomedical waste management294264
12National afforestation program296266
12Awards and fellowships- only names and features299-300270-71
12ENVIS- web portal300271
23National costal management program682700
23Biodiversity hotspots684702
23National action plan for climate change- NAPCC (more details given in 12th FYP)685702-03
23Green India mission685703

[High priority]: Theory

12Coral reef- Four major areas287257
12Clean technology294264
12Ozone layer protection303273-74

for more on the theory, refer to NIOS and NCERTs.


12Forest conservation Act289259
12Environment protection Act 1986  *
12National green tribunal act 2010  *

*Dig net

[Low priority] Miscellaneous organizations

as the name suggests- they’re Miscellaneous, so don’t spent lot of time in them- even if an MCQ is asked, the cost:benefit is bad.

12Botanical survey of India285255
12Zoological survey of India286256
12Forest survey of India286256
12Wildlife institute of India- WII290260
12Central zoo authority291261
12Animal welfare board291262
12National river conservation directorate294264
12National afforestation and eco-development board296266
12GB pant institute297268
12Four institutes given under forestry research298268

[Low priority] International treaties/Conventions

Topic is high priority, but from the given book’s given chapter, its low priority because data is outdated, and very brief overview given.

12Biosphere reserve287257
12Biodiversity conservation- its two components: Biodiversity and bio-safety287257
12Convention on biodiversity CBD*288258
12Cartagena biosafety protocol289259
12Ramsar convention295266

*go through Mrunal.org/ENB

And for remaining conventions, dig NET.

12th FYP plan: Ch4 and Ch7

So far you’re done with Environment chapter of IYB. Now time to shift to 12th Five year plan (FYP).
To download the free PDFs of 12th FYP (English | Hindi), CLICK ME

Vol1.Ch4: Sustainable Development

RelevanceTopic to focusPDF page#
MCQ/fodder4.1 Definition of sustainable Development and who gave it?146
fodderfigure 4.1147
fodder4.6 definition of Eco-efficiency147
MCQ4.9 Green tax- meaning, utility and Indian example147-48
fodder4.10 why diesel-fertilizer subsidies are bad148
fund4.12 National clean energy fund148
fund4.13 Compensatory afforestation fund148
fodder4.15 benefit of PAT and REC149
fodder4.16 list of non-monetary incentives to protect environment149
fodder4.22 Eco Industrial hub150
MCQ4.26 coastal regulation zone classification151
MCQ4.27 fact that Swaminathan Committee is associated with coastal zone  Management151
MCQ4.29  Ecomark -label (last two sentences)151
fodderbox 4.1: focus areas in 12th FYP152
MCQ4.35: why supercritical powerplants are better than sub-critical152
fodderbox 4.2: that research in advanced coal technology = better cost:Benefit than soal energy153
MCQ4.37: what’s the benefit of coal gasification?153
MCQ4.39: which states have highest potential in wind energy?153
fodder4.41: the need for national wind energy mission?154
MCQ4.42: which states have off-shore wind potential?154
MCQ4.44: benefit of solar photovoltaic tech vs solar thermal tech155
fodder4.47 to 4.52: how to reform solar mission?155
MCQ4.52: crystalline silicon vs thin film system155-56
MCQ4.68: three types of cements produced in India (+ that BIS permits them to add fly ash)158
MCQTable 4.2: which sectors consume high amount of energy? ascending descending order160
MCQ/fodderTable 4.3 the pro-cons of carbon tax vs. cap-n-trade schemes162
MCQ4.93: what are the negative consequences when freight is transported through trucks rather than via railways164
fodder4.94 to 96: how to improve the efficiency of rail/road/water transport164-65
fodder4.99: what are the benefits of using public transport? (five points)166
fodder4.99 (from page 167) + 4.100 + 4.101: what are the “polity” challenges that impede reforms in urban transport?167
MCQ4.102: BEE energy labelling program167
MCQ4.105: Bachat lamp Yojana-features168
MCQ4.109: SEEP program168
MCQfig.4.6: electricity consumption sector wise ascending-descending169
fodder4.118: green building code related points170
MCQ4.121: green building rating system (fact that its by IGBC and not BEE/government)170
MCQ/fodder4.128: national mission for green India172
fodderAnnex.4.2 how/why Low carbon strategy helps in inclusive growth?175-76

This finishes ch4 of 12th FYP. Dig following topics through pib/net.

  1. national environment policy
  2. national policy for farmer
  3. national electricity policy
  4. integrated energy policy
  5. Indian alpine initiative
  6. vehicle  labelling scheme

so far we are done with

  • ch1 land people
  • ch30 state UT and
  • ch12 Environment
12th FYPch4 sustainable development.

moving on:

Vol1: Ch 7 Environment, Forestry and Wildlife

RelevanceTopic to FocusPDF page#
MCQ/fodder7.4 (Polity) why environment needs to be included in concurrent list237
fodder7.13: polity initiative taken in 11th FYP239
MCQtable 7.1 list of schemes which of them are Central schemes (CS), and which one as centrally sponsored schemes (CSS)240
MCQbox 7.3: Moniterable Targets under 12th FYP243
Fodderbox 7.4: goals of 12th FYP244
org7.31:National environment and forestry council (NEFC). and 7.32: similar for States.245
org7.33 (1)National environment protection authority (NEPA)245
fodderfigure 7.3 diagram to memorize fodder points246
fodder7.35: how to make Environment protection act effective?247
org7.38:NEAMA authority247
fund7.40: National environment restoration fund247
E-govIBIS, IBIN, and 7.43: National information grid248
org7.48: central board of forestry249
e-gov7.48: Using GIS for forest rights act249
fund7.51: Green fund249
fodder7.53: need for reforms in Project elephant249
MCQfigure 7.4 for the schemes under 12th FYP250
e-gov7.65: NEMP; 7.66 forestry information system251-52
fodder7.67: how to protect against invasive species252
MCQ7.70: Environment performance index (And its table 7.2)253
MCQ7.73: green India mission (although mostly cutpaste from IYB)254
fodder7.75: climate change255
fodder7.82: 12th FYP’s three pronged strategy for climate change257
MCQ7.83: share of emission (ascending descending)257
MCQ7.84: chief contributors of agro-GHG emission257-58
fodder7.85: national water mission258
MCQ/fodder7.95 & 96: why climate change increases our vulnerability to diseases?259-60
MCQ/fodder7.103 to 7111: National action plan on climate change (you got the overview from IYB, here you get detailed info.)260-62
fodder7.113: how to make NAPCC more effective? (and followup on BOX 7.7 for suggested reorganization)262

Dig Net/PIB/prsindia for:

  1. National ambient air quality standards (NAAQs)
  2. polysaturated fatty acids in Marine organism
  3. invasive species
  1. protection of plant varieties and farmers’ rights
  2. forest rights act
  3. seeds amendment bill
  4. biotech regulatory authority bill

(Because they’re mentioned in FYP, but not sufficient coverage for MCQ/mains)

This concludes “core” preparation of Environment related topics. (Allied topics/chapters- energy, water, sci-tech etc. we’ll see in future articles.)

Mock MCQs: IYB Ch1 & 30

Q1. As per the IMD classification, which of the following are the official seasons of India?

  1. Winter: December to February
  2. Pre Monsoon: April to June
  3. Post monsoon: October to December

Answer choices

  1. only 1
  2. only 1 and 2
  3. only 1 and 3
  4. only 2 and 3

Q2. Match the following seasons

  1. early autumn
  2. Late autumn
  3. winter
  4. spring
  1. Sarada
  2. Hemanta
  3. Sisira
  4. vasanta

Answer choices


Q3. Consider the following trees: silver fir, silver birch, juniper, blue pine.

Which of them are found in the Western Himalayas?

  1. all except silver fir
  2. all except silver birch
  3. all except juniper
  4. all of them.

Q4. Arrange the following fauna in ascending order, according to the variety of species found in India.

  1. Mammals
  2. Reptiles
  3. Amphibians
  4. Aves

Correct ascending order is:

  1. 1234
  2. 4321
  3. 3124
  4. 1324

Q5. Consider following statements about Thamin deer?

  1. It is an endangered species as per IUCN classification.
  2. It is an endemic species of Western Ghats.
  3. It is also known as Dancing deer because of its peculiar style of walking

Find correct statement(s)

  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 2 and 3
  3. only 1 and 3
  4. All three correct.

Q6. Consider following sanctuaries: Ichagarh, Tenughat and Chandrapura. Which of the following are correct statements about them?

  1. all of them are bird sanctuaries
  2. all of them are located in Jharkhand
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q7. In which of the following places, can we find Mangrove forest, swamp forest, moist-deciduous forest and tropical wet-evergreen forest?

  1. Tamilandu
  2. West Bengal
  3. Andra Pradesh
  4. Andaman and Nicobar islands

Q8. Which of the following statements are correct about Andaman-Nicobar islands?

  1. Their eastern coast has fringing type of coral reefs while western coast has barrier type of coral reefs.
  2. Padauk and Gurjan- two endemic species of Mangroves, are found only in Nicobar group of islands but not in Andaman group of islands.
  3. both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B.

Q9. Which of the following statements are correct about Andaman Nicobar?

  1. It receives rainfall from South East Monsoon but not from North East monsoon.
  2. These islands have Mangrove forest but no littoral forest.
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q10. Correct statements about Argali Sheep

  1. Their natural habitat is alpine grasslands.
  2. They’re found in Khangchengzonga National Park of Sikkim.
  3. They’re poached mainly for horns, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine.
  4. They’ve became extinct in China and Mongolia.

Answer choices

  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 1, 2 and 3
  3. only 1, 2 and 4
  4. only 3 and 4

Q11. Find correct statements

  1. Black Necked Crane is a native of Siberia, but migrates to Nal-sarovar of Gujarat during Winter
  2. India has the largest population of snow leopards in the world.
  3. Military activity is one of the main causes for declining population of snow leopards in the world.

Correct statements

  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 2 and 3
  3. only 1
  4. only 3

Correct answers

  1. Correct seasons as per IMD= only 2 and 3. Because for Winter- months are given wrong
  2. Early autumn-Sarada, Late-Hementa, Winter-sisira, Spring-Vasanta
  3. all of them found in Western Himalaya
  4. Amphi<< Mam <<Rep <<Ave
  5. C. The Answer Not given in IYB. But in IYB page6- Swamp deer mentioned, and UPSC did ask MCQ about it in CSAT 2013. So on the same logic, one should prepare all the species given in IYB, including Thamin deer. Anyways, statement #2 is wrong because Thamin deer is mainly found in Manipur, Myanmar Vietnam. So, going by elimination process, we are left with (C)
  6. C. all correct
  7. C. Andaman-Nicobar
  8. A. only 1st statement right
  9. C. both are wrong.
  10. B. This sheep mentioned in Sikkim section of Ch.30, hence PH.D becomes necessary as per unwritten rule of UPSC MCQs. As per IUCN redlist- first three statements right.
  11. D. Black necked crane lives in Sikkim, Snow leopard largest population is in China; third statement is right- military activities have led to habitat destruction, poverty=>illegal poaching for quick cash etc. hence third statement right. (Ref. iucn)

Mock MCQs: IYB Ch12, 12th FYP ch4 and 7

Q1. Consider following statements about Mangroves

  1. They can survive in Aerobic soil but not in Anaerobic soil
  2. They form a commensalist link between terrestrial and marine ecosystem.
  3. In India, maximum mangrove cover is found in West Bengal, followed by Gujarat and Andaman-Nicobar.


  1. only 1 and 2
  2. only 2 and 3
  3. only 1 and 3
  4. only 3

Q2. Which of the following are the major coral reef areas of India?

  1. Mannar
  2. Kutch
  3. Lakshadweep
  4. Andaman-Nicobar


  1. all except Mannar
  2. all except Kutch
  3. all except Lakshadweep
  4. All of them

Q3. Correct chronological order

  1. National forest policy
  2. National biodiversity authority
  3. National environment policy
  4. National Green Tribunal

Answer choices

  1. 4321
  2. 1324
  3. 2413
  4. 1234

Q4. Which of the following is a statutory body?

  1. National biodiversity authority
  2. Wildlife crime control bureau
  3. both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q5. (A) Clean technology offer significant cost advantage to the producer. (R) Clean technologies are less intensive on the use of raw material and energy

  1. Both correct and R explains A
  2. Both correct but R doesn’t explain A
  3. A right but R wrong
  4. R right but A wrong.

Q6. Consider following statements about Eco-development forces

  1. This force consists of volunteers from high schools and colleges
  2. This force is setup by respective state governments, using the funding provided by MoEF
  3. both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q7. What is the utility of ENVIS portal?

  1. It’s a vigilance portal for gathering information related to economic offenses
  2. It’s an education portal for imparting English language knowledge to the women and children in rural areas
  3. It’s a web portal for environment related information collection storage and processing.
  4. None of Above

Q8. Ultra violate radiation can cause

  1. Skin Cancer
  2. Eye Cataract
  3. Suppress body’s immune system
  4. Decrease crop yield

Answer choices

  1. All except #4
  2. Only 1, 2
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. All of them

Q9. Which of the following is/are Ozone depleting substances

  1. Halon
  2. Methyl chloroform
  3. Methyl bromide

Answer choices

  1. only 1
  2. Only 1 and 2
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. All of them

Q10. Correct statements about Coastal zone regulations.

  1. Category 1 deals with islands.
  2. Category 4 lists the ecological sensitive areas of India
  3. Construction activities are permitted in category 2 and 3

Answer choice

  1. only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Only 3
  4. All of them

Q11. Consider following statements about Super-critical technology in coal power plants?

  1. It produces higher amount of electricity per kg of coal, compared to sub-critical technology.
  2. Its R&D is still in nascent stage and practical application is extremely expensive than sub-critical technology
  3. Both A and B
  4. neither A nor B

Q12. What are the potential applications of Coal gasification technology?

  1. exploitation of deep coal deposits that cannot be mined using conventional means
  2. In-situ capture of carbon
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q13. Correct statements

  1. India produces only two varieties of Cement: Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC) and Ordinary Portland Cement.
  2. Given the environmental concerns, MoEF has banned cement companies from mixing fly ash into Portland Pozzolana Cement
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q14. Consider following statements about carbon tax?

  1. it doesn’t provide cost certainty to the manufacturer and consumers
  2. there is potential chance of manipulation and evasion
  3. Coal cess is an example of carbon tax

Answer choices

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. only 3

Q15. In India, if lower amount of freight is transported through railways than through trucks, what will be its consequences on the economy?

  1. fiscal deficit will increase
  2. adverse balance of payment
  3. both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q16. find Wrong statements

  1. Through Bachat lamp Yojana, government sells CFL lamps to households at the same price as tubelights
  2. LED lamps are more energy efficient than CFL lamps but less than tubelights.
  3. both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q17. (A) In India, only the Parliament can amend the environmental laws. (R) Environment is a residual subject in Constitution of India.

  1. Both correct and R explains A
  2. Both correct but R doesn’t explain A
  3. A right but R wrong
  4. R right but A wrong.

Q18. 12th Five year plan aims to

  1. Clean all the the critically polluted rivers by 2020
  2. Train veterinary professionals to treat wildlife.
  3. Setup an  autonomous body named National  Environment  Assessment  and  Monitoring Authority  (NEAMA) for EIA, coastal zone regulations and marine fisheries regulations.
  4. All of above

Q19. correct match

  1. National environment restoration fund: proceeds of the coal cess
  2. National clean energy fund: donations and fees collected from private sector for accessing specified natural resources.
  3. Green Fund: proceeds from tax collected on the sale of forest produce.
  4. none of above.

Q20. Agriculture contributes significant amount of GHG emission in India. Which among the following is/are responsible for it?

  1. Methane from Rice paddies
  2. fermentation in ruminant animals
  3. Nitrous oxides from and fertilisers.


  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 1 and 3
  3. only 2 and 3
  4. all of them

Correct Answers

  1. D. As per IYB page 287
    1. They can survive Anaerobic soil=#1  wrong
    2. Commensalism= only one party benefits without damaging other. Symbiosis=both benefit. Mangrove = Symbiosis link between Marine vs Terrestrial=> #2 wrong
    3. #3 is right.
  2. D. All of them major coral reef areas
  3. D. forest-88, NBA-03,environment-06, NGT-10
  4. C. both are statutory
  5. A
  6. D. both wrong. Ref page 296
  7. C
  8. D
  9. D. All of them. Ref page 303
  10. C. only 3
  11. A only first statement right
  12. C both right
  13. D both wrong
  14. only 3 (ref. table 4.3 of 12th FYP)
  15. C. Both of them right (ref point 4.93 in 12th FYP)
  16. C. both wrong. (same price as CFL, and not tubelights)
  17. A.
  18. D all of them
  19. all wrong
  20. D. all of them

[FAQ] Do I need to buy new edition IF I already have 2013?

A question asked by many readers, “I already have IYB 2013, do I need to buy 2014’s edition?”

Answer is NO. (Observe the change list, then I elaborate)

Changes in Ch1. Land and people

  • First six pages are almost the same.
  • Census: data is updated.

Changes in Ch12. Environment

  1. Compressed forest resource and survey
  2. Compressed environment conservation
  3. Compressed CBD, Biological diversity act
  4. Removed genetic engineering approval committee
  5. Removed COP-MOP-5, AICOPTAX
  6. Removed forest policy
  7. Compressed project tiger and project elephant
  8. Removed regulatory acts under animal welfare
  9. Compressed EIA
  10. Compressed CPCB
  11. Compressed E-waste management
  12. Removed chemical safety
  13. Compressed Bio-medical waste management
  14. Compressed national river conservation directorate
  15. Compressed ramsar convention national wetland conservation program
  16. Added central  wetland regulatory authority
  17. Compressed Environmental research and NNRMS from two pages to just two paragraphs
  18. Removed statistical cell and NGO cell
  19. Compressed Climate change and removed COP-16
  20. Removed- IPCC , INCCA, UK Collaboration and many other miscellaneous topics

Changes in Ch30. State and UT

  • Updated population data as per Census 2011
  • Updated names of governor, CM, chief Secretary, + a few state schemes here and there.  (It also lists Kejriwal as Delhi PM- meaning pretty latest printed book.)
  • but other than that, Most of the static content is identical to the previous edition.
[^ I’m yet to compare remaining chapters in detail. But they also run on same pattern: lot of data either compressed or removed.]

Now coming back to the question

 “I already have 2013 edition of India Yearbook, so, do I need to buy 2014’s edition?”

My answer/advice/opinion is “NO” because:

  1. They did “Compress” a lot of topics, eliminated many outdated topics, but haven’t “updated” the topics much.
  2. The way things are moving under UPSC’s Backbreaking era, you’ll have to dig net, newspaper and magazines- for almost every term, scheme, policy, act, bill, irrespective of how up-to-date your  IYB is. Therefore, IYB’s main use is “base” material, and as the base material- it hasn’t updated much between 2013 vs 2014’s edition.
  3. Census data updated- but you can easily get it from net. Those ten new pages alone don’t justify the need for dishing out another 250/- rupees.
  4. In almost all chapters, the IR/HRD related data is still from 2012’s era one and same. Even in above COP/UNFCC/Kyoto/RIO+20 etc. summits.
  5. Whatever few things are newly added, you can dig through PIB/Net (as per the list/tables given in above article).
  6. I believe you already have used highlighter/ballpen/margin-notes on the 2013’s edition for quick reading/revision. So If you get new 2014’s edition again= you’ll have to repeat the same exercise on those 1000+ pages again = not worth the cost:benefit. (because data hardly new- only page numbers changed.)

In short, if you already have IYB-2013 then not much point in getting IYB-2014: your 250-350 rupees are better spent buying in some other books or stationary.

visit Mrunal.org/yearbook For more on Yearbook related topics/articles.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

62 Comments on “[Yearbook] India 2014: Environment, Biodiversity, Forest, climate change: how to prepare from IYB and 12th Five year plan, with sample MCQs”

  1. great sir as always…

    1. thanks sir , sir pls explain general science approach.

  2. DEAR SIR!
    This is my first comment on your web. There is lot of suggestion for my competitive bro. (thanks). I am hindi medium but I can understand your article. There is you suggested books in (mostly)english only (hindiwalla naraj hai).Please give hindi books also.
    AND one more thing, there is lot of candidate who join competition after 10+2(12vi ke bad hi roji-roti ki fikr kyoki not healthy economic condition and almost they don’t join graduation due to and other reason).So please give study plan for 10+2 competitive exams {sare(which is not possible) nhi to km se km SSC 10+2, national level 10th-10+2 etc. ke liye}. I AM APPEARING IN PA/SA INDIA POST,DSSSB,POSTMAN.
    my last question is it good book ‘master reasoning book'(in hindi by k k singh) and fast track vasthunist ankganit by arihant.

    1. अरिहंत की मास्टर रीजनिंग बुक अच्छी है भाई पढ़ डालो बस

  3. how to download this india year book at free of cost

    1. grt work…thanks…

      1. Sir how to get the hard copy of IYB 2014 under discussion. Plz guide.

    2. After 2011, government stopped releasing free pdfs of that book.

      1. What is the link between indian remittance and U.S federal reserve’s bond buying…..pls clarify

  4. Nice approch study

  5. thankx Mrunal sir for ur advice,,, now i m saved from the pain and hardwork that i did for India year book 2013 last year .. and i dnt have to buy India yearbook 2014.. i just have to update few topics. and i am done..

    Thank you very much mrunal sir once again ..

    1. please release the remaining answerkeys of cds2014.

  6. धन्यवाद महोदय!

  7. sir,
    I have complete my b.pharma n I try csat exam this year so suggest me best strategy n books for specially csat 2014.i hope u obliged me.

  8. Sir! Ias(Mains) 2013 Answer key?

    1. iam also asking the same question from mrunal sir.

  9. Thank u very much sir.

  10. Superb…i would have spent more than a week to make such a comprehensive plan….You saved a lot of my time…Thanks a lot sir..

  11. gr8 work..really helpful!!

  12. What the Hell ..MPPSC again ??

    1. donot says things like this .

  13. Thanks a lot, sir

  14. If we have 2012 edition thn do we need to buy new or jus hav look on internet for tht particular matter, issue, policy etc.

  15. Sir I am already having 2013 edition..do I need to buy this again??

  16. mrunal sir i had bought india 2013 last year should i have to buy india 2014 now for this year or not?

      1. this site is really great

  17. hello sir
    i have india year book 2013
    then am i buy new one 2014

  18. respective sir explain about CSAT specially how we have make own strategy. pls urgently reply us sir .

  19. mrunal bhai…can you outline the same approach for polity

  20. R/sir
    Please change for printable or downloadable format…..
    Previous version was much better…….

  21. Hi please advice the study material for NVS. I am not able to get any material from market.

  22. I am unable to download any of the NIOS or NCERT material from the above links. any other link?

  23. Sir agar koi year book 2014 khareedni ho to kis pulication ki le???

  24. What is Class 12th-Chemistry-Chapter 14. There is no chapter 14 as such. The first book in class 12th contains 9 chapter and the 2nd book contains 7 chapters…..so do u mean 5th (9+5=14) chapter titled ‘Biomolecules’of the second book ?

  25. Sir very well planned n organised n helpful is ur site……thank u again for making things simple,My quest is same as others do i hv to buy 2014 edition of IYB as i hv 12 n 13 edition n also shud i hv to buy laxmikant indian polity 2013 or can rely on older version.plz let me kno….

  26. Sir very well planned n organised n helpful is ur site……thank u again for making things simple, shud i hv to buy laxmikant indian polity 2013 or can rely on older version.plz let me kno….

  27. sir,
    could u please tell the way to download notes provided in each notification. some time we feel to read in hard copy but copying and pasting in word is not that much comfortable.
    Please provide link for downloading also.

  28. really a commendable job. such laborious efforts provides good insight to strategy and approach of examination. i convey thanks for such honest efforts.

  29. Hi sir,
    This may be a mistake or may be i am wrong but i did not find geo ncert class 8 book ch 8 as this book contain only 6 chapter. Please rectify me if i am wrong. Hope you won’t take it otherwise. You are doing a great job , i really appreciate it.

  30. Class 8 geo ch 8
    class 12 chemistry ch 14
    The above two chapter not found. becoz the above book dont have more than 6 or 7 chapter. please advise…..

  31. I have been preparing with lucent as my base for general studies for now ( just laying foundation). You have made an excellent point in the geography analysis of IYB. Without atlas or any maps for refrence, retention of information has been pretty difficult. Gues I will have to buy the NCERT textbooks now.

  32. Sir mujhe ncert ki book nshi mil rahi hai pless help me in

  33. First of all, great job Mrunal.
    Please tell me how to prepare for flora and fauna species. There are always couple of questions (at least) regarding endangered/Extinct and which all are found in India. Help regarding this topic will be highly appreciated.. Thanx

  34. In the reading list for EnB, you have mentioned, NCERT chapter 8, from geography. But NCERT book for class 8 does not have 8 chapters. The total book (Resource and Development) has 6 chapters.

  35. what abt ques 9.from iyb..how come its option c ? please clarify

  36. there is no chapter no#8 in Geography class 8 which you mentioned in Environment section NCERT. Can you please correct it sir?

  37. Sirji awesome article ..perfect..doing FYP like this was rather fun :)
    I have a small suggestion: given the fact you will be doing Economic survey in the comming month : instead of rewriting the entire thing again it could be done in a similar way (page number:imp MCQ/fodder)+references from ES 13-14 and ur precious articles..this way it will save a lot of your precious time and ultimately benefit us…as then u can do some hard to understand topics like of diplomacy (Ukraine,Iraq etc) ..Economic survey is there with all of us moreover last year’s ES is hard to forget given the fact it was so lucidly explained +its comprehensive coverage and thus doing the same exercise again in my openion will kill a lot of your precious time..
    I hope the suggestion (if at all worthy) will be considered .
    Thank you.

  38. Hi Mrunal,

    The NIOS material for Envt & Bio-diversity seems to be full of factual inaccuracies. Here are a few samples:

    – “Scientists believe that the big bang occurred about 15 to 20 billion years ago. The
    huge collection of dust and gases then began to spin. As it spun faster and faster, the centre
    became very hot. It became the Sun.” This explanation is laughable to say the least.

    – “Mars (Mangal) is also close to earth. It is called the red planet. It has 95% carbon
    monoxide”. Mars’ atmosphere is primarily composed of Carbon Dioxide

    -“Neptune (Varun) is much smaller than earth, cold and
    dark with its surface coated with frozen methane.” It is primarily Hydrogen & Helium. Methane is present in relatively small amounts .

    All this in just the first Chapter. I am very skeptical about the accuracy of the rest of the material. Should we still continue to refer the NIOS material? Or should we stick to the NCERT Class 12 Biology Text book?


  39. sir , muje ias ki knowldge cahiye mai karna cahta tu plz muje guid kariye aur abi mai ibps bank ka exam dena hai plz sir koi best book jo hindi mai ho to best hoga

  40. what about other chapter of five year plan

  41. sir, now that planning commission has been scrapped….should we still read the 12th FYP for mains 2015??

  42. Hello Sir,
    Your effort is tremendous. I am able to get clear ideas for the topics i have looked so far.
    Thank u once again. I am looking a test series for CSAT 2015 via online. can u suggest some good test series givers if u know any?

  43. hello sir ,
    i’m a post graduate, a home maker back in track to pursue my civil service dreams.could u please help me to plan my studies accordingly,

  44. Hello Mrunal Sir …although a cliched question but is there any difference between IYB 2015 and IYB 2014 coz i already hv the latter .

  45. hello sir………please india year book hindi me provide krwaiye na

  46. hello sir, …..sir please tell me which year book is good to study is it india year book or manorama year book. i am in confusion sir please tell me

  47. thank you so much sir

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