- D1: If Pakistan gives MFN Status to India
- D2: Reforms in Ministry of External Affairs
- D3: APF-Human rights conference 2014
http://cinziamazzamakeup.com/?x=acquistare-cialis-con-paypal Q. What is MFN? What benefits could Indian gain by MFN-status in Pakistan? Why hasn’t the deal materialized yet? (200 words)
- ‘Most Favoured Nation’ status is the first step towards trade agreements between two countries.
- MFN means every time a country lowers a trade barrier for its most favoured nation, then it has to do treat all its trading partners in the same manner — whether rich or poor, weak or strong, large or small.
- In 1997, India granted MFN status to Pakistan, but they have not reciprocated back.
- Pakistan still maintains a negative list of ~1000 thousand items that India cannot export, including agricultural goods, textile and automobile parts.
- If Pakistan gave MFN status to India, we could export these items in their domestic market.
- Thus, MFN status can facilitate economic prosperity and betterment of relations. The economic-interdependency may also thawing tension between India-Pak.
- As such, Pakistan was to grant the MFN status to India by December 2012. But the process got delayed due to active lobbying by Pakistan’s agricultural groups, textile and automobile industries. 40% of the Pakistani workforce is employed in Textile industry alone. They fear the flood of Indian goods will render them jobless.
- The unstable political situation and tension at the Indo-Pak border have further aggravated the situation and delayed the consensus.
- Although Pakistan high commissioner has assured MFN status will be given after the formation of new government.
comprare viagra generico 25 mg a Milano (Interview Q) What reforms are necessary in the Indian Foreign Service to help them effectively handle the diplomatic issues of contemporary times?
Restructure Ministry of External Affairs via following:
- Empower Foreign Secretary to handle economic and trade related matters.
- Create new political-military affairs division within the MEA.
- Allow officers from all India and Central services, intelligence and the armed forces in it. (and not just IFS officers.)
- Assign a dedicated trade expert with every Indian mission / embassy.
- At present, main focus of IFS training is “protocol, discipline, hierarchy”, out of tune with contemporary realities.
- India’s foreign policy should be inclusive, should not confine only within MEA. Get shared opinion of various ministries and Departments
- + involve academia and think tanks.
- 1991: UN’s Paris principles- to establish norms for various human rights bodies across world.
- Later, an International coordination Committee of National Human Rights Institutions setup.
- This Committee has 4 regional networks, one of them is Asia Pacific forum (APF) with 21 member-nations.
- 2014, Sep: India’s national human rights commission headed the conference of this body, at New Delhi.
Outcomes of this Human rights conference
- Until now NHRCs have focused on human rights violations by state actors
- But, economic scenario has changed, we’ve to focus on human rights violations by companies- pollution, tribal-displacement, sweatshops, labour exploitation and negative-externalities created by MNCs.
- For Prevention of Torture , we’ll create a working group including the NGOs.
- Members agreed to use a five-pronged strategy to protect human rights from 2015 to 2020: Gender equality, peace , security, Business, Vulnerable groups-children, women, the disabled, the elderly and displaced persons.
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