[Elections] Twin Nominations, Primaries Method of selecting candidates-why Rahul failed?

polity88 Comments

  1. P1: Twin Nominations in Election
  2. P2: Primaries Method of nominating candidates

P1: Twin Nominations in Election

[GS2] Q. List the provisions related to Twin nomination in the RPA Act and examine the need for reforms in it. (100 words)
Provisions in RPA:

  1. Section 33: Candidate can contest from two Constituencies.
  2. Section 70: He has to give up one seat, if he wins both.

Misuse of Sec.33 & 70:

  • To increase the odds of winning, some candidates contest from two seats.
  • But if and when he wins, he has to vacate one.
  • This results in a by-election for vacated seat, wastage of manpower & public-money, and erosion of voters’ faith & interest in electoral process.
  • Therefore, Twin nomination is against the fundamental principles of representative democracy.

Suggested reforms:

  1. Repeal the provision of twin nomination from RPA Act OR
  2. Make the candidate bear entire cost of by-election.

~110 words.

P2: Primaries Method for nominating candidates

  1. (GS2) Comparing Constitution: Examine the merits & demerits of replacing first past to post method with primaries method in Indian elections.
  2. (Interview question) What do you understand by Rahul Gandhi’s “Primaries” method for giving tickets? Why does it work well in USA but fails in India?

Primaries method = a way to shortlisting the contestants. There are 4 types of primary election methods in USA, with difference in each state. But, I am taking the two most common:

Closed primary election

  • Only “Karyakarta” (Party-workers) can vote for candidates among their own party.
  • The highest voted candidate then contest for run-off election (against other party)..
  • Suppose, Manish Tewari, Kapil Sibbal and Sheila Dixit want to contest from Chandani Chowk. Then Congi workers (from this area), will do internal-voting.
  • if Sibbal gets max votes of local Congi workers, then he will get ticket from this Chandni Chowk. (And fight against BJP, AAP candidates= at that time, entire junta will come to vote).
  • Benefit: increases internal democracy in a party.

Open primary election

  • Everyone in the area, can vote for all candidates in that area. (This is only for shortlisting the “BEST” candidate from each party.)
  • The highest voted candidates from each party then proceed to run-off election. e.g. Sibbal among congies, Harshwardhan among BJP and Kerjiwal among AAP.
  • Benefit: reduces the chances of reduce the chances of hung parliament or coalition government. because “non-serious” candidates are eliminated.

Rahulbaba’s #EPICFAIL

  • Congress party Vice President Rahul Gandhi had decided to give tickets to Congi aspirants via (Closed) primary method. But first he wanted to test this method at few Constituencies, including Vadodara in Gujarat.
  • One Mr. Narendra Ravat won primaries election in Vadodara. So he should be given Congi ticket for this seat.
  • But then Modi himself decided to “Twin” contest from here=> Ravat replced by Madhusudan Mistry.

Anyways names not important- just taking them for explanation. Million dollar question is, WHY primary method works in USA but failed in India (despite Rahulbaba’s best intention for internal democracy within Congress)?

should India adopt this method?
Works in USA becauseEPICFAIL in India because
  • USA has two party-polity system.
  • So, easier to choose candidate from 2 parties. (whether you adopt open or closed system)
  • India has multi-party system.
  • CLOSED PRIMARY: will be hard/ gimmickry, because sometimes there is no ‘internal’ competition within party. (BSP, RJD etc.)
  • OPEN PRIMARY: will be hard for small parties and minorities to win primary if big parties puts large no of candidates in a ballot.
USA is wealthy and not as populous as India. They can afford this game.
  • IF we amend Constitution to run “open” primaries method, then we’ve to run two stage election -first to shortlist candidates from each party, then second stage election to select final winner.
  • But this will be way too expensive given the sheer number of polling booths and voters.
USA follows personality based politics. “Face/character/persona/policies” of an individual Candidate matters.
  • India follows political ideology based politics.
  • Party and its policies matter.
  • At max, what matters is “CASTE/RELIGION” of the candidate, before giving him ticket
  • MP/ MLAs are merely stamping yes/no/abstain from any motion in legislature depending on party whips.
  • Therefore, it doesn’t matter that much who is ‘local’ candidate- as long as junta has faith in the party. .

Visit Mrunal.org/Polity for entire Archive of Polity articles published so far.

Mrunal recommends

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  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
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  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
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  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 88 Comments posted

  1. NCB

    plpz give me more information about ethics and integrity paper sir!!!!

    1. pawan preye

      today icome to about u ;really for ias aspirants it like spices

    2. pawan preye

      today icame to know about ur posts ;really for ias aspirants it like spices

  2. Ank

    do v get a rough sheet for calculation in sbi po exam(for objective only) as it is a online exam?

    1. amnik

      yes. and if they dont provide in the beginning then get one from supervisor and return it.

  3. ओम प्रकाश डूडी

    आपकी महत्वपूर्ण जानकारी के लिए खूब- खूब आभार

  4. Khushboo

    Mrunal Sir,CAPF AC DAF is out to be filled. And 2014 notification has also been released.

  5. sohali arya

    sir,is it so that egyankosh site of ignou not working

  6. atul

    sir ,i want know whether you have removed the advertisement column having notification date,last date of various forms coming in future or only i m not able to visit it from last a month or so? reply soon——————–

  7. Rahul Bansal

    Sir, can a person having FIR lodged on him apply for government jobs

  8. su

    Thank you mrunal.
    This is a very good initiative especially for civil services aspirants.the way you represent the current affairs (linking through a q?) Shows the weightage of reading newspaper daily.


    My question is — how can CPM take independent candidates support to save its National party status…bcoz as per Anti Defection law if an independent candidate oin any pol. party he cease to be a member of house?? any one plz explain..

  10. smita ghorpade

    Sir pls suggest good book for ethics integrity & aptitude.

  11. Raj

    The reasons under section Rahulbaba’s #EPICFAIL of primaries in India does not look rational. Answer does not have any valid reasons. I am not saying Primaries system is successful in India. But the reasons like “no ‘internal’ competition within party”, two elections are looking irrational as this is going to be a internal party voting.

  12. jayashree

    Sir I need current affairs of feb and jan month of 2014. Which I did nt find in mrunal… can please forwad the links..

  13. jayashree

    Sir I need current affairs of feb and jan month of 2014. Which I did nt find in mrunal… can u please forwad the links..


    Sir, plz give me an article about simple majority vote advantages and dis….

  15. Jude_Prudence

    Section 70: He has to give up one seat, if he wins both.
    Within 14 days…By election within 6 months

  16. RAMESH



    Thanks for providing such platform . I knew about mrunal.org today it’s awesome for civil services aspirant.

  18. Gaurav Chauhan

    What is the rationale behind introducing the twin nomination system?

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