[UN Bodies] ECOSOC, UNESCO, UN-IOC- structure, functions, mandate

Diplomacy70 Comments

  1. D1: UN-IOC Sports for development and Peace
  2. D2: UNSECO and International literacy day
  3. D3: UN-IOC Sports for development and Peace

D1: UN ECOSOC structure Function

Q. Write a short note on the structure & function of UN-ECOSOC (100 words)
Since UN ECOSOC had released this Arab integration report (and it appeared in Hindu & Frontline) hence this “Chillar” body becomes super important!
anyways, let’s frame the answer:
Answer key points
Economic and Social council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principle organs of United Nations.

  1. ECOSOC membership is based on geographical representation. Out of 54 seats, specific quotas fixed for Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, Europe etc.
  2. They’re elected from General Assembly for a term of three years.
  3. Four UNSC members – US, UK, Russia and France- are reelected continuously, because they provide majority of the funding to ECOSOC.
  4. Decisions by simple majority vote.
  5. Presidency changes annually.
  6. NGOs also given “Consultative status”.


  1. Direct and coordinate the economic, social, humanitarian, and cultural activities of the UN and its agencies; sends progress reports and resolutions to UNGA.
  2. Conduct studies pertaining to human rights, narcotics, population, demographic change, social development, status of women, role of sci-tech etc.

~130 words.
Answer Ref:

  1. NIOS Political Science Module: Chapter 32, Page 340-41
  2. Britannica Page

UNSECO & International literacy day

Q. Write a note on structure and functions of UNESCO and international literacy day 200 words.

  • UNESCO (UN educational scientific and cultural organization):
  • Specialized agency of UN, HQ- Paris
Structure of UNESCO
  • Member states meet every 2 years.
  • Vote on policies, programs, budget
  • Elect executive board, DG every 4 years.
Executive board58 members. Overall  Management of UNESCO
DG &
  • Director General. Head of the organization
  • Secretariat and staff- drawn from civil servants of member states.

UNESCO Objectives:

  • International collaboration through education, science and culture interactions
  • Promote values of UN charter: rule of law, justice, human rights, fundamental freedom
  • Peace, eradicate poverty, sustainable development
UNESCO: 5 Function / Programs:
EducationFor all
Natural sciencepromote curiosity and learning
Social and human scienceTo solve the social challenges
CultureTo foster Cultural diversity
Communication and informationTo promote Inclusive knowledge.

UNESCO: International Literacy day

  • UNDP report says ~880 million illiterate adults in the world. 2/3rd of them women.
  • On the 8th September, 1965, Education ministers met in Tehran, to discuss world literacy problem.
  • Hence that day celebrated as International literacy day.
  • 2014: theme “Literacy and sustainable Development”.

UNESCO celebrates this day to remind the world that

  1. Literacy is a human right and the foundation of all learning.
  2. To mobilize public support against illiteracy.

~219 words

D3: UN-IOC Sports for development and Peace

  • UN and IOC has signed an agreement “Sports for development and Peace”
  • To use sports for promoting peace and economic development.
  • Features
  • Joint sporting initiatives with help of International Olympics Committee and its allies vs. UN, its member states, Specialized agencies and goodwill ambassadors (like Suresh Kalmadi and Sheila Dixit.)
  • Educate youth via sports: learn while you play
  • Sports to increase interaction of margined society with rest of the world .
  • In conflict areas like Syria and S.Sudan, Sports can help restore some normalcy.
  • Sports can motivate children to enroll in schools.
  • Sports can empower girls, give them leadership skills.
  • Even HIV, drug abuse and environment protection messages can be taught via sports.

Visit Mrunal.org/Diplomacy for entire list articles on Diplomacy & International relations (IR) for Mains GS2 paper of UPSC Civil service IAS/IPS Exam.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 70 Comments posted

  1. deswal rakesh

    Thanks mrunal sir 4 that one , I missed those topics

    1. sheena chopra

      Same here…..evn i missd thse topics…….thnxx a lot sir..


    Thku sir…extremely helpful

  3. vijendra


    1. ishan

      yes sir please give a fresh strategy for pre 2014 and please complete 2013 mains answer
      sir we know u r very busy and provinding each and every thing bt sir please for new players lke us

  4. swathi

    structured information and easy to understand thank u very much

  5. vinod

    Is the optional going to be removed?? any idea

    1. risha

      no idea,but from where did you get the information?

      1. y.a

        yes optional will be removed and in prelim only one paper 300 mark csat only 100 mark

      2. gajendrasinh

        yes, they are removing optional and pt is going to be 300 marks 100 for csat and 200 for gs. news from internal sources

        1. aman

          Kaun ho bhai Gajendra Singh….and kaunsa internal source ?

        2. aman

          i mean.. do u have any contact in UPSC ?

          1. aman

            Mrunal sir….do u have any idea regarding this ?

          2. upsc

            abe saale upsc main change hi karata rehna……….ja ke study kar le na chup chap ………….

        3. Aman

          Yes ..next year onwards They are removing Mains too. ..Appear in Prelim ,Clear it and sit in Interview 🙂 Good luck

        4. bob marley

          hi gajendrasinh……we met during spipa interview last yr…so did u clear mains this time…???

    2. rohit

      Personally i don’t think so….because changing once again mains format is complex and if they have to change it ,it would have changed last year…So let see.!!!

      1. Mantesh

        Mrunal Sir please suggest something on this… the market is getting spiced up with such speculations and rumors.

    3. Abid Razza

      I have also heard such news rightly to be called as “rumors”..Lets just wait and watch it would be get clear on 17 May..

  6. Saurabh

    so much topics, so much events, literally swimming in ocean of current affairs, roz das topic badh jata hai!


    Nice compilation, I really admire the way you pick up the news item and frame the questions,its very helpful for aspirant to keep a check on ther preparation. Great work Mrunal Sir.

  8. saumitra pandey

    thanks sir for this nice article

  9. adil

    not 100% confirm but some changes in the prelims and main, optional will be removed and in prelims only one paper 300 marks 200 general studies and 100 marks csat

  10. Bharti

    Thanks for compiling this wonderful article. You’re always a great help.
    One suggestion- You have framed such wonderful questions here. If you can put these questions under separate “General Studies Mains questionnaire” tab ( or a page itself dedicated to it) or just tag with it. This will definitely help in segregating articles at the mains time. Point is, people should not miss this Gold mine!! 🙂

  11. anwar

    Thanks alot Sir…….

  12. नरेन

    Very keen eye on every topic…..good job mrunal bhai for aam janta.

  13. modP

    Sir, i have a question regarding answer writing in main exam. For example, in your answer to “NO FIRST USE”, You used PM’s Name and a country’s Name. Is it necessary to use the name of the person and country even if one can also answer with out using these names????.Please help… Thanks for proving this valuable articles.

  14. Dr Vishwas

    Sir,Excellent articles……….They are designed in such a way that one comes to know about for and against approach of any article which is very much required in UPSC mains.

    Thanks for helping us…..

  15. Abhishek

    Mrunal bhai please arrange the links so that latest appears on top. Thanks!!!

  16. Rajender

    Sir, i belong to Haryana state. Is it necessary to choose centre among state centres in SBI RECRUITMENT.AS Now, i live in Rajasthan. so, can i choose centre in rajasthan state.

    1. Aman

      Yes u can dude 🙂

  17. kumar

    Mrunal Sir,cloud you explain muscular foreign policy? ??

  18. Chandan Kumar

    The link between Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapon (TNW) and NFU is not clear. TNW cannot destroy large area, and use of TNW will give an alibi/cause for legally using nuclear weapons by India even with NFU.
    So, how does TNW affect our NFU, even if it is stolen by terrorists there; and how will reneging on NFU help India prevent it?


    1. Chandan Kumar

      Another poser is how does “protocol, discipline, hierarchy” hamper our foreign policies? You’ve mentioned it in the last paragraph. Any example, please?


    2. Rohan

      You have Good Point Chandan. I dont think India will retaliate with Large scale in response to TNW. Pakistan as usual will blame Terrorists for such activities & will try to bring International Pressure on India for not to use NW. In such cases our NFU policy will be useless & Pakistan knows that.

      Changing NFU Policy may Helpful to avoid such scenario but still it is debatable.

      1. Chandan Kumar

        Thanks Rohan.


    Very helpful article

  20. Naveen Shekhar

    good coverage,sir

  21. Hanumant

    Thank u….

  22. dinesh kumar

    Sir Tusi great ho…..

  23. ankit

    sir i have very important question about all of your current affairs…
    in every current affair you always you say that ……

    Becoming reading further, write answer of following questions

    GENERAL STUDIES MAINS PAPER 2 Mains answer writing practice:
    Discuss in brief the “No first use” Nuclear weapon policy of India, and examine the needs for reform in it. (200 words)
    Write a short note on structure and functions of UN ECOSOC (100 words)
    What do you understand by the Arab Integration? Why is Arab integration necessary? What are the obstacle to Arab Integration?
    What do you know about Rwanda Genocide? Why has France decided not to participate in its remembrance event?
    What reforms are necessary in the MEA and Indian Foreign Service to help them effectively handle the diplomatic issues of contemporary times?

    in every current affair you say WRITE ANSWER OF THE FOLLOWING.. Now my question is that when a person is unaware about the topics then how can One write the answers the questions.

    please reply soon.


    1. Mrunal

      Person should not be “unaware”, he should be reading these news from hindu/indianexpress/frontline/epw etc. on regular basis. Then he should come to Mrunal.org just to augment his preparation, get some additional points and crosscheck that he didnot miss any important developments. I’m not their substitute but just a supplement/catalyst.
      Good score in mains exam requires answer writing practice. Just reading the articles alone won’t be of much help.

      1. Koushik Bisoyee

        Dear Mrunal Sir,
        I am totally not unaware about the answers(reading hindu religiously) but it is not coming up to the mark when going for writing.Sir Please Suggest whether it will be effective if I first read ur articale then after end of each week or few days I write the questions then check.PLEASE ANSWER SIR, IT IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR ME AS I AM ALSO FEELING A BIT LIKE @ ANKIT. WAITING FOR YOUR GUIDANCE

  24. pankaj gAutam

    This is more valuable as a finishing material,,,U need to learn the basics from text books and related materials

  25. supriya

    Eagerly waiting for your article about ukraine sir

  26. Alim

    is there is change in pre2014 pattern?

  27. shwet banik

    Hi sir I need your earlier articles of [Economy] when i searched it’s showing 404 error.sir it’s my humble request you pls make availabe all old articles of economy pls pls

  28. pushpedra

    Great content n hitting the question strategy.

  29. WIZ84

    @Mrunal : NFU policy was drafted by Mr.K.Subrahmanyam ,who was considered as the doyen of India’s strategic affairs, Mr.Brajesh Mishra then national security adviser merely approved(just a formality) it.

  30. karthik

    Mrunal ji kindly post the sources of the news along with it as it would be very helpful

    1. Mrunal

      sources are mainly three:

      of the given week.

  31. Deepak Sharma

    Mrunal sir,i am one of the ardent follower of your site.These current affairs compilations are spectacular.Mrunal sir its a humble request to increase the frequency of publishing articles..am sure other aspirants also want to read regular frequent articles written by you.

  32. pavan kumar

    Ya it’s so simple.. Thank you sir…

  33. aks

    if anybody want geography optional ALS study material in delhi…plz contact me bcoz i am leaving to my home town..

  34. amit

    mrunal sir when you will be gvng your economic survey 2014….as you did it last time …for civil services 2014..thanks.
    do reply…thnks.

    1. Rohan

      Dude..Eco Survey 2014 is not yet released by Govt. It is expected to be released by July End.

    2. amit

      thanks brother.

  35. gs-today.com

    Thanks! Very comprehensive coverage!

  36. bhor

    some more reform in IFS :-

    1.Increase no of personnel , so that world can be engaged more closely .Indian IFS service is acutely understaffed no of India diplomats is approximately equal to diplomats of Singapore . which is much smaller country than India both in term of economy and in area. if we look at china and other developed countries we find that they have hugely increased size of their foreign ministry ,so that they can better engage with world and tackle the complex economic and strategic issue more robustly

    2.Expert People from various field should be hired on contractual basic ,As they will bring various expertise to table.

    3.Better coordination between PMO , MEA, Think tanks ,academician while drafting major policies

    4. Service rule and condition should be properly documented and institutionalized (devyani case)

  37. divya

    can i find all this in hindi???

  38. jivika

    sir hum wait kar rahe hai pl. Previous coment ka reply de dijiye request hai

    1. jivika

      sc candidate gov psu me reservation lekar job karraha hai ab resign karke new gov job prepairation kar reservation nahi lena chata hai in iske legal barriers kya hai pl. Bata dijiye yeh meri doosari request hai i a waiting

      1. bhor

        Form genral quota se bhar do….reservation apne aap nhi milega..koi problem nahi hogi. Sc , obc, st ka benefits lene ke liye certificate chahiye….koi agar sc , st rahte hue benefit nahi lena chahte ,, toh koi problem nahi bus form general category me bhar dena…

  39. preeti

    i need help & guidance for mains for punjab pcs

  40. Anjali Ahlawat

    Sir, your guidance is invaluable.

  41. hari narain

    Mrunal sir you are simply awesome……….Keep it up sir for the larger interest of civilservices aspirant

  42. Jude_Prudence

    @Mrunal Bhai

    Develop some mechanism to remove redundant comments…hard to find useful value added comments. You are about to reach your 3,00,000th comment soon currently @ 2,83,xyz.

    Fut Ref:
    ECOSOC not that chillar and actually a fav of older generation
    1. Digital divide
    2. MDG
    3. 70% of U.N expense
    4. Started to re develop after wwII
    5. Now towards ECOSO upliftment of developing countries so they can repay loans
    6. Lima Declaration

  43. rashmi

    mrunal sir please ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssseeeeeeeeeeee help 2015 wale student as well………….pleaseeeee

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