[River Disputes] Polavaram Project Ordinance: Purpose, Benefits, Criticism Andhra Pradesh vs Telangana

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  1. Polavaram Project: Objectives
  2. Polavaram Project Authority (PPA)
  3. Polavaram Ordinance
  4. Anti-ordinance arguments

Polavaram Project: Objectives

Official name: Indira Sagar Multipurpose project
What are the objectives of this project?

  1. To interlink Godavari (Polavaram) & Krishna (Vijaywada) just before they merge into sea. (observe map)
  2. To Store water at Polavaram dam in West Godavari district.
  3. To Irrigate ~3 lakh hectre agricultural land.
  4. To generate 950+ MW hydro-electricity
  5. To Supply Water to Visakhapatanam & Vizag steel plant.

Map Polavaram Project Andhrapradesh

Timeline of Polavaram Project

  • 1941: idea came.
  • 2004: Andhra CM YSR Reddy revives the demand for Polavaram Project
  • 2009: Andhra government requests the Union government to start this project.
  • Union declares it a national project & puts it under Ministry of Water resource.
  • Odisha & Chhatisgarh don’t like this. NOT ONE BIT. They got Supreme Court.
PartyWhy objection to Polavaram DAM?
  • Height of this dam should be low.
  • else, our Malkangiri forest area will be submerged in water.  (~650 ht.)
  • How? Because Godavari is fed from Sabari and Sileru rivers in Odisha.
CHHATTISGARHDam will submerge villages along Sabari river. (~800 ht.)
TELANGANADam will submerge villages of Khammam district.Polvaram project won’t give any water to us.
EIAEnvironmental impact assessment (EIA) says >250 villages and >1.5 lakh villagers will be affected.

Case pending in SC, Taarikh pe taarikh. ok then why in news?

Polavaram Project Authority (PPA)

  1. May 1, 2014, Cabinet cleared proposal to setup Polavaram Project Authority (PPA) – for solving objection by other states and arranging investment for this project.
    1. CEO (IAS), Government of India will appoint
    2. Chief Secretary of Andhra & Telangana will be nominated members. [Later Andhra CM requested Modi to remove Telangana chief Secretary from this body, because entire project area now falls under Andhra only.]
    3. +Chief engineers from water, power Department
  2. Union is empowered to create such bodies under Interstate River Water Disputes Act, 1956. But it is not a “Statutory body” until parliament approves.

Polavaram Ordinance: Salient Features

  • May 29, 2014: President promulgated an ordinance, to amend the Andhra Pradesh reorganization act.
  • This alters boundaries between Andhra & Telangana. thus transfers ~250 villages from Khammam district of Telangana to Andhra Pradesh
  • To help building Polavaram project. (these villages will get submerged)
  • Telangana is opposed to this ordinance.
  • Andhra state assembly passed a resolution, asking Union to create a new law on Polavaram project. (To replace that ordinance).

Arguments against Ordinance

  1. As per Supreme Court’s interpretation of Art.123, ordinance can be issued only in extraordinary situation. Polavaram is not extraordinary, government could put this matter in parliament after a week. (When President was making joint address to both houses).
  2. President cannot promulgate ordinance to amend Constitution. Only parliament can do so. On the same logic, Article 3 says “parliament, by law, can form a new state or alter boundries.” Hence this matter was outside President’s ordinance power.
  3. Even for the sake of arguments, let’s believe President has ordinance powers to change boundary. But even then he did not obtain the opinion of state legislative assemblies before doing signing this ordinance.
  4. This sets a wrong precedence, next time ruling government may alter bounders in the states were it sits in opposition, citing Polavaram case study.

Pro-ordinance arguments

  1. This is not a Constitutional amendment.
  2. Every-time fresh reference is not necessary to seek opinion of the concerned state legislative assemblies.

Mock Questions

Q. Which of the following state governments are officially opposed to Polavaram Project?

  1. Telangana
  2. Odisha
  3. Tamilnadu
  4. Maharahstra
  5. Chhatisgarh
  6. Jharkhand

Correct choices

  1. only 1, 2 and 5
  2. only 1,3 and 4
  3. only 1, 4 and 5
  4. all of them

Q. Correct statements about Polavaram Project

  1. official name is Rajiv Sagar project
  2. Will build a dam in Khammam district, in Telengana.
  3. This dam will interlink Godavari, Krishna and the Pennar river.
  4. None of above

Q. In May 2014, President of India promulgated an ordinance related to Polavaram project. What was its purpose?

  1. Specifying the water and electricity sharing formula among the stakeholder states
  2. for Constitution of Polavaram Project Authority.
  3. Transferring villages from Andhra to Telangana.
  4. Transferring villages from Telangana to Andhra.
  • (Descriptive Question) List the Constitutional provisions of ordinance powers of the president. Narrate recent cases where it has been used. (200 words)

interview Questions:

  1. What is Polvaram project? Why is it in controversy? should  it be scrapped off?
  2. What is Polavaram ordinance? Why are critiques arguing that President’s ordinance power has been misused in this case?

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 110 Comments posted

  1. patel rajan

    mrunal sir ,plz clear my doubt.my problem is different dob. in my birth cert dob is :5/2/1994
    but in my school record dob is 5/1/1993.in my matriculation ssc cert(GSEB) dob/: 5/1/1993
    but after 10th i get admission in 11th sci,but i did diploma in mech eng & then B.E. mech is running(7 sem)
    so my last leaving certificate is from 11th school.but for passport purpose i need same dob in birth cert & last L.C. so i do court process for change in my L.C. after court order 11th school issue me new L.C. as per birth cert. now in my birth cert & 11th L.C. dob is 5/2/1994. dut in 10th cert still it is 5/1/1993. when i appear for ias next year which dob i fill online form. is L.C is valid as per certi valid under the expression Matriculation/Secondary
    Examination Certificate of upsc notification on page no 2 (2014). will it create any problem for me at verification stage? my birth cert & 11th L.C is same,should i go with them or 10th credit certi. i also have copy of court process. plz guide me on it. which documents is required at main stage?

  2. Pushkar Mishra

    Anyone having “MAITHILI” Literature as an optional subject then please let me know.

  3. taste victory

    sir whn vl u update sci and tech ….waiting for it!

  4. praveen kumar

    Thank u sir


    Hi Mrunal..
    writing competition was a great initiative
    why did u stop it ? if no personal reason is involved please let it happen.. as it immensly help to all de aspirants..

  6. abhilakshya

    5. A
    I think there is a typo

  7. sahil

    friends i have my sbi po exam on 6th july , does anyone has any idea whether i can write the (english) descriptive portion with black/blue pen? reply expected .thanks.

    1. Ujjwal

      No restriction…. can use either black or blue (other colors red, green etc. not forbidden as per rules, but shouldn’t be used as they are unconventional)

      1. patel rajan

        use black or blue

      2. sahil

        Thanks a lot Ujjwal.. 🙂

  8. rannsa

    here, official name is incorrect . it should be written scientific name or zoological name.

  9. optimist

    Anyone living in varanasi and preparing? (*seriously)..kindly let me know and let us get in touch

  10. manoj

    ghariyal related to only chambal river and crocodile get in narmada and ganga river . ghariyal get only in india but crocodile get in outside india also . ghariyal as per name its front mouth like as ghada means pitcher and whole mouth like pipe, and crocodile’s mouth is flate

  11. dev

    mrunal when will you post science and tech for ias pre…..


    Nyc compilation mrunal sir once again …

  13. animesh

    mrunal sir…agar aap iss site ko hindi me bhi run kare to mujh jaise hindi medium ke student ke liye bahut benificial ho jayega aur time bhi save hoga hamara aur samjhne me bhi…..plzz consider my request….i hope… 🙂

  14. abhi

    Sir , prez can promulagate ordinaces in matters only where parliament can make laws and under article 3 parliament may by law can alter state boundaries ..so its within the ambit of president’s ordinance making power.
    But you hav mentioned its outside prez ordinance issuing power….
    Correct me if m wrong …

  15. shiv kumar

    Thank you so much sir

  16. jude_lucy

    sir ji wait…to be technically clear for the sake of pre exam and to avoid mcq blunders.


    so it anti argument to ordinance do not say Prez can’t amend only parliament can.

    As far as amendments go both houses can bring such motions and it only says both houses, there is nothing as to if prez can or cannot.

  17. jude_lucy

    oh… so many grammatical mistakes,sorry this stock samsung keyboard without swype sucks

  18. l.goodday kriibve

    Kudos to Miss Solanki. Great work.

  19. Sam Gaikwad

    I like all post…,…..

  20. raghuram

    SIR thank you for u great information

  21. deb

    help me mrunal bhai

  22. N Arvind

    Ans of 5th qn is A.

  23. vivek sharma

    sir can u plz chech the MCQ and their solutions that u have given…again
    Q5 and its solution is not matching ……

  24. vivek sharma

    ans is option A..but it is given C int the solution

  25. Rahul

    I sometimes see Dwarf Gecko in my garden but mistook it for a lizard previously.

  26. kaptan

    sir kya aab UPSC ME age kam kar dege

  27. sikandar

    Happy Teachers Day…. Mrunal Sir 🙂

  28. lekhraj meena

    please gise tell me best book for science and tech

  29. prathibha bharathi

    Thanq sir

  30. Dr Pradnya Sonawane

    Extremely helpful, everything explained so nicely and in a concise manner. Thank u Mrunal Sir 🙂

  31. Sourabh pandey

    Sir please tell me about the when Govt follow the ordinance route , is that was necessary to follow ordinance route by Modi Govt to bring ordinance for land reform and insurance sector.


    Sir, some posts are not opening … very sad!!!!!!!

  33. rudra pratap singh

    Pls send me current affair for IAS exam…

  34. sukhdeep singh

    sir send me some study material for upsc csat 2015

  35. sakthi arjun kumar.m

    sir send me some study material of history for upsc main exam

  36. ravikar dwivedi

    sir I m confused
    I have recently started preparing for upsc and m confused
    which which part of ur article to study because
    some parts have old data and tops of last year
    so should I read out all or u’ll update new arrivals that I have to read including current affairs

  37. afsana Parveen

    Thank u very much sir for such a great support…and sir plz send study material for railway also…

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