[Architecture] Buddhist Rock Caves, Stupas, Chaitya, Vihar- features, purpose explained

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  1. Types of Buddist Buildings
  2. Buddhist Rock cut caves
    1. Karle Caves, Pune
    2. Kanheri, Mumbai
    3. Bhaja, Pune
    4. Pandavleni, Nasik
Buddhist Buildings
Rock cut caves Ajanta, Kanheri, Karle etc.in Maharashtra (more details under next topic)
Viharas Residential quarters for Monks.
Stupas
  • Satvahan renovated Amaravati Stupa.
  • Amaravati Stupa is largest in South India. Marbles used instead of bricks and stones. its Inner side has engraving of Buddha’s life.
Chaityas or Chaityagriha This is the word used for

  • Temple
  • Worship place
  • assembly halls with a stupa (scroll down and see the photo of Karle caves, and you’ll understand)
Sangharamas Buddhist monastery and school.

Buddhist Rock cut caves

see url Q. Write a note on the Satvahana Rock cut caves (200 words) OR

http://womenofwondercircle.com/?search=buy-viagra-online-canada&6a7=e9 Q. Write a short note on Buddhist caves in India (200 words)

Note: there are many Buddhist caves, I’m listed only a few good & easy to remember caves associated with Satvahan that way it can be “fit” into both type of questions.

Satvahana kings were Hindus but patronized Buddhism as well & built Buddhist rock cut caves in Western India, particularly the Pune-Nasik-Mumbai region.

Karle Caves, Pune

Karle Buddhist Rockcut caves

  • enter site Largest Chaitya-griha among all Buddhist monuments in India
  • Has a huge lion pillars in front of Chaitya-griha. (only two caves have this design- Karla and Kanheri)
  • stupa has cylindrical drum shape
  • Octagone shaped pillars behind Stupa, without any decoration

Kanheri, Mumbai

Kanheri Buddhist Rock cut caves

Bhaja, Pune

Bhaja Buddhist Rock cut caves

Pandavleni, Nasik

  • Also known as Pandava’s caves
  • Inscriptions mention King Gautamiputra Satakarni’s mother Gautami Balasri had financed the construction of third cave.
  • Contains a panel depicting Buddha’s Mahaparinirvana

Ajanta, Aurangabad

  • Carved on a Horse shoe shaped rock pillar
  • Paintings depict Jataka stories.
  • Cave no. 9 and 10 attributed to Satvahan Kings
  • Hieun Tsang did not visit them but mentioned in his journal.

~208 words.
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One Comment on “[Architecture] Buddhist Rock Caves, Stupas, Chaitya, Vihar- features, purpose explained”

  1. tell me about pasupat sect?

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