[Answerkey] CSAT-2014: Geography-Indian, Physical, World with explanations for all sets, Changpa, Sarees & 10 Degree Channel

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IAS Mock Interviews
  1. Difficultly level
    1. .vs CSAT 2013
    2. .vs other exams
  2. How to prepare Geography for CSAT-2015?
    1. Physical Geography
    2. World Geography
    3. Indian Geography
  3. [Act 1] Physical Geography
    1. Q1: Evolution vs Glacial cycles
    2. Q2: Seasonal wind reversal
  4. [Act 2] India Eco/Human Geography
    1. Q1: Changpa people
    2. Q2: Saree Towns
  5. [Act 2] India Map/location
    1. Q1: Rivers of Arunanchal Pradesh
    2. Q2: Hills and Coasts
    3. Q3: Highways
    4. Q4: 10-Degree Channel
  6. [Act 3] World Map
    1. Q1: Turkey Location
    2. Q2: Cities of SE.Asia

Difficultly level

CSAT Answerkey 2014 Geography Analysis

Although Danny usually underestimates the power of Bollywood heros but when it comes to CSAT, he crams NCERTs religiously

Physical Geography
1.Glacial cycleMedium. By common understanding both responsible but a player would hesitate before ticking in haste.
2.Seasonal wind reversalEasy. Verbatim answer in NCERT


Indian geography
1.ChangpaDifficult. Because hard to memorize location and occupation of all tribes across India.
2.SareeEasy-to-medium depending on your taste for such economic geography factoids.
3.Arunanchal rivers
  • Can be solved through elimination by information from NCERT and India Yearbook
  • But in real life, hard to recall so many rivers in the exam.
4. Hills & coastsSame as above
5.HighwaysDifficult to recall three different national highways and their locations.
6. 10 degree channelEasy. Verbatim answer in NCERT


World Geography
1.Turkey location
  • Turkey been in news for “twitter ban” & assorted other issues.
  • Easy: for those who tend to cross check location of each country in news while reading news.
  • Difficult: for those who downplay world geography map preparation
2.SE-Asia citiesSame as above.

.vs CSAT 2013

Geography Questions in UPSC prelims
CSAT 2013CSAT 2014
World geography 2 questions- one on map, one on climate2 Qs but both on map
Good no. of questions from NCERT class11 India Physical Geographysame
1 MCQ on tribes of Indiasame
1 Q on seasonsame (monsoon)
1 Q on Narmada river1 Q on river but map/factoid type.
I’ve counted energy-wildlife sanctuary etc. questions under “environment”. We’ll see it in next article.

.vs other exams

Some convergence, some divergence
Ridiculously difficult questions from geology and landforms- answers not even available in Goh Cheng & other routine books.Thankfully, that lunacy is not repeated here.
CDS 2014: questions on rivers and hillssimilar questions with parallel difficulty
map based question

  • CDS 2014: refineries north to South
  • CAP 2014: land locked country, meridian that forms boundary etc.
  • cities of S.E. Asia from South to north
  • 10 degree channel
  • Turkey located between which seas?
Census related questions askednope
CAPF 2014: Physical geography “cause-effect” type questions that require ‘understanding’ of the topic.Nope. Direct factoids / GK type. Just had to recall them.

How to prepare Geography for CSAT-2015?

In CSAT-2014, majority of the geography questions could be solved through NCERTs and School Atlas. Therefore, preparation must begin from there:

Physical Geography

TopicNCERT Subject and Chapter
UniverseScience Class 8 Ch.17Geography Class 6 Ch.1Geography Class 11 Ch 2.
Earth BasicsGeography Class 6 Ch.2 to 6Geography Class 11 Ch.1, 3 & 4
GeologyGeography Class 11 Ch.5 to 7
climateGeography Class 11 Ch.8 to 12
OceanGeography Class 11 Ch.13 & 14
  • Geography Class 11 (Indian Geography) Ch.7
  • Science Class7 ch8
  • Science Class 8 ch15
Misc.Geography Class 11 Ch.1 & glossary
After NCERTis done
  1. Selective study from Spectrum’s Geography book (Hindi | English) OR
  2. Goh Che Leong’s Certificate Physical & Human Geography book OR
  3. General Studies Manual

World Geography

NCERT ClassChapter
77 to 10
12 (Human Geography)1 to 10

Lucent’s GK: if time permits, for famous cities, rivers, mount ranges and other GK

Indian Geography

91, 2, 4
111 & 2
Economicgeography101,5, 6, 7
127 to 12
121 to 4
  1. (MUST) India Yearbook Chapter 1 “Land and People” (Hindi | English). Important: those new to game, don’t buy right now, Wait for India yearbook 2015 to be published next year.
  2. Selective study from Spectrum’s Geography book (Hindi | English) OR
  3. DR Khullar’s India: A comprehensive Geography

Related: how to prepare Geography for Mains GS paper1. Click me

[Act 1] Answerkey: Physical Geography

Q1: Evolution vs Glacial cycles

Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?

  1. Continental drift
  2. Glacial cycles

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2.

Continental drift: 200 million years ago, that large continent Pangaea starts breaking up. Last Glacial cycle ended 15000 years ago. And as per the Geological timeline-table given in TMH, page 50-51, there were signs of evolution at both stages. Therefore, both events “might” have influenced the evolution. Anyways, for solid reference:

Continental driftOne of the most prominent example of the effect of continental drift on evolution of organisms, is the unique primates found in Australia and South America. Ref.Google book#1
Glacial cycleThe final stages of evolution of Genus Homo occurs in the last 3 glacial cycles. Ref google book#2

Therefore, answer C Both 1 and 2 correct.

Q2: Seasonal wind reversal

The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of

  1. Equatorial climate
  2. Mediterranean climate
  3. Monsoon climate
  4. All of the above climates

Answer C because

  • Class11 India Physical, Chapter 4 page 33: Monsoon connotes the climate associated with seasonal reversal in the direction of winds.=> Either  C or D
  • I couldnot find a source that says Equatorial climate involves “Seasonal reversal of Wind”=> D is eliminated, and we are left with “C”.

[Act 2] India Eco/Human Geography

Q1: Changpa people

With reference to ‘Changpa’ community of India, consider the following statement:

  1. They live mainly in the State of Uttarakhand.
  2. They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool.
  3. They are kept in the category of Scheduled Tribes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Tribal Ministry website:

  • Lists Changpa under ST category from Jammu Kashmir.
  • This means #1 is wrong and #3 is right. This eliminates A and D.
  • Now everything depends on whether #2 is right or wrong.

2009, TheHindu article

  • Pashmina: The Kashmir Shawl and Beyond follows the origin of the fibre right to the Changra goats, which are specially reared by the nomadic Changpa tribes of Ladakh, and then its refinement at the hands of the Kashmiri artisans and subsequent export and consumption by the rest of the world.
  • Changpa tribe’s present population is less than 9,000, and the adverse climatic conditions which force them to keep moving 10 to 12 times a year.
  • In Ladakh, merchants pay Rs.1,200 to 1,500 for a kilogram of raw Pashmina

Therefore, #2 is right hence answer B: 2 and 3 correct.


Question says “Pashmina goats”, but Hindu says “Changra goats”. And goats don’t give ‘wool’. Ans. Well, Tehlaka.com connects the dots:

  • This area is also known as Rupsho Valley where the main occupation of the nomads is rearing yaks and Changra goats.
  • The unforgiving winter makes the goats grow extremely warm and soft veneer, which is six times finer than human hair and is used to make Pashmina wool.

Therefore Changra goats = Pashmina wool. Answer B: 2 and 3 only.

Q2: Saree Towns

Consider the following towns of India:

  1. Bhadrachalam
  2. Chanderi
  3. Kancheepuram
  4. Karnal

Which of the above are famous for the production of traditional sarees / fabric?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. 1, 3 and 4

#2 is right because official Madhya Pradesh Ashoknagar district website

  • “Chanderi is a tehsil of Ashoknagar district ..main occupation of the people of Chanderi is handicraft. Chanderi sarees are famous all over the world”
  • This fact is frequently asked in MP PCS exams, and eliminates Option D

#3 Kancheepuram is right by common knowledge, but for the sake of reference- Silk board of India

  • temple towns like Kancheepuram are renowned for their magnificent heavy silk sarees of bright colours with silver or gold zari works
  • This eliminates Option A.
BhadrachalamDisputed village during separation of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. I did not find any source that say it’s famous for saree.
KarnalWas in news because some of its villages will be included in NCR (National capital region). While it’s infamous for low sex ratio and female infanticide, I did not find any source that says it’s famous for saree.

Therefore, Answer B: 2 and 3 only.

[Act 2] India Map/location

Side note: I’ve counted wildlife sanctuary location questions under environment.

Q1: Rivers of Arunanchal Pradesh

1. Consider the following rivers:

  1. Barak
  2. Lohit
  3. Subansiri

Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Barak: Arunanchal Pradesh is wrong because

  • Class11 India Physical, Chapter 2 page 15
  • The Barak is an important river in Manipur and Mizoram
  • Common sense suggest that it cannot flow “up” in the map, to pass through Arunanchal Pradesh.
INDIA YEAR BOOK 2014Page 3 of – in third para-“The barak river , the head stream of Meghna rises in the hills in Manipur”

Therefore, statement #1 is wrong, this automatically eliminates A, C and D. We are left with answer (B) 2 and 3 only.

Q2: Hills and Coasts

Consider these pairs

1. Cardamom HillsCoromandel Coast
2. Kaimur HillsKonkan Coast
3. Mahadeo HillsCentral India
4. Mikir HillsNorth-East India

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 3 and 4
  4. 2 and 4

Map CSAT 2014 Kaimur hills NCERT Class11 India Physical:

  • Refer to figure 2.2 on page10 of the same book. You can see Kaimur hills is in central highlands, far away from Konkan Coast.
  • Therefore, pair #2 is wrong, this eliminates option A, B and D. Thus we are left with answer C.

Alternate references

  • Spectrum Geography: Map showing important hills and mountain ranges.
  • Page 10 Oxford student atlas 2nd edition 2014.

Q3: Highways

Consider the following pairs :
National HighwayCities connected
1. NH 4Chennai and Hyderabad
2. NH 6Mumbai and Kolkata
3. NH 15Ahmedabad and Jodhpur

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None
इतना डिटेल में कोन प्रिपेर करता है?
NH4:Thane to Chennai via Pune belgaum Hubli Banglore and Ranipet ;
NH6:Dhule to Kolkatta  via Nagpur- Raipur- sambalpur
NH15:Pathnkot and kandla via Amritsar- Ganganagar- jaisalmer.

Therefore answer D all wrong. Ref

  1. TMH manual 2014.: Page 132- 133
  2. Lucent GK: Page 219
  3. Oxford student atlas: Page 41

Q4: 10-Degree Channel

Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’?

  1. Andaman and Nicobar
  2. Nicobar and Sumatra
  3. Maldives and Lakshadweep
  4. Sumatra and Java

NCERT Class11 India Physical, page 19: “The Andaman in the north and the Nicobar in the south are separated by a water body called 10 degree channel”. Therefore, answer A.

Alternate sources

  1. Page 29 of Oxford student atlas

[Act 3] World Map

Q1: Turkey Location

Turkey is located between

  1. Black Sea and Caspian Sea
  2. Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
  3. Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
  4. Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea

Map CSAT 2014 Turkey Location

Ans- B- Black sea and Mediterranean Sea, Reference- Page 55 of Oxford Student atlas 2nd  edition 2014.

Q2: Cities of SE.Asia

What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north? 1.Bangkok 2.Hanoi 3.Jakarta 4.Singapore Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 4-2-1-3
  2. 3-2-4-1
  3. 3-4-1-2
  4. 4-3-2-1

Map CSAT 2014 cities of South East Asia

Ans- C (From south to north) Reference- Page 55 of Oxford Student atlas. For more answerkeys, visit Mrunal.org/answerkeys.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

246 Comments on “[Answerkey] CSAT-2014: Geography-Indian, Physical, World with explanations for all sets, Changpa, Sarees & 10 Degree Channel”

  1. hi freinds,

    can anyone share some strategy for RBI phase 2
    yaar not getting any idea about
    – argumentative essay
    – business correspondence

  2. Hi Mrunal,
    Regarding seasonal wind reversal question one need to visit go cheng long. Both Mediterranean & equator faces shift of pressure belt & this causes former coming under influence of different planatory winds(trade to westerly) & thus this is not associated with reversal of wind.

    1. All three Climates experience reversal of wind doesn’t matter they are caused by shift in pressure belt or any other reason.. u standing in these climates will feel wind blowing from opposite directions precisely for considerable duration in the year and not like land and Sea breeze which are local winds changing on daily basis..

  3. bhai sahab mrunal…….baaki ka analysis kab aayega……..its been 3 days since u posted the last update on CSAT analysis

  4. Guys I need your help. I am from Uttarakhand and recently the UK-PSC notification is released, the exam is on Nov’30. I was preparing for UPSC 2015 and started with mains topics, but now I am in dilemma should I first prepare for UL-PSC pre examination or should I carry forward my present strategy to focus on 2015.

    1. You should decide your life decisions buddy…

  5. Goh Chang Leong CH 15 page 116 very first paragraph says away from equator the equatorial climate is modified with monsoonal influence.. it means equatorial climate itself contain monsoonal influence (reversal of winds) while Mediterranean and monsoon climate already experience reversal of winds.. all three is the correct option..

    1. Its monsoon… first refer the basic ncert and then go for other books.. only monsoon has seasonal reversal of winds… every wind undergoes reversal sometime or the other doesnt mean all are correct… else mistral,simoom,sirroco… all can be in thst group.. sorry if yu marked all three but its wrong..deal with it and prepare forcmains and stay positive… its more than 10 days now..dont get stuck in that question paper for life..

      1. The question was about climate not wind system.. a climatic zone experience wind reversal not about the wind system get reversed.. there is difference.. only monsoon winds get reversed but all there climates feel wind reversal.. and example cited by u are local wind over some specific area not over climatic zone..

        Also me getting 200 marks gen category no hope for mains.. not able to concentrate mains before result out..

    2. Yes it is clearly mentioned. I saw. You really did a good job.
      But why in your previous comment you wrote that question is asking about “reversal of winds” and not “climate” ? And now you are saying away from equator, equatorial climate is modified with “monsoonal influences” so it “experience reversal of winds”. Why are you now talking about “climate” and its modification and concluding ‘reversal of wind’ out of thin air?
      According to oxford dictionary word “seasonal” means “Relating to or characteristic of a particular season of the year”. Question also asks this “seasonal reversal of winds is typical characteristic of…?” Now how come Medit. and Equa. climate have “typical characteristic of seasonal reversal of winds”… ?? They have other typical characteristics.
      There is a word “Monsoon zone”. This means as per as NGC edu web ‘a belt of air currents that circle the earth at equator’ and thus it has ‘monsoonal influences’ which you are talking about. It is not typically characterized by seasonal reversal. At equator ‘monsoonal pattern’ occurs as given in same book, same chapter. Are you going to say this word also mean reversal of winds?
      UPSC finally will decide. Leave ans to it.

  6. Respected sir,
    Shall we stop this prelims post-mortem and move on to mains preparation? :-/

  7. hi friends Any one interested in INSIGHTONINDIA.COM TEST SERIES FOR 2015 CSE PRELIMS TARGET.

  8. Hi friends anybody doing sociology test series of visionias. I need their notes and question pPers to practice at home. Will pay u adequately. Thanks in advance. 7503472834

  9. Hello, Keep aside two hours to prepare for objective questions ans for the remaining hours study for the mains. It should be fine.
    Best Wishes!

  10. Dear mrunal,
    My query is about “The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of”
    1. Monsoon is right no doubt abt it.
    2. Mediterranean climate is characterised by Winter Rain(if i m not wrong), so if there is no seasonal reversal of wind then there should be rain whole time. Also because of there are disturbances at the time of winter indirectly caused by jet stream,which change the wind pattern in Mediterranean region.
    3. For equator, As we seen in the pattern of monsoon in which because of shifting of ITCZ northward in summer, wind cross equator and change direction(bcome south-westerly) in indian ocean. At the same time, same pattern is observed in Africa and Atlantic ocean and also over midle and north west america(Where we observe monsoon climate). Also this reverses in Winter when ITCZ shifts southwards.
    So in practice in all above climatic region there is change in wind pattern.
    My belief is this- “If there is continues rain n only seasonal rain then there is reversal of wind pattern(except because of cyclones)”
    Please tell me if my assumptions are right or if they are not please clarify my basic understanding of topic.
    thank u

  11. for question on -“seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic”
    Please refer physical geography by savindra singh-page no 461, Topic 35.8 Seasonal Shifting of Wind belts and their Climatic significance.
    In that its mentioned that wind shift for Mediterranean (sub point i) and monsoon (subpoint iii)shifts seasonally.

  12. Explanation for question on -“seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic”
    Please refer physical geography by savindra singh-page no 461, Topic 35.8 Seasonal Shifting of Wind belts and their Climatic significance.
    In that its mentioned that wind shift for Mediterranean (sub point i) and monsoon (subpoint iii)shifts seasonally….

  13. Hi
    I want to do study optional geography paper .how to do it
    Plz guide

  14. Dear Sir,

    Under Study plans tab, some other topics like waging war, weapons to succeed etc..were posted so far.. But today they are missing… As am a new player it was of great importance to me…

    Please specify the location of the same…

    Thanks in anticipation…

  15. Turkey question came in UPSC engineering services exam too , held in June 2014.

  16. Pashmina is obtained from
    options : goat , sheep , yak , rabbit

    a question of IES 2012

  17. selective study of which topic for india and physical geography please specify as mota boook h bahut dk and tmh

  18. which atlas is good oxford school or student?



  21. Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why?


  23. Hello! Sir,
    Iam preparing for IAS 2017..plz suggest me which edition should i study of d following books:
    1.Dr khullar’s india comprehensive geography.
    2.selective study frm spectrum geography book.

    Plz suggest me

    Thanks in anticipation.

    1. Khullar 3rd ed. 2014

  24. In India- rivers section Class 11 3rd Chapter, I could not find anything relevant to Indian rivers. same with Class 12 chapter 6. Please help me out.

  25. Dear Mrunal sir,

    You have mentioned selective study in case of spectrum geography, please mention which chapters or sections are to be taken up for selective study…

  26. i think if they ask questions about sarees i will not make a mistake..:P

  27. World famous silk saree Kahan bnti hai

  28. Can any body guide me the needed strategy towards news paper reading as I am ending up my all energy and time engaging with the hindu news paper , unable to devote time for other subjects which is essential while going for priliminary exam . I need a definite plan.

  29. Thanku very much

  30. for orisha psc(opsc) which are more impronant subject?and study plan for opsc prilim

  31. Are the NCERT books referred here new or old??

  32. respected sir,jo ncert ka chapter wise analysis kia hai vo bahut hi axa aur useful hai …thanx about it sir
    but sir ye chapter jo apne topic wise diya hai vo new ncert se hai ya old ncert se …sir plz tell me?

  33. I am rather bad at economics even it’s simple terminologies make me confused so what books will be read & I want to clear the exam through self study selecting study materials would be tough so a useful suggestion for it.

  34. sr,indian geography syllabus me ncert class 6th ka chapter 7th for indian geography bt the chapter name is land of forests-democratic republic of congo which clearly not in indian geography plz solve problem,seemaab

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