[Conservation] Preventing Elephant-Train collissions, Dehorning Rhinos to protect’em from Poaching

SubscribeEnvironment65 Comments

Neostencil Toppers IAS
  1. Elephant Killer trains
  2. Dehorning Rhinos to ‘Protect’ them

Elephant Killer trains

Topic in news because W.Bengal Government cameup with a “Tughlakhi” idea- sterilization to control elephant population, to reduce train accidents!  Thankfully, Supreme Court has stopped them.
Suggest reforms:

  1. Put danger signs near Elephant areas- so Locopilot proceeds carefully.
  2. Order locopilots to drive at 25 kmph speed through such areas. Install GPS and speed tracking instruments.
  3. Konkan Railway developed sensor to detect debris on tracks. Similar devices can be installed to track elephant presence on tracks.
  4. Iron fences at blind curves.
  5. Cutdown tall grass near tracks- to improve locopilot’s vision and judgment, especially during night.
  6. After climbing up, the elephant hesitates in climbing down the track, even if the train is approaching- due to the steep slope, it cannot make judgment. Therefore, tracks in such areas, should not have steep slopes.
  7. Almost all accidents occurred between 6PM to 6AM. Forest guards must petrol accordingly and alert locopilots, if elephant herds spotted near tracks. But this is only done at Buxa forest.
  8. Stop passengers from disposing food garbage from train windows in forest areas.
  9. Rail-road expansion is inevitable, but should be done scientifically to ensure minimum habitat fragmentation.
  10. In Assam and West Bengal, paddy fields near railway tracks attract the elephants for ‘raiding’ the crops and water. These elephants are “used” to human tactics such as crackers, drum beating, fire, lights etc. So, even with train sound, they behave carefree.
  11. Long term reform requires preventing agrarian encroachment in jungle areas, stopping habitat destruction, providing sufficient food and water in wildlife sanctuaries so elephants don’t venture out.
Sterilize them, No elephants =No deaths, says W.Bengal Government!

Sterilize them, No elephants =No deaths, says W.Bengal Government!

Dehorning the rhinos to protect them!

Q. Is “Dehorning” a viable solution to stop Rhino poaching? Justify your stand. [10 marks | 200 words]
Rhino-horns are used in traditional Chinese medicine and decorative trophies. This illegal trade is so lucrative, poachers have begun using AK-47. While Rhinos are indeed being killed for their horns, and theoretically, dehorning ought to save them. But dehorning is not the lasting solution, because:

  • Rhinos need horns for foraging food, digging waterholes, breaking branches; females need them to protect their calves from predators, males need them to fight other males claiming territorial domination for mating. Therefore, Dehorning will increase their vulnerability from both humans and wild predators.
  • If a dehorned Rhino is hiding in a thick bush, or roaming in dark night, the poacher may kill it anyways.
  • Poachers often have to spend weeks to track a rhino’s footsteps before the actual hunt. So, African poachers deliberately kill de-horned rhinos, to avoid tracking these “useless” targets in future.
  • Rhino Horn is not a “bone” but keratin- like human fingernails and hairs, and can grow back. In Africa, Poacher even hunt such de-horned rhinos to extract those few grams of partially re-grown horns.

Instead of separating Rhinos from their horns, they should be protected with firm hands.

  • Use local people for Rhino protection and intel.inputs about poachers.
  • Equip forest guards with GPS, sensors, night vision cameras and sophisticated weapons.
  • Satellite tagging and drones for surveillance.
  • Stricter punishments and speedy trials.

(~230 words)
Side notes:

  • As per IUCN: Indian rhinos = Vulnerable. (not critically endangered)
  • Assam the first state of India to have [email protected] orders against poachers.
  • Some activists even demand that NH37 (now NH-715) should be closed for five hours every day- during peak animal movement. (Anti arguments: will hurt Hurt tourism industry and create hardship for people in Assam, Nagaland and Manipur)
  • Rhino horn is not same “material” as Elephant tusk. Rhino horn is made of keratin, just like human hairs and nails.
  • Namibia was the first country in world to initiate de-horning of Rhinos. Many other African nations followed the same suit.
  • Rhinos have three toes in each foot. (hence they’re not same as pigs, camels etc-who have two toes).
  • on that three toes logic, Rhinos closest relatives= zebra, horses and tapirs.
English vocabulary
A group of ___ is called __
Rhino crash
crows murder
Fish School
Bats Colony
bees swarm
Lions pride
hyenas clan
wolves pack
unacademy IAS Coaching

Mrunal recommends

65 Comments on “[Conservation] Preventing Elephant-Train collissions, Dehorning Rhinos to protect’em from Poaching”

  1. @communist

    Ok dude, but wat shud I do till 10 oct ?? I can’t concentrate on any thing – don’t feel like studying nor enjoying !! Wat d hell shud I do ???

    Any suggestion ?? Anyone !!

    1. Karthik, go for holidays to Goa and enjoy the fenny for 2-3 days and start preparation for mains…..

  2. I called on provided number..they told me 2nd week oct

  3. Thank you for this posting such a relevant post. Do you have any idea about the prelims result day?

  4. Thank you for posting such a relevant post. Do you have any idea about the prelims result day?

  5. What an article? And what a lucid way!…Thanks Sir..

  6. RICH BASTARDS!!!!

    1. abhilakshya, r u taking abt ur father…..

  7. Mr. Mrunal u r just playing the role of Lord Krishna in this age for framing n guiding us so smartly….
    may God bless u…
    really u r doing very tremendous task for us

  8. Sir thanks a lot……can you provide me some materiel regarding agriculture market and how is being regulated by govt.. very very thankful.

    1. Sandeep, he has already covered it under the recent economic survey summary and food processing article series.

      goto Mrunal.org/economy
      and, read topics with title APMC

  9. elephants have largest brain in all terrestrial animals. they have huge memory. they use same path as corridors to go from one forest to another. most simple solution is to make underpass way ( ‘garnala’) at every few km in forest area rail and road. elephants are intelligent and very soon they’ll learn safe cross way. but ya, that requires some dedicated and motivated officer to work. and there aren’t many.

  10. may be its silly but pls somebody help….
    i am getting large fluctuating marks in pre 2014 according to various keys..
    cl-227+
    vajiram-212+
    gourav aggarwal-230+

    so am confused.
    i am from general category.
    can anybody tell me the chances to clear.

  11. when is lord curzon declaring the result.i think they are checking the answer sheets manually.

  12. Plz provide material on fuel and energy nav it’s not in your environment section just repeat of flaura nd fauna.

  13. Upsc pre2015 subject wise expactad analysis plz help me

  14. Indian rhinos only males have horns!
    African rhinos both males and females have horns.
    (same for tusks of Indian and African elephants.)

  15. GOVERNMENT HAVE TO BE MORE SERIOUS ABOUT THE WILD LIFE TRADE. PEOPLE HAVE TO BE TRAINED FOR THE WILD LIFE MANAGEMENT PROPERLY. THE LAW SHOULD BE MORE EFFECTIVE AND APPLICABLE FOR ALL THE PEOPLE. NOTHING IS IMPOSABLE FOR US AND NOW WE CAN EASILY SOLVE THE POACHING PROBLEMS WITH STRONG OBSERVATION, TECHNICAL UTILIZATION, PERFECT MANAGEMENT FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SKILLS.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

SBI PO EXAM