[HRD] Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana: Skill Training for Urban and Rural Poors + 100 days of HRD ministry

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IAS Mock Interviews
  1. Why Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY)?
  2. S1: Rural Deen Dayal
  3. S2: URBAN Deen Dayal
    1. 6 Components of DDUAY scheme
  4. Deen Dayal ties up with NSDC
  5. NRLM and NULM
  6. 100 days of HRD ministry under Modi Government
  7. Mock Questions

Why Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY)?

  • To provide Skill training to poors in cities and villages. Unemployment gone, poverty gone.
  • By 2020, developed nations will have shortage of ~57 million workers. Foreign companies will have to outsource work elsewhere.
  • Modi wants them to “Make in India”. BUT companies want four things first:
    1. Ease of doing business- file clearance without suitcase-raj.
    2. Stable taxation policy.
    3. Industrial location factors that we saw under Geography.
    4. Cheap but skilled labour force. (India will have ~47 million new workers by 2020).
  • Every year, 12 million Indians join workforce but out of them only 10% are skilled. In EU (70%), China (50%)
  • Therefore, success of Make in India, will depend on success of Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana.
Scheme basic facts
  • City-folks: Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA)
  • Villagers: Rural Development ministry.
  • 2014, September: Scheme Announced. September 25 will be celebrated as ‘Antyodaya Diwas’ in memory of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya
  • Rural: starts from 2014 itself.
  • Urban: starts from 2016.
Why?Skill training to poors in both cities and villages.

S1: Rural Deen Dayal

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana

If Poor farmer “Bhuvan” doesn’t want to pay Lagaan, he better get skill training & change profession

Official name
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana.
  • SGSY=> renamed to NRLM => renamed to Aajeevika.
  • Aajeevika has a subcomponent for skill Development => It isrenamed as this Deen Dayal scheme.
  • Rural folks- 15 years age and above.
  • In the erstwhile Aajeevika skill Development component, the eligibility was 18 years.
  • Train 10 lakh rural youth
  • In next 3 years (by 2017)
  • Government will setup training centres in rural areas.
  • Training syllabus will be descend on international standards, so that rural youth can work in the foreign companies coming to India under Prime minister’s “Make in India” campaign.
  • Special attention to physically disabled persons.

S2: URBAN Deen Dayal

Deen Dayal Antyodaya Urban poor

If Self-employed “Rangeela” Amir Khan wants to leave ticket-black business & start an honest life, he better get skill training

Official nameDeen Dayal Upadhyay Antyodaya Yojana (DAY)
EligibilityUrban Poors
TargetEvery year, train 5 lakh people

6 Components of DDUAY scheme

  1. Setup City livelihood centres with Rs.10 lakh grant.
  2. Give training to each urban poor via those centres. Government will spent Rs.15k-18k on training each of them. Yearly target: 5 lakh persons.
  3. Form Urban Self Help Groups (SHG). Give Bank linkage and Rs.10,000 to each such group.
  4. Setup Vendor markets, and give skill training to vendors as well.
  5. Construction of permanent shelters for urban homeless + other essential services.
  6. Help poors setup enterprises. Give them loan At 7% interest rate.
EnterprisesInterest Subsidy (Rs.)
Individual micro-enterpriseRs. 2 lakh
Group EnterprisesRs. 10 lakh

Deen Dayal ties up with NSDC

  • HUPA signed MoU with NSDC-National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
  • NSDC will training to poor, according to market needs, via its training centres.
  • NSDC will also help in identification of beneficiaries besides certification of training programmes through Sector Skill Councils (SSCs).
  • Sector Skill Councils SSCs: They are industry led bodies. They define Standards and Syllabus for different training program in given industrial sector.
  • NSDC will identify beneficiaries and design their training program with help of above SSCs.
  • Thus, NSDC-HUPA tie up will help in speedy and result oriented implementation of Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana.


What’s the difference?
Original name Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY).Swarnajayanti Sahari Swarojgar Yojana
Later renamed to National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)National urban livelihoods mission
Finally renamed to Aajeevika.May be the IAS in HUPA ministry doesn’t want to harass UPSC aspirants, therefore did not device a fancy name parallel to Aajeevika.
Rural Development ministryHousing & Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) Ministry
  • By 2024, get one person (preferably woman) from each household, into an income generating Self-help groups (SHG).
  • By Giving (Bank loans + subsidy + training) to those SHG.
  • It had a sub-component for training rural youth. Named “Aajeevika Skill Development Program (ASDP)” Now that sub-component is renamed into Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana.
  • Self-help groups: bank credit + subsidies + skill training
  • street vendors also get easy loans and skill training
  • Shelters for the homeless.

I think sooner or later, Modi will shut down or subsume these two old schemes into the new Din Dayal scheme.

Economic Survey observation:

  • Aajeevika Scheme worked fine for agarbatti, pottery, tailoring and other small business activities.
  • But at some places, Government made too much infrastructure investment compared to scope of the given business activity.

Aajeevika: Budget 2014

  • Under Aajiveeka, Women-SHG in backward districts get loans at cheaper interest rate.
  • Budget 2014 increased the number of backward districts under this scheme.
Loan interest rateBefore 2014after
4%In 150 most backward district+100 more added = 250
7%Remaining districtsinterest rate unchanged (7%)

More districts to get Cheaper SHG-loans. Additionally, Budget 2014 also announced “Start Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme” for rural youth.

100 days of HRD ministry under Modi Government

Just a quick reference table prepared from this PIB report.


Schemes for for girls
Beti Bachao Beti PadhaoDepartment of School Education and Literacy (DSEL), supported the Ministry of Women and Child Development for roll out in 100 districts.
Swami Vivekananda
  • Single Girl Child Scholarship for Research in Social Sciences
  • UGC Junior Research Fellowship @ Rs. 8,000/–10,000/- per month.
UDAAN (CBSE) to enable backward girls to move to post-school education in Science and Maths.
PRAGATI (AICTE)Providing Assistance for Girls’ Advancement in Technical Education Initiativeone girl per family whose family income < 6 lakhs p.a  on merit at the qualifying examination to pursue technical education.


other schemes
SakshamScholarships to differently abled students to pursue technical education.
Ishan Udayscholarships to students from North East Region whose parental income is below Rs. 4.5 lakh per annum for college education.
Ishān VikāsVisit/Internship at IIT/NIT/IISER by students of NE region.
Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat
  • to focus on the quality of foundational learning.
  • a sub-component of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA)
  • Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds
  • Professors of IITs/IIMs/Central universities will offer online courses to citizens of our country.
National E-LibraryDigital books to all citizens.

Mock Questions

CSAT MCQs: interchanging facts between Din Dayal vs Ajeevika vs NRUM to design trap statements. For example:

  • Din Dayal Antyodaya scheme is meant for subsidized grains to widows and destitute.
  • DDUAY falls under Skill Development ministry.
  • Under its rural component, Government aims to train 5 lakh persons per year.
  • DDUAY will subsume UDAAN scheme for J&K youth.

And so on…Then you’ll be asked to idenify Which of the above statements are correct? Only 1 and 2; only 2 and 3; and so on.


  1. “Success of Make in India, will depend on success of Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana.” Elaborate. 200 words.
  2. Write a note on the salient features of DDUAY Yojana / NRUM / NRLM / those fifty dozen new schemes of HRD under 100 days. (Although I doubt whether UPSC will ask such cheap and easy questions in mains. Except ofcourse under a double-bluff backbreaking moveTM.)

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

51 Comments on “[HRD] Din Dayal Antyodaya Yojana: Skill Training for Urban and Rural Poors + 100 days of HRD ministry”

  1. Answers for the csat MCQ:
    1-Incorrect(skill development)
    2-Incorrect(rural development min)
    3-incorrect(urban component)

    Great work mrunal sir

  2. Sir new printing format is irritating. Old format ko again apply.

  3. Udaan scheme at two places?
    Saksham used to be for sensitization ?!

    What is wrong with the government…why don’t they just stop this craziness and simpl….ahhh what am I saying. I’ll just leave this part.

  4. your work is so great mrunal sir

  5. Good information! Mrunal sir

  6. @caligula …. can i know what is your optional subject because i need some guidance

  7. Mrunal sir,

    please render sublinks under current topics of september and october functional ..Thanks in Advance

  8. from where can we read about these lateset schemes?
    I mean India yearbook doesn’t have them. I don’t go to coaching so that i have handouts. what shoul be my source? I was capturing Din Dayal scheme but i didnt get that much stuff in detail. From where can i collect this data Sir?

    1. please refer pib.nic.in
      It gives detail information of each and every scheme.

  9. Capf result declared..
    All the best

  10. What is the meaning of the word “Antyodaya” ?

    1. ‘Antyodaya’, meaning ‘serving the last man in the queue’, is a concept developed by Deen Dayal Upadhyaya and aims at reaching out to the most marginalised sections of the society.

      1. Thanks a lot for the reply.

    2. Antyodaya word has come from “Aant” + “Uday”..
      Anat = Last
      Uday = Development/Progress
      so ” Development of the last( in society)

    3. Rise of the last person of the society

  11. How can ngos apply for this scheme… …. Plea se also post criteria to work for this scheme

  12. Sir it’s getting late to upload #CDS answerkey …

  13. how the pipe line network helps in the regional development in india (10 marks) 150 words ……… any body


      1. NOT QUALIFIED…….cuttoff-112 general category.

  15. What about jataily recent statement regarding central recruitment?will it affect ssc and upsc?

  16. antyodaya means “antim aadmi ka uday” i.e raising the last man….

  17. Sir,if a question is asked in exam about the topics provided by yoy,it’ll be sufficient to write all the points discussed in the topic’s detail as I find each and every aspect is covered by you.

  18. Hello Mrunal,

    Was wondering if you will be posting the important topics for current affairs from June-Aug? It would be extremely helpful!!

    Thanks and regards,


  19. Dear frinds,

    I had a study group on whatsaap.you can discuss your idea there.if anybody intresred.you can send me a message on my no.7428349827 with your name.

  20. This project will be develop of poor family.
    so very good decision.

  21. Who was Pandit Deen Dayal Upadyaya and what were his contributions?

    such a question can appear in mains like the questionon Maulana Azad did last yr?

  22. NULM has been incorrectly referred as NRUM in two places. Kindly correct it Sir.

  23. How, We can take training ?

  24. i want to do training.

  25. how many days taken getting loan ofter application … and what formality invalved /

  26. Can it be incremented in hilly area like manipur..need reply

  27. sir can you plz provide the xerox copy of gs menul mcqs its not easy for every student to buy lots of book and gs menul is very expensive for me

  28. SIR ,i want to geography notes sir please provided

  29. Hi Admin,
    There are lot of things pondering in my minds after coming to this platform . so What is the best possible way to connect you ?

  30. Hi Admin,
    There are lot of things pondering in my mind after coming to this platform . so What is the best possible way to connect you ?

  31. hi, sir,
    what are the salient features of the pt. deen dayal rozgar yojana. and what about its shorcomings. please reply soon

  32. pls tell hou prep. rbi grd b .. kb tak notifi. a skta hai

  33. I want take all information .I have computer center & I want take this yojana .

  34. what is the main topic of deen dayal upadhyaya in the world?

  35. we want to apply for new projects running under DDU-GKY scheme. Kindly provide details of the same, from where we can get information about new projects running and application procedure of the same.

  36. sir rajasthan skill livelihood dev. cor. is run by construction academy2010. but stoped construction academy 2013 way. plz starting construction academy Jaipur jhodpur ajmer Bikaner bharatpur kota udeypur all seven dis.

  37. I want take all information .I have computer center & I want take this yojana .

  38. sir, i am in the business of skill development and want to run DAY project for rural/ urban bpl/ poor candidates. pl guide.

  39. sir i am well educated man .I want to start pradhanmantri skill development centre and i have a long time education knowledge .plz guide me whole news about this programme.and sen our area incharge here to takle this programme. my no is 9783983648,,9636537662 vill- rinu,teh-laxmangarh,dist-sikar,rajasthan

  40. sir i am a bpl person lived at a short village-rinu,teh-laxmangarh,dist-sikar rajasthan,I have no residence pakka makan.sir iwant some help pradhanmantri avas yojna from our gov. plz guide me bhanwar lal-9799052250

  41. what is this ?

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