[Diaspora] Pravasi Bharatiya Divas PBD-2015, Citizenship Ordinance, OCI-PIO Merger

Diplomacy64 Comments

  1. Origin of Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas
  2. Essay Fodder for Indian Diaspora/NRI topics
  3. Diaspora issues
    1. #1: Merger of OCI, PIO
    2. #2: Benefits of OCI card
    3. #3: Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2014
    4. #4: Visa on Arrival & E-Visa
  4. Appendix1: PBD-Coins and Stamps
  5. Appendix2: Who got PBD-2015 award and why?
  6. Mock Questions

Origin of Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas

  • 1915, 9th January: Gandhi returned from S.Africa to India
  • From 2003 onwards, Pravasi Bharatiya divas (PBD) is celebrated annually on this date.
  • Ministry of Overseas Indian affairs (MOIA) organizes PBD.
  • PBD marks the contribution of Overseas Indians in India’s Development. It also provides an interaction platform for them to raise issues with Indian Government.
Location and Themes?
13th PBD 201512th PBD 2014
  • Gandhinagar, Gujarat. First time held here.
  • from 7th to 9th January.
  • Youth Pravasi Bharatiya divas: 7th Jan
  • (Mains) Pravasi Bharaity a divas: 9th.
  • Principle sponsor: Bank of India- “Relationships Beyond Banking”
  • Youth PBD: Bharat ko Jaano, Bharat ko Maano.
  • (Main) PBD: 100 years of Gandhi’s return from South Africa
Engaging diaspora: connecting across generations
Chief guest
  • Donald Ramotar, the president of Guyana
  • Capital: Georgetown
  • Country located in North-Eastern corner of South American continent.
Y B Datuk seri PalanivelMalaysia’s environment minister.

Essay Fodder for Indian Diaspora/NRI topics

Based on the speeches of President, PM, Ministers and eminent persons during PBD-2015

  • In Ancient Greek, “Diaspora” means “Scattering or sowing of seeds”.
  • ~2.5 crore NRIs/PIOs are spread across 200 countries around the world.
  • They send over 70 billion$ as remittances to home- highest among all countries (2014, World Bank data).
  • NRIs have spread Indian culture, cuisine and values abroad, send truckload of remittances back to India.
  • By reaching out to NRIs, we can make global impact- by leveraging their knowledge, expertise or skills.
  • Earlier they went abroad in search of opportunity, knowledge and exposure, but now they an get the same even in India.
  • Earlier they had to wait for months to know what’s happening back home, but now thanks to ICT & Media, they can monitor India’s social, economic and political events on daily basis.
  • Ganga provides economic opportunities to 40% of India’s population. We invite NRIs to Namami Gange project to clean this river.
  • Even if a single Indian is present in a foreign country – India is alive through him.
  • Mauritius celebrates Gandhi’s birthday (2nd October) is more vigour than India.
  • In this era of globalization, the challenge is to find a healthy balance between sense of identity, home and community- and doing the necessary things to survive within globalization system (Thomas Friedman).
Youth Diaspora should do three “C”s
ConnectWith new generation, overcome the caste and class boundaries
CelebrateIndia’s heritage. After all, we contributed

  1. Zero and decimal system
  2. Pi (Budhayana, 6th Cent.)
  3. first University of world (Takshila, 700BC)
  4. Ayurveda (Charak, 2500 years ago)
  5. Non-violance, unity in diversity
  6. ISRO’s Mangalyan got “best invention of 2014” award from TIME magazine.
ContributeTo swachh Bharat, Make in India, digital India, smart cities, Namami Gange and so on.

Diaspora issues

#1: Merger of OCI, PIO

Detailed table given in M.Laxmikanth’s Polity book-chapter on citizenship page 6.5 onwards. Following, is just an overview:

OCIPIO (Person of Indian Origin)
If you or your parents were Indian citizen once upon a time.If your parents, grandparents or spouse were Indian citizen once upon a time.
Lifelong visa-travel.Card Valid only for 15 years. (Modi ordinance: this visa given for life-time.)
No need to register at any office. Doesn’t matter how long you want to stay in India.If staying beyond 180 days (6 months) in a single visit, you’ve to register Foreigners Regional Registration or Police station. (Modi ordinance: they don’t need to visit police, even if staying for long term.)

#2: Benefits of OCI card

OCI Card Benefits

What are the benefits of an overseas citizenship of India (OCI)?
Can doCan’t do
  1. A multiple entry, multi-purpose life-long visa for visiting India.
  2. Doesn’t matter how many days/weeks/months you want to stay in India- you don’t need to register with local police.
  • Can’t vote
  • Can’t compete for parliament, Vidhan sabha elections
  • Can’t normally get sarkaari-naukari.
  • Can’t hold Constitutional posts- President, VP, SC-HC judge etc.
OCI cardholder gets all benefits given to an NRI in economic-financial-educational fields.BUT he can’t buy agricultural land or plantation.
OCI card can be used as an ‘id-proof’ for getting

  • Driving license
  • Pan card
  • Bank account opening.
Pakistani or Bangladeshi can’t get OCI card.

#3: Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2014

Original Citizenship act was made in 1955, but had some lacunas. So, Home Ministry drafted this bill to fix it.

1955 Act2014 Bill
  • If a person OR his parent were Indian citizens previously then he can apply for Indian citizenship…provided that he stayed in India for 1 year.
  • But he can’t leave India for even a single day during that 1 year period.
  • He can leave India for a total of 30 days.
  • And still, if union Government is satisfied he can get citizenship.
Defined the “overseas citizen of India”Expanded that definition to include

  • Minor child of Indian citizen.
  • Spouse of Indian citizen
  • Spouse of OCI/PIO cardholder.
  • Great grandchildren of a person who was Indian citizen at / after commencement of Indian Constitution.
  • Separate provisions of OCI and PIOs.
  • PIO card holders get less benefits than an OCI card holder.
Merged them.
No such provisionGovernment can cancel the OCI-citizenship of the spouse of an OCI citizen IF

  • Court dissolved their marriage
  • Spouse married another party without divorcing from first marriage.
  • 2014, December: Bill presented in Winter session of parliament, but could not be passed due to frequent disruptions.
  • 2015, Jan: Modi got is implemented it through Presidential ordinance.

#4: Visa on Arrival & E-Visa

  • Under Home ministry, this Scheme began in 2010, reformed in 2014.
  • Visa on Arrival: Foreigner has to apply online (3 days before arriving to India)
  • When he reaches India, pays $60 fees, goes through biometric identification and gets the (Tourist) Visa.
  • Validity: 30 days, Cannot be renewed. He must leave after that.
  • Electronic Travel authorization (e-Visa): announced in Budget 2014, foreigner applies online, gets visa in 5 days.
  • During PBD-2015, Modi announced he has given these two facilities for 43 countries.
  • Although, India is not the first country in world to run such scheme. Japan, Finland, Singapore et al already offer such facility.

Appendix1: PBD-Coins and Stamps

  • 1915: Gandhi returns from S.Africa to India, after 21 years.
  • 2015: marks 100 years of his return.
  • Therefore, Modi released commemorative coins (Rs.10 and Rs.100) and Stamps (Rs.5 and Rs.25)

Appendix2: Who got PBD-2015 award and why?

15 persons received Pravasi Bharatiya Samman-2015.

More important for PIN-MCQs
Name of the personcountrycontribution
Donald RamaotarGuyanaPresident of Guyana
Dr. Rajaram SanjayaMexicoWinner of ‘2014 world food prize’ – developed 480 wheat varieties
Kanwaljitsingh BakshiNew ZealandMP of New Zealand parliament
Duraikannu KarunakaranSeychellesJustice of supreme court of Seychelles
Satya NadellaUSACEO, Microsoft. Hails from Andhra Pradesh, his father was an IAS.


Less important for MCQs
Name of the personcountrycontribution
Mala MehtaAustraliaIndo-Australian bal bharatiya vidhyalaya (promotion of Hindi language)
Essop Goolam PahadSouth Africapolitician
Ashraf PalarkannumalUAESocial activist
Mahendra nanji mehtaYugandaBusinessman
Prof. Nathuram PuriFounder of Purico group
Dr. Nandini TondonUSAHealth care and IT
Dr. Kamlesh LullaUSAChief scientist for earth observation at NASA
Raj LoombaUKPhilanthropist – member of House of Lords, UK
Rajmal ParakhOman
Bharatkumar ShahUAE

Mock Questions

Q1. Find correct statement

  1. Pravasi bharatiya divas (PBD) is organized by Ministry of External affairs
  2. PBD is observed on 9th January because it is on this day Gandhi return to India in 1919.
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q2. What was the theme of Pravasi bharatiya divas 2015?

  1. 100 years of Gandhi’s departure to South Africa
  2. 100 years of Gandhi’s return from South Africa
  3. 100 years of Gandhi’s service to South Africa
  4. None of above

Q3. Find correct statement

  1. The chief guest of PBD-2015 was Donald Ramotar
  2. Donald Ramotar is the President of Guyana.
  3. Guyana is a landlocked country of South America

Answer choices

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 2 and 3
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. None of them

Q4. Person holding an overseas citizenship of India (OCI) can

  1. Contest in Vidhan Sabha elections.
  2. Buy agricultural land
  3. Get admission in NRI-quota seat in an Indian university.

Answer choices

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 2 and 3
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. None of them

Q5. What is the purpose of Citizenship (Amendment) Ordinance, 2015?

  1. Provide for electronic-visa facility
  2. Provide for visa on arrival facility.
  3. Permit Overseas Indians to contest in Local assembly elections.
  4. None of above.

Q6. Who among the following, is not a reciepient of Pravasi Bharatiya Samman 2015?

  1. Kanwaljitsingh Bakshi
  2. Duraikannu Karunakaran
  3. Satya Nadella
  4. Tulsi Gabbard

Q7. Find incorrect statement(s)

  1. PIO card entitles a person lifelong visa-free entry in India
  2. If an OCI-card holder stays in India beyond 6 months, he is required to get registered at local police station.
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Mains General Studies Paper 2

Answer following in 150-200 words each

  1. Discuss the issues in Citizenship Act 1955 pertaining to Overseas Indians. How does Citizenship (Amendment) ordinance address them?
  2. Discuss the rationale behind merger of OCI and PIO cards, and critically examine its impact on Indian economy.
  3. Point out the difference between the Jewish Diaspora and the Indian Diaspora. (Mains-2004)
  4. What are the references made to the NRI in the Union Budget 2015? (Similar question from 2004 budget, asked in UPSC-2004.)
  5. Answer following in 50 words each: (UPSC-2008)
    1. Pravasi Bharatiya divas
    2. Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) Scheme
    3. Indian Diaspora and Bollywood.

For more articles on Diplomacy, international relations (IR) and Defense, visit Mrunal.org/Diplomacy.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 64 Comments posted

  1. Harkirat Sandhu

    Thanks mrunal 🙂

  2. rdk

    My all doubts are clered now….really contentful article..thanks marunal

  3. abhishek singh

    Sir plsss upload ur lecture……waiting for last two days…..

    1. The laser

      I am not sure but mrunalsir takes only 1 lec/week in spipa, so plz wait

  4. Sovi

    Thanks mrunal sir.

  5. deshraj agrawal


    1. monica


      The Theme for this year(2015) was “Apna Bharat, Apna Gaurav”.

      Needs to be corrected..

    2. Ravindran Raja

      it should be A after the merger of (MOIA) with MEA

  6. Palash Gupta

    Answer for 7 is C

    1. simmy

      Absolutely wrong ……. ans of 7 is d .

      1. VVS

        i think it’s C. we need to find incorrect one.

      2. Amit

        Answer to question no 7 is B… since the question is asking for the INCORRECT statement(s) and through the ordinance passed by NDA government on January 6,2015 PIO cardholders are now entitled for life long visa free entry.

      3. nishi

        sir pls read the question 7 its written find incorrect .
        so, both a and b are wrong,
        therefore, ans. is c= both a and b are wrong

  7. Manan

    @Deshraj Agrawal: I think for Ques 7, the answer is B. Its mention above that no need to register at police station.

    1. siddharth

      but the answer says find the incorrect statements . so the answer to q 7 should be c .

  8. PD

    Thanks a lot…God bless u!!

  9. murali

    thank u mrunal sir

  10. Anuj Kumar

    Rajesh khothrapali…hahahaha…thats my favorite show sir..and how you relate it to that , I am never going to forget..!!
    Thank you sir..!!

  11. E.P.Santhanakumar


  12. Pradeep

    Answer for Qn 7 is A.. Please Correct me if I am wrong

  13. princess

    thank you very much Sir..

  14. Aradhana

    sir, please post an article for nabard xam also.


      Pls t ell me which publication book use full in ssc cgl of English..??

  15. princess

    4. 3rd option only correct
    5.a and b both correct

    1. SS


  16. Nationalist Shubham

    Sir, hav u abandoned the youtube lecture series??…………i mean it’s about a week frm ur previous lecture

  17. Singh


  18. anu

    is that mean an oci card holder can live in India for life time on single visa? or he must apply for another time if he leaves country and revisit after some time.

  19. Tejesh

    waiting for your the video of your 2nd lecture in SPIPA.

  20. shipra

    100% FDI allowed in which sector through automatic and government route?

    1. shubham tiwari

      How can I prpr English for ACIO..???

  21. shipra

    Is there any correlation between failing price of rupees and inflow FDI?

  22. Vaishali

    ans for 7 is B.

  23. gaurav

    Dear Sir, Please update your economy lectures videos , they are very useful

  24. sayandeep

    Is the new base year for GDP and national income is 2011-12?

    1. neha

      Yes it is revised to 2011-12 by statistical commission.. Earlier it was proposed wide 2009-10 but dropped this idea bcoz the year 2009-10 ws considered as abnormal… Bcoz economy ws struggling with 2008 global eco. Crisis…

  25. somu

    please tell how to revoke emergency

    1. Praveen_R

      It can be revoked by the President at any time by issuing a proclamation, which doesn’t require Parliament approval.
      ref – Laxmikanth 16.6

  26. gaurav shishodia

    good article…..but in Qs no 7….A is right and B isnot correct..

  27. Pritesh

    Hi Mrunal…Very well written…
    If possible, provide an article on Nuclear liability law, insurance pool and CSC…

  28. akansha

    sir, can u plzz provide me insurance study material for uiic ao intrvw… ??????????

  29. Vishal Sharma

    Thank you Mrunal Sir. My all doubts were clear after reading this. Thank you once again

  30. bhavana

    Nice article .

  31. pranshu

    MRUNAL sir…aapka ek article mene padha tha…..vo navratna..miniratna and maharatna companies ke upar……..sir vo article ab mil ni ra…..jb se site ka view chnge hua hai….sir plz vo article daal do..balki vo saare purane articles daaldo…plzz sir

  32. sayandeep

    RRB & COOPERATIVE BANKS are controlled by NABARD or RBI.?

  33. deshraj agrawal

    PIO card holder is required to register with the local police if their stay in India on each visit exceeds 180 days, whereas an OCI is exempted from registration for any length of stay in India. So ans of 7 is d. For sure

  34. Manan

    Hi Mrunal… Kindly provide the answer list for the above questions. We are getting some mis-match in the answers 🙁

  35. Vandana Sharma

    lot of confusion in question number 7… Provide answer key plz.

  36. subhash rai

    its an wonderful article sir.thanks for that.eagerly waiting for ur next article.

  37. Aashu

    mrunal sir which book do you suggest for ” Economic & Social Development” , bcz i am preparing for state civil service….and it has vast array of topics and i am not getting matter from a single source …….plz help sir….

  38. bandenawaj mirji

    Sir, plz upload economy cls videos, by of it, I can improve weakness by it.

  39. Poonam

    Guyana has also been added for visa on arrival, now the number for eta-tvoa countries stand at 44

  40. Naval Patel

    dear sir,
    please suggest suitable maths books for SSC CGL.

  41. Noble Jude

    Theme of 2015 Pravasi Bharati Diwas is Apna Bharat Apna Gaurav

  42. manisha

    PBD Theme 2015- Apna Bharat , Apna Gaurav.

  43. Neeraj Bansal

    answer for 7 is D because as of now PIO and OCI has been merged.so all facilities of OCI will be available to PIO card holders.so no restriction on staying in india for PIO and OCI both.and also no need to report at police station after 6 month for both.

  44. surbhi

    que no 7 ans is B

  45. Robins

    Thank you so much sir

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