[IT-Security] White-Fi Internet, Digital Locker, Antikythera Computer, Detekt-Regin, Nanodot Charger, Ezhil Language, Logbar Ring

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  1. Microsoft’s White-Fi technology
  2. Digital Locker
  3. Antikythera Mechanism
  4. Regin, or Backdoor.Regin
  5. Detekt Anti-surveillance tool
  6. Nanodots for fast charging phones
  7. Nanotech for Flash memory
  8. Ezhil programming language
  9. Logbar Ring
  10. Merxius software.
  11. Mock Questions

Selected IT-Electronics topics from November-December 2014.

Microsoft’s White-Fi technology

White-fi internet Microsoft

  • At present, unused spectrum is allotted to television broadcasters. This unused gap is called “White space” Microsoft wants to use it, to beam wifi on a bigger scale of 10 kms radius, with 15 mbps speed at a cost of Rs.10 lakh per router.
  • This can provide internet connectivity to villages and tribal areas. But government must give the unused spectrum to tech companies first. Microsoft got trial-permission for Bangalore.
  • Telangana Government also interested in this technology for Hyderabad.
  • CEO Satya Nadella met Telecom minister Ravi Shankar Prasad for all-India application.
  • Recall that other tech-giants too want to increase internet penetration. Example Facebook’s solar-drones (Internet.org) and Google’s helium balloons (Project Loon). Some other companies want to give free internet to non-smart phones using USSD code service.
  • Because if more people have internet, then tech giants can make more money through advertisements and e-commerce.

Digital Locker

Maha Digital Locker

  • In Dropbox, Google drive, Mediafire – you can store your personal files on cloudnetwork.
  • Digital Locker aims to store certificates in government’s cloud (online hard disk).
  • For example, you store your birth certificate online and provide only the link when you apply for passport.
  • Maharashtra government already launched “Maha Digital Locker” where you can login with your Aadhar id. This website can directly upload your certificates to third party website- during job application, passport registration etc.
  • Microsoft CEO Nadella wants to help implement this technology at all India level.
  • Pro: Paperless operations, no need for photocopies and attestation by gazetted officer.
  • Anti: Concerns about online privacy and security.

Antikythera Mechanism

Antikythera Mechanism

What?
  • An astronomical calculator a.k.a. world’s oldest computer.
Where?It was found in a shipwerck near a Greek island called Antikythera, hence the name.
Who?This bronze instrument was built by Greeks >2000 years ago.
Features?
  • Complex clock like mechanism with ~30 gears and dials. Being called a computer doesn’t mean it had electronic chips!
  • Antikythera could predict astronomical phenomena like eclipse, position of sun, moon, planets.
  • Experts are still divided over who invented this computer and what was its main purpose?

Regin, or Backdoor.Regin

What?
  • Regin is a Malware to spy on government, infrastructure, private companies, individuals.
  • Difficult to detect because of its advance stealth features, and even after detection it is hard to find out how exactly Regin is damaging the system or whom is it sending the database?
  • It uses “Modular approach” similar to Stuxnet, Flamer, Duqu etc. blockbuster malwares.
Who?
  • Given its complex mechanism, Symantec experts believe it was created by a government
  • Most of the targets were non-Western nations (Russia, Saudi, Iran, India, Pak) – so perhaps a Western country could have designed it. Although American agencies believe this is handiwork of Russian or Chinese hackers!
When?Regin malware has been circulating since 2008, but American anti-virus companies detected it in late 2014.

 

Examples of Malware Malicious+Software
Virusa program which copies itself and multiplies
Wormscopies and disitributes itself through networks
Trojanseems like performing some function, but breaches security
Spywarecovertly tracks your activities
Spamuseless messages spreading through internet/emails
Phishinginducing you to reveal your passwords/bank details. E.g. those messages which claim that you have won a lottery.

Detekt Anti-surveillance tool

Problem
  • A Germany tech company created “finspy” software to help government in criminal investigation.
  • But same software also detected in human right activists and NGOs from third world countries.
  • Meaning, authoritarian regimes are misusing technology for mass-surveillance.
Solution
  • A German NGO built this free anti-surveillance software for Windows-OS, called “Detekt”.
  • Detekt software helps people find whether their system is infected or not?
  • Although Indian NGOs need not worry much because our intel-agencies can’t even maintain a proper facebook page, let alone running mass-surveillance programs

Nanodots for fast charging phones

Who?Israeli firm StoreDot.
What?Designed new technology to charge mobile phones in just 30 seconds, and electric cars/ hybrid cars in a few minutes.
How?
  • They created bio-organic molecules called “Nanodots”.
  • Nanodots behave as semi-conductors and acilitate the battery to absorbe and retain electricity efficiently.
  • Although technology is not yet ready for commercial production. These Nanodot-enabled batteries are too bulky and expensive.

Nanotech for Flash memory

  • Data stored in flash memory is permanent even when electricity is off. For example USB Pen drives, Digital Cameras etc.
  • At present flash drives are made from metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) devices.
  • But, If we use nanotechnology, we can further increase the storage capacity of these flash drives.
  • Because Nano Technology deals with molecules at the scale of 10 rest to -9 meter. At this scale, materials show unique physical, chemical and biological properties.
  • For example, at Nano-scale, the Selenium oxides can be used for storing data.
  • Scotland researchers working on this technology.

Ezhil programming language

Who?Muthiah Annamalai- software engineer from Chennai, living in USA
What?
  • Developed a Python based programming language in Tamil.
  • Ezhil is not mere translation of codes from C++/Java etc but it accepts logical sequences similar to spoken Tamil.
Why?To help Tamil school-children cultivate interest in Computer programming.

Logbar Ring

Logbar Ring

Who?A Japanese company has deleveoped an electronic Ring with bluetooth.
What?
  • To control IT-gadges with finger gestures- using bluetooth network.
  • E.g. open SMS, type messages and send emails without touching your phone or tablet.

Merxius software

Who?Hasan Ali Khan and Vaishali Neotia from Hyderabad.
What?
  • They designed a software “Merxius”, for Augmented Reality (AR) with help of google glass.
  • For example, while wearing google glass, if you look at a machine or gadget, it’ll automatically fillup the screen with instruction on how to operate or repair that gadget.
Why in new?They won Aegis Graham Bell award for this software.

Mock Questions

Q1. Find correct statements

  1. Flash memory is volatile memory.
  2. RAM is an example of non-volatile memory.
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q2. What is white-fi technology?

  1. Beaming internet over an area using helium balloon
  2. Beaming internet over an area using solar drones
  3. Beaming internet over an area using underground cable network running along with water and gas connections.
  4. Beaming internet over an area using unused television spectrum.

Q3. Who among the following will benefit from a “Digital locker”?

  1. Person wanting to hide his IP address while downloading torrents.
  2. Person wanting to store his pirated movies, softwares and games.
  3. Person wanting to run applications made by strangers, without exposing his system to malware.
  4. Person wanting to store government certificates on a cloud.

Q4. Recently, archeologist discovered an “Antikythera device”. Find correct statements about it

  1. This device was found from shipwreck at Antikythera islands in Caribbean archipelago.
  2. Leonardo Da Vinci had designed this instrument for calculating solar eclipses.
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q5. Which of the following are malware or security threats?

  1. Regin
  2. Heartbleed
  3. Shellshock
  4. Detekt

Answer choices

  1. Only 2 and 3
  2. Only 2, 3 and 4
  3. Only 1, 2 and 3
  4. All of them

Q6. Correct Pair

  1. Finspy: Surveillance tool
  2. Detekt: Anti-Surveillance tool
  3. Both A and B
  4. Neither A nor B

Q7. What’s the use of Logbar ring?

  1. It is a medical device with embedded GPS chip to trace persons suffering from Alzheimer or Dementia
  2. It is a special plutonium ring meant to control the chain-reaction in nuclear reactors.
  3. It is a newly discovered belt of asteroids by ISRO’s Mars Mission.
  4. None of above.

Q8. Ezhil Programming language is written in ____.

  1. Telugu
  2. Tamil
  3. Kannada
  4. Oriya
Mains: General Studies Paper-3

  1. Explain the mechanism of White-fi technology and its significance in removing digital divide in India.  150 words.
  2. List the applications for nanotechnology in electronics and IT sector. 150 words.
  3. What is Digital locker? What are its application for E-governance? 100 words.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha


So far 50 Comments posted

  1. ramnarayan choudhary

    Thanks a lot sir …..
    @murnal sir U R doing really great job..

  2. amit yadav

    thanks sir explain best

  3. Kirubha

    Sir, could you please tell me when the SBI clrerk final interview results will be announced. Thank you

  4. Vinodkumar

    @Mrunal sir, please tell me the about various PSUs which were established under the government of India act of 1935.

  5. sowjanya sharma

    Thankuuuu soooooooo much for da article

  6. imame aazam

    thanks for you good work 🙂 expecting articles on international relations + recent controversy of govts interest on sanskrit and mytology instead of s&tec

  7. Sandy

    1-
    2-D
    3-D
    4-D
    5-C
    6-C
    7-D
    8-B

    1. Mehul

      @Sandy
      Answer to Question 1 will be “D”: Neither A nor B correct. Because Flash is non-volatile and RAM is volatile memory.

  8. Sai Teja

    1-D
    RAM is a Volatile Memory whereas Flash memory is Non-Volatile and hence the answer neither A nor B

  9. Yogeshkumar Prajapati

    Nice to see mrunal is Expanding it’s Army (Staff) against UPSC Exam to give the Ultuimatum. Eagerly Waiting For Mrunal.org Analysis on Mains 2014 and suggestion how to prepare for Mains 2015

  10. Ak

    Dear Sir,

    I shall appreciate if you could provide link for the information in your article.
    This way one could update his sources for gaining information.

    Thank You.

  11. juggernaut

    so proud to say that the inventor of Ezhil programming language is from my school St.Bede’s AIHSS Chennai

  12. Sneha

    hey…….. can any one suggest me about my hcs mains related query??? there are 2 optionals in haryana……. time mngmnt for both is vry

    poor right now for me………. should i prpr both same day wid gs or alternate days or with sm 3-4 days target right nw i prpr both altrnately

    bt its nt wrkng according to my target need help……..

  13. Sneha

    Mrunal sir m prprng for haryana mains…. there are 2 optionals…… sir will u plz guide me……….. at present m prpr both optionals alternately

    wid gs……. bt its nt working…… need help……….

  14. [email protected]

    @ Mrunal :- Sir Ji, Plz Make a Notes on Environment..Like Conservation Act,Lost Of Tigers and Leopard,Some rare Plants Found in Palakkad,Death Of Vultures,Pachauri report etc…Thanks

  15. karthik g.

    Mrunal ji if u link d post with print friendly page then it ll easy to save in mobile.i m not able to save this through this application. if you make it through print friendly page it ll be helpful to many aspirants…Thank you…

  16. Murali

    Nice blog with good articles. Image representations are really helpful.

    Thank you Mrunal sir.

  17. navin

    thanks sir !!!!

  18. KABIR

    Gr8 Article Sir………….:)

  19. yaswanth singh

    Civil Service Mains question papers are posted on UPSC website. Have a look.!!

  20. no one

    helo guys, i want to say that i m sometimes having difficulty in studying alone, and some of u might be having d same ( and also cant join d useless coaching 4 some reasons). i am luking 4 a sincere person preferably frm jaipur raj., for combined studies for ias 2015..anyone interested plz leave a msg in reply
    thnx in advance

    1. mahesh

      may I join u n I m from Jaipur also

      1. no one

        why the hell my comment is waiting for moderation so long

        1. no one

          u plz leave u email id here

    2. Ratna

      I am interested.but not from jaipur

      1. Neha

        Me too interested and looking for a sincere study grp but not from jaipur.

      2. no one

        kindly leave ur email id here

  21. mahesh

    is it possible download this article

    1. mak

      yes..reach the end of the article..then slightly scroll down..u ll c Print /PDF option

  22. saurabh kumar

    your way of expressing news article are too short and way too interesting.. thank u

  23. JANARDHANAN

    Sir please upload some materials for IBPS law officer exam

  24. surendraseth

    Doing a great work man …….keep it on

  25. hitesh

    sir how to prepare economy for gpsc main?from which book?

  26. sangh priya

    is there any way to copy these article in word ??? when we copy information from corners is lost…..pls help…….SP Gautam/9766341104

  27. Naveen Tamilnadu

    Vanakkam…excellent work…really thank u so much for sharing this kind of information…

  28. chahat

    Thanks sir for this great article

  29. BlueMoon

    Thanks for sharing it. It’s easy to revise quickly.

    Also, you mentioned that Intelligence Agencies can’t maintain FB page so no need to worry about digital surveillance. 🙂 Challenge Accepted Bro. Let me clear exam this year and i’ll change this attitude.

  30. VINEET VISHWAKARMA

    Guy’s no-one says right coaching classes are not important for preparing for upsc.
    So please study carefully and logically.
    All the scenario connected please find them for same topic.

  31. Shiva kumar

    Hi everyone.. ds s shiva frm chennai.. I’m looking for a sincere aspirant to study with.. is here anyone available from chennai ? ?

  32. jitendra

    thanku sir , u r doing well
    sir i want to become assistant commandant and i have passed 12th with 75.4 per and i have national certificate of football. help me

  33. chhavee

    Guys there was a link for BASIC SPACE MATERIAL by mrunal sir..I am not able to find it again…Please someone help me by sharing its link as soon as possible..
    Thank you’

  34. Arunpreet Singh

    Sir what is the difference between bandwidth and spectrum?

  35. Vivek Hooda

    Spectrum refers to all the frequency bands in our nature . It varies from 3Hz to 300 EHz (10‛18 Hz). Spectrum includes Audio , Radio , Microwave , alpha , gama etc.

    Bandwidth is difference of Upper Frequency and Lower frequency.
    Bandwidth = Upper Frequency – Lower Frequency.
    For eg. Human Ear frequency is 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. Therefore Bandwidth is 19880 Hz or 1.988 KHz.

  36. DIKSHA

    SIR PLEASE GIVE NOTES IN HINDI

  37. Mani

    Could you please give me more information about white fi

  38. nidhi

    Thanks for sharing such a wonderful stuff. However, can I request you to mention the dates explicitly rin the articles. All we can find out is from the url and the comments which say ‘1 year old’.

  39. Govind Suryawanshi

    Short and sweet way of presentation

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