[Geography Lecture3] Major Landforms Types, Geophysical Phenomenons (Earthquakes, Volcano, Tsunami) for Mains-GS1

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India Yearbook
  1. Prologue
  2. G3/P1: Landform Types- Mountains
  3. G3/P2: Landform Types- Plateaus
  4. G3/P3: Landform Types: Plains and Rivers of the world
  5. G4/P1: Geophysical Phenomenon- Volcanism for GS Mains Paper1
  6. G4/P2: Geophysical Phenomenon- Earthquakes & Tsunamis for GS-Mains Paper1


  • These geography lectures are conducted by Ms. Rajtanil at Sardar Patel institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Ahmedabad.
  • First session began on 2st February 2015, and uploaded on youtube. Total ~2:30 hours but I’ve split it into four parts.
  • PowerPoint of the lecture, available at Mrunal.org/Download
  • Medium of instruction- Hindi.
  • English version not possible for the moment, because faculties are required to teach at this batch, in Hindi/Gujarati only. Besides, same content is available in English in the powerpoints.

G3/P1: Landform Types- Mountains

Geography Major Lanforms- Mountains

  1. Land forms on earth
  2. Types of mountain – fold and block
  3. Fold mountains: characteristics, Compressive force, building phases, Distribution across the world and their importance.
  4. Pamir knot, Hindukush, Sulaiman, Kirthar and Ural Mountain range.
  5. Block mountains: features, characteristics, tensile forces, distribution in Europe, India and Africa.
  6. Comparison between fold mountains vs. block mountains

Youtube video link: http://youtu.be/DPKrwa4CT1o

G3/P2: Landform Types- Plateaus

Geography Major Landforms Plateaus

  1. Plateaus: meaning, formation, types
  2. Map- Bolivia plateau, Columbia plateau
  3. Map- Ozark plateau, Anatolia plateau
  4. Map- Loess plateau, Laurentian plateau
  5. Map- Katanga plateau, Africa
  6. Map- plateau of Mato grasso, brazil
  7. Map- Shan plateau, Myanmar
  8. Map-  Tibetan plateau
  9. Batholith

Youtube video link: http://youtu.be/aqNiGBkKezs

G3/P3: Landform Types: Plains and Rivers of the world

Geography Major Landforms Plains and Rivers

  1. Plains: meaning, types, importance, distribution of important river plains of the world
  2. China: Yangtze river and important locations nearby
  3. W.Asia: Euphrates-Tigris rivers & important locations nearby
  4. Brazil: Amazon river  & important locations nearby
  5. USA: Mississippi river  & important locations nearby
  6. Australia: Murray-darling basin  & important locations nearby

Youtube video link: http://youtu.be/G1LnI2Qj6fk

G4/P1: Geophysical Phenomenon- Volcanism for GS Mains Paper1

Geophysical phenomenon Volcanos

  1. Volcanism: meaning, Distribution of volcanism
  2. Volcanic Region of the world: Pacific ring of fire, Mid oceanic ridge
  3. Mediterranean sea, Mediterranean sea, Hot spot volcanoes and Aleutian islands
  4. Basaltic eruption vs. Andesitic eruption of volcanoes
  5. Landforms: Volcanic landforms, Intrusive landforms, Extrusive landforms
  6. Lava plateaus: Indian deccan lava plateau, Distribution of lava plateau in the world
  7. Types of volcanic cones: Shield volcano, Cinder volcano, Composite volcano, Comparison of volcanic cones
  8. Difference between geyser and hot spring;
  9. Geo-thermal energy and its limitations

Youtube video link: http://youtu.be/dSc2SrY2ufE

G4/P2: Geophysical Phenomenon- Earthquakes & Tsunamis for GS-Mains Paper1

Geophysical phenomenon Earthquakes and Tsunamis

  1. Earthquake: meaning and Mid oceanic ridge
  2. Types of earthquake: shallow focus, intermediate focus, deep focus
  3. Reasons for earthquake: Plate collision, divergence plate boundary,  transverse plate boundary, Mediterranean sea, Craton , Human induced earthquakes
  4. Tsunami: meaning, Comparison between normal sea waves and tsunami waves
  5. Phrases of Tsunami
  6. Indian preparedness of Tsunami

Youtube video link: http://youtu.be/NPI_k1FAbQs

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

So far 28 Comments posted

  1. murali

    thanq u very much sir ….

  2. arul

    english pls mrunal

  3. devesh

    sir we r group of 12 frnds and waiting for ur lecture…………….u r doing great work for inclusion with our goal nd ur concern
    god bless u nd u will get everything what u want….

  4. srajan

    madamji aap to great ho
    kya badihia samjhati ho
    maan gye aapko

  5. Nagaraj

    There are PPTs of climatography and oceanography but i could no find videos in youtube. Please upload the link.

  6. shubh

    Ples upload ansersheet of cds I 2015 wd explanation …

  7. princess

    thank you mam and sir _/\_

  8. venkat

    Thank u for ur great work…It will be grateful if u plz teach in english…since we dono hindi 🙁

  9. Ravi

    Thanks a lot Sir and mam Ur lectures are really very useful.

  10. sandip

    Sir youtube pe video nahi chal rahe hai ..invalid source Bata rahe hai

  11. azmat

    Really a great job mam ji u r great personality, i don’t have words to express thanks…..

  12. ganesh

    pls provide in english. . so everyone can


    sir i want to know
    1.how i can download the geography lecture?
    2.can you suggest any book for GS-IV paper for ethics and morality?
    3.how to write the answer in mains?

  14. Piyu

    Rajtanil Madam,
    U r simply awesome…..
    Thank you so much

  15. ashish

    Dear Mrunal Sir and Madam, thanks a ton for uploading the videos.
    One request, whenever madam explains anything on maps we don`t get to see which place is she ,pointing at that time, we only get to see the map. So, if you could get the focus towards the screen we all will get to know by the location of mouse or pointer which she might be using to point out the locations.
    Hope you will consider my request.
    Thanks in advance.

    And waiting for your next uploads in geography 🙂


    1. Mrunal

      sarkaari camera quality is quite poor. the ppts you see are directly captured from the harddisk, rather than from the screen. that’s why.

  16. Omega

    Madam, very well explained and neatly presented. Could you please let us know that after completion of Geography, Environment & Biodiversity will be done…It would be great if you could help us here.. Thanks.

  17. Faiyaz

    Thnku very much Sir n Madam. Sir, I am also requesting plz upload other subject’s videos if classes is conducted

  18. usha

    Very good explanation

  19. sneha

    Pls use pointer or mouse. Geography teaching without pointing to the place is not good, otherwise your lecture is very good.

  20. Santhosh

    Mrunal Sir,

    I am unable to down load the following lecture “G3/P2: Landform Types- Plateaus”.
    Could you provide any alternative link.


  21. pulkit

    Thank you so much Mrunal sir and madam. kindly continue uploading the lectures.

  22. Dariwn

    English Plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz…………

  23. Priyanka

    Dear Mam,

    Query regarding Fold mountains, In lecture G2- P3 as per your PPTs fold mountains formation only takes place at C-C convergence but now in lecture G3-P1 it has been stated that fold mountain can be formed by the collision between O-C Plates (Andes & Rockies). If so then whats the basic difference between two? because as per your lecture it says only volcanic mountains can be found at coastal region formed by O-C Convergence ex Andes & Rockies & fold mountains formation takes place during C-C convergence Ex Himalaya & Alps. Pl carify


    Please correct me if i am wrong, in Geography G3/P1 I heard students in background said Scandinavian countries as- Norway, Sweden and ‘ Finland’, as far as I know it is Norway Sweden and Denmark.

    NORDIC Countries:-
    Faroe lslands, Svalbard, Aland,Iceland, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Sweeden. (last 3 are Scandinavian countries named because of geographical location of Scandinavian mountains as mam said in her lecture.)

  25. DHYAN

    In the second part of the lecture … I seriously didnt understand Inter-mountain Plateaus…. need help..

    thank you…

    1. DHYAN

      never mind .. i figured it out myself

  26. amitha

    I am not able to get the link for geophysical phenomena presentations. I can see only presentations related to either india or world geography. Please help me with the link for it

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