[Freedom Struggle] Moderate & Extremist movements against British Rule in India, Rise of Indian National Congress (INC)

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India Yearbook
  1. Prologue
  2. HFS7/P1: Understanding State, Nation & Nationality
  3. HFS7/P2: Rise of nationalism and politics of association in British India
  4. HFS7/P3: Indian National Congress: origin, aims, objectives, safety-valve
  5. HFS7/P4: Moderates in India’s struggle for independence
  6. HFS7/P5: Extremists in India’s struggle for independence


  • So far in the history-freedom struggle lecture series, Mr.Pratik Nayak covered the entry and establishment of the British in India and India’s traditional response to British occupation such as 1857 and other revolts..
  • Now the topic progresses further to India’s modern responses to British rule such as moderate and extremist movements and rise of Indian National Congress.
  • Powerpoints available @Mrunal.org/download Under Mediafire=>powerpoints=>3_History

HFS7/P1: Understanding State, Nation & Nationality

nation state

  • Recap of the previous lectures: British conquest of India, development of civil services and modern education in India, Gov generals of Bengal and India, Indian response to British rule – so far the traditional response has been covered such as the 1857 sepoy mutiny, civilian and tribal revolts.
  • Today’s topics: development of nationalism and politics of association in India
  • understanding the term “state”
  • what is the difference between nation, and state and nationality?
  • Characteristics or features of nationality

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/dapS7NXGshQ

HFS7/P2: Rise of nationalism and politics of association in British India

nation state nationalist meaning of

  • factors causing the growth of nationalism: impact of British rule, inspiration from Western ideas, modern education, literature and place, emergence of new social classes and political parties, social religious reform movements
  • the rise of politics of association in India – Bangabhasha Prakasika Sabha, Zamindari association, bangle British India society, British India in association, East India Association, Indian league, Indian Association, Poona Sarvajanik Sabha, Madras Mahajan Sabha, Bombay Presidency Association
  • previous UPSC prelims questions asked from this topic

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/ESiYquGkPOg

HFS7/P3: Indian National Congress: origin, aims, objectives, safety-valve

birth of Indian National Congress (INC)

  • formation of Indian National Congress in the year 1885
  • A.O.Hume and the safety valve theory behind the origin of Indian National Congress
  • Role of Dababhai Naoroji, Pherozshah Mehta, W.C.Bonnerjee, S.N. Banerjee in the formation of INC.
  • Aims and objectives of Congress: nation building, development of national leadership and political democracy, nurturing Indian nationhood.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/zK5Db27zeOI

HFS7/P4: Moderates in India’s struggle for independence

moderate movement for india's struggle for independence

  • rise of moderate political leaders in British India
  • the ideas of Moderate political leaders- constitutional agitation, liberalism, resolution, petitions and meetings
  • Demands of Moderate leaders: revenue reduction, expenditure reduction, favourable exchange rates for Indian currency, trade policy is, representation on democratic lines in Indian legislative Council and Judiciary; demand for civil rights such as freedom of speech freedom of press
  • official attitude of the British towards INC and Moderates.
  • Assessment of the moderates’ movement with special emphasis on Indian councils act 1861.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/uQPrCBy0dDg

HFS7/P5: Extremists in India’s struggle for independence

extremist movement for freedom of India

  • factors leading to rise of extremist movement for India’s freedom: emergence of younger leaders and their dissatisfaction with Indian National Congress, famines and economic miseries, official secrets act, Lord Curzon’s oppressive rule and the partition of Bengal
  • influence of Ethiopian struggle, Boer-wars, Japanese victory over Russia and other nationalist movements all over the world against European imperialism.
  • Main leaders of extremist movement: Lal-Bal-Pal and Tilak.
  • Next lecture: partition of Bengal and swadeshi movement (1905 – 1908)

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/j7v78-bOdfc
Visit youtube.com/user/TheMrunalPatel for more lectures on UPSC civil services IAS/IPS Exam.

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So far 58 Comments posted

  1. priyanka

    thanq u so much sir.u are helping us to the core level in all aspects.


    hallo sir ,, thanks for your great work … we understood history after your class of your paper after . sir could you prepare ppt HFS7-P5 . IT WIIL BE HELPFUL..

  3. Ankur

    How can I download it

  4. kavita

    Hello sir i m 30 years old .can i start the preparation for the IAS exam ? By the profession i m teacher.Im so inspired by your videos.

  5. siva s

    i prepare for upsc

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