[Freedom Struggle] Revolution Phase-I within India & Abroad, Home rule movement, Ghadar, Komagata Maru

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  1. Prologue
  2. HFS8/P1: Indian Revolutionary movement Phase-I
  3. HFS8/P2: Ghadar Movement, Komagata Maru incident
  4. HFS8/P3: Home rule movement 1916 to Govt. of India Act 1919

Prologue

  • Continuing the HD video lecture series of Shri Pratik Nayak: earlier we saw Swadeshi movement to Surat Split, now moving towards the revolutionary phase of the movement until the entry of Gandhi.
  • Powerponits available under Mrunal.org/download goto mediafire=> 1_powerpoint => 3_History_Pratik folder.

HFS8/P1: Indian Revolutionary movement Phase-I

HFS8/P1: Indian Revolutionary movement Phase-I

  • MCQs asked in previous UPSC MCQs related to swadeshi movement.
  • Phases of Revolution movement- 1) 1990s 2) 1920
  • Type of MCQs asked from Revolution movement- 1) leader 2) organization 3) events 4) area of operation 5) books, journals, newspapers
  • Phase-I of revolution movement: militant nationalism, Anushilan samiti, its participants. Rashbehari Bose, Sachin Sanyal- his book Bandi Jivan.
  • Alipur conspiracy case: Judge Kingsford, Praful Chaki, Khudiram Bose, Anushilan samiti
  • Delhi conspiracy case: Viceroy Hardinge, Rashbehari bose and Sachin Sanyal
  • Ramosi peasent movement, Vasydev Bakwant Phadke, Chapekar brothers’ attack on Plague Commissioner Rand of Poona.
  • Savarkar brother, V.D. Savarkar and Abhinav Bharat organization.
  • Revolutionary activities abroad: Shyamji Krishnavarma- India House, Madanlal Dhingra-attack on Curzon Wylie, Madam Bhikhaiji Cama -designing of Indian Flag, Ajit Singh-Geneva and association with Lala Lajpat Rai.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/U_de8DoaAdI

HFS8/P2: Ghadar Movement, Komagata Maru incident

HFS8/P2: Ghadar Movement, Komagata Maru incident

  • Scattered revolutionary activities around first world war: Ghadar movement.
  • Who among Indian nationalists supported England during World war 1?
  • Leaders associated with Gadar movement- Lala Hardayal, Sohan Singh Bhakna, Taraknath Das, GD Kumar ,  Bhagwan Singh, Bhai Parmanand and others. “Free Hindustan newspaper”.
  • The Ghadar weekly newspaper (1913) in Gurumukhi script and other langagues, Canada and San Franscisco.
  • Lala Hardayal: editing of Bande Mataram periodical of Madam Bhikhaiji Cama, anti-imperalist writing, procuring arms and ammunition, aligning with “Mexican Ghadarites”.
  • Komgata Maru incident: Baba Gurdeep Singh, hiring of ship from Japan to Canada- British interference in Canadian affairs and how they prohibited the migrants from entering in Vancouver.
  • 21st February 1915 – attempt by Ghadarites to bring revolution, latest apology by Canadian PM.
  • Passing of Defense of India Act 1915.
  • Assessment: positive and negatives of Ghadar movement: Militant nationalism with secular approach. Why they failed to penetrate among Indian masses, mobilize finance and weapons.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/QH3EcXjHgXs

HFS8/P3: Home rule movement 1916 to Govt. of India Act 1919

HFS8/P3: Home rule movement 1916 to Govt. of India Act 1919

  • Origin and leaders of home rule movement
  • Events leading to home rule movement- arrest of Tilak under sedition act and deportation to Rangoon.
  • Theosophical Society of India and its leaders.
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Annie Besant: starting months of Home rule and area of operations.
  • New India, Common Weal, public meeting and conferences.
  • Rukmani Arundale and George Arundale in Madras Provinces.
  • Motilal Nehru, Tej Bahadur Sapru and other nationalist leaders who joined Home rule movement.
  • Government attitude towards Home rule movement- initial repression and later compromise.
  • Who are the first woman and first Indian woman to become President of Congress?
  • Reasons behind fading out of Home Rule movement? – Lack of effective organization,  Montford reforms, lack of sustained leadership
  • Positive outcomes of Home rule movement: connecting town to country side, shifting of the base,
  • Salient features of Government of India Act 1919: dyarchy in provinces,  separate electorates,  political education of masses, Lucknow pact
  • Lucknow Pact, two nation theory.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/fPRfcvCcLl4
Next Lecture: Gandhi: In South Africa and In India, Khilafat Movement, Rowlett Act
Visit Mrunal.org/HISTORY for archive of history related lectures and articles.

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32 Comments on “[Freedom Struggle] Revolution Phase-I within India & Abroad, Home rule movement, Ghadar, Komagata Maru”

  1. thank u so much sir…..

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