[Polity] Countermanding Elections, Double Dissolution, NEET Ordinance, Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan & More Current Affairs from May 2016

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  1. Prologue
  2. #1: Election Related
    1. RPA: Election Countermanding in Tamilnadu
    2. Q1-2016: State Election result
    3. Election: Misc. developments
  3. #2: Parliament related
    1. Parliament misbehavior
    2. Computerized drawing of Qs for Question hour?
    3. Double dissolution in Australian Parliament
    4. Parliament: Misc. Developments
  4. #3: Judiciary related
  5. #4: Education related
    1. NEET ordinance aka CSAT dhamaal v2.0
    2. TSR Subramanian committee- New Education Policy
  6. #5: Rights issues
    1. Divyang Department
    2. Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan: PH-friendly environment
    3. Jat Quota Stayed
  7. #6: Schemes in News
  8. #7: Appointments

Prologue

  • Just compilation of polity related current affairs / GK titbits from May 2016. Mostly from Indianexpress, since theHindu has gone crazier than usual with its non-exam oriented coverage.

#1: Election Related

RPA: Election Countermanding in Tamilnadu

Relevance: General Studies Mains Paper-2

  • EC has cancelled the assembly polls in Araykurichi and Thanjavur Constituency of Tamilnadu, due to widespread use of money, liquor, petrol-cards, gift cards and milk-tokens by candidates to win votes.
  • TN Governor displeased that he was not consulted.
  • But under RPA act, EC is empowered to cancel/countermand polling in case of bribery, muscle power, booth rigging etc. malpractices.
  • Election commission doesn’t need to consult/seek permission from governor or any other authority in such cases.

Q1-2016: State Election result

PIN for SSC, State PCS and Bank exams
StateGovernorWinner Party
West BengalKesari Nath TripathiTMC, West Bengal. CM Mamta Benerjee.
TamilanduK.RosaiahAIADMK, CM Jaya Lalithaa
KeralaJustice(Retd.) P.Sathasivam
  • CPM’s Left Democratic front. But CPM has decided VS Achyutanandan (92) will not be CM, he’ll act as guide like Castro in Cuba.
  • Pinarayi Vijayan (72) ) will be made the CM.
AssamPadmanabha Balakrishna Acharya,
  • BJP+ group. CM Sarbananda Sonowal.
  • Ex-Congman Himanta Biswa played key role In making BJP win.
PuducherryLt. Governor Kiran Bedi
  • DMK-Cong won.
  • Congress’s V.Narayanasamy became CM. He will have to win MLA seat within six months.
  • Under the Union Territory Act, the president appoints the Chief Minister and Council of Ministers. A maximum of six ministers are permissible for the Union Territory.
  • CM Oath taken in presence of Lt.Governor.

Election: Misc. developments

Uttrakhand
  • President’s rule was imposed. But SC allowed sitting CM Harish to prove majority on house, he won and Union withdrew president’s rule.
Right to contest election
  • Odisha’s Gram Panchayat Act 1964 bars patients of deafness-muteness, TB and Leprosy from contesting Gram Panchayat elections. Now they’ve brought to bill to remove this provision since Odisha is home to >2 lakh leopracy victims and thousands of TB and disabled.
Women reservation
  • Panchayati Raj ministry is working on a bill to provide for 50% reservation to women in rural and urban bodies.
Vafaadaari Bond
  • W.Bengal MLAs are required to sign a Rs.100 judicial stamp paper pledging their loyality to Congress party headed by Sonia and Rahul.

#2: Parliament related

Parliament misbehavior

TermMeaningLok Sabha RuleRajya Sabha Rule
Withdrawal
  • Speaker can remove an MP for the whole day, for gross disorderly behavior
  • This is used mostly against one or two individual unruly MPs.
373255
Suspension
  • Speaker can suspend an MP for infinite time for persistently abusing the house. Although, house can revoke suspension by passing a resolution.
  • Usually, this is applied against a group of MP creating rucksuck.
374256

Computerized drawing of Qs for Question hour?

  • Starred question in Parliament: Minister has to reply during question hour.
  • Unstarrred question: written reply given.
  • TMC MP allege that present manual system is bad, because some MPs are getting more chances to ask question. So he has demanded computerized system to decide which MP gets to ask questions.

Double dissolution in Australian Parliament

Syllabus: GS-Mains Paper2 Comparing Constitutions
IndiaAustralia
PresidentGovernor general
Lok SabhaHouse of representatives
Rajya SabhaSenate
Rajya Sabha is permanent house. It can’t be dissolved. Only Lok Sabha can be dissolved.
  • On Advice of PM, the Governor General can dissolve both the houses.
  • 2016, May: PM Turnbull has recommend Double dissolution because deadlock over passing budget and building-regulator bill. He wants fresh election in July.

Parliament: Misc. Developments

Geospatial information regulation bill
  • Triggered panic and outrage because of its draconian provisions. E.g. you can’t take photo with a GPS-enabled mobile and “tag” it. Because it’ll mean “acquiring geospatial data”, which is forbidden in this bill!
Giani Zail Singh
  • 100th birth anniversary on May 2016. He had used suspensive veto on Postal bill, which wanted to give surveillance power to government over Indian post. Neither President Zail Singh, nor his successor President R.Venkataraman signed the bill.  Ultimately the bill was referred back to the Upper house where it is still listed as a pending bill.
Parliamentary panels/ committees
  • Parliamentary Standing committee (PAC) criticized the government for not allotting sufficient fund for China border protection.
  • PAC asks Rajanbhai to explain real cause behind Bad loans.
  • Standing committee on IT: Spectrum Sale in 2016 will earn ~64,000cr non-tax revenue for government. But players buying higher frequency bands- should be made to deposit 50% of the amount at once. And remaining in 10 years’ installments.
  • Standing committee on MSME: Mundra Yojana is sluggish. MFIs should be given bigger role, interest rates should be reduced.
Vijay Mallaya
  • This Karnataka Rajya Sabha MP resigned, 2 months before expiry of his term, owing the various loan default and fraud cases on him.

#3: Judiciary related

Extradition

  • Indian Extradition Act 1962 governs the norms.
  • India can request extradition from any country. But other country can (1) consider it on priority basis, if they’ve signed extradition treaty with us (2) if no treaty, they may consider it as per their own domestic laws.
  • India has extradition treaty with 39 countries. Oldest with Chile, before independence.
  • Deportation is police process, where accused has no chance of hearing in foreign country.
  • Extradition is Judicial process, where accused gets hearing.
  • We’ve signed treaty with UK as well, but they say they can’t “deport” Vijay Mallya, only consider an application for his ‘extradition”
Judiciary: Misc. developments in May 2016
Beef
  • MH government banned beef in the state. But Bombay HC says juntaa free to eat beef imported from outside the state, since it’ll be right to privacy under Art. 21.
Death row
  • National Law University,. Delhi published first ever report on socio-economic profile of the prisoners. And found that most of the death row convicts are from poor, backward communities.
Defamation
  • IPC Section 499 and 500 deal with defamation- with jail upto two years and monetary fine.
  • SC says it’s not against freedom of speech because the other party has right to reputation within the fundamental right to life.
Draft MoP
  • After SC declared NJAC unconstitutional last year, government has come up with Draft Memorandum of Procedure for Collegium system. But SC is unhappy with that too.
Judicial activism
  • Jaitley Statement in Parliament that Judiciary is destroying  legislature brick by brick. Courts can’t substitute executive. they must draw Lakshmanrekha.
  • Defense Minister Manohar Parikar says SC ban on diesel vehicles is senseless.

#4: Education related

NEET exam & Ordinance

NEET ordinance aka CSAT dhamaal v2.0

  • Till now, 15% of all medical seats are reserved for AIPMT entrance (as per SC order in the 80s). Only Indian citizens, NRIs and OCI card-walla can appear.
  • 2010: MCI decides to have National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) for all India admission in medical and dental colleges’ undergraduate seats. Notification issued in 2013.
  • 2013: SC stops NEET.
  • 2016: SC orders NEET as the single test for admission in all public and private colleges for MBBS and BDS. Retd. CJI R.M.Lodha panel will monitor the implementation.
  • 2016, May-1: NEET-1 held.
  • 2016, July-24: Those who were unprepared for NEET-I, will be given chance to sit in NEET-II.
  • Students and Parents from non-CBSE / Non-English medium boards are unhappy because of tough nature of NEET exam. They asked state governments to conduct another exam OR delay NEET by one year.
  • But Education is in concurrent list under Art.254. SC says State is empowered to regulate admission and fees. But if union issues a notification (e.g.NEET) then states can’t have their separate admission tests.
  • Ultimately, Union Government issued ordinance, with following provisions

For all the Government seats in Government and private colleges

85% seats
  • state governments allowed to organize their own tests, in 6 vernacular languages.
  • OR state government can use the NEET score-card.
15% seats
  • Via NEET score card, by all India counselling.
Management quotabeyond purview of NEET and presidential ordinance.

Sidenote: Pak-Hindu girl Mashal Maheswari had secured 91% in CBSE exam but she couldn’t sit in the AIPMT because she didn’t have NRI or OCI card. But Shushma Swaraj helped her get admission in Karnataka Medical college.

TSR Subramanian committee- New Education Policy

  • TSR Subramanian is former cabinet Secretary (IAS), earlier associated with Green law review panel.
  • He Has submitted report on “New Education Policy” to HRD ministry, with following recommendations:
  • Replace 1986’s education policy, with new policy.
  • Create a new all India service- Indian Education services- similar to IAS, IPS and IFS (Forest)
  • Revamp UGC, AICTE and National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) ; allow foreign universities
  • Continue three-language formula  in schools.
  • under the present Right to Education Act, no kid failed till class-8 so they take studies in very casual manner. TSR recommended- fail kids after class-5. but give him 3 attempts within a year to clear exam.
  • Use ‘Digital India’ initiative to track all school students, teachers and learning outcomes
Education: Misc developments in May-2016
Mother tongueRSS demanding that Goa government must stop funding English medium schools- otherwise Konkani language will be eroded.

Rights issues

#5: Divyang Department

  • This is the new official word for physically disabled people, coined by Modi in December 2015’s Mann ki baat. Afterwards, Railway budget used this word in offical document.
  • Now Min. of Social justice and empowerment’s department for disabled is renamed into “Divyang Shasaktikaran Vibhag”.

Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan: PH-friendly environment

  • Gist: PH-friendly buildings, Softwares and public transport system.
  • To create universal accessibility for Persons with Disabilities.
  • By Divyang Department under Min. of Social justice and Empowerment.
  • CSR funds can be utilized.
  • Public-private organizations get “stars” similar to energy rating stars, for making Ph-friendly environment.

Jat Quota Stayed

  • Based on Justice K C Gupta commission report, Haryana Government brought Haryana Backward classes Act
  • It created new reservation category named “Backward Classes Block ‘C’.
  • Six castes included in it- Jats, Jat Sikhs, Rors, Bishnois, Tyagis and Muslim Jats
  • They were given 10% quota in government jobs and educational institutions, and 6 per cent in Class I and II posts,
  • Highcourt has stayed this provision.

Jat Quota: Prakash Singh Committee

  • Prakash Singh is retired DGP of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Haryana government formed a Committee under his chairmanship to probe police negligence in Jat reservation Stir.
  • He blamed 90 police officials for dereliction of duty, and institutional decay in police administration.
Rights issues: Misc developments in May 2016
Slavery
  • Australian NGO has released World Slavery report 2016. India ranks no.1 in Modern Slavery- because of its beggars and prostitutes.
Child Marriage
  • New data released in Census-2011 says 30% of the Indian women are married below 18 year legal age.
SC Judges in SCCJI K.G. Balakrishnan was the last dalit judge in Supreme court. Since last 6 years, there is no SC judge in SC.
Draft Women Policy
  • Earlier policy was made in 2001. Now Women and Child development Minister Maneka Gandhi released Draft Women Policy 2016- and called for review of personnel laws.

#6: Schemes

Gram Uday se Bharat Uday

Gram uday se Bharat Uday

  • 11 day long village self-governance campaign.
  • Start:14 April 2016; 125th B’day of Dr.Ambedkar, his birthplace Mhow (kalipaltan) MP
  • End: 24 April 2016:  Panchayati raj diwas @Jamshedpur.
  • Focus: oath of tolerance and harmony;
  • Strengthening tribal development and Panchayati raj institutions esp. in 5th Sch. Areas of 10 states.
  • Rural development, various schemes for farmer’s welfare, and livelihood of the poor.
  • Village farmers’ assemblies to promote agri.; government will inform they about Fasal Bima Yojna, Social Health Card etc.
Schemes- misc. developments in May 2016
Adarsh gram
  • Rural Development Minister asked Modi to provide funding for Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana. Because at present, no funding, MP has to adopt a village and do good from convergence of  other schemes. But majority of the MPs have not yet adopted villages, because there is no fund.
Aadhar Skype
  • Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella gets Indian govenrment’s permission to enable Adhar authentication of skype account with finger print and IRIS scan.
  • This has potential applications such as court hearing, job-interviews etc. because other party can be sure that person on the video screen is not fake.
  • for more on e-governance models, application for General Studies Mains paper-II, Watch this Lecture video.
PM Ujjwala Yojana
  • BPL families to get LPG connection in women’s name. Rs.1600/- for each connection. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas will implement.
  • More information under this Economy survey video: BES161-P07
SBK
  • Swatchh Bharat Kosh: all donations eligible for income tax deduction
  • Companies can offset their CSR responsibilities under Companies Act 2013, by donating in SBK.
  • Donations above Rs. 10 lakh eligible to get certificate of thanks from senior officers from government.
Smart cities
  • 33 new cities selected for smart city project round #2. Lucknow tops the list.
26th May 2016
  • Two years of NDA Government. Info & Broadcasting ministry will launch “Zara Muskura Do” program to highlight Government success.

#7: Appointments

Judicial vacancies
  • Law commission report in 1987 said 1 judge per 10 lakh people.
  • Recently, Chief Justice said 70,000 additional judges required, to solve the case backlog problem.
  • Law minister says the number is not backed by scientific criteria.
Kiran Bedi
  • India’s first lady IPS officer and CM candidate for last Delhi election. She is now Lt. Governor of Puducherry.
Navy Chief
  • Sunil Lamba will replace R.K.Dowan as next Admiral.
NITI Ayog
  • Ex. Finance Secretary Ratan P. Watal appointed as principle adviser for social sector in NITI Ayog.
UPSC
  • Ex-Delhi Police commissioner B.S.Bassi appointed as UPSC member. AAP criticized his appoint as a BJP political favour for Bassi’s handling of JNU-Kanhaiya-crisis.
  • UPSC Has invited companies to conduct online computer test for various job recruitment exams.
  • 1757: East India company started patronage based civil services, 1854: Macaulay committee recommended replacing the patronage based civil services to merit based civil services.
  • Civil service 2016: Tina Dabi comes first dalit girl to top the exam. Kashmir’s Athar Khan gets second rank.

Upcoming Article: Environment and Science-Tech developments in May-2016

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha

48 Comments on “[Polity] Countermanding Elections, Double Dissolution, NEET Ordinance, Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan & More Current Affairs from May 2016”

  1. Please post some more interviews mrunal sir, motivating scripts of people who are not from top colleges and made it to the list despite all the odds .

    1. @PK
      I too do need them ..when we look at the toppers most of them are from IIT’s or medicine students from reputed colleges.

  2. Sir history lectures plz…………

  3. V. Narayanasamy is a politician from Indian National Congress not from NR.Congress

  4. Mrunal, can we have a little more clarity when it is said, “UPSC Has invited companies to conduct online computer test for various job recruitment exams”. Is it related to the commission on UPSC Reforms which is being headed by Mr Baswan. That commitee had a ToR with respect to conducting online exams. It also was asked to spell out the time frame within which these changes has to be implemented. Is it applicable to UPSC Civil Services Examination.

  5. whatever, but the article is absolutely class sir.. .. thank you so much for warm up mrunal sir .. waiting for your next article \,,/

  6. Total useless article
    no significance wrt prelims or mains

    Wasted my time

  7. Thanks Mrunal sir!!!

  8. Dear Sir,
    I’m half prepared and didn’t fill UPSC CSE form this year.
    Any other same preparation based exam in a row plz reply .

  9. So that I can target,and be in a row to the preparation and compatible for 2017 exam.
    Currently , I’m Bank Officer and its also by all your economy that makes me crack the interview confidently.

  10. Sir namaskar.i have no words to praise u. I am student of u and highly influenced by ur guidance to crack ias.thanks sir

  11. Sir Please upload History lectures

  12. Sir …can u uplode ignou books for public administration in hindi….and other ignou books also….

  13. Plz upload economics lectures i

  14. Panchayti raj system based on which committee recommendation?

    1. LM Singhvi committee

  15. Panchayti raj system based on which committee recommendation?
    Please reply

    1. please refer to invincible laxmikanth the great

  16. Correction: Zail singh exercised ‘Pocket Veto’on ‘Indian Post office bill’ for which constitution doesn’t mention any time limit

    It’s not suspensive veto

  17. Panchayti raj system based on which committee recommendation??
    1. B.R. Mehta Committee
    2. Sarkaria Committee
    3. Planning Commission
    4. Ashok Mehta Committee

    Please Reply

    1. B.R. Mehta Committee

    2. ashok mehta committee…

  18. sir can u plz tell the obc creamy layer rules….???
    according to the 7th pay commission what changes happened etc…

  19. sir i think President Zail Singh used pocket veto and his successor used suspensive veto

  20. History plssssssss………

  21. Geography environment economy & science ke liye book suggest kare pls

  22. Laxmikant se answer nahi….. mil raha kya….??….ki different different answer batta rahe..

  23. History lectures pls sir
    Time running out now.

  24. Balwant rai mehta commety

  25. Mrunal bhai
    Please upload an interview of
    student from Hindi medium; UPSC 2015

  26. ashok mehata committee is right answer

  27. Sir plz upload history video bcz time nhi h…….

  28. sir please remaining videos from Budget and economic survey series .
    need to finish those time is running very fast

  29. First Balwant R.Mehta com …and after then Ashok Mehta com..submitted his report…

  30. Many many thanks, Mrunal sir.

  31. thanks mrunal sir

  32. Please complete history series of prateek sir…..it’s a humble request

    1. please post remaining ppt of history series …they are very usefulfor mains

  33. In polity only laxmikanth ya ncrt read

  34. in polity only ncert or m.laxmikant

  35. how to start preparation for upsc
    i am just starting from zero

    1. bhai Rashid……….sabse pehle spectrum ki culture ache se pad lo ..jab wo ho jae ..to age ka route btate h

  36. Sir,

    The material give on this page (the entire section on Polity) is enough to cover Polity for prelims. If not, what should I do besides this, I am starting from scratch. Please help.

    Thanks

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