[BES16] Economic Survey → HRD → Census Theory, Healthcare, Education, HDI-2015 & SDG-2030

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  1. BES166/P1: Census theory, Population growth stages, Formula, diversity, personal laws
  2. BES166/P2: Education Policy-2016, HEFA, Pramati, PISA, ASER, Youth Org, Sports
  3. BES166/P3: Healthcare: JSY, JSSY, PSMY, JSY, JSSY, PSMY; Women-Child schemes from Yearbook
  4. BES166/P4: UNDP’s Human Development Report: HDI, IHDI, GDI, GII, MPI; SDG-2030

BES166/P1: Census theory, Population growth stages, Formula, diversity, personal laws

  • Beginning of census in USA, England and India; Role of Lord Mayo, Lord Rippon; Census-2011: Administrative hierarchy
  • Four stages of population growth in India: Stagnant population, Steady growth, Rapid High growth, High growth with signs of slowing down
  • Decadal population growth rate (17.7%)
  • birth rate, death rate, total fertility rate (TFR), replacement level population – formulas and realities
  • Why is TFR target 2.1? What happens if it falls below 2?
  • Malthusian theory of population vs food growth. Relation between high population, disguised unemployment and capital formation.


  • Population policy 2000 and jansankhya sthirta kosh (Population stabilization fund)
  • Indian population: diversity in ethnic origin, language, religion, provisions related to SC/ST list.
  • Personal laws for marriage, divorce, succession, will and need for uniform civil code
  • Selected Sociology terms from NCERT: endogamy, exogamy, jajmani system, sanskritization, synchronization retism
  • Urban sociology related terms from NCERTs: gentrification, ghetto, gated communities; mechanical solidarity, organic solidarity and anomie.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/2QC0QA_OVBs

BES166/P2: Education Policy-2016, HEFA, Pramati, PISA, ASER, Youth Org, Sports

education policy 2016

  • Education in India- before independence- Nalanda, Takshshila, famous scholars, travellers
  • Education after Independence: policies and reforms under Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv, Vajpayee, Manmohan
  • Salient features of 86th constitutional amendment act, right to education act
  • Formulas for crude literacy rate and literacy rate- present statistics
  • Demographic transition in schools
  • Education and skill schemes in Modi regime
  • TSR subramanian committee for drafting national education policy: recommendation for kindergarten, 25% EWS reservation in minority schools, Pramati Judgement, medium/ language of instructions
  • NGO Pratham’s ASER’s report, and OECD’s PISA report on bogusness of learning levels in Indian schools.
  • How is Section 18 and 29(h) of RTE act responsible for poor level of learning in India? Why do students become SPIDERMAN in Bihar and Haryana? How can Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat.
  • Design a scheme for easily passing class10
  • Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) to improve adult literacy
  • Budget 2016: New agency HEFA: Higher Education Financing Agency; more Navoday Vidhalayas
  • Why TSR recommended banning caste and religion based groups from student politics
  • Mens rea and audi alterem parterm for dispute resolution
  • How to stop mushrooming of colleges
  • Need for new all India service for education
  • Yearbook: Youth related policies, organizations, sport-awards, Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/JBJCMgvn3NY

BES166/P3: Healthcare: JSY, JSSY, PSMY, JSY, JSSY, PSMY; Women-Child schemes from Yearbook

healthcare in budget 2016

  • Budget 2016 announcements for Healthcare: Prime Minister’s Jan Aushadhi Yojana, Health insurance, National Dialysis Services Programme
  • Universal Health Coverage index (UHC) by World Bank
  • National Health Mission (NHM)- urban and rural components
  • Joint Program for Non-Communicable  Diseases  (NCDs)- heart, diabetes, cancer
  • Rogi Kalyan Samiti, National Ambulance Services-102, 108
  • Maternal mortality, child mortality related formulas, MDG targets, schemes by indian government to prevent them
  • Janani Suraksha Yojana, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), PM Suraksheet Matritwa Yojana, IG Matritva Sahyog Yojana’10; Indradhanush Vaccination
  • why Economy survey suggests early life intervention for mother and children to reap demographic dividend?
  • Major schemes for women- empowerment, education, relief, Sex ratio improvement schemes
  • Statutory body for women and children, Stree Shakti Puraskar,
  • Disabled: Accessible India: Sugamya Bharat, ALIMCO: Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India, Kanpur
  • Yearbook: sarkaari R&D for healthcare ICMR, BARC, Radiation-hydrogel, Iodine-125, Food Irradiation, AYUSH Mission

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/7CwLeFxo8VA

BES166/P4: UNDP’s Human Development Report: HDI, IHDI, GDI, GII, MPI; SDG-2030

human development index

  • Background theory, origin of UNDP’s human development report- theme and location of publication
  • Five indexes under HRD report and their theory and India’s rank:
  • Human development index, inequality adjusted HDI (IHDI), Gender development index (GDI), Gender inequality index (GII), multidimensional poverty index (MPI)
  • Gini coefficient and inequality of wealth distribution
  • Millennium Development goals vs sustainable Development goals- targets, deadlines.
  • How to memorize 17 SDG goals.
  • The end of Budget and economic survey series-2016 and parting words.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/08YvVxUuPhA

Powerpoints of all videos, are available here: mediafire.com/folder/xemd2vgz5a5d5/1_Powerpoints
UPSC prelims-2016 lecture series endThis concludes BES16 Lecture series for prelim-2016. Best wishes to all serious players.

unacademy IAS Coaching

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129 Comments on “[BES16] Economic Survey → HRD → Census Theory, Healthcare, Education, HDI-2015 & SDG-2030”

  1. Thank U Mrunal Sir and Team……..

  2. Thank you soooooooo much Mrunal sir.These series helped me a lot.

  3. Sir this is unfair all upsc exams age Cuttoff is january including ssc cgl but upsc cse counts aug …


    1. victim of the same strategy..i decided late, it was my first and last chance. missing next year’s chance by 17 days. hoping against hope for the cutoff to come down.

  4. Thanks Sirji, You are great

  5. Paper was easy but made silly mistakes
    . Getting around 113..very confused what to do..

  6. Sir waiting for your analysis on 2016 prelims
    This was my first attempt
    I got 110
    Thanq very much for your help.
    Sir please post your expected cutoff

  7. Paper was very easy . Answer were direct. So very easy
    But actually it was like u prepared for biology and get very easy question paper of chemistry in biology exam…
    Soo low level of upsc never expected by anyone… Question on movies!!!!
    no doubt only 2 type of person got selected. 1 who study everything .2 those who prepare for other exams and read 50rupees annual gs magzin on last 3-4days.
    Main will definitely gave result to those serious who clear this cruel jck of upsc so called preliminary..

  8. Thanks mrunal sir……solved many questions bcz of ur lecture series……

  9. thanks to rajtanil ma’am n pratik sir …..really made history enjoyable….

  10. Getting around 95 any chance ????

  11. Getting 111🙃 Any chance???

  12. now a days upsc started asking stupid n cheap clerical questions like man who new infinity n all types ..right mrunal sir ? … anyways thanks a tonne .. i got to know about those from your current series.. \,,/ indebted to you sir .

  13. Hello sir,

    Can you post a quick take on what you thought about the Prelims exam? You had advised us to focus on BASIC NCERT and go it easy with current affairs. The exam was a surprise from that point of view (not holding you responsible though!). Also what do you think is the SAFE ZONE for mains? How should we start with Mains prep? Sir, also can you do an analysis of GS1,2,3 papers from 2015 focusing on “WHY WAS THE QUESTION ASKED?”

    I prepared for the Prelims exclusively based on your advice. I’m getting in the range on 122+. Many thanks for all the advice and lessons. Look forward to Mains lessons.

  14. scoring 116.66 in obc category

  15. Please guys do not spread misinformation by guessing weird cut off marks… Figures like 115 and 120 do not mean anything… there will be more than 14000 candidates who will clear prelims. Yes, there were some 45 questions which every body knew but thats all about the “easiness” of the paper. This year’s paper has been a great disadvantage to those who focused on basics instead of current events.

  16. sir plz suggest me best books of economics, history, and geography for upsc.

  17. Sir pls post the youtube link in english too..

  18. friends very gud morning to allllllllll.

    “”IS 0 finite or infinite?””

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