[World History] Redrawal of Boundaries, Reunification of Italy and Germany; Vienna Congress & Metternich System

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India Yearbook
  1. Prologue
  2. WHRd/P1: Redrawal of National boundaries: Meaning & factors
  3. WHRd/P2: Vienna Congress & Metternich System
  4. WHRd/P3: Reunification of Italy
  5. WHRd/P4: Reunification of Germany


  • In past lecture, Pratik Nayak covered the American and French revolutions for World History for General Studies Mains Paper 1 (GSM1).
  • Now moving forward with next topic: redrawal of boundries and reunification of Germany and Italy.
  • PowerPoints available under Mrunal.org/download goto mediafire folder: “1_Powerpoint” =>  “3_History_Pratik” à “World History”

WHRd/P1: Redrawal of National boundaries: Meaning & factors

In this lecture, Pratik Nayak discusses the meaning of redrawal of boundaries and the intellectual, cultural, political and economic factors behind the redrawal of boundaries.
Youtube Link: youtu.be/VLFYnsL5zj4

WHRd/P2: Vienna Congress & Metternich System

On April 4, 1814, a defeated Napoleon abdicated the throne, marking the end of a catastrophic quarter-century of revolution and warfare. The French Revolution (1789–1799) and the Napoleonic Wars (1799–1815) had profoundly shaken Europe and a new atmosphere of international cooperation emerged in response. The Congress of Vienna was the first instance in which an international body met together in a single place to discuss the future of Europe. The congress included representatives from more than 200 nations and princely states.
The dominant figure and host of the Congress of Vienna was Austria’ s foreign minister, Prince Klemens von Metternich (1773–1859).  At the Congress of Vienna, Metternich was chiefly responsible for creating the balance of power in Europe. For the next 30 years, the Austrian would dedicate himself to stabilizing and consolidating this balance. The so-called Metternich system ensured stability by censoring political and religious views that threatened the conservative status quo.
Youtube Link: youtu.be/9K8hp86vfIY

WHRd/P3: Reunification of Italy

Like Germany, Italy was also divided into a number of states. The major states in the early 19th century Italy were Sardinia, Lombardy, Venetia, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Sicily and Naples), Papal States, Tuscany, Parma and Modena. Giuseppe Mazzini and Giuseppe Garibaldi started Young Italy movement. It aimed at the independence and unification of Italy and the establishment of a republic there. Later the Prime minister of Sardinia Count Cavour, took the initiative of uniting Italy
Youtube Link: youtu.be/dKOZorTVI6E

WHRd/P4: Reunification of Germany

In the 18th century, Germany was divided into a number of states. Some of these states were very small and did not extend beyond the limits of a city. During the Napoleonic wars, many of these states ceased to exist. At the end of the wars there were still thirty-eight independent states in Germany. Among them Prussia, Wurttemberg, Bavaria, and Saxony were fairly large. The division of Germany into a number of states had hampered the economic development of Germany. The social and political system in these states was also very backward. Bismarck, a Prussian aristocrat began Policy of “blood and iron” to reunite them.
Youtube Link: youtu.be/0DKFn_kvlM0

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So far 38 Comments posted

  1. B K Shah

    Thank you sir

  2. omender

    thanks from the depth of heart to you sir, you are our dronacharya guru. please keep giving your blessing on us.

  3. Tirup Parmar

    Thank you so much…:)

  4. Pooja Mittal

    Sir, please upload economics lecture for Mains.

  5. Nicky

    Thank you sir. Very important topics. Can’t find other sources easy study.

  6. ARUN

    Cant download ppt in android. …. plz help me

  7. jokeratupsc

    Thank you Pratik sir, Wish you happy deepavali:)


    Dear mrunal sir,I m a big fan of ur teaching style and following your all video from 4-5 months ,sir actually i want to say about an missing video of HFS3P1 On you tube,u had uploaded only the short summary of charter act of 1833 and British India education and socio cultural policy and orientalist views..so sir can u plzzzz re-upload that video as I feel it is a necessary one for all aspirants…and I will be greatful to u….once again thanx for everything u r doing for all aspirants….

  9. Shivanand

    very thanx sir…

  10. Saurabh Singh

    👍 sure bro

  11. Abdul

    Thanks mrunal sir

  12. B K Shah

    Dear Sir,
    Please start mains revision video lectures.

  13. santosh Kumar

    Thank You sir for your simple way of teaching!!

  14. Santosh

    Earlier there was mrinal app in google store but I had to update my Mobile and now there is no mrinal app in google store sir please do something regarding this and this is he baap of all apps for civil thanks for the efforts who make this site useful to all

  15. Ruhi

    Pratik Sir,
    Please Provide Lectures for Ancient and Medieval Indian History.

  16. satyandra

    Dear Mrunal Sir,
    I’m going to appear in this CSM 2016. Waiting eagerly for mains revision lectures! Thanks a lot!

  17. G.s.deora

    Hi everybody
    I m looking for serious partner for 2017 exam.Interested in pre n GS mains, essay but history is my optional .discussion only online or phone Becoz posted at remote place but seriously preparing. we can mk target n write past papers n cross check it. highly serious n want professional approach n habit of group study but right now no serious player around. if u r interested n are seriouslly preparing thn only what’s app me on 08384906207.Thanks

  18. Pooja Mittal


    Today, I observed that the online payment I made for DAF got reversed after couple of days!!!
    I even got SMS that the DAF has been successfully submitted. Not sure what went wrong. When I asked Bank, they said that the reversal was made by Merchant (UPSC).

    Have anyone also had this issue? What should I do now. Please someone help.


    1. Ruhi

      Hi Pooja,
      The Fees got reversed because you are a Female candidate and Females comes under Fees Exempted category.

      All The Best For Exams… 🙂

  19. Alpha

    Please please please upload rest videos asap ….

    There is hardly anytime left for mains 2016

  20. Priya

    Pooja for girls there is no fee all upscale exam free for girls:-)

  21. Priya

    Pooja for girls there is no fee all upsc exam free for girls:-)

  22. Nitesh rathod

    Sir I am preparing for mpsc exam plz provide study material on my fallowing email I’d

  23. Naresh Patidar

    I don’t think this has anything to do with female candidate as my transaction is also reversed. I called UPSC and they confirmed that many other people are also facing the issue and this will not be an issue for our exam candidacy. They will collect the fees later.

  24. kunchu

    sir ! thank you!! can u publish slides before hand for those appearing for mains. we can watch lecs too later.

  25. Satyendra Gupta

    Thanks sir,

  26. sunny singh

    Thank you sir

  27. Vinod

    Sir, I am preparing UPSC for 2017, but I have choose Hindi medium for examination. Can u guide me and upload the material in Hindi medium.

  28. Bhai video de do Plz

    Bhai video de do … Exam ko ab kuch din hin baaki hain

  29. Mr. Bing

    Dear Sir,
    As the clock ticks away restlessness palpitation increases with profuse sweating and it’s your video that provides us with the ray of hope that we can hold onto until the last. So please sir this is an earnest request from the whole of mankind to please provide the video or at least the ppt at the earliest. There is two wars to be fought and the theatrics of mikhail gorbachev to follow.
    Aapka agyakari
    Mr. Bing

  30. Arjun

    where is the link to download the ppts of above video presentation ??? Required for revision. Plz somebody help.

  31. Rohit maan

    Useful info sir.. Thanx for publish this useful Article…

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