[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: Anthropology Optional Paper 1 & 2, including Hindi medium PDF

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  1. Instructions for UPSC Mains-2014 Anthropology Paper
  2. Anthropology Optional Paper 1: SECTION A
  3. Anthropology Optional Paper 1: SECTION B
  4. Anthropology Optional Paper 2: SECTION A
  5. Anthropology Optional Paper 2: SECTION B
  6. Download for Hindi medium

Instructions for UPSC Mains-2014 Anthropology Paper

  • Paper-I and II: Each 3 hours and 250 marks.
  • There are 8 questions divided into two sections, printed in both Hindi and English.
  • You’ve to attempt 5 questions. No.1 and 5 are compulsory and out of remaining, 3 are to be attempted choosing atleast 1 question from each section.
  • Word limit, wherever specific, should be adhered to. (Mrunal- they did not specify wordlimit in questions, except for Q1 and Q5).
  • Attempt all questions in chronological order, unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partially. Any page of portion of the page left blank in the question-cum-answer booklet must be clearly struck off.

Anthropology Optional Paper 1: SECTION A

Q1. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10 x5=50

  1. Double Descent
  2. Genealogical Method
  3. Major sub-divisions of Anthropology
  4. Ecological Anthropology
  5. Field work tradition in Anthropology

Q2. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Critically examine the role of anthropology in Contemporary India. 15
  2. Is culture unique to human beings? Critically examine. 15
  3. Discuss the role of anthropology in the understanding of health and disease. What specific understanding is available with respect to infectious and non-infectious diseases? 20

Q3. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Discuss the nature of Law and Justice in simple societies citing suitable examples. 20
  2. Define marriage and describe the various types of marriages in human societies. 15
  3. Define Status and Role. Distinguish between Ascribed and Achieved Status. 15

Q4. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. What is functionalism? Discuss the functional approach to the understanding of Religion. 20
  2. What is understood by ‘Rites of Passage’? Describe the various phases of the ‘Rites of Passage and their significance. 20
  3. Differentiate between State and Stateless Societies. 10

Anthropology Optional Paper 1: SECTION B

Q5. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10 x5=50

  1. Cross-sectional methods of studying human growth
  2. Genetic Counselling
  3. Epidemiological Anthropology
  4. Asian Homo erectus
  5. Fertility and Fecundity

Q6. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. What are the different stages of Growth? Describe any one of them in detail. 20
  2. Describe Turner and Klinefelter Syndromes in 15
  3. What are the stresses at high altitudes? How do better cardio-respiratory functions help the native highlanders in combating low environmental pressure? 15

Q7. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Discuss the factors affecting gene frequencies among human populations. 20
  2. Elucidate the skeletal differences between humans and chimpanzees. 15
  3. Discuss the relevance of menarche, menopause and other bio-events to fertility. 15

Q8. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Discuss Ageing and Senescence. Describe either the biological or social theories of Ageing. 20
  2. Describe the absolute dating methods in Archaeology, highlighting the importance of each method. 15
  3. Describe the Neolithic culture of India. 15

Anthropology Optional Paper 2: SECTION A

Q1 Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each : 10×5=50

  1. Neolithic cultures of N-E India
  2. Tribe-Caste continuum
  3. Great tradition and Little tradition
  4. Major linguistic divisions of India
  5. Contribution of H. H. Risley to the ‘Aryan’ debate

Q2. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Describe what is known of Harappan Religion. Have some of its elements continued into later Hinduism? Discuss. 20
  2. Describe the concept of ‘Sacred Complex’ with an ethnographic example. 15 marks
  3. Do you think caste persists in contemporary India? Critically discuss. 15 marks

Q3. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Define the concept ‘Dominant Caste’ and examine its relevance in the contemporary Indian village with suitable examples. 20 Marks
  2. Discuss the contribution of Islam to the composite culture of India. 15 marks
  3. Discuss the importance of the ethno-archaeological approach to the study of indigenous craft in India. 15 marks

Q4. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Discuss the contributions of S. C. Roy to understanding the tribes of India. 20 Marks
  2. Describe the evolutionary significance of the fossil finds of the Narmada Basin. 15 marks
  3. Outline the distribution of Dravidian languages in India and describe their cultural significance. 15 marks

Anthropology Optional Paper 2: SECTION B

Q5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each : 10×5=50

  1. Biogenetic variations of Indian tribes
  2. Social and economic marginalization of tribal people
  3. Forest policy and tribes
  4. The concept of PTG
  5. Impact of Christianity on tribes

Q6. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Critically examine the constitutional provisions for safeguarding the interests of Scheduled Tribes in India. 20 Marks
  2. Discuss the impact of land alienation on the tribes of Central India. 15 marks
  3. Critically evaluate the National Tribal Policy. 15 marks

Q7. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Discuss the impact of Globalization on the livelihood of the tribal populations. 20 Marks
  2. What are the significant factors responsible for tribal unrest? 15 marks
  3. Discuss the rise of ethno-nationalism among Indian tribes with specific example. 15 marks

Q8. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Critically assess the role of anthropologists in rural development. 20 Marks
  2. Critically examine the role of NGOs in promoting health and education in tribal areas. 15 marks
  3. Describe the history administration in the colonial period. 15 marks

Download for Hindi medium

Click me to download originally scanned paper- containing both Hindi and English questions.
visit Mrunal.org/download for more papers.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha


So far 26 Comments posted

  1. Dr.ankush

    Sir plz upload zoology optional question paper 2014 mains

  2. rajith

    That looks to be a paper on expeted lines. Scorable but looks lengthy

  3. tejas

    thanks a lot mrunal…..for mains 2014

  4. sudhir

    Thanks sir for uploading anthro papers..

    1. ashok

      plz sir suggest me for socio cultural anthro book..

  5. ajinkya

    rajith, sudhir where r u from? finding anyone of anthro op is v difficult

  6. dexter morgan

    thanxs for the upload. ur best . please do a article on anthropology books and strategy .

  7. sankalp

    sir plz upload philosophy paper.

  8. prasant

    anthro paper was good………but time management is the key

    1. kavita

      can you please tell me how to which notes should we study for anthro

  9. Dfzx

    Sir please upload chemistry paper.

  10. sharan Desai

    thank u sir for uploading Anthro paper

  11. Karanth

    The paper was very easy and direct… 2nd paper is doubtful on scoring part, but 1st paper was too good:)

    1. kavita

      can you please tell me how to which notes should we study for anthro..need help

    1. kavita

      can you please tell me how to which notes should we study for anthro..need help

  12. M S

    Helo friends I am thinking of taking anthro as an optional. Had taken coaching for socio, last year although my answers were good cud make 130 in bith papers, this time too scared.
    despite doing labour if we dnt get marks rather nightmares what is the profit? Plz guide

  13. IAS aspirant

    I know there r less students opting for this optional but u can always search for one. d u have this optional and hv u taken any coaching for it. which books r u referring to??????

  14. RAM SINGH

    MRUNAL sir, i hav a huge respect for u, ur all articles, posts r invaluable, plz upload 2014 mains chemistry papers sir. dis r highly required.

  15. saif

    Kind request to upload the ZOOLOGY 2014 option paper

  16. MURLYDHAR

    Can Non medical or hindi medium students take Anthropology as a optional subject…?
    If he keeps interest in Anthropology sub. Does it matter he belongs to hindi or english medium..

  17. p.siva ganesh

    sir want learn anthropology optional subject in telugu plzz provide me

  18. rajashekar goud

    Sir please upload botony optional subject in english! Pleae .

  19. dr.rajashekar goud

    Sir please upload botony optional subject in english! Please.

  20. ajay singh

    Which subject is scoring in IAS exam in this time and why?

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