TnW= Time and Work
TSD=Time speed and Distance.
But we solve them using same STD formula, as you’ve seen in my previous articles.

TSD got four main type of problems

• 1. Trains and Platforms
• 2. Boats and streams
• 3. Relative speed
• 4. Circular track.

## Relative speed Problems

In these questions, generally two people start from opposing directions and ride at different speeds. You’ve to find the speed, distance or time when they’ll meet each other.
This type of TSD question routinely appears in various competitive exams.

# Relative speed concept

• Recall the pipes and cisterns concept. If Pipe A and B fill up the tank. When they work together, the combined speed is A+B.
• Similarly if A and B are riding their cars and coming towards each other, the relative speed increases and becomes A+B
• If Pipe A fills up the tank and pipe B empties the tank, then combined speed is A-B.
• Similarly, if A and B are riding their cars and moving away from each other, the relative speed is A-B (subtract higher speed from smaller speed.)

# Case  : Two people start together simultaneously

Jethalal starts from Pune to Mumbai and at the same time Roshansingh Sodhi starts from Mumbai to Pune. Their speed is 25kmph and 35 kmph respectively. If the distance between Pune and Mumbai is 120 kms.

1. When will these two gentlemen meet?
2. The place where they meet, has a hotel. How far is this hotel from Pune?

If you’ve mastered the Universal STD Table MethodTM , this question Is a walk in the park.
Since they’re moving towards each other,
(Relative Speed)Jetha and Sodhi
=Jetha’s speed + Sodhi’s Speed
=25+35
=60kmph

Now the usual STD table

 Jetha Sodhi Together Speed 25 35 25+35=60 Time ?? Distance 120

Since they start together, the speed is 60kmph from the beginning.
Run STD on last column
Speed x time = distance
60 x time =120
Time =120/60 =2 hrs.
Ans1: They’ll meet after two hours.

Q2. The place where they meet has a hotel. How far is this hotel from Pune?

From the answer1: we know that Jetha and sodhi will meet after two hours.
Since Jetha is riding from Pune side, in two hours he will cover

 Jetha Sodhi Together Speed 25 35 25+35=60 Time 2 2 2 Distance 50kms 70 120

So applying STD formula on Jetha’s column, you get distance covered by Jetha = 50 kms.
Therefore, the said hotel (meeting place) is 50 kilometers away from Pune.
Similarly, it is 35 x 2 =70 kms from Mumbai.

Alternatively, Since hotel is 50 kms away from Pune and Pune is 120 kms away from Mumbai so
Hotel is 120 minus 50  = 70 kms away from Mumbai.

# Case: Two people don’t start together

Jethalal starts from Ahmedabad to Mumbai, at 8 AM with 25kmph speed.
At 10 AM, Sodhi starts from Mumbai to Ahmedabad at 35kmph speed.
The meet at the hotel, how far is this hotel from Ahmedabad, IF the distance between A’bad and Mumbai is 600 kilometers.

Given: Jethalal starts @8AM and Sodhi starts @10 AM.
That means for 2 hours, Jethalal worked alone. Because 10AM minus 8 AM = 2 hours.
Fill up the table.

 Jethalal Sodhi 8AM: Jetha starts Speed 25 35 25 Time 2 distance 600 600 25 x 2 =50

In the last column run STD
Speed x time = distance
25 x 2 =50 kms

You get that from 8AM to 10 PM, Jetha alone covered 25 km x 2 hr =50 kilometers of journey.
So remaining work = total 600 minus 50 = 550 kms.

Since Sodhi also started at 10AM, from now onwards the remaining 550kms will be covered by both of them together. They’re moving towards each other
Relative speed =
=Jetha + Sodhi
=25 + 35
=60 kmph

Make new column

 Jethalal Sodhi 8AM: Jetha starts 10AM: Sodhi joins Speed 25 35 25 25+35=60 Time 2 ?? distance 600 600 25 x 2 =50 600-50=550

Run STD on last column
Speed x time = distance
60 x time = 550
Time =55/6

## Important:

What’s the total time taken before they meet each other ?
For the first two hours (8 to 10 AM), Jetha rode alone. Then both of them together covered remaining distance in 55/6 hrs. So total time
=2 hours + 55/6 hrs
=67/6 hrs.

We’ve to find how far is the hotel from A’bad.
Since Jethala is riding from A’bad, whatever distance he covered before meeting Sodhi  = that is our answer. So make a new column

 Jethalal Sodhi 8AM: Jetha starts 10AM: Sodhi joins Jetha’s Journey Speed 25 35 25 60 25 Time 2 55/6 (2+55/6)=67/6 distance 600 600 50 550

Run STD on last column
Speed x time = distance
25 x 67/6 = distance
Distance= approx. 279.16 kms

## Alternatives approach

Jetha and Sodhi travelled together for 55/6
So from 10 AM onwards, Jetha covered 25 x 55/6=229.16 kms
Apart from that, between 8 to 10AM, Jetha already covered 50 kms
So total distance covered by Jetha, before the meeting
=229.16+50