[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: Geography Optional Paper 1 & 2, including Hindi medium PDF

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  1. Instructions for UPSC Geography Mains
  2. Geography Optional Paper 1: SECTION A
  3. Geography Optional Paper 1: SECTION B
  4. Geography Optional: Paper 2: SECTION A
  5. Geography Optional Paper 2: SECTION B
  6. Original Scan for Hindi medium

Instructions for UPSC Geography Mains

  1. Illustrate your answers with suitable sketches, maps and diagrams wherever necessary. These shall be drawn in the space provided for answering the question itself.
  2. Each paper has 3 hours and 250 marks.
  3. There are EIGHT questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH.
  4. Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
  5. Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE question from each Section.
  6. The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
  7. Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than the authorized one.
  8. Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
  9. Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly

Geography Optional Paper 1: SECTION A

Q1. Answer the following: 150 each: 10 x 5 = 50 marks

  1. Define the term ‘meander’ and describe the basic characteristics of entrenched meander and ingrown meander.
  2. Discuss the salient features of ‘sirocco’ and ‘mistral’.
  3. Discuss an account of the nature of biosphere as an ecosystem.
  4. State the uniqueness of the Eurasian Steppe Biome.
  5. Illustrate the origin and nature of Sargasso Sea and Lagoon

Q2. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. State the concept of plate tectonics. How does it help in explaining the formation of Himalayas and Appalachain Mountains.
  2. Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples.
  3. Enumerate the major causes of increasing degradation of environment in hills and hillslopes, and state its down-valley impact.

Q3. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Discuss the nature and origin of Indian monsoon and recent techniques of its prediction.
  2. State the concept of erosion surfaces and highlight the factors responsible for their development.
  3. Give a critical account of reasons and consequences of marine pollution.

Q4. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Explain weathering and mass wasting, and describe their geomorphic significance.
  2. Define zoogeographic region.Also describe he basic faunal makeup of the Neo-Arctic zoogeographic region.
  3. Give an account of recent observation on coral bleaching with reference to Clive Wilkinson’s Report.

Geography Optional Paper 1: SECTION B

Q5. Answer the following: 150 words each. 10 x 5 = 50 marks

  1. Elaborate the concept of mental map.
  2. Give an account of food security issues in developing countries.
  3. Discuss the factors responsible for counter-urbanisation.
  4. Explain the relevance of bottom-up and top-down approaches in the development of agrarian economy.
  5. Critically analyse application of models in geography.

Q6. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Explain the necessary conditions of takeoff and subsequent stages of development of a nation as propounded by Rostow.
  2. Discuss environmental and economic problems associated with coal production.
  3. Discuss the contribution of geographers in the development of radical geography.

Q7. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Giving suitable examples, describe the importance of system analysis in geographical studies.
  2. “Rural sustainability is necessary for urban sustainability.” Discuss the statement in the backdrop of integrated development approach.
  3. “Indo-Gangetic hearth is considered to be one of the world’s richest cultural realms.” Examine.

Q8. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Explain the qualitative and quantitative methods of delineation of sphere of urban influence.
  2. “World is passing through a global resource dilemma.” Comment
  3. “Food productivity with purity of the ecosystem is the need of the hour.” Elaborate.

Geography Optional: Paper 2: SECTION A

Q1. Answer following. 5 x 10 = 50 marks.

  1. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all of the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of the locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2 x 5 =10 marks)
    1. Guru Shikhar
    2. Bhor Ghat
    3. Shravanabelagola
    4. Kalibangan
    5. Ganga Sagar
  2. Explain how eco-tourism, activities could be important livelihood options in the Himalayan and North-Eastern regions of the country.
  3. How is drainage pattern determined by the water divide?
  4. Location of thermal power plants and coal fields in India are mot mutually conducive. Analyse.
  5. Why has agro and social forestry has failed to achieve its objectives?

Q2. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Bring out the distribution of Laterite soils in India and their specific use for agriculture.
  2. Suggest the measures of wild-life conservation with reference to extinction of rare species.
  3. Describe the problems of agro-based industries in India in general and cotton textiles in particular.

Q3. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Highlight the socio-economic and ecological roles of River Cauvery in its riverine tract.
  2. Discuss the problems and prospects of National Waterway No. 1.
  3. Explain the concept of ‘Make in India’ and indicate the essential inputs for its success.

Q4. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Describe the salient climatological characteristics of Rayalseema region.
  2. ‘In spite of various negative impacts of Green Revolution, there is a demand for New Green Revolution.’ Elaborate.
  3. What are the desired possible changes in our trade policy to promote the development of cottage industry?

Geography Optional Paper 2: SECTION B

Q5. Answer following: 5 x 10 = 50 marks.

  1. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all of the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2 x 5 = 10 marks)
    1. Mundra Port
    2. Chandipur
    3. Mahendragiri
    4. Hazira
    5. Vembanad Lake
  2. Highlight the implications of declining child sex ratio in India.
  3. Analyse the feasibility of “Smart Towns’ Development in India.
  4. Comment on the criteria of identifying Drought Prone Areas in India.
  5. Bring out the role of terrain in determining India’s political influence over neighbouring countries.

Q6. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. Discuss the trends in emigration focusing on its major thrust.
  2. Account for the multiple problems of urban agglomerations.
  3. Evaluate the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.

Q7. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. How can a meaningful skill development programme contribute to the economic growth of hill areas?
  2. Differentiate between ‘intensity’ and ‘magnitude’ of an earthquake and explain its varying impact in different parts of India.
  3. Discuss the implications of India’s strategic location with reference to the Indian Ocean.

Q8. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)

  1. India is involved in a number of border disputes. Explain the reasons and remedies.
  2. Discuss the concept of Command Area Development and evaluate its success with reference to Indira Gandhi Canal.
  3. How has an inappropriate urban land use policy accounted for undesirable development in and around metropolitan cities.

Original Scan for Hindi medium

Click me to download originally scanned paper- containing both Hindi and English questions.
visit Mrunal.org/download for more questions papers of UPSC Civil services Mains examination.

Mrunal recommends

47 Comments on “[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: Geography Optional Paper 1 & 2, including Hindi medium PDF”

  1. Thank God!!
    UPSC ultimately stop playing with Geography optional this time unlike that of 2012 and 2013…

    1. Yes…If you compare the papers of geo optional..this year geo optional papers seems to be relief for the one who attempted it.

      1. I second u Raju…although I left 10-15 marks in each paper..

    2. Please guide me . i did’nt understand most of the question. what are the material required for geo-optional.

  2. Paper was better than last few years..

  3. Nice paper…sensible and scoring

  4. Nice paper… but needed full concentration which attempting..

  5. there are 2 mahendragiri one in tamilnadu one in orrisa ,which one was asked?

      1. Mahandergiri ..highest peak of easter ghat ..

  6. dear Sir. such it is very interesting paper. please send on my email in Hindi.

  7. Seems to be a scoring paper compared to 2012,2013 papers of geography…Finally optional paper is where one can attempt and feel happy after the GS papers which are dynamic…

  8. One in Orissa is is mahendragiri peak and in T.N its mahendragiri hills and they always ask about peak which is in orissa

  9. Mrunal sir i have philosophy paper..likin mujhe Google drive pr upload krna nhi aata..aap btaye m kese kru taki aapk sath share Kr saku..aap hmare liye itna krte h m bhi aapk liye itna to Kr hi skta hu

  10. thanks sir ………….Hindi medium ke liye…thanks again

  11. make in india >>raayalsima region climate>>skill development>>>border dispute>>smart town> >these some are related to directly/ indirectly to current affairs,,paper is compensationable the loss of gs papers….

  12. Thank You.

  13. nice paper….

  14. hey guys can u tell me the reference books gor geography optional

    1. physical geography:savinder singh
      indian geography:khullar
      human geography:majid hussain

  15. Geography this time was well put and easy. Second paper was very general in content and if anybody found a geographical way of answering schemes like BRGF et al., I am very impressed. In given time i could easily complete the paper. Sadly less than optimum preparation stole a very rich and healthy opportunity from me. I blame myself. Easiest paper ever. Period.

  16. I think , both the papers were scoring as an optional paper. I want previous years papers. If any one have so please send in immediately and hindi medium will be preferable . My mail id is [email protected]. Please send to me.

    1. ALL Candidates who wants to Download Previous papers can easily Download it from UPSC.gov.in….and click on Previous papers Link…its Simple…and lots of Papers present….

  17. it is too esay .getting good marks’ geo. paper 1 was scoring bcoz of some geo. principle but paper 2 was so applied so getting less marks

    1. Dear sir,
      can i prepare geography optional from marathi medium? and i have a doubt in my mind i.e. is there any candidate passed in upsc exam, who takes geography optional through marathi medium? if not then what are the reasons?

  18. thank you sir




  20. Though not asked in the paper…can anyone please tell me the reason WHY CORIOLIS FORCE IS NOT PRESENT AT EQUATOR AND IS MAXIMUM AT POLES?

    1. as corriolis force is due to rotation of earth ,when pressure diff with high at pole and low at equator ,this force generate from pole towards equator…………..

    2. Coriolis force acts perpendicular to the axis of rotation (line connecting north pole and south pole in this case) and direction of motion of object (wind in this case). At equator if wind moves north or south it is parallel to axis of rotation thus zero Coriolis force. At equator the same wind becomes perpendicular to axis of rotation of earth thus maximum Coriolis.

      1. coriolis force is simply at apoint is equal to sin(angle) of that lattitude

  21. In between discussions lots of great people………………….I wish to raise my query.
    I am from engg. background and thinking about preparation with geography with optional.
    Can any body suggest me…………Will this subject is good or shall I rethink???????????????????
    Waiting for replies.

    1. Yes, You can definitely take geo as optional.
      It is partially scientific so manageable by engg background candidates.
      However u must check whether u have affinity towards it or not?

  22. I am in confusion state to choose optional subject.. I came from B.Sc(com) in my graduation.. Which subject is correct to me in quick and easy preparation..

  23. sir pls upload history mains optional 2014 question

  24. can anyone help me in structuring the answer for paper 2, third part of question no. 8 regarding the inappropriate urban land use policy

  25. Sir, Hindi medium mein Public Admin aur History ka mains ka material ki jarurat hai. Download nahi ho paraha hai. Please help Sir.

  26. Sir i m frm engineering backgrnd so confusion of optional subj..people suggesting geo as a optional subject so pls sujjegst me…plssss..
    And plss refr whose book is best fr geo fr mains

  27. How to download these link

  28. Pdf download nhi ho rha h plz help me

  29. Hello sir I am under dilemma for choosing the geography. I want u r comment or the senior players’ THAT IS IT NESSERY TO TAKE COACHING FOR GEOGRAPHY OPTIONAL?

  30. Sir, pls suggest books in marathi for geography (mains) optional

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