[Download] General Studies Paper2:(Polity, IR) of UPSC Civil Service Mains Exam 2013, topicwise separated, original-scan uploaded

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  1. Prologue
  2. General Studies Paper II: Topicwise
    1. Polity(80m)
      1. Indian Constitution (40m)
      2. Fedaralism (30m)
      3. Statutory Bodies (10m)
    2. Yearbook/Planning/Development(70m)
      1. Welfare Schemes (50m)
      2. NGO/SHG/Pressure Group (20m)
    3. Transparency/ Good Governance (20m)
    4. IR/Diplomacy (80m)
      1. Neighbours (60m)
      2. Policies of countries (10m)
      3. Intl.Organizations (10m)
  3. General Studies Paper II: Linear
  4. General Studies Question Paper2: Original Scan/Hindi
  5. Bogus Marketing propaganda (part II)

Prologue

  • UPSC’s Civil service mains exam- General studies paper 2 (GS2) had total 25 question. All compulsory, no alternates given. All questions were worth 10 marks and 200 words each.
  • UPSC did not use the BackbreakingTM move this time. Meaning they even asked from news that was too hot/popular e.g. Direct cash transfer, Smaller state (Telengana), Mid-day meal (deaths in Bihar) and so on.
  • Brighter side: you’d already be in possession of decent fodder points, as most of these topics have been appearing in the newspaper editorials. In otherwords, expensive coaching material= not a prerequisite for success.
  • Nothing from Representation of People’s Act.
  • Nothing from comparing Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Nothing from functions of ministries/ departments.
  • Nothing from role of civil services in a democracy. (May be they’re ‘saving’ it for Paper 4!)
  • Nothing from diaspora.

Detailed analysis later.

General Studies Paper II: Topicwise

UPSC-Mains-General-Studies-GS-Paper2

polityConstitution related40
federalism30
statutory bodies10
yearbook/FYP/developmentwelfare schemes50
NGO/SHG/Pressure groups20
transparency/GGtransparency/good governance/accountability20
IR/Diplomacyneighbors60
policies of developed c ountries10
international organizations10
total250

Polity

Indian Constitution (40m)

  1. The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law, which was legislated but with a different intention?
  2. Discuss Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Article 19 of the Constitution.
  3. Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the `Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution.
  4. The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution. Discuss critically.

Fedaralism (30m)

  1. Many State Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss.
  2. Constitutional mechanisms to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss.
  3. Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances.

Statutory Bodies (10m)

  1. The product diversification of financial institutions and insurance companies, resulting in overlapping of products and services strengthens the case for the merger of the two regulatory agencies, namely SEBI and IRDA. Justify.

Yearbook/Planning/Development

Welfare Schemes (50m)

  1. The concept of Mid Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success.
  2. The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate.
  3. Electronic cash transfer system for the welfare schemes is an ambitious project to minimize corruption, eliminate wastage and facilitate reforms. Comment.
  4. The basis of providing urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) is rooted in establishing connectivity. Comment.
  5. Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health. Discuss the success of the actions taken by the Government for achieving the same.

NGO/SHG/Pressure Group (20m)

  1. Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics. With regards to the above, assess the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India.
  2. The legitimacy and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their patrons, the micro-finance outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss.

Transparency/ Good Governance (20m)

Syllabus: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  1. Though Citizen’s charters have been formulated by many public service delivery organizations, there is no corresponding improvement in the level of citizens’ satisfaction and quality of services being provided. Analyze.
  2. ‘A national Lokpal, however strong it may be, cannot resolve the problems of immorality in public affairs’. Discuss.

IR/Diplomacy (80m)

Neighbours (60m)

  1. The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests.
  2. What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this.
  3. The protests in Shahbag Square in Dhaka in Bangladesh reveal a fundamental split in society between the nationalists and Islamic forces. What is its significance for India?
  4. Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India?
  5. In respect of India — Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy.
  6. What is meant by Gujral doctrine? Does it have any relevance today? Discuss.

Policies of countries (10m)

Syllabus point: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

  1. Economic ties between India and Japan while growing in the recent years are still far below their potential. Elucidate the policy constraints which are inhibiting this growth.

Intl.Organizations (10m)

Syllabus point: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

  1. The World Bank and the IMF, collectively known as the Bretton Woods Institutions, are the two inter-governmental pillars supporting the structure of the world’s economic and financial order. Superficially, the World Bank and the IMF exhibit many common characteristics, yet their role, functions and mandate are distinctly different. Elucidate.

General Studies Paper II: Linear

  1. The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law, which was legislated but with a different intention?
  2. Discuss Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Article 19 of the Constitution.
  3. Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the `Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution.
  4. The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution.’ Discuss critically.
  5. Many State Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss.
  6. Constitutional mechanisms to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss.
  7. Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances.
  8. The product diversification of financial institutions and insurance companies, resulting in overlapping of products and services strengthens the case for the merger of the two regulatory agencies, namely SEBI and IRDA. Justify.
  9. The concept of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success.
  10. Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics. With regards to the above, assess the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India.
  11. The legitimacy and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their patrons, the micro-finance outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss.
  12. The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate.
  13. Electronic cash transfer system for the welfare schemes is an ambitious project to minimize corruption, eliminate wastage and facilitate reforms. Comment.
  14. The basis of providing urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) is rooted in establishing connectivity. Comment.
  15. Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health.Discuss the success of the actions taken by the Government for achieving the same.
  16. Though Citizen’s charters have been formulated by many public service delivery organizations, there is no corresponding improvement in the level of citizens’ satisfaction and quality of services being provided. Analyse.
  17. ‘A national Lokpal,however strong it may be,cannot resolve the problems of immorality in public affairs’. Discuss.(200 words).
  18. The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests.
  19. What do you understand by The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this.
  20. Economic ties between India and Japan while growing in the recent years are still far below their potential. Elucidate the policy constraints which are inhibiting this growth.
  21. The protests in Shahbag Square in Dhaka in Bangladesh reveal a fundamental split in society between the nationalists and Islamic forces. What is its significance for India?
  22. Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India?
  23. In respect of India — Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy.
  24. What is meant by Gujral doctrine? Does it have any relevance today? Discuss.
  25. The World Bank and the IMF, collectively known as the Bretton Woods Institutions, are the two inter-governmental pillars supporting the structure of the world’s economic and financial order. Superficially, the World Bank and the IMF exhibit many common characteristics, yet their role, functions and mandate are distinctly different. Elucidate.

General Studies Question Paper: Original Scan/Hindi

Google docs (To view online)

(GS1): https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0DPgaYAtDgmX0RiR2hyejluNmc/edit?usp=sharing
(GS2): https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0DPgaYAtDgmbHphMGg4VkZGb1k/edit?usp=sharing

My server (to download the PDF scan)

(GS1) https://files.secureserver.net/0shnFYey5ULW37
(GS2) https://files.secureserver.net/0sW5WJGHQnPW5S
Courtesy: Mahitosh and Shivaram for sending their question papers.

Bogus Marketing propaganda (part II)

Using the same sacred audit rules from paper 1

questioncommentbogus propagandagenuine claim
MDG & Government Health initiativeshttp://mrunal.org/2013/04/public-health-current-affairs-2012-13-government-schemes-policies-yearbook-stuff-part-1-of-3.html#852Sufficient points given in that [public health] article series. Additional points even under Economic survey summaries.1010
India-Maldives
  1. Maldives coup: http://mrunal.org/2012/12/diplomacy-maldives-coup-reasons-implications-nasheed-gmr.html
  2. GMR issue: http://mrunal.org/2012/12/economy-gmr-maldives-airport-controversy-ifc-aai-meaning-reason-implications-explained.html
  3. Maldivian election (by Aditya Sangotra in November writing competition): http://mrunal.org/2013/12/download-november-writing-competition-zip-file-of-all-good-entries.html

In short, more than sufficient content available to handle 200 words.

1010
Citizen charter problemhttp://mrunal.org/2013/03/polity-citizens-charter-bill-2011-salient-features-issues-criticism-explained.html#42Also included 2nd ARC. Although Sufficient content to handle 200 words but generic medium quality points.105
PURASocial Sector Initiatives compilation by Abhishek in November competition. ~90words.105
China string of pearlhttp://mrunal.org/diplomacyAlthough points are randomly scattered: JIMEX, Chahbar, Fifth Generation Aircraft etc. Section not updated lately.100
IMF vs World Bankhttp://mrunal.org/2012/05/bretton-woods.htmlAlthough I did write on Bretton woods but hardly anything on IMF vs World bank functions because that’s just too basic topic given in many books and IGNOU’s IR material.100
totalout of 250 marks60only 30!

I cannot make big claims because I had spent most of the time writing [World History], [Geograpahy], [Food processing], [Land reforms] and lately [Ethics] and science tech. Paper II never figured in the priority list. So, Nangaa nahaayegaa kya aur nichodega kya?
Anyways, Detailed analysis of the papers later on, after the mains is over and a bigger picture emerges.

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha


So far 68 Comments posted

  1. Vikas

    All this paper seems to be related to current affairs & dynamic
    Bye Bye to static part and traditional mugging approach

  2. vivek

    whats the use of sorting questions.. people need answers.. clarity dude clarity..

  3. kishore

    The preparnation forIR Is only India related na

  4. kishore

    The preparnation for IR Is only India related na

  5. Gurkirpal Bodal

    Good detail…..

  6. sai krishna

    thanks a million ton for taking painstaking efforts to provide insights into question papers, truly a hero #respect#

  7. SUDHIR SHARMA

    This GS paper is toughest one needs more prep. And help from mrunal

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