- Instructions for UPSC Geography Mains
- Geography Optional Paper 1: SECTION A
- Geography Optional Paper 1: SECTION B
- Geography Optional: Paper 2: SECTION A
- Geography Optional Paper 2: SECTION B
- Original Scan for Hindi medium
- Illustrate your answers with suitable sketches, maps and diagrams wherever necessary. These shall be drawn in the space provided for answering the question itself.
- Each paper has 3 hours and 250 marks.
- There are EIGHT questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH.
- Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
- Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE question from each Section.
- The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
- Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than the authorized one.
- Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
- Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly
comprare levitra contrassegno Q1. Answer the following: 150 each: 10 x 5 = 50 marks
- Define the term ‘meander’ and describe the basic characteristics of entrenched meander and ingrown meander.
- Discuss the salient features of ‘sirocco’ and ‘mistral’.
- Discuss an account of the nature of biosphere as an ecosystem.
- State the uniqueness of the Eurasian Steppe Biome.
- Illustrate the origin and nature of Sargasso Sea and Lagoon
go site Q2. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- State the concept of plate tectonics. How does it help in explaining the formation of Himalayas and Appalachain Mountains.
- Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples.
- Enumerate the major causes of increasing degradation of environment in hills and hillslopes, and state its down-valley impact.
enter site Q3. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Discuss the nature and origin of Indian monsoon and recent techniques of its prediction.
- State the concept of erosion surfaces and highlight the factors responsible for their development.
- Give a critical account of reasons and consequences of marine pollution.
acquistare viagra generico 50 mg consegna rapida a Venezia Q4. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Explain weathering and mass wasting, and describe their geomorphic significance.
- Define zoogeographic region.Also describe he basic faunal makeup of the Neo-Arctic zoogeographic region.
- Give an account of recent observation on coral bleaching with reference to Clive Wilkinson’s Report.
http://cinziamazzamakeup.com/?x=cialis-generico-e-confiavel Q5. Answer the following: 150 words each. 10 x 5 = 50 marks
- Elaborate the concept of mental map.
- Give an account of food security issues in developing countries.
- Discuss the factors responsible for counter-urbanisation.
- Explain the relevance of bottom-up and top-down approaches in the development of agrarian economy.
- Critically analyse application of models in geography.
http://cinziamazzamakeup.com/?x=acquistare-viagra-generico-200-mg-consegna-rapida-a-Venezia Q6. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Explain the necessary conditions of takeoff and subsequent stages of development of a nation as propounded by Rostow.
- Discuss environmental and economic problems associated with coal production.
- Discuss the contribution of geographers in the development of radical geography.
new fertility drug like clomid for sale Q7. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Giving suitable examples, describe the importance of system analysis in geographical studies.
- “Rural sustainability is necessary for urban sustainability.” Discuss the statement in the backdrop of integrated development approach.
- “Indo-Gangetic hearth is considered to be one of the world’s richest cultural realms.” Examine.
Q8. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Explain the qualitative and quantitative methods of delineation of sphere of urban influence.
- “World is passing through a global resource dilemma.” Comment
- “Food productivity with purity of the ecosystem is the need of the hour.” Elaborate.
Q1. Answer following. 5 x 10 = 50 marks.
- On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all of the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of the locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2 x 5 =10 marks)
- Guru Shikhar
- Bhor Ghat
- Ganga Sagar
- Explain how eco-tourism, activities could be important livelihood options in the Himalayan and North-Eastern regions of the country.
- How is drainage pattern determined by the water divide?
- Location of thermal power plants and coal fields in India are mot mutually conducive. Analyse.
- Why has agro and social forestry has failed to achieve its objectives?
Q2. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Bring out the distribution of Laterite soils in India and their specific use for agriculture.
- Suggest the measures of wild-life conservation with reference to extinction of rare species.
- Describe the problems of agro-based industries in India in general and cotton textiles in particular.
Q3. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Highlight the socio-economic and ecological roles of River Cauvery in its riverine tract.
- Discuss the problems and prospects of National Waterway No. 1.
- Explain the concept of ‘Make in India’ and indicate the essential inputs for its success.
Q4. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Describe the salient climatological characteristics of Rayalseema region.
- ‘In spite of various negative impacts of Green Revolution, there is a demand for New Green Revolution.’ Elaborate.
- What are the desired possible changes in our trade policy to promote the development of cottage industry?
Q5. Answer following: 5 x 10 = 50 marks.
- On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all of the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2 x 5 = 10 marks)
- Mundra Port
- Vembanad Lake
- Highlight the implications of declining child sex ratio in India.
- Analyse the feasibility of “Smart Towns’ Development in India.
- Comment on the criteria of identifying Drought Prone Areas in India.
- Bring out the role of terrain in determining India’s political influence over neighbouring countries.
Q6. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- Discuss the trends in emigration focusing on its major thrust.
- Account for the multiple problems of urban agglomerations.
- Evaluate the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.
Q7. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- How can a meaningful skill development programme contribute to the economic growth of hill areas?
- Differentiate between ‘intensity’ and ‘magnitude’ of an earthquake and explain its varying impact in different parts of India.
- Discuss the implications of India’s strategic location with reference to the Indian Ocean.
Q8. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks)
- India is involved in a number of border disputes. Explain the reasons and remedies.
- Discuss the concept of Command Area Development and evaluate its success with reference to Indira Gandhi Canal.
- How has an inappropriate urban land use policy accounted for undesirable development in and around metropolitan cities.