[Download] UPSC Mains-2016: General Studies Paper-1 in English & Hindi, & Topicwise Collection of all Papers Since syllabus change!

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  1. Instructions for UPSC Mains GS Paper-1
  2. GSM1-2016: Question paper in linear format
  3. Observations compared to past years
  4. Is expensive coaching and secret material required for Mains-2017?
  5. GSM1-Topicwise Questions since Pattern change in 2013
    1. [Block-1] History
      1. History: Art & Culture
      2. History: India before Independence
      3. History: India After independence
      4. History: world
    2. [Block-2] Social Science
      1. Social Science: Caste, Religion, Region
      2. Social Science: Poverty, Population, Globalization
      3. Social Science: Women
    3. [Block-3] Geography
      1. Geography: Physical
      2. Geography: Climate, Disaster related
      3. Geography: Resources Distribution
      4. Geography: factors affecting industrial locations
      5. Geography: Urbanization

Instructions for UPSC Mains GS Paper-1

  • UPSC conducted general studies paper 1 of civil services mains examination on 5th December 2016
  • Duration: 3 hours; Maximum Marks: 250
  • Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions:
  • There are TWENTY questions printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH. Each Question carries 12.5 marks.
  • All the questions too compulsory.
  • Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QC4) Booklet in the space provided.
  • No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

GSM1-2016: Question paper in linear format incl. HINDI

Each Question is worth 12.5 marks and maximum word limit is 200. But content of the answer is more important than its length.

  1. Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.
    प्रारम्भिक बुद्धा स्तूप कला, लोक वर्ण्य-विषयो एवं कथानको को चित्रित करते हुए बुद्धा आदर्शो की सफलतापूर्वक व्याख्या करती है | विशदीकरण कीजिए |
  2. Krishnadeva Raya, the King of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.
    विजयनगर नरेश कृष्णदेव रॉय न केवल स्वयं एक कुशल विद्वान थे अपितु विधया एवं साहित्य के महान संरक्षक भी थे | विवेचना करिए |
  3. Explain how the Uprising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.
    यह स्पष्ट कीजिए कि 1857 का विप्लव किस प्रकार औपनिवेशिक भारत के प्रति ब्रिटिश नीतियों के विकासक्रम में एक महत्वपूर्ण एतिहासिक मोड है |
  4. Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.
    स्वतन्त्रता संग्राम में, विशेष तौर पर गांधीवादी चरण के दौरान महिलाओं कि भूमिका का विवेचन कीजिए |
  5. Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.
    स्वतन्त्रता के लिए संघर्ष में सुभाष चन्द्र बोस एवं महात्मा गांधी के मध्य दृष्टिकोण की भिन्नताओं पर प्रकाश डालिए |
  6. Has the formation of linguistic States strengthened the cause of Indian Unity?
    क्या भाषाइ राज्यों के गठन नें भारतीय एकता के उद्देश्य को मजबूती प्रदान की है ?
  7. The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine.
    पश्चिमी अफ्रीका में उपनिवेश-विरोधी संघर्षों को पाश्चात्य सिक्षित अफ़्रीकियों के नव संभ्रांत वर्ग के द्वारा नेत्रत्व प्रदान किया गया था | परीक्षण करिए |
  8. To what extent globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.
    वैश्वीकरण नें भारत में सांस्कृतिक विविधता के आंतरक (कोर) को किस सीमा तक प्रभावित किया है ? स्पष्ट कीजिए |
  9. “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples. 7+5.5 marks
    “ गरीबी उन्मूलन की एक अनिवार्य शर्त गरीबों को वंचितता के प्रक्रम से विमुक्त कर देना है |” उपयुक्त उदाहरण प्रस्तुत करते हुए इस कथन को पुष्ट कीजिए |
  10. Why are the tribals in India referred to as the Scheduled Tribes? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment. 4.5+8 marks
    क्या कारण है कि भारत में जनजातियों को “अनुसूचित जनजातियाँ ” कहा जाता है ? भारत के संविधान में प्रतिष्ठापित उनके उत्थापन के लिए प्रावधानों को सूचित कीजिए |
  11. With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme’. 4.5+8 marks
    भारत में नगरीय जीवन कि गुणता कि संक्षिप्त पृष्ठभूमि के साथ, ‘ स्मार्ट नगर कार्यक्रम ‘ के उद्देश्य और रणनीति बताइये ?
  12. What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer. 3.5 + 9 marks
    प्रादेशिकता का क्या आधार है ? क्या ऐसा प्रादेशिक स्तर पर विकास के लाभों के असमान वितरण से हुआ , जिसने कि अंतत: प्रादेशिकता को वढावा दिया ?अपने उत्तर को पुष्ट कीजिए |
  13. Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes.
    वायु संहति कि संकल्पना की विवेचना कीजिए तथा विस्तृत क्षेत्रीय जलवायवी परिवर्तनों में उसकी भूमिका को स्पष्ट कीजिए |
  14. “The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.
    “हिमालय भूस्खलन के प्रति अत्याधिक प्रवण है |” कारणो कि विवेचना कीजिए तथा अल्पीकरण के उपाय सुझाए |
  15. The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain
    भूमि तथा जल संसाधनो का प्रभावी प्रबंधन मानव विपत्तियों को प्रबल रूप से कम कर देगा | स्पष्ट कीजिए |
  16. South China Sea has assumed great geopolitical significance in the present context. Comment.
    वर्तमान संदर्भ में दक्षिणी चीन सागर का भू-राजनीतिक महत्त्व बहुत बढ़ गया है | टिप्पणी कीजिए |
  17. Major cities of India are becoming more vulnerable to flood conditions. Discuss.
    भारत के प्रमुख नगर बाढ़ दशाओं से अधिक असुरक्षित होते जा रहे है | विवेचना कीजिए |
  18. Present an account of the Indus Water Treaty and examine its ecological, economic and political implications in the context of changing bilateral relations.
    सिंधु जल संधि का एक विवरण प्रस्तुत कीजिए तथा बदलते हुए द्विपक्षीय संबंधो के संदर्भ में उसके पारिस्थितिक आर्थिक एवं राजनीतिक निहितार्थों का परीक्षण कीजिए |
  19. Enumerate the problems and prospects of inland water transport in India.
    भारत में अंतर्देशीय जन परिवहन कि समस्याओं एवं संभावनाओ को गिनाइए ?
  20. In what way micro-watershed Development projects help in water conservation in drought prone and semi-arid regions of India.
    भारत में सूखा-प्रवण एवं अर्धशुष्क प्रदेशों में लघु जलसंभर विकास परियोजनाए किस प्रकार जल संरक्षण में सहायक है ?

Observations about Mains-2016 GS Paper-1

Analysis Mains 2016

2013 to 20152016
Answer each question in max. 200 words and 12.5 marksSame. Now internal breakup also given. E.g. 3.5 + 9 mark. In Question no.12
In 2013- 2 out 3 culture Qs from South India.
  • Culture not easy per se but relatively less difficult than previous years, because in Vijaynagar and Buddhist art- atleast some points can be written from memory.
  • South Indian art reappears after 2013. And Vijayanagar asked in prelim as well as mains.
So far they used to ask kingdoms’ Architecture e.g. Gandhara, Chola.Now specific king asked – Krishnadeva Raya.
  • 2015: Freedom struggle Mostly analytical
  • 2013: mostly factual (foreign freedom fighters, role of women)
This year, freedom struggle portion is:

  • 1/3rd factual: women freedom fighters in Gandhian struggle.
  • 2/3rd analytical: Gandhi vs Subash; 185. Outcomes

First time 1857 revolt asked, since syllabus change. Thankfully nothing from medieval India, unlike 2014’s Panipat.

2013: women in freedom struggle
  • 2016: women during Gandhian era of freedom struggle.
Ideals of Gandhi vs Dr.Ambedkar (in social science)Gandhi vs Subash (in Freedom Struggle)
Post Independent India- nothing asked after 2013.Drought continues. (as such linguistic state question is part of Post-Independent history but the wording is such that I put it under Regionalism topic).
World History: easy questions on industrial revolution and role of Germany in WW.
  • Tough question on “WEST” Africans’ role in anti-colonial struggle.
  • Each year they’re asking one question less than previous year. So 2017- they ought to be zero question from world history!
2015: 25 marks questions on “women issues” under Social science.
  • Nothing.
  • But then again- asked about women empowerment in full length essay, as well as their role in freedom struggle
2015: Dalit empowerment asked
  • Tribal empowerment asked. But bit factual question since you’ve to enumerate the Constitutional provisions.
  • Last year– how/why tribal sex ratio better than others?
2013: regionalism to separate state demand asked
  • How linguistic states strengthen Indian unity?
  • How development disparity leads to regionalism?
2015: link between cultural diversity vs. national identity asked
  • Link between Globalization vs. cultural diversity asked!? Seems as if they’re rolling dice to set question paper!
2015: Two questions from poverty, population, globalization
  • “Remove poverty by removing deprivation”- bit GS2 like question asked. But relatively easier than narrating labour migration trend of 4 decades last year!
  • Impact of Globalization- asked in 2013, 2014 and now in 2016.
Nothing in physical geography- in 2015Finally asked – 2 things related to physical geo’s subtopic “disaster”

  • Himalayan landslides.
  • Urban floods
  • 2013: why more landslides in Himalaya than in Western Ghat
  • 2015: J&K ecological carrying capacity declining due to tourism.
  • 2015: why Himalaya highly prone to landslides? And how to reduce it?
  • Answer can be assmebled by merely combining the points from previous two questions given on the left-side!
  • मतलब की एक ही चीज वापस पूछी जा रही है.
  • 2014: Africa resources; 2015: Arctic Oil
  • South China sea. But as such this “current / contemporary” topic is 2-3 mains old. So like in prelim-2016, they asked good number of questions that were 2 mains old (e.g. Mars orbitor), same happed here.
  • Although Indus-Water treaty- that is a current topic.
2015: why shortage of water?
  • In essay, the UPSC examiner was worried about capitalism and terminator-3: rise of machines. In GSM1, it seems he is having nightmares about water-shortage. THREE question asked related to this issue! 1) How to manage land and water resources? 2) micro-watershed 3) Indus water treaty.
2015: smart city and pollution asked
  • Smart city and urban floods asked. With Lord’s blessings both covered in my mains revision lecture series of 2015 and 2016.
  • Urban floods, I classify as current affairs question given Chennai Floods-2015. (In mains context- 1 year old topic भी करंट अफेर्स ही है.)
2015: nothing from industrial locationSame.

Overall

  • Just like essay-2016 paper was continuation of 2015’s essay paper. The GSM1-2016 seems to be a continuation of 2013’s paper! (be it landslides, women freedom fighters)
  • While Geography had seen receding waters in the prelim-2016, it makes a “cloudburst” here with total 112.5 marks worth question (=45% of the GSM1 paper!) similar case for Laxmikanth (with tribal provision question)
  • All in all- less difficult paper than earlier. Because ‘secret Material‘ or expensive coaching’ is NOT required to attend any of the question. Observe:
QuestionsCoveragePrice?How much covered in Mrunal.org
Buddhist Stupa Art
  • Ms. Ishani Pandya’s lecture AC1/P2: covered in detail.
  • Points are also scattered throughout NIOS Culture PDF. But as such tough question due recollect all the points.
free12.5, Ishani’s lecture
Krishnadevraya
  • Direct content available be it Tamilnadu History Textbook Class11 Ch.19
free
Women in freedom struggle
  • Direct revision table given in my answer key for 2013’s paper. Link
free12.5, article
Subhas vs Gandhi;Sufficient points freedom struggle related books such as Rajiv Ahir or Bipan Chandra.cheap
Revolt of 1857Pratik’s lecture HFS6/P3; Books on freedom struggle such as Rajiv Ahir, Bipan ChandraFree, cheap12.5, lecture
Questions on regionalism, linguistic statesSufficient points in IGNOU’s “Democracy and Development” booklet.free
TribalLaxmikanthCheap
UrbanizationBoth were covered in my lectures

  • Smart city, urban life: L7/P8; ML1/P2
  • Urban floods: ML16/GSM1
free25, lecture
geographyHimalayan landslide cause (half of the answer) in this answer key for 2013 paper linkfree7, article
geographyAirmass and its role: G6/P4free12.5, lecture
geographyLand and water resources: G7/P7 (water) and G8/P4 (land)free12.5, lecture
geographyIndus water treaty (half of the answer in this article)free7, article
geographyWatershed development: Lecture G7/P8Free12.5 lecture
  • Overall, 107/250 = ~43% of the paper covered in Mrunal.org
  • Overall, 17 out of 20 questions, directly available in the either free or cheap sources.
  • Q.E.D.: secret material, expensive coaching – unnecessary.
Geography Urban Floods

यानि की मेरे सारे पाप भी धुल गये…..

GSM1-Topicwise Questions since Pattern change in 2013

In 2013, UPSC changed the syllabus-pattern of Mains examination and the number of general studies papers were increased from two to four. Out of them, GS Paper-I deals with History, Culture, Society and Geography. Overall breakup looks like this

CategoryGS Mains Paper-12013201420152016
HistoryCulture20402525
HistoryFreedom struggle30302537.5
HistoryWorld History40302512.5
HistoryPost-independence50000
SocietyReligion, Region, empowerment.101037.537.5
SocietyPoverty, Population, Development10202525
SocietyWomen1020250
GeographyClimate10302512.5
GeographyResources202037.562.5
GeographyUrbanization1002525
GeographyPhysical3020012.5
GeographyIndustrial Location103000
Total250250250250

[Block-1] History

analysis Mains 2016 History

History: Art & Culture

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Salient aspects of Art, Architecture, literature from Ancient to Modern Times

Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.2016
Krishnadeva Raya, the King of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.2016
The ancient civilization in Indian sub-continent differed from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without a breakdown to the present day. Comment.2015
Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a tine aesthetic sense comparable to modem painting. Critically evaluate this comment.2015
To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss.2014
Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain.2014
Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish, but unlike Nalanda, it is not considered as a university in the modern sense. Discuss.2014
Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindu / Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment.2014
Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political history of South India, the Sangam literature portrays the social and economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment.2013
Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions.2013
Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss.2013

History: India before Independence

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Mid-18th century – Present (significant events, personalities, issues); Freedom Struggle (various stages, important contributors from different parts of the country)

Explain how the Uprising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.2016
Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.2016
Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.2016
How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.2015
It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss.2015
The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat?2014
Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mid-eighteenth century till independence.2014
In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India?2014
Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss.2013
Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.2013
In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate.2013

History: India After independence

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Post-Independence (consolidation and reorganisation within country)

Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success.2013
Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai Jawana Jai Kisan”.2013
Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post-independent India.2013
Analyze the circumstances that led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the agreement.2013
Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh.2013

History: world

GS1 Syllabus Topic: 18th century events (e.g. Industrial revolution, WWs, redrawn boundaries, colonisation, decolonisation); Political philosophies (e.g. communism, capitalism, socialism) and their effect on society

The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine.2016
Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present?2015
To what extent can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically2015
What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?2014
What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-image as a world power?2014
The New Economic Policy – 1921 of Lenin had influenced the policies adopted by India soon after independence. Evaluate.2014
“Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what west had experience.2013
Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European competition. Analyse.2013
American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate.2013
What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic depression?2013

[Block-2] Social Science

analysis Mains 2016 Regionalism

Social Science: Caste, Religion, Region

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Communalism, Regionalism, Secularism; Social Empowerment

Has the formation of linguistic States strengthened the cause of Indian Unity?2016
Why are the tribals in India referred to as the Scheduled Tribes? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment.2016
What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer.2016
Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate.2015
Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity.2015
Debate the issue of whether and how contemporary movements for assertion of Dalit identity work towards annihilation of caste.2015
How do the Indian debates on secularism differ from the debates in the West?2014
Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss.2013

Social Science: Poverty, Population, Globalization

  • GS1 Syllabus Topic: Salient features of Indian Society; Diversity of India; Globalisation (effects on Indian society)
  • GS1 Syllabus Topic: Poverty, Population; Development and associated issues
“An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples2016
To what extent globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.2016
Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty OR poverty is the main cause of population increase in India.2015
Discuss the changes in the trends of labour migration within and outside India in the last four decades.2015
The life cycle of a joint family depends on economic factors rather than social values. Discuss.2014
Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in India.2013

Social Science: Women

  • GS1 Syllabus Topic: Role of women and women’s organisation;
  • Although some of the following questions fall under population-globalization categories, but if a person cultivates habit of noting down women related topics under one head, it’ll benefit in both GS1, GS2 and Essay.
Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India. (2013, Asked about Globalization effect on Elderly)2015
How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes?2015
How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle class working woman in India?2014
Discuss the various economic and socio-cultural forces that are driving increasing feminization of agriculture in India.2014
Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments.2014
Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias. Comment.2013

[Block-3] Geography

analysis Mains 2016 Geography

Geography: Physical

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Salient Features of World Physical Geography; Important Geophysical phenomena (earthquakes, tsunami, volcanoes, cyclones); Geographical features and location;

“The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.2016
Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos.2014
Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of Fold Mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes.2014
What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support.2013
There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why?2013
Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why?2013
Bring out the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in Western Ghats2013

Geography: Climate, Disaster related

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Critical geographical features, flora, fauna (changes and effects thereof)

Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes.2016
Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation?2015
How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Discuss.2015
Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why?2014
Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. Do you agree?2014
Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent.2014
The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world?2013
Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world.2013
What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the place?2013

Geography: Resources Distribution

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Distribution of key Natural Resources (world, S. Asia, Indian subcontinent)

The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain2016
South China Sea has assumed great geopolitical significance in the present context. Comment.2016
Present an account of the Indus Water Treaty and examine its ecological, economic and political implications in the context of changing bilateral relations.2016
Enumerate the problems and prospects of inland water transport in India.2016
In what way micro-watershed Development projects help in water conservation in drought prone and semi-arid regions of India.2016
What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences?2015
India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity.2015
The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand arc reaching the limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate.2015
Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world.2014
How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa?2014
With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world.2013
It is said the India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resources doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved.2013

Geography: factors affecting industrial locations

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Factors responsible for location of Industries (primary, secondary, tertiary; India, world)

Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain.2014
Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel industry in the world.2014
Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water?2014
Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern states of India? Discuss with justification2013
Analyze the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India2013

Geography: Urbanization

GS1 Syllabus Topic: Urbanization: problems and remedies

With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme’.2016
Major cities of India are becoming more vulnerable to flood conditions. Discuss.2016
Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so?2015
Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration.2015
Discussion the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India.2013

 

Mrunal recommends

  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books
  2. Environment by ShankarIAS
  3. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  4. Art & Culture by Nitin Singhania (Hindi | English)
  5. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  6. Bipin Chandra: Post Independence
  7. Fast-track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma
  8. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning
  9. Disha’s Topicwise Paperset (Hindi | English)
  10. School Atlas
  11. Mains: Language papers
  1. (free) NCERT, NIOS, TN-Books 4 History,Geo,Sci
  2. Indian Polity M.Laxmikanth (Hindi | English)
  3. Spectrum: Modern History (Hindi | English)
  4. Maths: Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar
  5. Objective General English SP Bakshi
  6. Word Power made Easy -Norman Lowe
  7. Topic wise Solved Paperset by Disha


So far 30 Comments posted

  1. Amrit

    Sir ji yeh Mcbride Chacha kaun hain?

    1. Zeeshan

      The commission highlighted the problems and challenges in communication and mass media. I think the question in inspired from the ban on NDTV by government.

      1. Amrit

        I was blank yar ….never heard the name..AAP bhi exam de rahe ho mains?

  2. [email protected]

    Very easy paper as compared to 2015….expecting 100+

    1. HariHaran

      Congrates Brother

  3. Sandeep Kumar

    Sirji what about second paper…Coelho and Macbride. 🙁

  4. Prithwiraj

    Not able to attempt all the questions in both paper

  5. tushar waghmare

    Thanks sir

  6. Hussain

    Kitna Kiya attempt?

  7. Rohit

    Thanks mrunal bhai for your videos…many questions appeared with direct or indirect reference from your videos.

  8. Munir

    sir ,
    Gs paper 2 ????
    plz upload.

  9. aspirant

    @prithwiraj
    Same here buddy..though this is my second mains I could attempt only 17 questions in both papers..this even after doing reasonable writing practice..I don’t know how ppl are able to attempt full paper..bad day..seems I’m already out of the game.

    1. Sonakshi

      no u r not…17 questions is a good attempt…have a positive attitude and all the best for rest exams

    2. Amrit

      aspirant comeon brother abhi shuru hua h game…and u r saying u r out….Go through the interview of Poonam mam (2015)..and see her attempts…u will be much more relaxed…All the best for 2mrw

  10. hariram

    Let the time show its endeavor….

    All the best fellas

  11. himanshu sharma

    Sir, One question was directly from Mains revision ppt. Urban floods. Thanks a lot. Now revising your Economics ppt. Let us hope for the best.

  12. mohit

    In second paper…..Attempt 18 questions with prescribed word limit…As we all know tht paper 2 is always less scoring…..so 100- is acceptable in 2016…..

  13. Prithwiraj

    Paper-2 and Paper-4 are this year little bit difficult

  14. Thamil

    Will age reduction be there in csat 17?.pls help some one.

    1. Milind

      No.. Not this year.

  15. Ankit Sinha

    Thank you sir for such an awesome and quick analysis

  16. anil saini

    hello friends,this is Anil Saini living in ajmer.i am also preparing for ‘civil services(upsc)ias’ exam.I have recently given ‘mains exam this(2016)year’ and highly expecting interview call from upsc.I am interested in making an ‘ias discussion’ groups to discuss national and international issues.I also have large experience in clearing prelims in current format.Thus if you are interested then call me on this number’7742776063′.

  17. DIVYESH SINGH

    Can u response of my msg

  18. Arvind Kumar

    Sir what syllabus of 2017

  19. VISHNU GURJAR

    SIR MAINE ABHI 12th PASS KIYA HAI KYA MAIN ABHI SE IAS KI PREPERATION KRU PLE ASE SUGGEST ME

  20. raja

    Great work sir.

  21. Shalandertomar

    Sir kya m ias ka paper Abhi de sakta hu m abhi b.a.2nd kar rha hu practice ke liye plz Sir raply

  22. sanju bohit

    thank u sir ji for ur work ,and notes

  23. Anita gangwar

    It is good that you r giving ful detail of mains question ppr sir….

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