- What is Gadgil Panel?
- Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ)
- Western Ghats Ecology Authority (WGEA)?
- Zonal recommendations
- General recommendations
In the last two articles, we saw
- Western Ghats: overview of physical geography and biodiversity:
- Threats to the biodiversity of Western Ghats:
Gadgil Panel: origin
- 2010: Environment ministry created this panel
- Full name: Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel
- Chairman=Prof. Madhav Gadgil (he was Ex-Chairman, Centre for Ecological Sciences, in Indian Institute of Science)
- To study the ecological and environmental problems of Western Ghats and give recommendations.
- Gadgil submitted his report in 2011. Here are his observations and recommendations.
Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ)
- Environment Protection Act 1986 (EPA)=Union Government can designate an area as “ecologically sensitive zone” and then Government can prohibit/regulate Development in this region.
- Using this power, many ecologically sensitive zone have been setup.
- E.g. Mahabaleshwar-Panchgani region in Mahrashtra.
- But all of them face common problems:
- Over bureaucratization =corruption. For example a farmer would need to pay bribe get clearance to dig well/bore in his own farm.
- little or no meaningful participation by the local community.
- The Western Ghats has thousands of endemic species of flowering plants, fish, frogs, birds and mammals.
- Therefore, entire Western Ghats should be designated as Ecologically sensitive zones.
- Gadgil recommends that entire Western Ghat should be divided into 3 zones (actually 4)
||Highest protection must be given to them|
||Moderate control and protection.|
||Protected Areas= existing Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Parks.|
- final demarcation of the Zones should be done by Western Ghats Ecology Authority (WGEA).
- And that too, after taking extensive inputs from local communities and local bodies, namely, Gram Panchayats, Taluka Panchayats, Zilla Parishads, and Nagarpalikas
Western Ghats Ecology Authority (WGEA)?
- Madhav Gadgil Panel recommended for this.
- WGEA will have jurisdiction over the Western Ghat districts in six states (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu).
- WGEA will be a statutory authority appointed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
|Western Ghats Ecology Authority||Union|
|State Western Ghats Ecology Authorities||In 6 states|
|District Ecology Committee||In districts under Western Ghat|
- Chairman – A retired judge of the Supreme Court, preferably from the Western Ghats region.
- Experts from biology, law, science, sociology etc.
- Representative from tribal group.
- Civil society representatives.
- conservation, sustainable development and Eco restoration of the Western Ghats
- Environmental Impact Analysis and Clearance process in Western Ghats.
- Its recommendations will be ordinarily binding. (just like National Board of Wildlife whose decisions are rarely tampered with and by and large have been approved even by the Supreme Court of India.)
- WEGA will decide location of industry, land use planning in Western Ghats.
- Prevent activity having negative environmental, social and ecological impact on Western Ghats.
- Can issue directions to the state government or agencies to prevent any negative impacts on the Western Ghats.
- Authority shall also be the final authority for demarcating the areas under the Ecologically Sensitive Zones #1, 2 and 3.
- Power to levy fines and other punitive measures
- Right to call for files, records, evidences etc. under Civil Procedure Code.
As we saw earlier: Gadgil recommended Western Ghats to be divided into three ecologically sensitive zones. Here they’re:
|Ecologically Sensitive Zone (ESZ)|
|Zone #1||Zone #2||Zone #3|
|Mining||Donot give new licenses for mining.||
|Where mining exists, it should be phased out in 5 years.||Existing mines should be under strict regulation and social audit.|
|Polluting Industry (Red/Orange)||Donot allow new industries.Exisiting industries must switch to zero pollution by 2016 else close them down.||Allow new industries but with strict regulation + social audit.|
|Non polluting industry (green/blue)||Allow but with strict regulation + social audit|
|River projects/dams||No river projects higher than 3 meters.||Not higher than 15m||Any height allowed but with detailed environmental impact assessment.|
|Power plants||Donot allow new power plants.||Existing= with strict regulation + social audit.New plants=only if they’ve zero pollution.|
||Allowed but only with strict regulation + social audit.|
|Tourism||waste management, traffic, water and energy use=strictly regulate. (recall Tiger tourism article).|
|Sci-Tech and IT||
Ok everything sounds well and good with Gadgil’s report, then why is there a controversy? We’ll see that in fourth and last article of this series.
thank u sir.
thank you very much mrunal sirrrrrr
Very informative article…!
thank for this entire series!reminds me of Vega from Street Fighter
hi mrunal sir,
i want to donload it as pdf form, so plz guide me
JI, WHAT ABOUT CS 2013 NOTIFICATION. WILL MAINS PATTERN BE CHANGED?
Donot allow weedicides in cash crop areas alongside the roads. Because almost all plants coming under the weed category are rich cattle fodder.??????
provide fish ladders at all reservoirs??????
mrunal please explain not able to understand.
that’s what Gagdil report has recommended.
Fish Ladders- Provided at the middle of an embankment\dam making travel possible for migratory fishes who wish to go from one end of the river to the another. It is a very essential part of any embankment as it saves precious aquatic life as they migrate for breeding and have to return back to their natural habitats. Dams obstruct this natural process.
Weedicides – It is used to kill weeds. If sprayed on the weeds alongside cash crops, which is fodder eaten by the cattle, will enter the food chain. Since most of it comes under the category of non-biodegradable materials, will amount to bio-magnification i.e. start accumulating in those higher in the food chain, finally reaching humans. Hence, not recommended.
Gadgil report is the last resort for our enviromrnt survival. So it must be carefully applied and strictly followed so that the next generation will survive.
And now comes the report of another expert panel…i.e K.Kasturirangan panel. Many of these recommendations are contrary to the recommendations made by Gadgil panel.
Simply Awesome.you are doing great job.Thanks a lot.
One Typo Error.
4)WEGA will decide location of industry, land use planning in Western Ghats.
mr. gadgil done you, done well,
but it is the unwritten rule of our country
“panel pe panel ” bithao par karo kuch bhi nahi.
In today’s highly materialistc world what a valuable contribution you are making to the job competiters is extremely thankful action by you! Hats off for you dear mrunal sir!
check yojana of june month..page 36,37,38 you will find content copied from your site..even table is copied word by word with reference to http://www.mrunal.org below table on page 38 :)
mrunal sir piz give me notes on ecology&evolution on my email thanks
These leftist comrades and their prejudices!!! God save us!
Any ways nice compilation as usual. Thank you bro..
This is ecofriendly and human friendly report.. then why the people against this report?
WE should give awareness classes to children… only they can do… they can do every thing for nature…
old people does not change their thoughts
a report that is covering all the areas where our societys intervention is needed for protecting western ghats.
this report is against the farmers who lived in western ghats.
The hartal and other activities going on in Kerala these days (mid nov.2013) are against the long term interest of common people living today and the future generations. By spoiling western ghats we are trying to transform Kerala almost like Tamil Nadu in weather. It is clear that politicians, mining lobby and some priests are having special interest. Wonder what is the use of such a high literacy rate for Kerala.
The recommendations are very simple and essential in the life of a humanbeing to practice.
Any study on basics and follow up conservation on ecology bereft of geological inputs in my opinion is not only a futile exercise but also unscientific and bound to create more problems than solve them. In spite of the fact well known to every body,we in India ignore geological inputs and even avoid geology.Even though 9 out of the 14 environmental elements are related to Geology,almost all expert panels on environment never have a geologist in the panel.I recall the problems faced by railways during the construction of the west coast rail to Goa,because GSI was not a part of the programme
I wnt to hv the sex with Mrunal
haha Ayush ROFLMAO
Ha ha ha u wnt clear upsc tat way!. U gota stdy..