[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: Essay Question Paper- Two Topic pattern introduced +get All papers since 1993 topicwise

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  1. UPSC Mains 2014: Essay Paper
    1. Section-A (125 marks)
    2. Section-B (125 marks)
    3. Comparison: Essay paper 2013 vs 2014
    4. Bogus marketing propaganda
  2. Essay-list: Topic wise last 22 years (1993-2014)
    1. Economy, Development
    2. Education
    3. Indian Democracy, society, culture, mindset
    4. International issues
    5. Quote based / Philosophical
    6. Polity, administration
    7. Science-Technology
    8. Women empowerment
  3. Essaylist: Yearwise Last 22 years (1993-2014)

UPSC Mains 2014: Essay Paper


  • Exam date: 14th December 2014. From 9 AM to 12 Noon, 3 hours duration.
  • The essay must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than authorized one.
  • Word limit, as specified, should be adhered to.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank, must be struck off clearly.
  • Write TWO Essays, choosing ONE from each of the Sections A and B, in about 1000-1200 words each : 125×2= Total 250 marks.
  • ~10-11 blank pages were given for each section.

Section-A (125 marks)

Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

  1. With greater power comes greater responsibility.
  2. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth?
  3. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress?
  4. Words are sharper than the two-edged sword.

Section-B (125 marks)

Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

  1. Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country?
  2. Is sting operation an invasion on privacy?
  3. Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India?
  4. Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?
Analysis of UPSC Mains Essay 2014 Paper

Analysis of UPSC Mains Essay 2014 Paper

  1. @Mains-Players: which essay did you write and what points did you include in it? (Reply after Mains is over.)
  2. @Non-Mains 2013 players: Which essay would you write and what points will you include in it? (You may post comment right now!)
  3. @Hindi Medium: Those who want to see Hindi version of those essay topics–, click me for the photo of Question paper.  Image courtesy: “Jude_Prudence”, long time reader of the site.
Comparison: Essay paper 2013 vs 2014
2013 2014
they’ve specifically instructed “Not more than 2500” words Two essays, 1000-1200 words for each.
Attempt one out of four essays.Despite speculation that more than one essay will be asked. Candidates were required to write two essays. And I welcome this UPSC-reform. because

  1. Hard to think of 2500 words content on any topic. Even in 2013, most candidates wrote hardly 1200-1500 words on the single topic.
  2. If single essay is asked, and you get below 100 out of 250 marks, then  game over.
  3. But if two essays asked, then slightly less danger of your entire future hanging on the whims, fancies and viewpoints of the examiner over a single topic. [UPSC admitted in RTIs, they don’t give “MODEL Answerkey” to examiner.]
250 marks | 3 hours same
proverb /quote type topic: Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)
  1. Words are sharper than two edged sword.
  2. With great power comes great responsibilities (said Spiderman’s Uncle Ben)
Only one essay in ‘question’ format: Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success? 6 out of 8 topics were in question format- requiring you to take a “Stand”.
following topics were in news but not asked as essay topics:

  1. Crime against women due to Delhi gang-rape.
  2. Criminalization of politics.
  3. Policy paralysis. (But asked in 2014 exam under Modi-raj finally. May be examiner was too afraid to ask it during UPA-raj hahaha)
  4. Indo-China, Indo-Pak, elections, Mangalyaan etc.
Following topics were in news but not asked as essay topics:

  1. Space-exploration (ISRO-Mangalyan)
  2. Extremism (ISIS)
  3. New cold war (Ukraine).
  4. Good governance, E-governance, Minimum governance (Modi)
  5. Relevance Planning commission, socialist economy.
  6. Nehru related essays because of his 125th Anniversary.

Bogus marketing propaganda
Few months back, I had started weekly Essay quotes list. But I don’t see any of them directly / indirectly asked here hehehe.

Essay-list: Topic wise last 22 years (1993-2014)

Economy, Development

  1. Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country? -2014
  2. Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India? -2014
  3. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country-2013
  4. Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified ?-2012
  5. Protection of ecology and environment is essential for sustained economic development. -2006
  6. BPO boom in India.   -2007
  7. Globalization would finish small-scale industries in India. -2006
  8. Economic growth without distributive justice is bound to breed violence. -1993
  9. Ecological considerations need not hamper development. -1993
  10. Multinational corporations – saviours or saboteurs -1994
  11. Special economic zone : boon or bane -2008
  12. Resource management in the Indian context. -1999
  13. Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country? -2010
  14. Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death? -2009
  15. The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society. -2009
  16. Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. -1997


  1. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? -2014
  2. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? -2014
  3. Modern technological education and human values. -2002
  4. Credit – based higher education system – status , opportunities and challenges -2011
  5. “Education for all” campaign in India: myth or reality. -2006
  6. Privatization of higher education in India. -2002
  7. Irrelevance of the classroom. -2001
  8. Value-based science and education. -1999
  9. Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses ? -2008
  10. Independent thinking should be encouraged right form the childhood. -2007
  11. Restructuring of Indian education system. -1995
  12. Literacy is growing very fast, but there is no corresponding growth in education. -1996
  13. What is real education? -2005

Indian Democracy, society, culture, mindset

  1. Is sting operation an invasion on privacy? -2014
  2. Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? -2014
  3. Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success?-2013
  4. In the context of Gandhiji’s views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms ‘Swadhinata’, ‘Swaraj’ and ‘Dharmarajya’. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy -2012
  5. Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? -2011
  6. Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? -2000
  7. Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values. -2000
  8. Youth culture today. -1999
  9. Mass media and cultural invasion. -1999
  10. The composite culture of India. -1998
  11. The Indian society at the crossroads. -1994
  12. Geography may remain the same ; history need not. -2010
  13. From traditional Indian philanthropy to the gates-buffet model-a natural progression or a paradigm shift? -2010
  14. Modernisation and westernisation are not identical concepts. -1994
  15. New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion -1996
  16. How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets? -2007
  17. ‘ globalization’ vs. ‘ nationalism’ -2009
  18. National identity and patriotism -2008
  19. Responsibility of media in a democracy. -2002
  20. Why should we be proud of being Indians? -2000
  21. True religion cannot be misused. -1997
  22. Globalizations and its impact on Indian culture. -2004

International issues

  1. India’s role in promoting asean co-operation. -2004
  2. The masks of new imperialism. -2003
  3. As civilization advances culture declines. -2003
  4. The implications of globalization for India. -2000
  5. My vision of an ideal world order. -2001
  6. India’s contribution to world wisdom. -1998
  7. The world of the twenty-first century. -1998
  8. Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role. -2010
  9. The global order: political and economic -1993
  10. Importance of indo-u.s. nuclear agreement -2006
  11. Good fences make good neighbors -2009
  12. Terrorism and world peace -2005
  13. Restructuring of uno reflect present realities -1996

Quote based / Philosophical

  1. With greater power comes greater responsibility. -2014
  2. Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. -2014
  3. Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)-2013
  4. Discipline means success , anarchy means ruin -2008
  5. Attitude makes, habit makes character and character makes a man.  -2007
  6. There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. -2003
  7. Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002
  8. Spirituality and scientific temper. -2003
  9. Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. -1995
  10. Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds. -1995
  11. Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, oldage a regret -1994
  12. Useless life is an early death. -1994
  13. He would reigns within himself and folds his passions and desires and fears is more than a king. -1993
  14. Compassion is the basic of all morality would -1993
  15. If youth knew, if age could. -2002
  16. The paths of glory lead but to the grave. -2002
  17. The pursuit of excellence. -2001
  18. Truth is lived, not taught -1996

Polity, administration

  1. Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative , economic and developmental implication -2011
  2. Evaluation of panchayati raj system in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people.  -2007
  3. Justice must reach the poor -2005
  4. Water resources should be under the control of the central government. -2004
  5. The misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India. -1998
  6. The language problem in India: its past, present and prospects. -1998
  7. Reservation, politics and empowerment. -1999
  8. When money speaks, the truth is silent. -1995
  9. How should a civil servant conduct himself? -2003
  10. Politics without ethics is a disaster. -1995
  11. Judicial activism. -1997
  12. The vip cult is a bane of Indian democracy -1996
  13. Need for transparency in public administration -1996
  14. Whither Indian democracy? -1995
  15. Politics, bureaucracy and business – fatal triangle. -1994
  16. How far has democracy in India delivered the goods? -2003
  17. What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. -1997
  18. My vision of India in 2001 a.d. -1993
  19. In the Indian context , both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism -2011
  20. Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization? -2007
  21. The country’s need for a better disaster management system. -2000
  22. Are we a ‘soft ’ state ? -2009
  23. Role of media in good governance -2008
  24. Judicial activism and Indian democracy. -2004
  25. What have we gained from our democratic set-up? -2001
  26. Urbanisation and its hazards -2008
  27. Food security for sustainable national development -2005


  1. Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation-2013
  2. Science and Mysticism : Are they compatible ?-2012
  3. Computer: the harbinger of silent revolution. -1993
  4. The march of science and the erosion of human values. -2001
  5. The modern doctor and his patients. -1997
  6. Increasing computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanized society. -2006
  7. The cyberworld: its charms and challenges. -2000
  8. The lure of space. -2004

Women empowerment

  1. Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal ?-2012
  2. Men have failed: let women take over. -1993
  3. Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. -2006
  4. The hand that rocks the cradle -2005
  5. If women ruled the world -2005
  6. Whither women’s emancipation? -2004
  7. Empowerment alone cannot help our women. -2001
  8. Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. -1999
  9. Woman is god’s best creation. -1998
  10. Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. -1997
  11. The new emerging women power: the ground realities. -1995

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134 Comments on “[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: Essay Question Paper- Two Topic pattern introduced +get All papers since 1993 topicwise”

  1. 2 essay from every section ?

    1. no one essay from each section…

    2. no Swapnil, 1 essay from each section so 1+1=total 2 essays have to be written.

  2. paper was too easy for non appearing student…………

  3. People who scored less in essay in their previous attempts can score better this time. The topics are quite regular as well. Things are changing for better it seems. Now a greater clarity on CSAT is awaited. Hope the air gets cleared soon.

  4. waah…kya quick service hai..maan gaye sirjee and lots of thanks for previous years essay papers.

  5. Nice topics nd ya mrunal service is also excellent.now can able to attempt these topics at home.hope to get more mains papers like this at very short duration. Thnk u sir

  6. Section a ka esssay no. 2 aur section b ka essay no. 4…. agar upsc ne mujhe prelims me hi bahar na kiya hota to unhe is topic pe ek shaandar lekh milta. ab galti unki hai to ka kiya jaye.

    1. waah..!!…. kya baat ??…. agle saal agar prelims clear karte ho, toh upsc se guzaarish raha, ki woh inhi do topics ko dobara “na” dene ki galti na kare …..!!…..

  7. Gud move by upsc..but it may create confusion for 2015, because now problem is which plan should we write essay? Should we reduce our thinking and limit till 1200 words? Or we can continue our old plan and practice essay of 2300-2500 words? Help mrunal sir, koi bich ka idea do, so that we can prepare in gud manner..
    Paper is easy but may create problem to decide best point..in each section one topic is easy and we can write so many point, but which is best point and impact good remark,this may create problem.

    1. Bhai prepare to improve writing skills and clarity of thought…word limit is immaterial…

      1. osho baba..tussi dhanya ho..:D :P

      2. Word limit is immaterial??? OMG! I’m afraid you didn’t just said writing the answer is immaterial.

  8. Thalaiva… you are great !!!!

  9. Sir,is it necessary to take a stand in the above essays(2014)?0r we can mention both pros n cons.

    1. Priya, since it is in question format, you should take a stand, atleast in the concluding paragraph.

      1. Mrunal Ji, it would be great If you can pen down the essay on Policy paralysis!!

      2. Hi Mrunal, is it really necessary that we have to take a stand? I mean, can’t it be the case that paralysis in implementation is one of the factors that causes policy paralysis? Or that Competition per se is not harmful, but it is rather the goal/ends that can make it good or bad – materialistic pursuit or character building endeavour. In the first case, one of my argument was that bureaucratic lethargy has now been confronted by social awakening. Accountability is being demanded more strongly than before. Bureaucracy becomes cautious, so is the political executive. This brings policy paralysis… !!

      3. Hi Mrunal,

        Thanks a lot for the post, perhaps the best thing i like is your honesty in admitting that the topics were outside your prediction. Actually you are being bit humble as 1 of the topic was close.

        Just a small request, the “Stand Issue” is very difficult to clarify in writing. Can you throw some light on this in your future posts.

        An Aspirant sitting in Iran and hoping to appear of CS next year
        (Btw, i was in final list last year, but couldn’t get time this year, and i follow you like religion)
        شكرا ل جهود الكريمة

  10. Dear Mrunal
    Thanks for bringing cheers on the faces
    of rural candidates. You give them hope with your easy to grasp geeky language!!!
    Thanks for essay analysis.
    Keep on rocking in a free world \m/

  11. its really amazing for aspirants to see essay paper 2014 so quickly……..thanks to ”mrunal and team”….

  12. Is growing level of competition good for youth?


    Student suicides are not uncommon in the society. In fact, there is increasing trend of suicides among students. This is because of stress developed in themselves. The amount of things they get to study to stay alive in this growing competitive world is taking heavy toll on them. So there has been a heavy scepticism surrounding the growing competition. Although keeping the above said in mind, competition should not be misconstrued as harm in the society. The root cause of such suicides lie else where.

    Competition brings innovation, which is basis for growth. Competition stirs young minds. As is always the case that there is not enough to cater to everyone’s demand, so in order to succeed one needs to bring best out of them. Competition does two way good, one at the individual level and two at the societal level. Competition imbibes patience, endurance, hard work and many essential skills among the youth which will cater immensely to their future. Take for instance, the Indian Institute of Technology, Joint Entrance Examination(IIT – JEE). Every year more than 6 lakh students compete for odd 10000 seats. Because of this intense competition every one undergoes one to two years gruelling training to clear the exam. During this process, they learn analytical, logical and mathematical skills which will help them in the future. Suppose if there were only 10000 candidates, no one would be interested to under go training to clear the exam. So, if there is no competition in the youth there will be no essential personal development. On a side note, at the society level too competition is very important. Competition gives choice to people to choose. It brings efficiency in the market.

    Competition also has another important function. It diverts youth from bad habits. The immense competition today demands dedication and complete attention towards one’s work. They have no time to spend on useless things. So, they get to shed their bad habits. This can divert youth from alcoholism and from the influence of drugs and various bad habits. Competition not just in academics but also in sports is essential for youth development. This can turn youth away from radicalism and put their energies into useful arenas.

    But increasing competition has its negative fallouts. Let us take the previous example of IIT JEE. There is an increasing trend observed among parents tending to join their kids in coaching centres right from class 6. A happy and playful child hood is being replaced by harshly imposed education. Parents pampering their children to study for long hours is also adding to their stress. Too much of focus on education is hampering youth ability to socialise and distancing them from family, friends, etc. This is limiting their overall development. So this needs to be urgently corrected. Parents need to counselled on the dis advantages of such pampered education. Academics along with other extra curricular activities must go hand in hand.

    The second such negative fallout is wastage of youth life in some particular circumstance. For instance, take civil services examination conducted by Union Public Service Commision of India. Annually 5 lakh aspirants write the examination and odd 1000 clear it. Because of such low pass percentage, youth have been writing the exam year on year and still not clearing it. Some take even 4 to 5 years and still not clear it. This leads to wastage of their precious youth life. People having no back-up plans suffer the most.

    The third such negative fallout, infant a terrible one is committing suicide. Failures are pretty common in this competitive world. Not able to with stand the failure leads to radical decisions. The only solution to this is that they must be taught to take in finite disappointment.

    As seen from the above, competition has it positive as well as its positives. We should be sceptical of it. In fact we must encourage competition. It bodes well for individual and society as well, that is it leads to overall development in the society. But there are few fall outs to competition, needs efforts from individual, state and society to overcome them. Then only we can see a truly competitive society.

      1. In the last para some correction is reqd–we shud nt be sceptical of competiton and competition has positives as well as negetives

        1. Yes. Thanks CS

    1. Well written, Rushikesh.

      My doubt is that, since they are asking a question, so do we have to take a stand or we have to mention both the pros n cons of that particular topic ??

    2. Very well written..

      1. Thanks nidhi.

    3. Well written.Good grasp of the subject.However I find a point or two antithetical to your arguments.U have written that Competition distract youth from alcoholism,drugs etc. But in the same breath u say competition increases stress among youth,which is precisely the reason for increase in drug abuse & alcoholism.

      1. Thanks for reading Abhi. Yes, i do see it now. But both arguments can be made, I think. Quoting a fact or two in that regard might have been better I guess. Any way thanks for pointing.

        1. Also we can suggest tht lack of support system and preparing youth frm beginning to face the competition can help them cope better in early life. compettition has pervaded deep into the system frm LKG admissions , board exam result, to collegae admission, job , and perfomance in job ….all witness cut throat competition

    4. well written but it will create good impression if you start your essay on positive side first instead of negative note.suicide thing at first sounds pessimistic intro.so your second para could very well replace first one and first can go down to fourth or fifth.

      1. Ya Varun! m aggry wid u.

    5. Try to diversify your essay.. u r limited to education sector only.. quest doesnt mention competition in education… btw i choosed same topic

    6. quite negative sir….it is proccess and challenge…dont bother it.

    7. good one
      topic is not competition in education field, its just competition so inculcate more dimensions,more fields
      can end point like darwins theory survival of fittest implies competiton etc

    8. Superb…fit the contents very nicely….

    9. Nice written Rushikesh.
      The point in which u mentioned about Parents pampering one more thing can b added that owing to such a vast competition they plan for the schooling of their newborn babies. Same example(point) can be found in Mrs. Sudha Murthy’s Wise and otherwise.

    10. Yes, very well written, could have broadened a bit, focussed too much on IIT JEE, there are many other forms of competition
      1. Boyfriend (ask girls how stressful they are )
      2. Physique (ask guys, in school)
      3. Bullying / image / personality / coolness/mobile gadgets/ display of wealth (new trends evolving in current era)
      4. Salary/perks (ask students of MBA’s the effect of peer pressure on their parents, Ask IT employees who got abroad assignment in Sudan instead of US)

      Aspirant from Iran,

  13. I thnk u got a 5G speed…mrunal sirr
    Within 2-3 hours u provided us the question paper…hats off to u

  14. sir…..how did u get this paper?? m curious to know..

  15. do they get d question paper?????? cos it was said that the question paper wil b in the ans booklet which they hav to submit??

    1. yes Raj, in the question- cum – answerbooklet, there is a spare paper given, candidate can tear it out and take home and submit remaining booklet to the supervisor.

  16. essay paper always appear easy from the outdoor of exam center…..n off course it is quite interesting writing two essays instead on one….

  17. Happy with changing scenario of exam pattern and its level. each topic has good constructive material to write in it.

    @Mruna, thanks for make it available very speedy; were curious about to know topics.

  18. Topic : Is the growing level of competition good for the youth?

     Basics of competition.
    • Why competition is needed in the society.

     Reasons for such a high competition
    • Result of demand supply mismatch

     Why it’s good
    • Overall development of youth
    • Increase in Technological awareness
    • Overall increase in knowledge base of Indian youth
    • Which translates into better future
     Why it’s bad
    • Unemployment level increases
    • Tension level increases
    • Candidate might not get desired job
     Effect of High unemployment on these sector:
    • Economic effects
    • Social effects
    • Political effects
     My conclusion : (points in favor of Good)

    1. one more point why competition among youth is good: Because it provides “sustainable livelihood” to Delhi’s coaching factories :P

      1. it also makes us to explore the extreme imagination of mrunal ha.thnk u

      2. Hahahah .This was the ultimate point mrunal sir

      3. HaHa Mrunal Da..:D solid point chey..:P

      4. Mrunal, you never miss out on a opportunity to pull leg of both UPSC and coaching institutes . And we , readers of your blog thoroughly enjoy this :-) .

      5. LOL.. Mrunal sir, I like your humor sense too. Really, this joke refreshed me just now.

      6. oops !!
        missed it:)
        I should have included this..especially Coaching wala thing:)

  19. Everyone should start writing blog from this phase itself. This will help you immensely in your upcoming mains and essays. ty.

  20. U r doing a commendable job Mrunal Sir.Lots of rural area students like me who can not afford for coaching classes are greatly benefited from your service..Thanks a lot sir

  21. wow…easier essay than last year. Finally the bade bhayya UPSC is taking pity on us

  22. great.. thanks a lot… too fast…

  23. thanks very useful…

  24. Dear Mrunal,

    I had query regarding the mention “take a stand”. Following from your “How to write an essay” article, and also by general sense, I had this notion, that one needs to be neutral, and not leaned on only one side. That’s being something like N.A.M. But going by these questions, on has to adhere the points and speculations only to one side. So, taking a stand is alright, or should one proceed with middle path ?

    1. In my opinion, One should take an optimistic/positive stand…. And Writing negative points with solutions….

      1. YES……… u r write Aanya…. and we shoud start with giving meaning of competition… not with -ve side. that will give the pessimistic

        impression for whole essay…

  25. Thanks a lot sir, If i had appeared for This years mains,i would hav choosen topic, From section A >Is the growing level of competition good for youth?
    >Key Points-Competition in indian examinations like States Entrance-its merits+demerits. JEE and other such kinds of exams. Low score, Suicides, Parents anxiety, Students stress etc etc etc. And >In Section B. TOURISM TOPIC, One Can formulate quick points in this topics, >Tourism in India Before independence, Cultural heritage of India, After Independence+AFTER MODERNISATION, PRESENT Tourism boosting initiatives of India mainly Modi Clean india campaign directly focuses to boost tourism. Etc etc.

  26. Mrunal sir, you are awesome.

  27. Was it policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed down the growth of our country ?

    [WRITTEN KEY POINTS] (Sorry i had written the fair draft in paper)

    Policy paralysis- a situation where a consensus cannot be obtained regarding formation of policy…public policy mainly prerogative of Legislature & Executive..but can be influenced by Media, Civil society, Interest Group..

    Causes of policy paralysis- conflict of ideology / interest among representative pol. parties..Judiciary can strike down a policy violating constitution creating a void in the area addressed by that policy..Role of Media in swaying public opinion.. CIvil society through its petitions, demonstrations & protests ..Interest Groups protests , demonstrations etc.

    Paralysis of Policy Implementation – a situation where a policy which has been formulated causes minimal or no effect in the area concerned due to its ineffective or non-implementation.

    Causes of Paralysis of Policy Implementation : Bureaucratic hurdles – red-tapism, hierarchy, rule obssession, excessive regulations & formalities … Rampant corruption at the implementation level..Insurgency (naxalism, J&K, North-East)…Communalism clashes (Religious interest groups)..International pressures(Example- In case of NFSA implementation, India would have violated WTO ceiling on agricultural subsidies)

    Effects of policy paralysis & paralysis of its implementation on the growth of our country – The problem or the area which needs to be addressed gets affected..Example- Labour Reforms, Land acquisition, electoral reforms, Judicial reforms (eg. in case of appointments), Criminalisation of politics, North-East policy, Foreign policy, Trade policy, Industrial policy, Manufacturing policy , agricultural policy, security policy, S&T policy, Sports Policy, Education Policy, Employment Policy, Retirement Policy / Pension policy, PDS policy, Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy, Disaster management policy etc.

    Factors other than Paralysis of policy formulation & Implementation which have affected the growth of the country – Global recession

    P.S.-> Please mention any other point which could have been added..Also i could not think of any quote or anecdote so please feel free to mention if you have something in your mind..Thank you

    1. With regards to paralysis of implementation , is it not prerequisite to shed some light on inefficient governance mechanisms and reasons behind their failures.

    2. Few suggestions….. I am new so correct me if i am wrong in my approach

      legislature address aspirations of people while formulating policy but its bureaucrats who go about framing the actual policy. I agree with u on the causes of policy paralysis but u could have cited eg like jan lokpal agitation …….

      moving ahead you could have mentioned about line and field agents.How HQ frames policy having one size fit all approach,making arm chair observation and viewing the whole country from a single mirror,while the ground realities are quite different. eg RTE having no relevance in kerala and subsidized electricity in punjab
      How field agents are apprehensive of staff agents that they make unrealistic plan and targets that are not feasible in the field levels and not providing them with fund for achieving the same.Further 1 or 2 apprehensions can be mentioned about each HQ and field agents at structural,operational and personnel level and they lead to policy paralysis.
      You have touched other areas like international,insurgency etc are good but few words like pluralistic institution mechanism,multiactor model might have good effect
      Further providing a solution you could have written how HQ and field agents should cooperate,PF and PI is not enough and Policy monitoring and evaluation should be factored in,How legislature should not be there for just opposition sake,constructive opposition is must “Your stand in policies(ECO) should not be determined from where you sit in parliament” Dealing type quotes.
      How they should not be apprehensive of each other and cooperate coordinate having debate discussions and deliberation to bring about consensus of a good policys

    3. May be include more on Implementation issues,

      Aka – Bogus IAS (have to hire consulting cos. for PPP, as they can’t do on their own)
      IPS (Our NIA / Intelligence could not find Mehdi Biswas, but US techie nailed him down in Minutes)

    4. U have not justified ur essay.if it was policy paralysis that slowed the growth of country,then did change in policy improve growth?if it was paralysis of implementation,then did better implementation improve growth?And growth is not just economical,social sectors viz health,education etc also need elaboration.

  28. Yes, at the end of Question cum Answer booklet there is a separate question paper which can be teared off and kept for ourselves.

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