- On 23rd December 2015, UPSC conducted the philosophy optional subject Paper-1 and 2 examinations for UPSC civil services.
- Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 250 There are EIGHT questions divided in TWO SECTIONS and printed both in HINDI arid in ENGLISH.
- Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
- Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remitting, any THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
- The number of marks carried by a question part is indicated against it.
- Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly WI the Miler of this Question-cum-Answer-QC., Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one. Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to
- Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off
Q1: Write short answers to the following in about 150 words each : 10×5=50
- Aristotle's distinction between 'actually' and 'potentiality'.
- esse est percipi
- Husserl’s nation of ‘bracketing’
- Strawson's distinction between 'M' and 'P' predicates.
- G.E. Moore's refutation of idealism.
Q2: 20+15+15 Marks
- Explain Kant's division of categories.
- Discuss why Heidegger introduces the concept of Dasein in his metaphysics.
- Elucidate Quine's arguments to show that analyticity is not synonymity.
Q3: 20+15+15 Marks
- Bring out the relationship between language games and forms of life.
- Explain Leibnitz's principle of 'identity of indiscernibles'.
- What do we understand by incomplete symbols ? What role do they play in Russell theory of meaning ? Discuss.
Q4: 20+15+15 Marks
- Explain Plato's theory of forms. Docs it entail a kind of essentialism? Discuss.
- Does Dcscarlcs Cogito principle entail that he is an essential ? Discuss.
- Bring out the relationship between existence and essence in the case of human being. Explain the issues it gives rise to for human beings according to Sartre.
Q5: Write short answers to the following in about 150 words each : — 10×5=50
- Jain concept of Dravya
- Sri Aurobindo's Integral Yoga.
Q6: 20+15++15 Marks
- Elaborate Nyaya-Mimamsa debate on Pramayavada.
- 'Our knowledge is confined to gunas alone'. Examine this statement in the light of
- Vaisesika and Buddhist controversy.
- Is anyathakhyativada an adequate explanation of error? Elaborate.
Q7: 20+15+15 Marks
- Compare and contrast the notion of Brahman in Sankara and Ramanuja. 20
- State and examine the Samkhya proofs for the existence of Purusa .
- Explain the arguments of Carvaka to reject transcendental entities. 15
Q8: 20+15+15 Marks
- What is bondage according to yoga philosophy ? Explain the method of attaining Kaivalya in Patanjal’s yogasutra.
- What do Samvara and Nirjara mean ? Explain their significance in Jaina theory of liberation.
- What is the role of Pratityasamutpada in explaining Dukha ? Elucidate the means to overcome it.
Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 250. Other instructions same as paper-1.
Q1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: 10×5-50
- "Equality does not mean treating everyone equal” Discuss.
- Is civil disobedience in a democratic State justifiable? Discuss.
- Explain Harold Laski's critique of sovereignty.
- How are individual and group rights reconciled in democracy? Explain. C_
- "Inequitable development leads to social conflicts rather than social progress." Explain.
Q2: 15+15+20 Marks
- What does gender discrimination mean? Is it not a violation of equality and social justice? Discuss.
- Does economic empowerment of women eliminate gender discrimination? Discuss.
- Evaluate Ambedkar's critique of caste system.
Q3: 15+15+20 Marks
- Is multiculturalism a need of global society? Discuss.
- "The aim of punishment is to defend the moral law and to do justice to criminal." Discuss.
- Evaluate the nature and functions of parliamentary democracy.
Q4: 15 + 15 + 20 Marks
- "Man must grow materially as well as spiritually." Evaluate this statement of Ambedkar.
- "Equality will be of no value without fraternity and liberty." Discuss.
- How is religious nationalism a threat to secular State? Explain.
Q5: Answer the following questions in about 150 words each : 10*5=50
- Write a critical note on the attributes of God.
- Is existence of God a necessary condition for the survival of religion? Explain.
- Is morality necessarily based on religion? Discuss.
- Is God the cause of natural evil? Explain.
- Do faith and reason go together? Discuss.
Q6. 20+15+15 Marks
- How can the religious language be verified? Is it correct to say that religious language is verified because it cannot be falsified? Discuss.
- Explain the nature of mysticism in Hinduism and Islam.
- Can revelation be justified by reason? Discuss.
Q7. 15+15+20 Marks
- Do you think that evil is a bitter pill which no theist can easily swallow? Discuss.
- "Immortality means absence of Karma and Rebirth Discuss.
- Examine the Nyaya arguments in favour of the existence of God.
Q8. 15+15+20 Marks
- "An atheist may be a better man than a religious person bereft of moral values." Discuss.
- Examine the ontological and cosmological arguments in favour of the existence of God.
- What is liberation? Briefly discuss the ways to attain it as outlined in the systems of Vedanta.