- Lodha Committee to fix BCCI
- Rail Development Authority of India
- NDC Gone with the Wind
- Labour reforms
- GS2: RPA/Election reforms
- Polity: Rights issues & federalism
- History- Pt. Tarkalankar
- 2015: SC appointed Lodha Committee to improve cricket administration in India.
- 3 Members: (Ex CJI) Justice R.M. Lodha, Justice Ashok Bhan and Justice R.V. Raveendran.
Recommendations of Lodha Committee
|Betting and match fixing||
Lot more dissension can be done but BCCI maintains report not binding in nature and sports not a direct topic under UPSC so cost benefit declines. This much content sufficient for 200 words.
To be setup through an executive order, just like UIDAI.
→ recommend fares for transporting men and material
→ give level-playing field for private investments in Railways
→ maintain performance standards
→ release statistics and forecasts related to Railways.
1952: National Development Council (NDC) setup by cabinet resolution as “the highest decision-making authority” for Development matters and inter-state cooperation. Later on reconstituted on 1st ARC recommendations. Functions- (1) decide special category states as per part of the Gadgil-Mukherjee pattern (2) decide norms for giving financial support to states.
→ Membership: PM, state-CM, Delhi’s Lt.Gov, UT Administrators.
→ last meeting in 2012, now Modi decides to scrap it down and handover functions to NITI Ayog council. More about Niti Ayog in this article. More NDC theory in Laxmikanth.
→ Article 19(1) (c) grants all citizens the right to form a union. But Corporates don’t like it because trade union start collective bargaining for better work and pay conditions.
→ Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970- contract workers can’t be employed for core industrial work. But corporates want the opposite, they usually get a contractor to supply them labours. So no tension of giving social security or entertaining trade unions.
→ 2012- Maruti started “company temps” i.e. you work for 6 months, then laid off for 5 months, then again called back for work. Good:- company temps get all direct benefits from company since no contractor involved. Bad:- they get far less salary than regular employees.
→ labour reform should address two things (1) allow independent positive trade unions (2) don’t let company keep temporary workers permanently ‘temporary’.
Election reforms to consider:
→ Rajya Sabha election has open-ballot voting i.e. Party can know which MLA gave vote to which Rajysabha candidate. Similar system should be adopted for Vidhan Parishad election too. Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Bihar ready.
→ in some states 1/3rd Vidhan Parishad members not retiring each 2 years. Need to amend law.
→ amend law to permit EVM-Totalizer. More in this article
→ only 18 years or above person can get voters ID card. But date counted only in 1st January. There should be 4 different dates (1st January, 1st April, 1st July and 1st October) for enrolment so that maximum number of people can be enrolled each year.
→ Amend Form-24-A so political parties have to disclose even donations less than 20,000 rupees.
→ At present Electoral trusts can accept foreign donations but they siphon it to political parties. Need to fix RPA act to stop this.
→ give Independent Secretariat for the Election Commission and its budget should be ‘charged’ on consolidated fund of India- just like CAG and UPSC.
|Federalism||J&K can’t host state flag on buildings says HC. earlier someone filed petition to allow J&K state flag parallel to Indian flag in all Government offices and vehicles|
|Rights||Madra Highcourt judge prescribed Dress Code for temple visitors. Anti-arguments
→ only men can wear trousers, women can’t. so gender discrimination
→ not feasible to impose on foreign tourists and children.
→ HC can’t issue mandamus in this case.
|Rights||Petition filed in SC to ban websites containing jokes on Sikh. Matter ongoing.|
|Rights||Santhara- is fast unto death ritual of Jains. Jaipur film festival showcasing a movie on it. Last year, SC refused to consider Santhara as “suicide”.|
|Rights||Central employees with kids having physical or mental disability are exempted from transfers and remote posting. Two new diseases added in that list- Thalassemia and Haemophilia|
|Rights||Rajasthan High Court concerned about coaching factories of Kota leading to suicide of kids.
→Collector to start helpline, and instructed the classes to give counselling before admission and holiday during classes.
→ remains to be seen how many suicides required in Delhi to initiate the same.
|Rights||Adnan Sami gets Indian citizenship through process of naturalization, under Citizenship Act, 1955. Read Laxmikanth citizenship chapter for more theory.|
|Rights-Women||Kerala was the first Indian state to have women in police (1933).
→At present less than 10% of police are women.
→So Home ministry provided for 33% reservation to wome in constable posts in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and 15% of the border guarding posts will be manned by women.
- Pandit Madan Mohan Tarkalankar a social reformer and girl education rights champion of 13th century Bengal’s Nadia District.
- He wrote first Bengali Primary school text book known as “Shishusiksha” and sent his two daughters to Calcutta Female School to set an example.
- 200th birth anniversary on January, 6, 2016.