1. HFS10/P1: Swarajist movement, Pro-Changers and No-Changers
  2. HFS10/P2: Revolutionary movement Phase-II: Kakori, Chittagong, Lahore
  3. HFS10/P3: Nehru Report, Simon Commission, Jinnah’s 14 Points
  4. HFS10/P4: Civil disobedience movement (CDM), Dandi March

HFS10/P1: Swarajist movement, Pro-Changers and No-Changers

  • Arrest of Gandhi leads to vacuum in leadership of freedom struggle.
  • Congress moves through 3d: disintegration, disorganization and demoralization.
  • Clash of ideologies in Congress: status-quo(no-changers) vs pro-changers (Swarajist).
  • Swarajist leaders-Chitaranjan Das, Motilal Nehru, Ajmal Khan: they wanted to enter legislative council and bring change from within.
  • No Changer leaders: MA Ansari, Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad and Sardar Patel; arguments given by them.
  • Gaya session and resignation of Motilal Nehru and C R Das. They formed Congress khialfat Swarajya Party.
  • 1923- compromise between the two groups, and decision to participate in the elections. They won 42 out of 141 seats.
  • Assessment of Swaraj party- positive and negatives: filled up the leadership vaccum, Swarajist stand on Public safety bill.
  • Responsivist vs non-responsivists leaders among Swarajists; Death of C.R.Das and weakning of Swaraj party.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/jQofCt_lyys

HFS10/P2: Revolutionary movement Phase-II: Kakori, Chittagong, Lahore


  • Recap of the topics learned so far.
  • Revolutionary phase-II from 1920s onwards: area of work, books, newspaper  and magazines published.
  • Difference between Phase-I and Phase-II of revolutionary movement: communist ideology, social justice,
  • Kanpur conspiracy case: Nalini Gupta and other leaders;
  • HRA and HSRA- Hindustan socialist republication association: leaders associated with them- Bismil, Sachin Sanyal, J.C.Chatterjee. Adoption of socialism as its official objective.
  • Kakori conspiracy case,  Lahore conspiracy case- leaders involved.
  • Simon commission, Lahore visit, Death of Lala Lajpat Rai by Sgt. Saunders’ lathi-charge.
  • Bombing in central legislative assembly: 1929.
  • Chittagong armory raid by school teacher Surya Sen, Pritilata Wadedar, Shanti Ghosh, Suniti Chandheri.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/AAqQUZAflUc

HFS10/P3: Nehru Report, Simon Commission, Jinnah’s 14 Points


  • Madras Session of Congress and decision to boycott Simon Commission.
  • Motital Nehru’s report: Draft constitution,
  • Joint electorates, with seats reserved for minorities, fundamental rights, lingustice provinces
  • Delhi proposal, Delhi manifesto, Delhi Pact.
  • Muslim League and Delhi proposal: accepted joint electorate. Formation of 3 separate Muslim states.
  • Jinnah demands 3 amendment to Nehru report; and Jinnah’s 14 points which becomes the basis of Pakistan.
  • Independence for India league by J.Nehru and S.C. Bose.
  • Demand for dominion status and civil disobedience movement for poorna-swaraj.

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/av8d7syfDgc

HFS10/P4: Civil disobedience movement (CDM), Dandi March

HFSP10P4-civil disobedience CDM

  • December 1929: Lahore session- Congress declares complete Independence as its aim and puts EVELEN-Point demand to Government.
  • Congress Working Committee gives full powers to Gandhi to launch the Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) at a time and place of his choice.
  • Gandhi chose Salt as purpose and Dandi as location. (March 12-April 6, 1930)
  • role of Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan and hi sKhudai Khidmatgars, Rani Gaidinliu of Nagaland
  • Sarojini Naidu and Dharsana Satyagrah on May 21, 1930
  • Government’s Response and assessment of the CDM

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/uuAu3liLB5Y
Next lecture: Gandhi-Irwin pact,  2nd round table conference