[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: Essay Question Paper- Two Topic pattern introduced +get All papers since 1993 topicwise

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  1. UPSC Mains 2014: Essay Paper
    1. Section-A (125 marks)
    2. Section-B (125 marks)
    3. Comparison: Essay paper 2013 vs 2014
    4. Bogus marketing propaganda
  2. Essay-list: Topic wise last 22 years (1993-2014)
    1. Economy, Development
    2. Education
    3. Indian Democracy, society, culture, mindset
    4. International issues
    5. Quote based / Philosophical
    6. Polity, administration
    7. Science-Technology
    8. Women empowerment
  3. Essaylist: Yearwise Last 22 years (1993-2014)

UPSC Mains 2014: Essay Paper

Instructions

  • Exam date: 14th December 2014. From 9 AM to 12 Noon, 3 hours duration.
  • The essay must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than authorized one.
  • Word limit, as specified, should be adhered to.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank, must be struck off clearly.
  • Write TWO Essays, choosing ONE from each of the Sections A and B, in about 1000-1200 words each : 125×2= Total 250 marks.
  • ~10-11 blank pages were given for each section.

Section-A (125 marks)

Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

  1. With greater power comes greater responsibility.
  2. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth?
  3. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress?
  4. Words are sharper than the two-edged sword.

Section-B (125 marks)

Write any one of the following essay in 1000-1200 words.

  1. Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country?
  2. Is sting operation an invasion on privacy?
  3. Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India?
  4. Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?
Analysis of UPSC Mains Essay 2014 Paper

Analysis of UPSC Mains Essay 2014 Paper

  1. @Mains-Players: which essay did you write and what points did you include in it? (Reply after Mains is over.)
  2. @Non-Mains 2013 players: Which essay would you write and what points will you include in it? (You may post comment right now!)
  3. @Hindi Medium: Those who want to see Hindi version of those essay topics–, click me for the photo of Question paper.  Image courtesy: “Jude_Prudence”, long time reader of the site.
Comparison: Essay paper 2013 vs 2014
2013 2014
they’ve specifically instructed “Not more than 2500” words Two essays, 1000-1200 words for each.
Attempt one out of four essays.Despite speculation that more than one essay will be asked. Candidates were required to write two essays. And I welcome this UPSC-reform. because

  1. Hard to think of 2500 words content on any topic. Even in 2013, most candidates wrote hardly 1200-1500 words on the single topic.
  2. If single essay is asked, and you get below 100 out of 250 marks, then  game over.
  3. But if two essays asked, then slightly less danger of your entire future hanging on the whims, fancies and viewpoints of the examiner over a single topic. [UPSC admitted in RTIs, they don’t give “MODEL Answerkey” to examiner.]
250 marks | 3 hours same
proverb /quote type topic: Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)
  1. Words are sharper than two edged sword.
  2. With great power comes great responsibilities (said Spiderman’s Uncle Ben)
Only one essay in ‘question’ format: Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success? 6 out of 8 topics were in question format- requiring you to take a “Stand”.
following topics were in news but not asked as essay topics:

  1. Crime against women due to Delhi gang-rape.
  2. Criminalization of politics.
  3. Policy paralysis. (But asked in 2014 exam under Modi-raj finally. May be examiner was too afraid to ask it during UPA-raj hahaha)
  4. Indo-China, Indo-Pak, elections, Mangalyaan etc.
Following topics were in news but not asked as essay topics:

  1. Space-exploration (ISRO-Mangalyan)
  2. Extremism (ISIS)
  3. New cold war (Ukraine).
  4. Good governance, E-governance, Minimum governance (Modi)
  5. Relevance Planning commission, socialist economy.
  6. Nehru related essays because of his 125th Anniversary.

Bogus marketing propaganda
Few months back, I had started weekly Essay quotes list. But I don’t see any of them directly / indirectly asked here hehehe.

Essay-list: Topic wise last 22 years (1993-2014)

Economy, Development

  1. Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country? -2014
  2. Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India? -2014
  3. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country-2013
  4. Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified ?-2012
  5. Protection of ecology and environment is essential for sustained economic development. -2006
  6. BPO boom in India.   -2007
  7. Globalization would finish small-scale industries in India. -2006
  8. Economic growth without distributive justice is bound to breed violence. -1993
  9. Ecological considerations need not hamper development. -1993
  10. Multinational corporations – saviours or saboteurs -1994
  11. Special economic zone : boon or bane -2008
  12. Resource management in the Indian context. -1999
  13. Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country? -2010
  14. Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death? -2009
  15. The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society. -2009
  16. Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. -1997

Education

  1. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? -2014
  2. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? -2014
  3. Modern technological education and human values. -2002
  4. Credit – based higher education system – status , opportunities and challenges -2011
  5. “Education for all” campaign in India: myth or reality. -2006
  6. Privatization of higher education in India. -2002
  7. Irrelevance of the classroom. -2001
  8. Value-based science and education. -1999
  9. Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses ? -2008
  10. Independent thinking should be encouraged right form the childhood. -2007
  11. Restructuring of Indian education system. -1995
  12. Literacy is growing very fast, but there is no corresponding growth in education. -1996
  13. What is real education? -2005

Indian Democracy, society, culture, mindset

  1. Is sting operation an invasion on privacy? -2014
  2. Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? -2014
  3. Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success?-2013
  4. In the context of Gandhiji’s views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms ‘Swadhinata’, ‘Swaraj’ and ‘Dharmarajya’. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy -2012
  5. Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? -2011
  6. Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? -2000
  7. Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values. -2000
  8. Youth culture today. -1999
  9. Mass media and cultural invasion. -1999
  10. The composite culture of India. -1998
  11. The Indian society at the crossroads. -1994
  12. Geography may remain the same ; history need not. -2010
  13. From traditional Indian philanthropy to the gates-buffet model-a natural progression or a paradigm shift? -2010
  14. Modernisation and westernisation are not identical concepts. -1994
  15. New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion -1996
  16. How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets? -2007
  17. ‘ globalization’ vs. ‘ nationalism’ -2009
  18. National identity and patriotism -2008
  19. Responsibility of media in a democracy. -2002
  20. Why should we be proud of being Indians? -2000
  21. True religion cannot be misused. -1997
  22. Globalizations and its impact on Indian culture. -2004

International issues

  1. India’s role in promoting asean co-operation. -2004
  2. The masks of new imperialism. -2003
  3. As civilization advances culture declines. -2003
  4. The implications of globalization for India. -2000
  5. My vision of an ideal world order. -2001
  6. India’s contribution to world wisdom. -1998
  7. The world of the twenty-first century. -1998
  8. Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role. -2010
  9. The global order: political and economic -1993
  10. Importance of indo-u.s. nuclear agreement -2006
  11. Good fences make good neighbors -2009
  12. Terrorism and world peace -2005
  13. Restructuring of uno reflect present realities -1996

Quote based / Philosophical

  1. With greater power comes greater responsibility. -2014
  2. Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. -2014
  3. Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)-2013
  4. Discipline means success , anarchy means ruin -2008
  5. Attitude makes, habit makes character and character makes a man.  -2007
  6. There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. -2003
  7. Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002
  8. Spirituality and scientific temper. -2003
  9. Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. -1995
  10. Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds. -1995
  11. Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, oldage a regret -1994
  12. Useless life is an early death. -1994
  13. He would reigns within himself and folds his passions and desires and fears is more than a king. -1993
  14. Compassion is the basic of all morality would -1993
  15. If youth knew, if age could. -2002
  16. The paths of glory lead but to the grave. -2002
  17. The pursuit of excellence. -2001
  18. Truth is lived, not taught -1996

Polity, administration

  1. Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative , economic and developmental implication -2011
  2. Evaluation of panchayati raj system in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people.  -2007
  3. Justice must reach the poor -2005
  4. Water resources should be under the control of the central government. -2004
  5. The misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India. -1998
  6. The language problem in India: its past, present and prospects. -1998
  7. Reservation, politics and empowerment. -1999
  8. When money speaks, the truth is silent. -1995
  9. How should a civil servant conduct himself? -2003
  10. Politics without ethics is a disaster. -1995
  11. Judicial activism. -1997
  12. The vip cult is a bane of Indian democracy -1996
  13. Need for transparency in public administration -1996
  14. Whither Indian democracy? -1995
  15. Politics, bureaucracy and business – fatal triangle. -1994
  16. How far has democracy in India delivered the goods? -2003
  17. What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. -1997
  18. My vision of India in 2001 a.d. -1993
  19. In the Indian context , both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism -2011
  20. Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization? -2007
  21. The country’s need for a better disaster management system. -2000
  22. Are we a ‘soft ’ state ? -2009
  23. Role of media in good governance -2008
  24. Judicial activism and Indian democracy. -2004
  25. What have we gained from our democratic set-up? -2001
  26. Urbanisation and its hazards -2008
  27. Food security for sustainable national development -2005

Science-Technology

  1. Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation-2013
  2. Science and Mysticism : Are they compatible ?-2012
  3. Computer: the harbinger of silent revolution. -1993
  4. The march of science and the erosion of human values. -2001
  5. The modern doctor and his patients. -1997
  6. Increasing computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanized society. -2006
  7. The cyberworld: its charms and challenges. -2000
  8. The lure of space. -2004

Women empowerment

  1. Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal ?-2012
  2. Men have failed: let women take over. -1993
  3. Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. -2006
  4. The hand that rocks the cradle -2005
  5. If women ruled the world -2005
  6. Whither women’s emancipation? -2004
  7. Empowerment alone cannot help our women. -2001
  8. Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. -1999
  9. Woman is god’s best creation. -1998
  10. Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. -1997
  11. The new emerging women power: the ground realities. -1995


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133 Comments on “[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: Essay Question Paper- Two Topic pattern introduced +get All papers since 1993 topicwise”

  1. Review the essay on Policy Paralysis – 2014

    Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of the country?

    Economic Growth of India depends mainly of the manufacturing and the services sector since the contribution of the respective sectors to GDP is around 25% and 60%. The agriculture sector though contributes less in the GDP is mainly responsible for providing employment to more than 50% of the India’s working population. Social growth involves development of better polices for the people – through better education and services.

    The factors which affect the growth – especially – manufacturing and services formation of capital, domestic saving, foreign investment, world market situation and policies framed by the government.

    Policy paralysis is a situation where the government is not able to take the decisions due to number of reasons which restricts economic and social growth. The situation was prevalent in the year 2011-13 during UPA-2 rule. It is said that policy paralysis leads to non-implementation of economic reforms – such as GST Bill for rationalization of tax could not be passed due to non-consensus, it was believed that bill would enhance the GDP of the country by 0.5%. The reasons attributed to policy paralysis are

    Firstly, the formation of coalition government leads to pressure from political parties and consensus can not be developed – for example the railway reforms – rise in fair of railways had to be reversed due to Mamta Banerji’s objection, which in turn led to further deterioration in financial of Indian railways.

    Secondly, The role played by the opposition, where it did not let run the parliament on number of issues also reduce the effective time available for the policy formulation.

    Thirdly, Judicial Activism – the two judgements of supreme court also has a setback on the government. The Vodafone judgment on Transfer pricing creating negative investment sentiments in India and thus FIIs were withdrawn and FDI was also not attracted. Similarly the judgment related to cancellation of 2 G license was also a setback for the government – which has direct negative impact on the investments made by the industrialists and the manufacturing sector.

    Fourthly, rise of number of allegation of corruption include 2G, Coal gate (and their indictment) by the CAG also created situation where government could not take tough decisions.

    The impact of such policy paralysis was that the social and economic reforms could not be implemented. The Bill of enhancing FDI in insurance could not be passed, which restricted the depth of multi-speciality hospitals and promotion of medical tourism. The pension reforms has also not be able to provide the citizens with income security. Economist say that if all the above economic reforms including GST could have been implemented – GDP could have increased by 1.5% to 3%. The social
    impact has been rise in unemployment , increase in poverty and deterioration in health

    This policy paralysis can be said to be one of the main reasons for the reduction in growth of India but it was not the only reason, the failure of the implementation of the polices framed by government further reduced the chances of growth.

    The policy formulation has been the responsibility of the government while the implementation has been that of Bureaucrats – some of the policies such as government passed the Food Security Law – which provides for 5 kgs or (Rice/Wheat/Pulsess) at Rs.1,2,3 to poor. It was expected that around 67% of the population of the country will be covered, but it was not achived mainly due to poor identification of beneficiary, corruption and leakages mainly by the buearacracy.

    the reasons for the failure of policy implementation are –
    Firstly, when the minister himself is not ready to take the decision (due to policy paralysis), the bureaucrats also try to delay the decision and implementation to reduce their accountability mainly due to fear psychosis that they would be implicated by CBI/CVC.

    Secondly, the corruption is already prevalent in the bureaucracy, the vested interest motivate them to not to properly implement the government policies.

    Thirdly, inconsistency in the policy of the government has also led to poor implementation. For example – with FDI in retail being allowed, it was expected to reduce the cost for consumer and increase the price for producer, no foreign company introduced FDI in retail – because it has conditions which were not attractive to them – 50% investment in back end infrastructure and 30% procurement from small and medium enterprises.

    Thus it can be concluded that the reduction in growth in 2011-13 was mainly due to the policy paralysis accompanied by paralysis of policy implementation due to above mentioned reasons.

    However, the present situation has changed, the investments are coming, stock market is high, the credit rating agencies such as Moody’s have upgraded India’s rating. The Present Modi government does not suffer from policy paralysis as – it BJP has full mandate (no coalition government), weaker and fragmented opposition, strong leader and no charges of corruption till date.

    The present government till date has been actively taking economic policy decisions – for example – It has introduced – ‘Make in India’ campaign to attract investments in India without any bureaucratic hurdles. It has also rationalized the rail prices, providing some relief to railways. It has also de-regulated diesel prices. It through its foreign policy has focused on neighboring countries and US, Japan, China and huge investments are expected. In the area of social reforms – it has focused on a clean India by 2019 through clean India mission. However, the analysis on the implementation of the policies is currently unavailable due to just 6-7 months of the government.

    India in order to grow back at the rate of 9-10% need to ensure that the policies are formulated and also properly implemented, which could ensure India becomes a global power.
    (12 Pages – 950 Words – 13 Pages were given – I left 1 page blank)

    1. Well written bro !!
      I wrote on similar lines but i felt i was bit harsh on policy paralysis!

  2. IN competition essay I have written like this.
    started with globalization and it is linkage with competition.
    then i move on to history(given example of hieun tsang (nalanda university competition) and competition in civil service after cornwallis reform (increasing salary)).
    after that i have written like competition for iit in early days(few seats few people) ,then linked it with 1991 reforms(seats have increased but competition have also increased due to increase in students and the incresed economic opportunities due to 1991 reforms .
    After that i have also given example of competition in chinese engineering exam also .
    Then separately i have discussed competition in three fields for youth i.e sports,job,education.(pro and cons in all)
    I have concluded with national youth policy 2014 for effectively utilized the competition.

    Mrunal please review this.

  3. I have my mains centre at UPSC. One of the officials was supposedly asking a feedback regarding this paper, though he somehow asked me only, if that new patterns of two essays was better. I tried to remain neutral and gave few points in support of both, that is the single essay pattern as before and this new one, but he quite adamantly seemed to be inclined towards the new pattern and started to give me explanations why this one will lead to the point response. I heard him with a smile over my face and realised that they may carry on this pattern.

  4. Section A: Q1
    Intro: Changing concept of power. Earlier Hitler and Napoleons “Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely” doctrine replaced by welfare based ” Great power comes great responsibility concept”. Went on about how power is acquired in life in a gradual process from childhood to adulthood. Quoted Shakespeare’s “Seven stages of life” concept. Then to how people attain varying levels of powers
    Exaples as main content. Power vs responsibility as
    Citizen
    Educated individual
    Family man
    Official/ Civil Servant
    Politician
    etc
    Went on to state the purpose of power as the ability to do good. Ill use as a vice. Blah blah
    Concluded with being born as Human being as greatest power. Fuctioning body and mind is in itself a huge empowerment. Cited example of mentally retarded people, terminally ill ones etc. Went on to explain how each man within his power has immense potential to do good. Ended it on the dot. But last sentence may have cost me around 5-10 marks. Low impact factor. (Sadly)

    Section B: Q1
    Policy paralysis vs implementation paralysis
    Wet ahead and stated presence of both but implicated second as real culprit. Went on to explain both and established that policy paralysis is a common factor in most democracies. America’s recent financial paralysis on Obama Care cited.
    Went into a historical approach.
    Nehruvian era: Focused on Land reforms. How implementation ineffectiveness killed it. A merger of bullets and paras. PDS etc also.
    Indira era: Same, forgot specific examples. (Wildlife i think?)
    Skipped over Rajiv era and mentioned him in passing only (mistake?)
    NEP era (Rao era?): Its failure in equity building and fostering equality. Industrial development stunted. Blah.
    NDA era
    UPA I: RTI, RTE etc etc
    UPA II: Some examples. Forgot.
    Also cited policy paralysis. Examples like Hindu Civil Code, Uniform civil code, Budget being Guillotined etc. But still focused blame on Implementation.
    Ended by suggesting steps to alleviate implementation paralysis. Positive steps taken already like Sevottam, grievance redressal etc.
    this essay hinges on how well I stuck to the basics, the topic and the core ideas. Hopefully I did a decent job.
    Don’t know. Marks will tell. I’ll update comment as soon as mark is out for next year aspirants’ benefit.

  5. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? [125 marks: 1000- 1200 words]

    In Ours Democratic country like India, there has been much hue and cry in the recent times over the rapid increase in the intensity of the competition which has forced Indian youth to give their best at every level in order to survive. This situation demands deeper analysis to find out the reasons and effects on our Youth, then only we can come up with the required reform steps.
    What necessitates competition?
    Competition ,in any field, is the phenomena wherein human resources of a nation fights for achieving something bigger in the life while in the process everybody wants to move ahead from the rest by following legitimate actions. Competition is the basic process of a society which comes into play naturally even without making intended effort for the same. We can trace this even from our earlier culture wherein our predecessors participated in the competition for achieving something which was scare at that time. Competition used to be there in earlier times as well wherein Kings fought among themselves in order to acquire kingdom.
    Competition is of paramount importance for survival in the society. With the limited amount of resources present on the earth, everybody can’t get everything. This necessitates fierce competition among members of the society for getting hold of the resources which otherwise will go in others hand if not competed well. This mismatch in the demand and supply of useful resources gives birth to the competition.
    Appropriate level of competition is required in the society so that only eligible candidate can rise to the occasion and can contribute in the maximum capacity which will benefit overall ecosystem of society.
    Same applies even in the Indian context also where Competition is the basic process of selecting eligible candidate for any post which gets its legitimacy even in the Indian constitution. We have defined basic process that should be followed by each candidate in order to achieve jobs. We have created bunch of institutions responsible for smoothing out this competition process which promises to filter eligible candidate and in the process to weed out undeserving one. With this mechanism in the place, there is a good chance of optimum utilization of talent pool that we have created through our well-structured education system.
    But in recent times there is a fierce competition on the horizon in India which reflects not only deficit in Jobs available to the Indian youths but also lack of seats in our premier education institutes. As per a survey, getting admission into MIT, USA, the best institute for technical education in the world, is easier than getting admission in our IITs. This reflects the level of competition that Indian youth is facing. With the population on rise exponentially; job growth doesn’t seem to keep pace with the job demand which resulted in the increased competition.
    Why competition is good?

    This increased competition has multifarious advantages if seen in the right perspective. First and foremost benefit to the Indian youth is in terms of overall Personality development. With the competition on rise year by year, this mandates youth to put their best before appearing in any competitive exam which in turn develops much needed quality in the youth which is going to help them in the future. Qualities like smart work, patience, planning, and implementation etc. gets integrated in the youth automatically while going through the competition phase. Thus increased competition has provided a platform which will translate into better scope for personality development for Indian Youth.
    Increased competition has also enabled Indian youth to be much more familiar with the Technological advancement in order to keep pace with the competitors. In today’s scenario every candidate tries to optimize their chances of success by gathering material, guidance or whatever they need, from the Internet or other technology. This desire to move ahead in the competition forces youth to learn new technological gadgets also. This new accumulated knowledge base in terms of technology is going to remain forever with the youth that is bound to help them in future endeavor.
    Increased competition also helps in bringing best out of the candidate. Had there been less competition from other candidates, same candidate, who has performed exceptionally well, might have performed way below to their capacity. Thus increased competition garners youth’s skill in order to bring best out of them.
    High level of competition filters the best candidate from the crowd and in the process weeds out incapable candidate. This bunch of best candidate is going to get job in every sector; be in banking, government job, Railways, private companies etc. So obviously this will translate into better growth chances for respective companies which will ultimately propel growth of Indian economy.
    Why Competition is bad?
    While increased competition has numerous advantages, it has some negative fallout as well. There have been various cases of student suicide in recent times because of higher competition. There are some youths in our society who are incapable in handling this situation of increased competition given their average intelligence level which results in suicide situation. Had there been less competition, those youths might have got job as per their interest.
    Increased competition diminished the chances of success for average candidate. Average candidate given their not so high competitiveness, generally are not able to find job according to their wish owing to high competition. In this scenario they have to settle down for some other opportunities which don’t garner much interest for them. This creates situation wherein youth won’t be able to give their best in the job given their disinterest there. This situation doesn’t seem to be good for youth as well as for nation as a whole.
    Reform: Way Forward
    so while at on hand higher competition brings some undesired disadvantages for youth at the other hand it offers lots of long term advantages too if proper check on sudden growth of competition is in place . Higher competition will strengthen our nation’s foundation by empowering our youth by bringing best out of them. This mandates Indian Government’s intervention for proper policy planning along with their implementation in order to bridge the gap between demand of Job and availability of the job which will keep a check on exponential growth of the competition. Government needs to come up with the policy which will enhance job opportunities for youth which in turn will keep competition at the appropriate level. This kind of planning is also required in the backdrop of our huge demographic dividend. If we want to garner full advantage of our demographic dividend then we have to keep competition level at appropriate level so that each and every youth can give their best in the nation building. Thus growth in the competition is certainly a good phenomenon if it is kept at optimum level.

    1. This is almost same what I had written during the exam.
      somebody please go through this essay and provide feedback.

  6. Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?

    Definitely but other sectors like manufacturing, space technology etc are also important. Included
    #Spiritual Dimension- birthplace of hinduism, budhism, jainism, sikhism, vedas, upanishads…. yoga… ganga sacred river…. scope: people at home and abroad-japan, other south-east asian nations…….
    #medical- relatively cheap, surrogacy capital
    #eco- vast geographical extent, presence of deserts, snowy mountains, forests, beaches, biodiversity hotspots, mangrooves, coral reefs…. UNESCO world heritage sites….. national parks….. Animals unique to India like one horned rhino, royal bengal tiger…
    #arts/culture-music, dance(both classical and folk), paintings(ajanta, Ellora…)
    #architecture-kingdoms, british rule, freedom struggle
    #education-people from neighbouring countries like Bhutan, Nepal coming to India…. nalanda univ….
    #technology- related institutes
    #cuisines- traditional Indian, mughal…

    what is to be addressed:
    #infra-road, power, hotels(buildings)….
    #neatness
    #safety and security(delhi rape case etc deters tourists)
    #training personnel- knowledge of various languages, friendly/courtesy, Athidhi Devo bhava as their motto
    #climate change- increased frequency of disasters, Acid Rain => damage
    #indiscriminate industrialization and urbanization => loss of biodiversity
    #laws effecting surrogacy…

    positive aspects of tourism:
    #employment generation
    #economic growth
    #inclusive growth

    Negative aspects:
    #may further damage the monuments- writing on them…
    #throwing littter
    #vehicular movement => pollution
    #constucting buildings/ laying roads- ecological damage in areas which were previously uninhabited

    what govt. is doing:
    #protection of monuments included as Fundamental Duty
    #ganga rejuvenation program etc
    #improving safety and security- gps @buses, toll free no.s, mobile apps, CCTV survellance.
    #visa on arrival
    #swatch bharath => neatness

    Conclusion:
    Ha. surely big thing, we have many positive aspects, can overcome the hindrances. promote ppp. tourism enables us to achieve our goal of inclusive growth.

  7. Wrote essay on..
    1.power with greater responsibility
    2.policy paralysis versus policy implementation

    Both topics seemed quite appealing as scope of words and ideas enlarged. In first topic, started with POWER TENDS TO CORRUPT AND ABSOLUTE POWER CORRUPT ABSOLUTELY. …from rawan kansa to Hitler..human evolution to world wars..from discovery of fire and wheel to atom bombs….I established the relationship between power ..misuse ..abuse and responsibility …ut emphasis on culture especially indian culture which breeds tolerance..c.orelate re son sibling in governance and corruption ..All essay revolved around misuse of power and catastrophe .

  8. Hi friends,
    Please comment on todays Ibps Specialist exam.

  9. How can i download these articles and question papers from my tab/mobile… pls help me frndzzz

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