Since UPSC is hellbent on ‘not disclosing mains answerkey’ through RTI, it is left for us to design our own answerkeys
- In GS 1, total 70 marks worth questions were from 1marker,2marker and 5marker group.
- In GS 2, total 30 marks worth questions were from “5 marker” group. (excluding Stat section for the moment.)
- So out of total 600 marks, 100 marks of stuff was 2 marker type. That means 1/6th or 16.67% of paper was 2 marker-ish (objective, non-opinion, non-suggestion, non-criticism type of questions).
Anyways, more analysis later, here are my non-model-un-official answerkey/solutions for all 5 markers, 2 markers and 1 markers asked in GS Mains 2012.
- Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat’
- NMP 2011
- Art. 21
- RTI preamble
- National Council
- National Mission on Libraries (NML)
- Musical Instrument Classification
- Fire in Zoroastrianism
- Laurie Baker
- Treatment of Heatstroke
- Bagurumba folk dance
- Presidential Elections
- 1 markers: Person in News (PIN)
- Papiloma Virus
- South China
- Environmental Sustainabilty
- Sustainable Development of People
GS Mains 2012 Paper I
Q.3. Answer the following in about 50 words each:5X11=55
Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat’
- What is the ‘Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat’?
- Concept evolved by National Commission.
- It is established under Legal Service Authority Act.
- For redressal and speedy disposal of Marital disputes and other family disputes
- Advantages: Provides mutual settlement and flexibility in functioning.
- List the main objectives of the National Manufacturing Policy (NMP), 2011.
- To increase the sectoral share of manufacturing in GDP to at least 25% by 2022;
- To increase the rate of job creation so as to create 100 million additional jobs by 2022;
- To enhance global competitiveness, domestic value addition, technological depth and environmental sustainability of growth.
- Comment on the significance of Rasarnava in studying the history of Indian Chemistry.
- Written in 12th century, by an unknown author, in Sanskrit language.
- Rasārṇava, or “Treatise on Metallic Preparations”, contains wealth of wealth of information Tantric-Medical and chemical knowedge and practices prevalent in India during that period.
- It deals with Rasas (mercury and other important minerals), Uparasas (inferior minerals), metals. etc and various means of processing them.
- What are the Rights within the ambit of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution?
- It explicitly guarantees the Protection of Life and Personal liberty. And In various judgements, SC has provided many inferred rights viz.
- Right to dignity, to medical assistance, to pollution free water and air, minor girl’s right to bear child, free legal aid, speedy trial, right against handcuffing, against third degree torture during policy custody, against phone-tapping etc.
- Comment on the significance of the Preamble contained in the Right to Information Act.
- This preamble provides the philosophy and overview of RTI act.
- Philosophy: Constitution of India has established democratic Republic, AND democracy requires an informed citizenry and transparency.
- Overview: RTI is an Act for setting out the practical regime of transperency and right to information and for constitution of a Central Information Commission (CIC) and State Information Commissions (SIC).
- To implement one key recommendation of the Mohini Giri Committee, the Government has recently announced the constitution of a National Council. Highlight the composition and the mandate of this National Council.
- Chairman: Minister of Social Justice & Empowerment.
- Minister of State, Social Justice & Empowerment,
- Oldest Members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,
- Representatives of 5 State Governments + 1 Union Territory (by rotation.)
- 5 representatives each from Senior Citizens’ Associations, Pensioners’ Association, NGOs working for Senior Citizens and Experts.
(lolz 50 words quota is already over! But still mandate remains)
This council will advise the Central and State Governments on issues related to
- policies, programmes and legislative measures for the welfare of senior citizens.
- promotion of physical and financial security, health and independent and productive living
- awareness generation and community mobilization.
National Mission on Libraries (NML)
- Comment on the recent launching of the National Mission on Libraries (NML).
- Department of Culture (DoC) had proposed setting up a National Mission for Libraries (NML) in the XI Plan as a Central Sector Scheme.
- NML is an initiative to revitalise the public library movement in the country.
- Under this mission, public libraries will be equipped with modern gadgets and broadband connectivity and networking with other leading libraries, educational and cultural institutions.
Musical Instrument Classification
- What are the groups into which musical instruments in India have traditionally been classified?
- Tata vadya – String instruments (violin)
- Sushira vadya – Wind instruments (flute)
- Avanaddha vadya – Membrane covered (damru, mridangam )
- Ghana vadya – Solid percussion (gongs)
By the way, You can find truckload of future 2 markers related to Indian musical instruments, in following thread:
Fire in Zoroastrianism
- Comment on the significance of fire in Zoroastrianism.
- Fire together with clean water, are agents of ritual purity in Zoroastrian ritual.
- Fire symbolizes light in the struggle against darkness in this religion.
- Their places of worship are commonly known as “Agiyari” (Fire Temple).
- Their most sacred places of worship are known as Atash Bahram, or “fire of victory.” There are only ten current Atash Bahrams, eight in India and two in Iran.
- Why is Laurie Baker called ‘the conscience keeper of Indian architecture’?
- Known for building affordable, elegant and energy efficient homes in Kerala.
- The Housing and Urban Development Corporation too had adopted his eco-friendly, low-cost building methods there to provide a clean living environment to the poor.
- People called his designs ‘Baker-model houses’. No other architect has been able to make such a bold statement in his practice.
- Given Padam Sri for his works.
- in Thiruvananthapuram he designed and built Centre for Development Studies (CDS) which continues to be a pilgrim centre for budding architects from across the country.
Treatment of Heatstroke
- You are stationed in a small district town in the plains of Northern India, The summer has been severe. Suddenly, a colleague, who had been out since morning, returns to the office complaining of headache, restlessness and confusion. Shortly, he becomes unconscious. His body temperature is 40°C. What first aid steps would you take to revive him?
These are the symptoms of “heatstroke”. Hence the Treatment should be:
- Move the victim to a cooler environment immediately
- Cover him with a towel/blanket soaked with water to cool the victim’s body.
- Loosen clothing and ensure that the person gets plenty of ventilation.
- When he gains consciousness, immediately give him water containing salt or lemon juice.
4. Comment on each of the following in about 20 words each: 2X5=10
- The significance of Patharughat in the Indian freedom struggle
- It is a place in Assam, where the peasant took British bullets while protesting exorbitant taxes slapped on them at Patharughat in Darrang district in 1894.
- Also known as Jallianwala Bagh of Assam.
Bagurumba folk dance
- folk dance of Assam
- performed by the Bodos
- also called “butterfly dance” because the combination of costume colors and movements resemble the movement butterflies.
- Determining the ‘value’ assigned to the vote of a Member of a State Legislative Assembly and of a Member of Parliament in the Indian Presidential elections.
Value of one vote of an MLA=
=[(total population of state) / (Total number of elected MLAs of the state)] x 1/1000
Value of one vote of an MP
=Total value of votes of all MLAs of all states / Total number of Elected MPs
- Significance of the SPOT-6 rocket launch for ISRO
- SPOT 6 is a French satellite, launched by ISRO in its 100th mission.
- From Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh
Recall that article: Nirbhay, NAG, NAMICA, Helina, LAHAT, Tropex-2012, RISAT, SPOT-6: https://mrunal.org/2012/09/science-nag-helina.html
- Issues highlighted through the work of Palagumrni Sainath
- As a journalist, he wrote about Famine,hunger, social problems, rural affairs, poverty and the aftermaths of globalization in India.
- Famous for his book Everybody Loves a Good Drought, got Magsaysay Award for it.
1 marker: Person in News (PIN)
- Why have the following been in the news recently?. (Answer to be in one sentence only). 1X5=5
- P.V. Sindhu : Pusarla Venkata Sindhu, she is a badminton player from Andhra. Was in news because she reached upto semi-finals in China Masters Super Series badminton tournament in 2012.
- Aditya Kumar Mandi : Constable in CISF, writes poems in Santhali language. Was given Sahitya Akademi award in 2011.
- Cyrus Mistry: appointed deputy chairman of Tata Group. He will begin serving as chairman when Ratan Tata retires in December 2012.
- Ashoke Sen: Scientist from Kolkata, known from Contributions to string field theory, won Yuri Milner award in 2012.
- Mario de Miranda: cartoonist from Goa, worked for Times of India and Illustriated Weekly of India. died in 2011, given Given Padam Vibushan in 2012.
Both Ashoke Sen and Miro Miaranda were covered in PIN (Person in News Article): https://mrunal.org/2012/10/pin-2012.html
^Ok this is all from Paper 1. Now let us check Paper 2.
4. Answer the following in not more than 50 words each: (5×6=30)
- The Sequoia supercomputer was launched this year. What are its specific features and what is its purpose?
- 1.6 petabytes of memory
- Can perform 20 x 10^15 operations every second.
- Research, Development, Advanced Simulation and Computing in the field of weapons performance, notably hydrodynamics and properties of materials at extreme pressure and temperatures
- supercomputer simulations will support the help to extend the life of aging nuclear weapons systems of US
- What is meant by the G8+5 group?
is a political term used to describe an international group which consists of the leaders of
|G8 nations||+5 Emerging economies.|
- The Human Papilloma Virus vaccine has been making the headlines in the recent months. Who make the ideal candidates for receiving this vaccine and what are its benefits?
HPV is responsible for Cervical Cancer and sexually transmitted infections.
Ideal Candidates for vaccine= young women in 9 to 25 years age group, who have not been exposed to HPV. (Although USFDA has approved it for both men and women).
What are its benefits= can help prevent future HPV infection, cervical cancer. And thus reduce the costs associated with future medical care, biopsies, and Pap tests.
- What are India’s stakes in the South China Sea?
- South China sea is a potential crude oil source, in the South coast of Vietnam.
- Petrovietnam (State oil co of Vietnaam) had contracted ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) to explore the oil field in South China sea.
- But China is opposed to this Development.
Go through South China article for more on this: https://mrunal.org/2012/07/diplo-schina-auction.html
- Explain the concepts “Environmental Sustainabilty” and “Sustainable Development of People”.
- Goal 7 of the Millennium Development Goals
- Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss.
- Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
- By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
Sustainable Development of People
- Sustainable development means, meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
- Social development works to empower the poor to expand their use of available resources in order meet their own needs, and change their own lives.
- Special attention is paid to women, children, people of indigenous cultures, people with disabilities.
Go through RIO+20 article for more on this: https://mrunal.org/2012/09/diplomacy-rio20-meaning-outcomes-explain.html
- Explain briefly the “Clean Development Mechanism” as provided under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
- CDM is provided by Kyoto Protocol.
- It helps Annex I parties in achieveing their Greenhouse gas reduction commitments.
- It allows them to buy carbon credits and invest in clean energy projects in non-annex countries.
Go through Kyoto Article for more on this: https://mrunal.org/2012/09/enb-kyoto.html
really commendable work.. Thank you….
sir we should write answer in points or in paragraph
Depends on the type of question.
Paragraph type of answer well suited for “discuss, analyse or critically examine”
Point/bullet wise answer suited for “salient feautures, main recommendations, pros and cons”
Sir , which book u refer or websites to answer cultural related questions ? .
Good analysis by you, sir. I am an engineer & started preparing for IAS in Hindi Medium. I want to choose Geography as first mains subject. Second subject i am in doubt. How to prepare for GS, as no hindi newspaper is equivalent to The Hindu new paper. Please suggest second optional & preparation for GS & Essay. I am able to manage 4 hours reading daily.
Sirji,could you pls guide us as to what is the penalty for crossing of word limit..???i hve exceeded the limit in many questions…
Tremendous effort that has gone into this work is really appreciable….Thanks a lot ! Mrunal ..
Mrunal Sir I have One question Pls Explain..
The Exchange Rate In 1970– 1 US Dollar= 7.58 Rs
In 1990- 1 Us Dollar= 16 Rs
In 2000 1 Us Dollar= 45 Rs
and now in 2012 is has reached 1 Us Dollar= 56 Rs
What is main Reasong Behind that Pls Explain…
Reasons: Bretton Woods Gold pegging, import substitution strategy, Current Account Deficit, Forex market, policy paralysis etc.etc.etc. many pieces.
Read the articles listed on the Economy Archives:
And you’ll see how those pieces fit together and determine the value of a currency in international market.
The Reason is Cancellation of Gold Standard in 1971(Nixon Shock)which was agreed upon by Bretton Woods.Dollar there by became fiat(not backed by any assets) and so is most of world currencies.
Really your effort is simply great….
really commendable job mr. MRunal.thanx to your videos on stats, i could solve cumulative frequency questions fast. still dissappointed at the NEW scattered plot question.
Great Work.Keep it up.
sir! can u suggest books for mechanical engineering for ias optional??
thank u once again..
any gud buk on art n culture issue??though d stuff came in civil services chronicle(march 2012) bt is dat enough?as many folk dances/songs r still unknown to us n questions r framed frm those parts
Sir,apart from some important websites,do we need to go through the commissions too?? becoz the parivarik mahila lok adalat ques is from their website.
If yes,could you please tell the important ones?
Good work Man, Keep it up…
Are you writing this time????
mrunal amazing work u hav done.no words in ur praise.thanks a lot.keep it up.
sir,you are saving lot my time. thank you. keep it up.
Dear Mrunal, Thank you for your answers!
Please let me know what does ‘Critically Examine’ mean? Does it mean we need to write only negatives of the topic?
Looking forward for your reply.
mrunal sir…your suggetion not to run behind coaching classes is eye-opener..and your direction is very much accurate sir…but again confusin..by this new pattern,upsc widen its area, HOW TO TACKLE IT???HELP SIR…PLS
excellent work sir ……..
Respected Sir, I really glad to you I Appriciate your Effort,Hard Work,Dedication,Excellency….etc
plz tell us Which publication is better for Priviouse years solved (manis)Paper set for GS+HISTORY.
Bhari Work ra Mrunal…..keep doing it…Bhari ra again…
Information provided is so useful thanks mrunal sir
i would request you to upload the question paper of upsc mains english and hindi compulsory papers of 2012
Sir,I really admire ur guidance.pls give me basic information about ur blog and which part will helpful for upsc ias exam.give me advice and stratergy to utilise ur blog effectively.
Sir, its really a great job, ur blog is guiding us very well, we r all u r students like Ekalavya for Dhornacharya…thank you very much…not only for UPSC ur blog is helping us for state public services also….with your articles i scored good marks too
GR8 WORK……THNX FOR THE STUFF
For culture refer 2 books:
1) Spectrum publication-indian culture
2) WIZARD book on Indian Culture
G8+5—> G8+ BRICS
wrong brother, G8+5 is G8 + G5.
G5 is nt BRICS but BICS+Mexico(brazil, india,china, south africa and mexico)
G8 everyone knows.