[Strategy] RAS Mains Public Administration Paper 1: Strategy, Approach, Topicwise Booklist (Hindi, English medium)

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  1. Essential books for RAS Mains PubAd Paper 1
  2. Introduction to Public Administration
  3. Principles
  4. OB (organizational Behavior)
  5. Theories of Organization
  6. Organizational Structures
  7. Personnel Administration
  8. Financial Administration
  9. Accountability and Control
  10. Administrative Reforms
  11. Delegated Legislation and Administrative law
  12. CPA and DA

Essential books for RAS Mains PubAd Paper 1

English Medium Hindi Medium
  1. Public Administration by M.Laxmikanth
Lok Prashasan by M.Laxmikanth
  1. Administrative Thinkers: Prasad and Prasad
Prashashanik Chintak by Prasad and Prasad
  1. New Horizones of Public Administration by Mohit Bhattacharya.
Lok Prashashan ke naye Aayam by Mohit Bhattacharya
  1. IGNOU B.A and M.A.Public Administration booklets (can be downloaded for free, from egyankosh.ac.in or can be purchased from Delhi).
Same but in Hindi

Also download UPSC’s Public Administration (Mains) question papers of Last 33 years [1979-2011]: here is the link: https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9AJvFSzIyiwMGFaOTI3eXZ5WHc/edit?pli=1

Why UPSC papers? Because many static-direct questions remain important for State PSC exams as well, for example

  1. ‘The Central Secretariat occupies a key position in the administrative hierarchy.’
  2. Judicial Control over administration operates through a system of writs. Explain

So go through the old UPSC papers, prepare answers for all static-direct questions relevant to syllabus of RAS.

Introduction to Public Administration

Topic Source
Basic Premises : Meaning, scopes nature and significance of Public AdministrationEvolution of Public Administration as a discipline
  1. First Chapter of Laxmikanth’s book on Public Administratin.
  2. First chapter of IGNOU MPA-012
  3. First Chapter of Mohit
Ecology of administration -social, economic, cultural, political and legal.
  1. MPA-013: chapter 3,4 and 5.
New Public Administration
  1. M.Laxmikanth
  2. Chapter 18 of MPA-012
  3. First Chapter of Mohit


Principles of Organization – Hierarchy, Unity of Command, Authority and Responsibility, Coordination. Span of Control, Supervision, Centralization and Decentralization, Delegation.

  • These topics are beautifully explained in M.Laxmikanth’s book on Public Administration.
  • For extra fodder material, consult block 3,4 and 5 of EPA-01 (IGNOU BA Public Administration)
  • Chapter 8 from Mohit.
  • The nature of this topic leads to Direct static questions. Hence your score here directly depends on ability to recall number of points during exam hall = revision essential.

OB (organizational Behavior)

Administrative Behaviour – Decision making with Special Reference to the contribution of Herbert Simon, Theories of leadership; Communication, Morale, Motivation (Maslow and Harzberg).

  • Laxmikanth, Prasad, IGNOU MPA-012, EPA-01 block 5.
  • Chapter 10 of Mohit.
  • There may not be enough direct content for Morale topic.
  • You may consult internet for that.

Theories of Organization

Topic Source
  1. Scientific management (Taylor and his associates)
  1. Laxmikanth’s book on Public Administration
  2. Prasad and Prasad
  3. Relevent Chapters in IGNOU BA Public Administration booklet code EPA-01
  4. Relevent chapters in IGNOU M.A.Public Administration booklet code MPA-012
  5. Relevent topics from Mohit.
  1. The Bureaucratic theory of organization (Weber)
  1. Classical theory of Organizations(Henri Fayol, Luther Gullic and others)
  1. The Human Relations Theory of Organization(Elton Mayo and his Colleagues)
  1. Behavioural approach
  1. Systems Approach: Organizational Effectiveness
  • It is one thing to tick answers in Administrative thinker based MCQs, and it is totally different thing to write a decent answer on a particular thinker.
  • Frequent revision and answer writing practice is essential. You don’t need to enroll in some fancy mock test series for this. Plenty of questions given in IGNOU booklets as well as in old Public Administration papers of UPSC.

Organizational Structures

Structure of Organizations-Chief Executive; Types of Chief Executives and their functions; Line, staff and Auxiliary agencies; Departments: Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions, Headquarters and field relationship.

  • These topics are again beautifully explained in M.Laxmikanth’s book on Public Administration and IGNOU EPA-01
  • Line-Staff topic from Chapter 8 of Mohit.
  • For extra fodder or any missing topics you may consult Sharma Sadana chapter 9 to 14.

Personnel Administration

  1. M.Laxmikanth’s book on Public Administration.
  2. Mohit Bhattacharya’s Chapter on Public Personnel administration.
  3. IGNOU EPA 04
  • Just like “Statistics and graphs” topic is considered “scoring” in General Studies paper II, similarly personnel administration is considered “scoring” (or atleast that’s what Delhi’s eminent Coaching sirs used to tell hehehe).
  • Anyways point is, Personnel administration, Org.behavior=usually direct static questions, so easier to score decent marks compared to “critically analyse xyz thinker/theory.”
  • But again, no topic is scoring by itself. A topic or an optional subject becomes “scoring” only after you’ve read, revised, understood, digested and practiced it many times.

Financial Administration

  1. LAxmikanth’s chapter on Financial Administration (Chap 8)
  2. IGNOU BA: EPA 05. EPA 05 is quite lengthy but you’ve to do selective study only- of the syllabus topics.
  3. Finally Mohit’s Chapter on Financial Administration to get the gist of everything.

Accountability and Control

  1. Religiously mugup the entire chapter given in M.Laxmikanth’s PubAD book.
  2. Chapter 19 and 22 in IGNOU MPA-013
  3. Mohit’s chapter on Accountability.

Administrative Reforms

O & M, Work Study, Work Measurement; Administrative Reforms; Processes and Obstacles.

  • O&M: Chapter 21 of Indian administration by Avasthi and Avasthi OR Sharma Sadana.
  • Work measurement: Chapter 16 IGNOU MPA 013.
  • Reforms and obstacles: Chapter 23, 25 in MPA-13
  • Mohit’s chapter on Administrative reforms.

Or just skip the whole damn topic. (according to coaching experts lolz!)

Delegated Legislation and Administrative law

  • IGNOU BA Public Administration code BPAE-102.
  • Visit Library, do chapter 36 and 37 from a book named “Public Administration by Avasthi and Maheshwari”. Or wait for a few days, I’ll write an article on it.

CPA and DA

Comparative and Development Administration.

  1. Start with M.Laxmikanth’s book on pubad
  2. Fred riggs from Prasad and Prasad
  3. Mohit’s chapter 15 and 16.

The booklist/ approach for RAS (MAins) Public Administration Paper II is given in separate article, click ME

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

37 Comments on “[Strategy] RAS Mains Public Administration Paper 1: Strategy, Approach, Topicwise Booklist (Hindi, English medium)”

  1. o god! U r so gud ,as d crisp strategy les numb f buks n so specific plan is to b religiously folwd. . . .i thnk . . U made my wrk half dne by makin my confusin out f my mind.n helpn me to b strategiesd n focussed
    Thanx a ton.

  2. pls its a request ,if time allows pls post an article on sociology pls pls.as al d buks are of foriegn authors n thy dnt match d quest in d xam.pls. . Dö ths study plan 4 sociology .pls.

  3. Thanks Mrunal……You have done a tremendous job for us !!!!……Request frm my side also..to Add strategy for Sociology as well….with English Books…as Books in Hindi Medium are easily available in Jaipur…:(

      1. Is there ny specific guide available in english for ras…….????…..need to discuss it more….msg me on my email…

        1. guide as in…………for question answer?or full syllabus??????…n no mail add is here wr shud i msg?

  4. @Sanjay, Komal
    When it comes to optionals strategy, I can only write on Public Administration + Gujarati literature.
    Not much idea on Sociology, except that IGNOU BA, MA Sociology should help you tremendously. Device your strategy based on this article: https://mrunal.org/2012/07/strategy-sociology.html

    Also consult Kshitij Tyagi’s notes:

    Same for you,
    IGNOU BA, MA History, plus this interview: https://mrunal.org/2012/05/topper-abhishek-69-2011.html#432

  5. sir is the planning as you have given for RAS will work for UPSC Sir please like yhis for preparation of sociology. sir ur articles are of immense helpand path showing and boost my morale thank you very much

  6. Sir i am very much interested in doing M.A public administration simultaneously preparing for civils please help in this regard is it good to do in IGNOU.

  7. Please guide us with some strategy for Geography Mains Paper-I & II…similar to this with minimum number of books…Thankx in advance

  8. hey mrunal.can u suggest fr commerce nd accountancy optional.esp fr RAS.no one to guide here.rpsc’s previous yr papers r also not available.u ask frm any experr abt preparantn of dis optional.plz.

  9. dear sir,
    thanks for such a wonderful article… can u guide us same way on General Studies paper as well… and there is news that mains syllabus is changing for this year is that true,,,

  10. Bhayya ! I haven’t read last 8 months news papers . What can I do to cover it !? Pls help me with this!

  11. Hi Mrunal….
    all of your posts are valuable. Till last month I was an MBA aspirant and have written CAT 2012 (and hope to get some IIM calls). I thought CSE is an impossible task for me (and of course getting to an IIM is much more easier than cracking CSE). But after reading your posts (thanks to my friend who told me about your website) I realize that CSE is not an impossible task (for me) and so decided to write CSE 2012. After reading your post I decided not to join a coaching institute (otherwise I joined ALS). This post will save a lot of my time (I choose Pub ad as my fist optional— of course, chose after reading your post and analysis). I have not yet decided about second optional. My first choice is Sociology/ Geography. Kindly guide me regarding this so that I can complete the second optional at the earliest and effectively. I am a B.Tech in EC passed out from one NIT. I will take CSE 2012. Thanks in advance.

  12. hello mrunal sir……..i m regular visitor of ur blog and i had also clear RAS prelim 2012 and now preparing for mains with optional mathematics and geography,……..plz sir prepare strategy for mains in above these subject..

  13. Mrunal sir, can you please give step by step approach to tackle UPSC pub ad (as you gave here for RAS)? If you can, this will help us a lot in completing the subject without wasting much time. TIA

  14. Mrunal,
    When i read d books of Pub-Ad(IGNOU,MB,Laxmi) i understands everything, but whenever i see d Mains Paper i get completely blank n suffer from less contents for every question.
    What 2 do in dis situation Mrunal ?? Plz help. It scares me daily.

  15. sir i am little confuse when i want to by public administration book in hindi medium there are two books by laxmikanth’s one is LOK PRASHASAN (Rs 465 ) other is LOK PRASHASAN UPSC CIVIL SEVA PRARAMBHIK PAREEKSHA KE LIYE (Rs465) . when i click your article on pub adm i have seen different book on hindi and english PLEASE GIVE YOUR IMPORTANT ADVICE ON THE TOPIC MENTION ABOVE (I WANT PUB ADMINISTRATION BOOK FOR MAIN IN HIANDI MEDIUM) PLEASE SIR HELP

  16. respected sir; i have sociology as second optional in RAS mains. what should i do to cover it. please suggest me books. is there any book like S.S. panday in english? which cover whole syllabus.

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