DONOT apply for CDS exam, unless and until you’re certain that you fulfill all medical/physical requirements (Given @the bottom of this article). Because in past, many candidates have cleared the written exam, but failed in the medical test. The SSB interview tips given in a seperate article click me
- Topicwise Breakup:
- Grab the weapons (Booklist)
- 1: History & Culture
- 2: Science
- 3: Geography
- 4: Environment and Biodiversity (EnB)
- 5: Polity
- 6: Economy
- 7: International relations/events/diplomacy
- 8: Defense
- 9: Misc GK
- Conclusion / summary / final tips
- Appendix1: Download Links
- Appendix2: CDS notification, cutoffs, previous papers
- Appendix3: Physical Standards, Medical checkup rules for CDS
CDS exam is held twice a year, so let’s see how were last three papers?
|History n Culture||19||22||18|
Often the new players make mistake of preparing too much current affairs, but as you can see in the table, majority of the paper is made up of static/theory topics only. Even in Economy and Polity while lot of current events take place but majority of the MCQS are centered on theory only.
Grab the weapons (Booklist)
In the market, there is no dearth of jholachhap publications with readymade guides on CDS and mock tests and what not. But Looking at the previous papers, all I can say is that you need only three sources to cover up majority of the syllabus:
- NCERT and NIOS textbooks (even here, you’ve to do very limited study of specific chapters, as explained in this article. free download links @bottom)
- Indian Polity by M.Laxmkanth (religiously mugup this book for ~10 marks in the exam.)
- General Studies Manual (for filling up the gaps/topics left in NCERTs + for practice of mock questions) you don’t need to buy latest edition, because static topics (history, geography, science) remain one and same in all edition. So grab second hand/used copy for a cheaper price or borrow it from a friend. Any publication will work: Unique, TMH, Spectrum etc.
First we’ll see how to approach static topics (history, geography, science, EnB, economy and polity.) then we’ll see how to approach the current affairs (for IR and Misc.GK)
1: History & Culture
for History/culture portion, use the Tamilnadu (TN) State education board books, they’re better than NCERTs. Click me for free download
–end of update-
can be sub-classified into following:
|Ancient||Harappa, Asoka etc.|
|Medieval||Delhi sultanate, Mughals etc.|
|Modern||British raj and freedom struggle.|
|Culture||Music, painting, dance, religion, architecture, books etc. in above 3 periods.|
|World history||update: in CDS(II)2013, UPSC did ask a few questions from World history. You may consult Lucent’s GK book + Mrunal.org/history for this. more details soon.|
Let’s see how much history was asked in last three papers?
|% out of 120||15.83||18.33||15|
- In old times, UPSC used to ask trivial GK question from kings, war timelines etc. =waste of time in preparation.
- But nowadays, questions usually centered around culture or just ‘true/false/find correct statement; cause-effect-reasons’ type questions.
- I suggest you look at last 2-3 years papers by yourself (given in the appendix) and see it yourself.
In Ancient period, the MCQs mostly come from 2 topics:
- Jainism-Buddism (includes Asoka etc.)- Although this can be classified under culture.
I’ve already uploaded the NCERTs according to topics (and not according to standards/classes), so just download from appendix and start reading. If you already have downloaded NCERTs from any other source, then prepare in following sequence:
*subject*, *class*,*chapter no.*, *chapter name*
- History6_1_What, Where, How And When
- History6_2_On The Trail Of The Earliest People
- History6_3_From Gathering To Growing Food
- History6_4_In The Earliest Cities
- History6_5_What Books And Burials Tell Us
- History6_6_Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic
- History6_7_New Questions And Ideas
- History6_8_Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War
- History6_9_Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
- History6_10_Traders, Kings And Pilgrims
- History6_11_New Empires And Kingdoms
- History6_12_Buildings, Paintings And Books
- History12_1_Bricks Beads and Stones_Harappa
- History12_2_King farmer towns
- History12_3_Kinship Caste Class
- History12_4_Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings
After that: GS Manual and finally mock questions.
If you’re willing to take the risk (or running out of time), you can even skip this topic (kings, wars, dynasties etc.). Because rarely 1-2 question come from medieval portion nowadays. But do prepare culture related things from medieval period.
- Hist7_1_Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years
- Hist7_2_New Kings And Kingdoms
- Hist7_3_The Delhi Sultans
- Hist7_4_The Mughal Empire
- Hist7_5_Rulers And Buildings
- Hist7_6_Towns, Traders And Craftspersons
- Hist7_7_Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities
- Hist7_8_Devotional Paths To The Divine
- Hist7_9_The Making Of Regional Cultures
- Hist7_10_Eighteenth-Century Political Formations
- History12_1_Foreign Travelers to India
- History12_2_Bhakti -Sufi Traditions
- History12_3_Vijayanagara-An Imperial Capital
- History12_4_Mughal Empire and Agrarian Society
- History12_5_Mughal Courts
After that: Read the Medieval history section in your GS Manual and finally mock questions. But keep in mind: GS manuals contain truckload of kings and timelines in the medieval period, don’t waste time mugging them up.
Important: NCERTs don’t cover all MCQ worthy topics from within the Modern history / freedom struggle. Therefore you must do following
- Read GS manual multiple times for this section.
- OR use Spectrum publication’s brief history of Modern India.
- And then solve the Mock Questions given in the GS Manual.
here is the list of NCERT chapters:
- History8_1_How When and Where
- History8_2_From Trade to Territory
- History8_3_The Company Establishes Power
- History8_4_Ruling the Countryside
- History8_5_Tribals Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
- History8_6_1857 and After When people rebel
- History12_1_Colonialism Official Archives
- History12_2_1857 Revolt And Its Representations
- History12_3_Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning And Architecture
- History12_4_Mahatma Gandhi And The Nationalist Movement
- History12_5_Understanding Partition
- History12_6_Framing The Constitution
While reading above NCERTs, you’ll come across lot of culture related topics (in painting, literature, dance, music, religion etc.) however for better and consolidated preparation, I suggest you also go through the NIOS study material for Culture. (Free download links @bottom)
“yeh mujse nahi hoga / science is not my cup of tea” = this is loser talk. You want to pass CDS or SSC, then science has to be prepared, whether you like it or not. Besides, NCERT textbooks explain the science in very lucid, layman friendly manner, so science is that not difficult, just read and revise often.
don’t live in some overconfidence that “Just because I’m M.Sc (Botany) so I don’t need to read these stupid class7 NCERT science textbooks. I know everything!”
Because, you may be good at the technical and latest things happening in your graduation field, but UPSC asks from basic principles and theories that might have evaporated from your head after you left highschool years ago. Therefore, no matter what your academic qualification is, always start with NCERTs.
anyways, continuing on…Science can be further divided into
|Current affairs, biotech, nanotech, computer IT, space etc.||You can ignore this if you’re running out time. otherwise
Science: Internal breakup in last 3 CDS
|% of out 120||22%||16%||23%|
* (one Qs on Chemistry noble prize 2012)
here is the list of NCERT chapters to be prepared:
- Sci9_11_Work And Energy
- Sci9_9_Force And Laws Of Motion
- Sci8_14_Chemical Effects Of Electriccurrent
- Sci8_11_Force And Pressure
- Sci7_14_Electric Current and its Effects
- Sci7_13_Motion and Time
- Physics11_1_What is Physics
- Sci7_5_Acids,Bases andSalts
- Sci7_6_Physical and Chemical Changes
- Sci8_3_Synthetic Fibres And Plastics
- Sci8_4_Materials Metals And Non-Metals
- Sci8_5_Coal And petroleum
- Sci8_6_Combustion And Flame
- Sci9_1_Matter In Our Surroundings
- Sci9_2_Is Matter Around Us Pure
- Sci9_3_Atoms And Molecules
- Sci9_4_Structure Of The Atom
- Sci10_1_Chemical Reactions and Equations
- Sci10_2_Acids, Bases and Salts
- Sci10_3_Metals and Non-metals
- Sci10_4_Carbon and its Compounds
- Sci10_5_Periodic Classification of Elements
- Sci7_1_Nutrition in Plants
- Sci7_2_Nutrition inAnimals
- Sci7_10_Respiration in Organisms
- Sci7_11_Transportation in Animals and Plants
- Sci7_12_Reproduction inPlants
- Sci8_2_Microorganisms Friend And foe
- Sci8_8_Cell Structure And Functions
- Sci8_9_Reproduction In Animals
- Sci8_10_Reaching Theage Of Adolescence
- Sci9_5_The Fundamental Unit Of life
- Sci9_7_Diversity In Living Organisms
- Sci9_13_Why Do We Fall ill
- Sci10_6_Life Processes
- Sci10_7_Control and Coordination
- Sci10_11_human eye
- Biology12_11_Biotechnology Principle and Processes
- Biology12_12_Biotechnology and its Applications
Geography can be further classified into
|Physical||Universe, earth, atmosphere, weather, climate etc.|
|Indian||Topics related to India (e.g. industry, drainage etc.)|
|World||Again not much asked from this.|
Geography + Agro: Internal breakup
|% out of 120||17%||23%||13%|
- Earlier geography used to encompass Environment biodiversity (EnB) + agriculture, but now both of them have grown up and getting more ‘special’ attention from UPSC Examiners. (Although in 2013’s CDS-1, the agro MCQs were conspicuously absent.)
- Again, our approach is NCERT => GS Manual => Mock questions.
- (optional): you may also read NIOS material on Geography for additional grip over the subject. Free download links @bottom.
- Note: In GS manual, they sometimes go in very minor details e.g. state where particular breed of goat/pig/cow/buffalo is found. don’t waste time in such details. Even for Indian geography, you should know broad things. If you try to prepare every detail, you’ll be stuck there forever.
When you go to universe, there is no dearth of GK regarding relative size, color, distance of various planets etc. but again keep the time factor in mind.
- Sci8_17_Stars And The solar system
- Geo6_1_The Earth in the Solar System
- Geo11_2_The Origin and Evolution of the Earth
From earth basics, UPSC usually asks a few questions on
- Latitudes, Longitudes and timezones (perhaps to test the level of the wanna be navy officers.)
- atmosphere, climate, weather phenomenon related
Anyways, here is the list of NCERT chapters
- Geo6_2_Globe Latitudes and Longitudes
- Geo6_3_Motions of the Earth
- Geo6_5_Major Domains of the Earth
- Geo6_6_Major Landforms of the Earth
- Geo11_1_Geography as a Discipline (although doesn’t fit in this classification!)
- Geo11_3_Interior of the Earth
- Geo11_4_Distribution of Oceans and Continents
- Geo11_5_Minerals and Rocks (after that, immediacy read the Indian geography chapters related to distribution of mines and minerals in India)
- Geo11_6_Geomorphic Processes
- Geo11_7_Landforms and their Evolution.
Atmosphere and Climate related
- Geo11_8_Composition and Structure of Atmosphere
- Geo11_9_Solar Radiation, Heat Balance and Temperature
- Geo11_10_Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems
- Geo11_11_Water in the Atmosphere
- Geo11_12_World Climate and Climate Change
- Geo11_13_Water (Oceans)
- Geo11_14_Movements of Ocean Water
- Geo11_7_India_Natural Hazards and Disasters
- Sci7_8_Winds, Storms and Cyclones
- Sci8_15_Some Natural Phenomena lightening earthquakes
- Geo11_1_Geography as a Discipline
Here UPSC often asks questions on rivers-tributaries. but then again, no point in mugging up beyond a level. Apart from NCERT, also read chapter 30 from India Yearbook (free download link @bottom).
India: Physical Geography
- Geo6_7_Our Country India
- Geo9_1_size and location
- Geo11_2_India_Structure and Physiography
- Geo10_3-water resources
- Geo11_3_India_Drainage System
- Geo12_India_6_Water Resources
India: Economic geography
- Geo10_1_resources & Development
- Geo10_5-mines & ENERGY RESOURCES
- Geo12_India_7_Mineral and Energy Resources
- Geo12_India_8_Manufacturing Industries
- Geo12_India_9_Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context
- Geo12_India_10_Transport and Communication
- Geo12_India_11_International Trade
- Geo12_India_12_Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems
India: Human geography
- Geo12_India_1_Population – Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
- Geo12_India_2_Migration – Types, Causes and Consequences
- Geo12_India_3_Human Development
- Geo12_India_4_Human Settlements
World, Human and Economic Geography
- Geo7_8_Life in tropical areas
- Geo7_9_life in Grasslands
- Geo7_10_life in Deserts
- Geo8_3_minerals and energy
- Geo8_6_Human Resources
- Geo12_1_Nature n Scope
- Geo12_2_The World Population Distribution, Density and Growth
- Geo12_3_Population Composition
- Geo12_4_Human Development
- Geo12_6_Secondary Activities
- Geo12_7_Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
- Geo12_8_Transport and Communication
- Geo12_9_International Trade
- Geo12_10_Human Settlements
Agriculture MCQs are slowly getting more attention in both CSE and CDS exams. Here is the list of NCERT chapters that should be specifically read and revised. More emphasis on soil-types, crops and cropping technologies.
- Geo12_5_Primary Activities
- Geo12_India_5_Land Resources and Agriculture
- Sci7_3_Fibre to Fabric
- Sci8_1_Crop Production And Management
- Sci9_15_Improvement In Food Resources
4: Environment and Biodiversity (EnB)
- As far as CDS is concerned, majority of EnB questions are centered around static/theory portion.
- For EnB, the foundation /base material is NIOS (free download links @bottom).
- Go through the articles posted on Mrunal.org/enb
Besides, certain chapters of NCERT Geography and Science textbooks also help in EnB. Here is the list:
- Biology12_13_Organisms and Populations
- Biology12_15_BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
- Biology12_16_Environmental Issues
- Chemistry11_14_ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
- Economy11_9_ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
- Geo6_8_India Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife
- Geo8_2_Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resource
- Geo9_5_forest and wildlife
- Geo10_2-forest & wildlife resources
- Geo11_5_India_Natural Vegetation
- Geo11_15_Life on the Earth
- Geo11_16_Biodiversity and Conservation
- Sci7_7_Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate
- Sci7_16_Water A Precious Resource
- Sci7_17_Forests Our Lifeline
- Sci7_18_Waste water Story
- Sci8_7_Conservation Of Plants And animals
- Sci8_18_Pollution Of Air And Water
- Sci9_14_Natural Resources carbon cycle
- Sci10_14_Source of energy
- Sci10_15_environment_food chain
- Sci10_16_ Management of natural resources
(You’ll find their download link @the Bottom of this article)
In both Civil service exam and CDS exam, polity MCQs form a signification portion. The cost: benefit ratio is quite good.
Here are some tips on how to Laxmikanth’s book efficiently and get a good grip over the polity within a short period of time?
Don’t study the book in a linear fashion (that is chapter 1,2,3,4…sequence)
Instead I suggest you read the book in following direction:
- First you read the chapter on President, Vice President and immediately move to the chapter on governor. Then read on Emergency provisions.
- Read chapter on PM and cabinet, then move to CM and state council of Ministers.
- Chapter on “Parliamentary system” and then directly to parliament, but after budget topic is done pause this chapter and move to on CAG. Then come back and resume the chapter on parliament.
- Once parliament is finished, move to State legislative assembly.
- Supreme Court and then High court, tribunals.
- Attorney Gen =>Advocate General
- UPSC =>State PSC
- Finance Commission =>Planning Commission=>Nat.Development council
- Now Centre State relation and Interstate relations.
- Election Commission=> chapter on election, Anti-defection
- All the National Commissions on Women, SC, ST,OBC, CVC, Lokpal and so on.
Once ^this is done. Move to
- Citizenship, Fundamental rights, DPSP, duties.
- Amendment of Constitution=> preamble
- Jammu Kashmir => Scheduled and Tribal Areas.
- UT, Panchayati Raj, municipalities
After ^this is done. Read whatever chapters are remaining. Ultimately
- Appendix for union-state-concurrent list, table of precedence etc.
- the mock MCQ questions given in Laxmikant + also in your General studies manual.
Note: the short explanations given in appendix of every chapter= should be read.
Single time reading of Laxmikanth= useless. Revise his book, minimum 3 times.
An allied topic of Polity is “rights-issue” for example women rights, children rights, SC/ST/OBC/PH/Minorities and various schemes meant for that. Although not much is asked from It and Most of that stuff is already covered under my economic survey chapter summaries :Mrunal.org/economy and Mrunal.org/polity
Don’t waste your time in mugging up stupid numbers (like IIP in xyz month, how much sharemarket went up or down etc.). In CDS/IAS exam the Economy MCQs are mostly static/theory based. To prepare Economy use following resources
- NCERT class 11 and 12. (free download link @bottom.)
- NIOS material for economy (free download link @bottom)
- Finally GS Manual Mock questions for practice.
You don’t need to specifically buy “Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh” for CDS exam, but if you have it (or can borrow from a friend) then do read it.
7: International relations/events/diplomacy
- until now we saw how to prepare the static / theory areas viz. history, geography, science, polity, EnB and economy. Now comes a ‘current-affairs-oriented’ topic: International events.
- What separates CDS exam from CSE (IAS/IPS) exam is the specific attention paid to IR and defense MCQs. So, what type of questions are asked in International events and from where to prepare their answers?
||Goto library, read whatever competitive magazine you get (CST, Pratiyoigta, Chronicle, Wizard) and note down important things from diary of international events + Person in news.|
||you’ll find them covered under your GS Manual + in sociology/political science related NCERTs|
- The questions about various missiles, DRDO technology, joint-military exercises with other countries.
- although 2013’s CDS(I) did not contain any specific questions from Defense but 2012’s both CDS (I & II) had questions from defense.
- A lot of topics that happened from 2012 upto March 2013, are already compiled in the following article
- beyond that, again Goto library, read whatever competitive magazine you get (CST, Pratiyoigta, Chronicle, Wizard) and note down important things from diary of international events + Person in news.
- for basics about army, navy, airforce: organization, recruitment, training etc. read Chapter 9 “Defense” From India Yearbook. (You don’t need to specifically buy India 2013, just refer the India 2011 free PDF given at bottom of this article. Because that chapter remains almost one and same in all editions of India yearbook.)
9: Misc GK
It involve sports, awards, books-authors, persons in news and all other stupid infinite trivial database.
|PIN (Persons in News)||3||2||6|
|% ouf of 120||6%||5%||12%|
I’ve published compilation from 2012 to March 2013 click me after that, goto library, read whatever competitive magazine you get (CST, Pratiyoigta, Chronicle, Wizard) and note down important names/details. Following areas to concentrate
- Within sports: lawn tennis
- Within PIN: international personas (PM, President, chiefs of various organization etc.)
- Books: award-winners or someone who recently died.
Conclusion / summary / final tips
- Revision is essential. Whatever you read in NCERT, NIOS or Laxmikanth, keep a target of revising it multiple times. Otherwise, you won’t be able to recall the exact details in the exam and UPSC’s MCQs are very tricky.
- If you’ve applied for this exam, then focus on your studies only. Don’t underestimate the level of competition. Don’t waste time in day-dreaming, facebook, orkut, random net surfing, chatting, TV, cricket, weddings of distant relatives etc. Time-pass activities will always be there, but once you cross the age-limit, there is no restart button. (This rule applies to all competitive exams.)
- When you get bored reading General studies, then solve maths / English question. when you get bored with maths/english, resume your General studies preparation.
- Don’t go in the exam-hall with a ‘cutoff’ mindset. Don’t push luck in negative marking. Don’t tick answers based on guesswork.
- maths, english strategy will be posted soon.
Appendix1: Download Links
- Foxit PDF reader (necessary prerequisite for using Mrunal’s autonotemaker) click me to download
- Almost all of these PDF files provides direct copying of text. => That means you can use Mrunal’s autonotemaker to quickly make notes and mindmaps out of it, just use mouse cursor to highlight a particular line /phrase and my software will copy its text in a separate file. for more instructions click me
NCERT and NIOS (Essential/Core)
TN State edu Books (for History) https://files.secureserver.net/0fnzZYT7SDNuC9
NIOS (for Culture) https://files.secureserver.net/0fdAWETp4sONW5
NCERT files: topicwise: https://mrunal.org/download
You’ll find the material organized in various folders. Click on individual folder and download zip files. Here is the description about the contents of individual folder:
- earlier government used to upload free PDF files for India yearbook (e.g. India 2010, India 2011 etc.)
- But since 2012, they stopped. However, for CDS you don’t need a latest edition and you don’t need to refer all chapters.
- just download the India 2011 edition click me
And read chapter following chapters
- 1.Land and the People
- 2.National Symbols
- 3.The Polity (for polity)
- 9. Defense
- 20 Justice and Law (for polity segment)
- 30. State and UT (for geography related questions)
NCERT and NIOS (Peripheral)
read these if depending on your time and mood.
|NIOS||Single folder contains many courses from NIOS: sociology, political science etc. download as per your time, mood and requirement.||Download|
|Economics||10||Understanding Economic Development Class X Social Science||Download|
|Economics||9||Economics for Class 9||Download|
|Political Science||12||Contemporary World Politics Political Science Class 12||Download|
|Political Science||12||Political Science 2 for Class 12||Download|
|Political Science||11||Political Theory Political Science Class 11||Download|
|Political Science||11||Indian Constitution at Work Political Science Class 11||Download|
|Political Science||7||Social and Political Life Part 2 – Class 7||Download|
|Political Science||8||Social and Political Life – Class 8||Download|
|Social sci.||10||Democratic Politics Part 2 for Class X Social Science||Download|
|Sociology||12||Sociology Indian Society||Download|
|Sociology||12||Sociology Social Change and Development in India for||Download|
|Sociology||11||Introducing Sociology Class 11||Download|
|Sociology||11||Understanding Society Sociology Class 11||Download|
|World history||9||India and Contemporary World 1 for Class 9||Download|
|World history||10||India and the Contemporary World 2 Class X Social Science||Download|
Appendix2: CDS notification, cutoffs, previous papers
CDS(II) 2013 Notification
Official notification PDF uploaded here: click me
As per earlier R.T.I:
There is no provision for reservation (category wise) in CDS examination however, course-wise cut-off marks of written examination are as under
CDS Previous papers
- 2013’s CDS (I) GK paper uploaded here: click me
- other earlier papers available on UPSC’s official site: click me
- if you want topicwise solved papers, then use Arihant’s book: click me to buy from flipkart
Appendix3: Physical Standards, Medical checkup rules for CDS
- In your own interest you are advised to undergo a preliminary medical check up for wax in ears, refractory error of eyes, fungal infection of skin and also gynaecomasties etc for female candidates before reporting for the interview.
- The Medical standards for candidates of Naval Aviation Branch will be the same as for flying duties of Air Force.
- Detection of any disability in the course of a special test carried out prescribed for one service, may render the candidate unfit for any other service(s), if so considered as disqualifying by Medical Board.
- The candidate must be in good physical and mental health and free from any disease / disability which is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of duties.
- There should be no evidence of weak constitution, bodily defects or over weight.
- The minimum acceptable height for male candidates is 157.5 cms. ( 157 cms for Navy and 162.5 cms for Air Force ).
- For Women candidates minimum acceptable height is 152 cms.
- For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of North Eastern region of India, Garhwali and Kumaon, the Minimum acceptable height will be 5 cms less.
- In case of candidates from Lakshadweep, the minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cms.
- These concessions are not applicable for Navy and Air Force. Height and weight standards are given below for Army and Navy only.
- Interpolation for weights against height not mentioned may be done.
|Height in Centimetres ( Without shoes )||Weight in Kgs.|
|18 years||20 years||22 years|
- *45 for Navy @ 47 for Navy
- ± 10% ( for Navy ) departure from the average weight given in the Table above is to be considered within normal limit.
- However, in individuals with heavy bones and broad built as well as individuals with thin built but otherwise healthy this may be relaxed to some extent on merit.
- The acceptable weight for Air Force candidates will be + 10% of the average weight given above.
|Height in Centimetres (Without shoes)||Weight in Kgs.|
|20 years||25 years||30 years|
- A candidate should be able to read 6/6 in a distant vision chart with each eye with or without glasses (For navy and Air Force without glasses only)
- Myopia should not be more than 3.5D and hypermetropia not more than 3.5D including Astigmatism.
- For women candidates the minimum acceptable visual acuity are : Distant vision (corrected) better eye 6/6 worse 6/18, Myopia of not more than minus 5.5 including Astogination.
- Internal examination of the eye will be done by means of ophthalmoscope to rule out any disease of the eye.
- A candidate must have good binocular vision. The colour vision standard will be CP-III for Army.
- For Navy it will be CP-I for Executive Branch and CP-II for the rest.. A candidate should be able to recognise red and green colours.
- Candidates who have undergone or have the evidence of having undergone Radial Keratotomy, to improve the visual acuity, will be permanently rejected for all the three services.
- In order to detect PRK/LASIK all the candidates at SMB will be subjected to the measurement of Axial length by A-Scan biometer.
Candidates who have undergone Laser Surgery for correction of refractive error will be considered for commission in Army if they fulfill following criteria :-
- Age more than 20 years.
- Uncomplicated stable LASIK/Excimer (PRK) laser procedure done for Myopia or Hypermetropia, with stable refraction for a period of six months after the procedure.
- A healthy retina.
- Corrected vision should be 6/6 in better eye and 6/9 in worse eye, with maximum residual refraction of + 1.50 in any meridian for myopia or hypermetropia.
- Axial length within permissible limits.
Notes : The candidates will be asked to declare at the time of medical examination that he has undergone LASER procedure as above. He will be subjected to a thorough corneal and retinal evaluation by the ophthalmologist. However, he will be declared unfit at the SMB and those found to be within the acceptable limits for approval as above will be advised to undergo an Appeal Med. Board. During AMB he will be subjected to a thorough corneal and retinal evaluation as also scrutiny of the records by a Senior Adviser in Ophthalmology.
Visual Standards for Navy
|(a)Uncorrected without glass||6/12|
|(b)Corrected with glass||6/6|
|(c)Limits of Myopia||-3.5|
|(d)Limits of Hypermetropia||+2.5|
|(f)Limits of Colour Perception||I|
For women candidates if pregnancy is detected at any stage, after selection at SSB or during training will debar the candidates from grant of commission.
The following conditions detected on X-ray examination will be disqualifying for entry to Armed Forces.
- Granulomatous disease of Spine.
- Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s Method (10 degree for Army)
- More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis
- Herniated nucleus pulposes.
- Compression fracture of Vertebra.
- Sacaralisation Disease.
- Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
- Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level.
- Atlanto-occipital, and atlantoaxial anomalies.
- Incomplete Sacaralisation Unilateral or Bilateral.
- Spinabifida other than SV1 and LV5
- Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist.
Other physical criteria
- Chest should be healthy. The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms. In recording the measurements, fraction of less than 0.5 cm will be ignored, 0.5 cm will be recorded as such and 0.6 cm and above will be recorded as 1 cm. X-Ray of the chest is compulsory and will be taken to rule out any disease of the chest.
- There should be no disease of bones and joints of the body.
- A candidate should have no past history of mental breakdown or fits.
- The hearing should be normal. A candidate should be able to hear a forced whisper with each ear at a distance of 610 cms. in a quiet room. There should be no evidence of present or past disease of the ear, nose and throat.
- There should be no sign of functional or organic disease of the heart and blood vessel. Blood pressure should be normal.
- The muscles of abdomen should be well developed and there should be no enlargement of liver or spleen. Any evidence of disease of internal organs of the abdomen will be a cause for rejection.
- Un-operated hernias will make a candidate unfit. If operated, this should have been done at least 1 year prior to the present examination and healing is completed.
- There should be no hydrocele, varicocele or piles.
- Urine examination will be done and any abnormality, if detected will be a cause for rejection.
- Any disease of the skin which is likely to cause disability or disfigurement will also be a cause for rejection.
Physical Conditioning Test
Prospective candidates are advised to keep themselves in good physical condition by following the under mentioned routine :-
- Running : 2 to 4 Km. in 15 minutes
- Pushups & situps: Minimum 20 each
- Chin ups : Minimum 08
- Rope Climbing : 3 to 4 meters.
Airforce: Special tests
In addition to the above, the following medical standards will be applicable in respect of Air force candidates only :
- Anthropometric measurements acceptable for Air Force are as follows :
|Leg Length||Min. 99 cms. & Max. 120 cms.|
|Thigh Length||Max. 64 cms.|
|Sitting Height||Min. 81.5 cms. & Max 96 cms.|
- X-Ray of Chest is compulsory.
- Distant Vision 6/6, in one eye and 6/9 Correctable to 6/6 Near Vision N-5 each eye Colour Vision CP-1 (MLT)
- Manifest Hypermetropia must not exceed +2.00 DCYL ‘Myopia-NIL’ & +0.75 DCYL.
- Ocular Muscle Balance
- Hetrophoria with the Maddox Rod Test must not exceed :
- at 6 metres Exophoria 6 prism dioptres Esophoria 6 prism dioptres Hypo-phoria/Hyperphoria 1 Prism Dioptres.
- at 33 cm Exophoria 16 prism dioptres. Esophoria 6 prism dioptres; Hypophoria/Hyperphoria 1 prism Dioptres.
- Binocular Vision-Must possess good binocular vision (fusion and stereposis with good amplitude and depth)
- Hearing Standards
- Speech test : Whispered hearing 610 cms. each ear.
- Audiometric Test : Audiometric loss should not exceed + 20 db in frequencies between 250 Hz and 4000 Hz.
- Routine ECG and EEG should be within normal limits.
Appeals after rejections
- Candidates who are unfit may apply for Appeal Medical Board (AMB) to be completed within 42 days of SMB and may request for Review Medical Board (RMB) within one day of completion of Appeal Medical Board.
- Candidates declared unfit by AMB will be intimated by the President AMB about procedure of challenging the findings of AMB.
- The candidates will also be intimated that holding Review Medical Board (RMB) will be granted at the discretion of DGAFMS based on the merit of the case and that RMB is not a matter of right.
- The candidate should request for RMB if he/she so desires to ADG Rtg. (CDSE) Army Hq., West Block-III, RK Puram, New Delhi.-110066 and a copy of the same is handed over to the President of AMB. The O/o the DGAFMS will inform the date and place (Delhi and Pune only) where the candidate will appear for RMB.
Can it work for CDS 2 2017 with just one month remaining?
I m preparing for cds ota….. Suggest me some tips so that i can do it very welll…
Read mrunal sir above mentioned information. Revise it unless you don’t realise that these are best tips for you. Got it.
very nice post
hello sir ,
i m mayur patil nd i m preparing for CDS 2018. i m 2nd year of BCA student.
can you plz tall me tht is there any only 1 book available from tht i can do preparation for all CDS portion for IMA
plz assist me
ty u .
Go through pathfinder cds book. And use lucent general knowledge book
very deep and exact work for written CDS, specially for GS part. thanks a lot
I have eye sight of left eye : 0.25 , right sight : 0.75
please tell me am i eligible for OTA
Yes you are eligible for all services
The post is really very helpful. But i am confused with so much material and am not able to figure out where to start from. Sir can you also tell us in which order should we study the maths english and gs portion.
The best article I’ve ever read about cds examination.
i have 14-15 stitches on my back can i eligible for cds ?
please sir guide us.
Sir main OTA preparation cds pathfinder se kar raha hu. Aapke hisab se iska level kitna acha hai or ye kitni helpful rahegi o mujhe lucent gk ka level bhi bataye.
Can you tell us chapters name of all subjects who contain more questions
Sir could you please clear my doubt regarding GS Manual which book should I refer for it Is Arihant’s book good for it??
Thanks for ur great effort sir…..thanks again sir
The entire post was very usefull sir!!
And my personal questions are
1. U have uploaded on the basis for 2013 … Will this be helpfull for the exams for coming days ?
2. Can u pls elaborate the same way for English ??
3. And same way give us for SSB part?
Thanks a lot for your wonderful work
this article needs to include 12th standard books also….bcoz many questions have been asked from chem, physics science part….
Do mention that also ….
which english book is best for cds preparation .
That is a detailed information about CDS you have provided in this article.
Please tell me whether I should apply for CDS considering my height measures 151cms. ?
Entire article is very helpful for start preparing from scratch level.
Sir can you tell me about English portion in cds exam
I use spectacles with power :
Myopia and both eyes -1.25D , any service i am not eligible for ?
Myopia and both eyes -1.25D , any service i am not eligible for ?
Left eye -1.25D
Right eye -1.25D
Any service i am not eligible for ?