[Studyplan] IBPS CWE PO/MT: Reasoning, topicwise analysis, priority topics, syllogism, assumption-inference, sitting arrangement, Non-Verbal, data sufficiency

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  1. IBPS Reasoning: Internal breakup
  2. Booklist for IBPS Reasoning Preparation
  3. Priority#1: Sitting Arrangement
  4. Priority#2: High level Reasoning
  5. Priority#3: Non Verbal Reasoning
  6. Priority#4: Input output
  7. Priority#5: filler topics

IBPS Reasoning: Internal breakup

Reasoning Area topic wise breakup 2011 2012
  1. Diagram/Arrangement type
Direction based test 1 0
Sitting Arrangement 12 18
subtotal Chart based reasoning 13 18
  1. Conventional Reasoning
Dictionary based arrangement 2 0
Input-Output 5 4
Data sufficiency 5 5
subtotal conventional reasoning 12 9
  1. High Level Reasoning
Syllogism 5 7
Assumption-Reasoning 10 6
Subtotal High Level Reasoning 15 13
  1. Non Verbal
Non-verbal reasoning 10 10
Final Total 50 50

chart IBPS Reasoning

High priority areas for IBPS Reasoning

  1. Sitting Arrangement
  2. High Level Reasoning
  3. Non-Verbal Reasoning

Because in both years, nearly ~40 out of 50 reasoning questions came from these three areas only. Then the only question is how to approach these areas efficiently within given time.

Booklist for IBPS Reasoning Preparation

  1. RS Aggarwal’s Modern Approach to verbal and non-verbal reasoning (S.Chand Publication)
Trusted work horse for all bank, LIC, CAPF, PSU, RBI level exams.
  1. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning (BSC publication)
Not an essential book. But his chapters and explanations for high level reasoning= thorough and useful.
  1. BankPO papersets (Arihant / Kiran )
IF you are left with free time after going through above books! Although you should go through sitting arrangement, high level reasoning and non-verbal portion of such papers.

Priority#1: Sitting Arrangement

Topic and chapter number RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Sitting arrangement 6 20
blood relations 5 20
Data sufficiency questions related toSitting arrangement/blood relations 17 7

Here, they’ll give you a big paragraph describing

  1. How people are sitting in a round table / rectangular table or living in a building. + Additional information like car-brands owned by them, their professions, age, educational qualification etc.
  2. family members and their relations
  3. Ranking of students’ weight, height, marks etc.

Then you’ll have to solve 5-7 questions based on the description.

Practice is essential because

  1. if you make the wrong diagram of sitting arrangement/family relation then all 5 answers will come out wrong=#epicfail through negative marking
  2. You must solve all 5-7 questions of the given set in one round only. Sometimes people do 3 questions and leave 2 questions pending, hoping that they’ll solve it at the end of exam. But when they come back to same case when barely 10-15 minutes remaining before the exam finish. And still they have to wade through entire description one more time just to solve those two questions=> double majoori, time waste, more chances of making mistakes. Avoid that situation. Try to clear all MCQs of the given set at once.  Same advice for Reading comprehension and Data interpretation.

The same “arrangement” question can be asked in data sufficiency format as well.

Observe following Data-Sufficiency Question “set” from previous IBPS exam


  1. Give answer (1) if the data in Statement I and II are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement III are not required to answer the question
  2. Give answer (2) if the data in Statement I and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II are not required to answer the question
  3. Give answer (3) if the data in Statement II and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement I are not required to answer the question.
  4. Give answer (4) if the data in either Statement I alone or Statement It alone or Statement III alone are sufficient to answer the question.
  5. Give answer (5) if the data in all the Statements I, II and III together are necessary to answer the question.
Sitting Arrangement Among six people P, Q, R, S, T and V each lives on a different floor of a six storey building having sixfloors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, number 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6). Who lives on the topmost floor?

  1. There is only one floor between the floors on which R and Q live. P lives on an even numbered floor.
  2. T does not live on an even numbered floor. Q lives on an even numbered floor. Q does not live on the topmost floor.
  3. S lives on an odd numbered floor. There are two floors between the floors on which S and P live. T lives on a floor immediately above R’s floor.
Circular Table Are all the four friends viz. A, B, C and D who are sitting around a circular table, facing the center?

  1. B sits second to right of D. D faces the center. C sits to immediate right of both B and D.
  2. A sits to immediate left of B. C is not an immediate neighbor of A. C sits to immediate right of D.
  3. D is an immediate neighbour of both A and C. B sits to the immediate left of A. C sits to the immediate right of B.
Blood Relation How many daughters does W have?

  1. B and D are the sisters of M.
  2. M’s father T is the husband of W.
  3. Out of the three children which T has, only one is a boy.

Priority#2: High level Reasoning

Topic RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Assumption, Inference, cause-effect section II Logicchapter 2 to 6 1 to 6, 9 and 10
Syllogism:to learn the UPUN method, click me section II Logicchapter 1 11
  • Study the theory, solve all questions given in those books. More than sufficient.

Sample Questions from previous IBPS Exam


  1. Farmers found using chemical fertilizers in the organic-farming area of their farms would be heavily fined. Which of the following statements is an assumption implicit in the given statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
    1. Chemical fertilizers harm the crop.
    2. A farm’s area for organic and chemical farming is different.
    3. Farmers who do not use chemical fertilizers in the chemical farming area would be penalized as well.
    4. All farmers undertake both these kinds of farming (chemical as well as organic) in their farms.
    5. Organic fertilizers are banned in the area for chemical farming.
  2. Small brands are now looking beyond local grocery stores and are tying up with Supermarkets such as Big Bazaar to pull their business out of troubled waters. Which of the following can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information)
    1. Merchandise of smaller brands would not be available at local grocery stores in the near future.
    2. Smaller brands cannot compete with bigger ones in a supermarket set-up.
    3. There is a perception among small brands that sale in a supermarket is higher than that of small grocery stores.
    4. Supermarkets generate more revenue by selling products of bigger brands as compared to the smaller ones.
    5. Smaller brands have always had more tie-ups with supermarkets as compared to small grocery stores.

Cause-Effect Questions from IBPS-2011

  1. It has been reported in recent years that a very large number of seats in engineering colleges in the country remain vacant at the end of the admission session. Which of the following may be the probable cause of the above effect?
    1. There has-been a considerable decrease in hiring of engineering graduates due to economic slowdown in the recent years.
    2. Students have always preferred to complete graduation in three years, time instead of four years for engineering.
    3. The Govt. has recently decided to provide post- qualification professional training to all engineering graduates at its own cost.
    4. There has always been a very poor success rate among the engineering students.
    5. None of these
  2. The condition of the roads in the city has deteriorated considerably during the first two months of monsoon and most of the roads have developed big potholes. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?
    1. The municipal corporation had repaired all the roads in the city before the onset of monsoon with good quality material.
    2. A large number of people have developed spine-related injuries after regularly commuting long distances by road within the city.
    3. The municipal corporation has been careful in choosing the contractors for repairing roads in the past.
    4. People always complain about potholed roads during the monsoon months.
    5. None of these

Syllogism Questions from previous IBPS Exams

Instruction: For the following Q1 to Q4, answercodes are

  1. if only conclusion I follows.
  2. if only conclusion II follows.
  3. if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
  4. if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
  5. if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

Question Statements (for Q1 and Q2):

  1. All gliders are parachutes.
  2. No parachute is an airplane.
  3. All airplanes are helicopters.
Q1. Conclusions: I.No helicopter is a glider.II.All parachutes being helicopters is a possibility.
Q2 Conclusions I.No glider is an airplane.II.All gliders being helicopters is a possibility.

Question Statements (for Q3 and Q4)

  1. No stone is metal.
  2. Some metals are papers.
  3. All papers are glass.
Q3. Conclusions: I. No glass is metal.II. At least some glasses are metals.
Q4 Conclusions I. All stones being glass is a possibility.II. No stone is paper.

Priority#3: Non Verbal Reasoning

  • Within RS Aggarwal’s book, do chapter 1, 2 and 3 from Non-verbal reasoning section.
  • In previous IBPS PO/MT exams, they did not ask questions on reflections-mirrors, dice-cube, paper-folding/paper cutting. Hence you may avoid those chapters. (Although those chapters are important for SSC CGL Tier I).
  • Do not live in overconfidence that “non-verbal is easy and doesn’t require any preparation.” Do maximum practice at home, else you’ll end up spending more than 30 minutes in just those 5-10 non-verbal questions only=less time for other sections=poor scoring.

Priority#4: Input output

A Bank PO exam is incomplete without questions on input output (sequential tracing). Last two years, constantly 4-5 questions appeared. Must be prepared.

Topic and chapter RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
input-output 7 13 to 16

Priority#5: filler topics

In LIC, SSC, ACIO type exams, under the reasoning section, you definitely find direct questions on

  1. Analogy, Sequence, Series
  2. Dictionary
  3. Coding-Decoding
  4. Dictionary Based Arrangement
  5. Maths/Symbol Based Inequalities
  6. Direction Sense Test.

But in IBPS, they try to increase the complexity by asking same topics from data-sufficiency point of view.

To accurately answer such data-sufficiency questions, you should first practice basic questions (ie.non-data sufficiency, direct questions) from the relevant chapters. And then try data-sufficiency questions from….

Topic and chapter number RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Data sufficiency 17 7

That way, you’ll figure out, what statements are essential to answer a given data-sufficiency problem.

Sample questions from previous IBPS Exams

Instruction: Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Data Sufficiency on IBPS Question
Coding-Decoding How is ‘go’ written in a code language?

  1. ‘now or never again’ is written as ‘tom ka na sa’ in that code language.
  2. ‘you come again now’ is written as ‘ja ka ta sa’ in that code language.
  3. ‘again go now or never’ is written as ‘na ho ka sa tom’ in that code language.


  1. Only I and III
  2. Only II and III
  3. Only I and II
  4. All I, II and III are required to answer the question
  5. None of these
Direction Sense Test Towards which direction is village J from village W?

  1. Village R is to the west of Village Wand to the north of Village T.
  2. Village Z is to the east of Village J and to the south of Village T.
  3. Village M is to the north east of Village J and North of Village Z.


  1. Only III
  2. Only II and III
  3. All I, II and III are required to answer the question
  4. Question cannot be answered even with all I, II and III
  5. None of these

Eligibility Tests

Preparation source:

Topic and chapter RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Eligibility Test 18 12
  • In Eligibility test question set, you’re given a big paragraph with conditions e.g. select candidate if more than 60% marks and 3 years’ experience etc. Then you’re given 3-5 questions that contain profiles of candidate, and you’ve to decide whether to select them, reject them, refer case to higher official etc.
  • although 2011 and 2012’s paper didnot have these type of questions but just to be safe, you should practice a few sets from this topic as well.

For more on IBPS PO/CWE related articles and study plans, visit Mrunal.org/IBPS.

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124 Comments on “[Studyplan] IBPS CWE PO/MT: Reasoning, topicwise analysis, priority topics, syllogism, assumption-inference, sitting arrangement, Non-Verbal, data sufficiency”

  1. thanx for the post sir i was waiting for it from past many days..

  2. It is generally seen that online exam does not have non- verbal section. Please suggest what to do with this section.

    1. ya hope their is no non verbal reasoning in online exam??
      plz do reply

      1. I hope number of question in syllogism will be more and an extra seating arrangement.

    2. Ya bro u r rite……no non verbal in online exams till date. I have noticed in all exams..ibps clerk, lic, uiic,rbi,,,etc

  3. Sir,
    Please upload [Studyplan] IBPS CWE clerk.

    1. are sab exam ke liye tumhe chahiya kya study plan..just concentrate on ibps po study plan .if u study that clearly.no need for studying separately for clerk

    2. sir plz uplode studyplan ibps sbi clerk

  4. thank you ….. :)was waiting for it….

  5. sir please post previous papers of Ibps po’s ???

  6. can somebody tell me names of the chapter in rs agarwal 1, 2 and 3???
    because i use BSC non verbal reasoning. dont have RS

    1. 1 series
      2 analogy
      3 classification

    2. is bsc publications on non verbal good.cause i just bought analytical reasoning it is not up to the current standard.plz reply

  7. pls upload study plan IBPS clerk

  8. By your UP UN method in syllogism, ans did not coming if the conclusion contains ‘ possibility’ ( 3 statement).
    Pls help or the whole procedures will become waste coz ibps will ask mostly that type of questions…

    1. i am also facing the same problem buddy…mrunal sir plz help us

  9. By your UP UN method in syllogism, ans did not coming if the conclusion contains ‘ possibility’ ( 3 statement).
    Pls help or the whole procedures will become waste coz ibps will ask mostly that type of questions

  10. Good after noon Murnal sir , please post IBPS PO previous papers.

  11. Hello,
    This is one of the best overview available on world wide web..it provides all the important information regarding preparation and examination pattern. I am thankful to the author for this wonderful and magnificent compilation of material..thank you and keep up the good work.

  12. Hi Mrunal/All,

    Is a particular book that can be suggested related to previous SBI PO papers for seating arrangement problems because trust me the level of questions that are given in RS Aggarwal Reasoning book do not match the actual questions that are given in IBPS/SBI PO exams.

    I have searched for the previous papers online and would not be able to go beyond 2010 and my eyes are fried up( Enough is enough).

    A reply would be appreciated.

    Kind Regards,

    1. believe me friend Books like RS Aggarwal and Arihant stands nowhere when it comes to real competition.get hold of ARUN SHARMA-LOGICAL REASONING (for CAT),it has 3 level of difficulties for every topic, i believe personally that u would find level 2 compatible for po exam.

      1. arun sharma do not cover most reasoning topics for exams except cat. Also pattern not right for these exams. will require a lot of time. I am a cat aspirint

  13. Whatever you are, I love that Creative Commons thing on this website.
    So nice, So clean and wonderfully rich in right knowlege.

    Thanks Mrunal.
    Hats off!!

  14. Dear sir, I have applied for the IBPS PO 2013 exam, paid the fees and recievd an email confirming my application validity. But, due to certain unavoidable reasons, I was not able to take a printout of the online application form by the last date. What can be done on this? This exam is very important to me. Sir, if u or some of u readers could guide me on this, I appreciate the help. Im awaiting the reply.

  15. In each question below are three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide
    which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

    Give answer.
    1) if only conclusion I follows
    2) if only conclusion II follows
    3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows
    4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
    5) if both conclusions I and II follow

    Some fire are smoke.
    All matchsticks are fire.
    No matchstick is a flower.
    I. Some smoke, if they are matchstick, may also be fire.
    II. All flower being fire is a possibility.

    All tyres are wires.
    No pin is a tyre.
    No wire is a rubber.
    I. All rubbers being tyres is a possibility.
    II. Some pins are not wires.

    How to solve such problems of syllogism sir?

    1. 1.BOTH(5)
      2.NEITHER NOR(4)

      1. I definitely sure No.1 and No.2’s answers is 5 and 4 respectively.
        Ans…1.(5) 2.(4)

  16. I bought mk pandey book(reasoning) as per suggestion of mrunal.he was right it has good concept building on topics like input output,assumption/reference,data sufficiency,Linear arrangement. but alas on the most important topic circular arrangement the book gives just one question (utter nonsense) as 7-8 questions on circular arrangement is a sure for ibps po(rs agarwal book covers the circular arrangement topic but the type of circular arrangement questions(arrangement with blood relationship,country,occupation etc) asked in previous ibps question is not there).so if anyone want to buy that book for circular arrangement.it would be a big mistake.for rest of the topics this book is good(concept building-mk pandey,practice-rs agarwal)…

  17. Hi all… can any one let me know the best book to prepare for banking GK.. i ll be giving IBPS for the first time. thanks

  18. number of questions in maths/di and reasoning in po III? in notification they have only mentioned maximum marks 50. will their be 50 ques of 50 marks or 40 ques of 50 marks like RRB PO n Clerk? please reply

  19. sir
    can you please publish all tricks and way to solve all topics of reasoning to prepare ibps po 2013

  20. please give solution and explaination
    statements : some sweets are chocolates. some chocolates are mints. some mints are food . some oods are diet

    1. no sweet are diet
    2. no food is chocolate
    3.some sweets are diet
    4.some sweets are food

    1. either 1 or 3

      1. answer is either 1 or 3

  21. please give solution and explaination
    statements : some sweets are chocolates. some chocolates are mints. some mints are food . some foods are diet

    1. no sweet are diet
    2. no food is chocolate
    3.some sweets are diet
    4.some sweets are food

    1. either 1 & 3 follows & 2 ,4 does not follow

  22. statements:-
    some lamps are poles
    some poles are roads
    all roads are trees

    1. some tress are lamps
    2. some trees are poles
    4. some roads are poles
    5. all roads are lamps

    1. conclusion 1234 not ***1245

  23. Hi Mrunal Sir..Thank you so much for coming out with a simple technique for solving Syllogism question. I have gone through your writings and now I have some knowledge about this kind of problem.However I have some difficulty. Will you kindly help me Sir?? Some of the questions which I cannot solve by applying UN-PN method are :-
    Some tools are not hammers.
    All tools are made of iron
    (1) Some hammers are made of iron.
    (2) Some hammers are not made of iron.
    (3) Some things made of iron are not hammers.
    (4) None of the above.

    1. 4. none of the above…..whats your answer??

      1. (3).Some things made of iron are not hammers.

        I got this questions from T.I.M.E
        I can’t understand as to how they arrive at this conclusion.

        1. answer is obvious, as some tools are not hammer BUT hammer is inside the IRON. this means some part of iron, which is actually the part of tool which are NOT hammer,is not hammer.
          you can easily derive it by venn diagram.

          1. answer is (1) or (2) and (3)

  24. @mayur
    only 2 and 4 follows.

    1. @anilgr@gmail.com

      Thanks buddy, but according to answer key ONLY CONCLUSION II AND III follows (by Venn digram method) . I am also confused i tried as per mrunal sir method but not getting this answer.

    2. Hope u answered according to correct sequence as mentioned i.e 1234….. :D


  26. sir i want to no about ibps clerk online exam .sir non verbal reasoning ask in online exam in this year or not …..thanks

  27. But is baa4 non verbal reasoning will not 2 be asked so which questions will be asked at that place…..pls suggest me as soon as possible.

  28. All letters are black
    all black are blue
    no blue is green

    no letter is green
    most blue are black..

    pls tell what will be the answer to this ques…

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