[Studyplan] IBPS CWE PO/MT: Reasoning, topicwise analysis, priority topics, syllogism, assumption-inference, sitting arrangement, Non-Verbal, data sufficiency

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Mrunal’s UPSC GSM3-2020 Model Answer lecture: Science Technology, Internal Security Border Management Questions from last Mains Exam Solved!
  1. IBPS Reasoning: Internal breakup
  2. Booklist for IBPS Reasoning Preparation
  3. Priority#1: Sitting Arrangement
  4. Priority#2: High level Reasoning
  5. Priority#3: Non Verbal Reasoning
  6. Priority#4: Input output
  7. Priority#5: filler topics

IBPS Reasoning: Internal breakup

Reasoning Area topic wise breakup 2011 2012
  1. Diagram/Arrangement type
Direction based test 1 0
Sitting Arrangement 12 18
subtotal Chart based reasoning 13 18
  1. Conventional Reasoning
Dictionary based arrangement 2 0
Input-Output 5 4
Data sufficiency 5 5
subtotal conventional reasoning 12 9
  1. High Level Reasoning
Syllogism 5 7
Assumption-Reasoning 10 6
Subtotal High Level Reasoning 15 13
  1. Non Verbal
Non-verbal reasoning 10 10
Final Total 50 50

chart IBPS Reasoning

High priority areas for IBPS Reasoning

  1. Sitting Arrangement
  2. High Level Reasoning
  3. Non-Verbal Reasoning

Because in both years, nearly ~40 out of 50 reasoning questions came from these three areas only. Then the only question is how to approach these areas efficiently within given time.

Booklist for IBPS Reasoning Preparation

  1. RS Aggarwal’s Modern Approach to verbal and non-verbal reasoning (S.Chand Publication)
Trusted work horse for all bank, LIC, CAPF, PSU, RBI level exams.
  1. MK Pandey’s Analytical Reasoning (BSC publication)
Not an essential book. But his chapters and explanations for high level reasoning= thorough and useful.
  1. BankPO papersets (Arihant / Kiran )
IF you are left with free time after going through above books! Although you should go through sitting arrangement, high level reasoning and non-verbal portion of such papers.

Priority#1: Sitting Arrangement

Topic and chapter number RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Sitting arrangement 6 20
blood relations 5 20
Data sufficiency questions related toSitting arrangement/blood relations 17 7

Here, they’ll give you a big paragraph describing

  1. How people are sitting in a round table / rectangular table or living in a building. + Additional information like car-brands owned by them, their professions, age, educational qualification etc.
  2. family members and their relations
  3. Ranking of students’ weight, height, marks etc.

Then you’ll have to solve 5-7 questions based on the description.

Practice is essential because

  1. if you make the wrong diagram of sitting arrangement/family relation then all 5 answers will come out wrong=#epicfail through negative marking
  2. You must solve all 5-7 questions of the given set in one round only. Sometimes people do 3 questions and leave 2 questions pending, hoping that they’ll solve it at the end of exam. But when they come back to same case when barely 10-15 minutes remaining before the exam finish. And still they have to wade through entire description one more time just to solve those two questions=> double majoori, time waste, more chances of making mistakes. Avoid that situation. Try to clear all MCQs of the given set at once.  Same advice for Reading comprehension and Data interpretation.

The same “arrangement” question can be asked in data sufficiency format as well.

Observe following Data-Sufficiency Question “set” from previous IBPS exam


  1. Give answer (1) if the data in Statement I and II are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement III are not required to answer the question
  2. Give answer (2) if the data in Statement I and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II are not required to answer the question
  3. Give answer (3) if the data in Statement II and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement I are not required to answer the question.
  4. Give answer (4) if the data in either Statement I alone or Statement It alone or Statement III alone are sufficient to answer the question.
  5. Give answer (5) if the data in all the Statements I, II and III together are necessary to answer the question.
Sitting Arrangement Among six people P, Q, R, S, T and V each lives on a different floor of a six storey building having sixfloors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, number 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6). Who lives on the topmost floor?

  1. There is only one floor between the floors on which R and Q live. P lives on an even numbered floor.
  2. T does not live on an even numbered floor. Q lives on an even numbered floor. Q does not live on the topmost floor.
  3. S lives on an odd numbered floor. There are two floors between the floors on which S and P live. T lives on a floor immediately above R’s floor.
Circular Table Are all the four friends viz. A, B, C and D who are sitting around a circular table, facing the center?

  1. B sits second to right of D. D faces the center. C sits to immediate right of both B and D.
  2. A sits to immediate left of B. C is not an immediate neighbor of A. C sits to immediate right of D.
  3. D is an immediate neighbour of both A and C. B sits to the immediate left of A. C sits to the immediate right of B.
Blood Relation How many daughters does W have?

  1. B and D are the sisters of M.
  2. M’s father T is the husband of W.
  3. Out of the three children which T has, only one is a boy.

Priority#2: High level Reasoning

Topic RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Assumption, Inference, cause-effect section II Logicchapter 2 to 6 1 to 6, 9 and 10
Syllogism:to learn the UPUN method, click me section II Logicchapter 1 11
  • Study the theory, solve all questions given in those books. More than sufficient.

Sample Questions from previous IBPS Exam


  1. Farmers found using chemical fertilizers in the organic-farming area of their farms would be heavily fined. Which of the following statements is an assumption implicit in the given statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
    1. Chemical fertilizers harm the crop.
    2. A farm’s area for organic and chemical farming is different.
    3. Farmers who do not use chemical fertilizers in the chemical farming area would be penalized as well.
    4. All farmers undertake both these kinds of farming (chemical as well as organic) in their farms.
    5. Organic fertilizers are banned in the area for chemical farming.
  2. Small brands are now looking beyond local grocery stores and are tying up with Supermarkets such as Big Bazaar to pull their business out of troubled waters. Which of the following can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information)
    1. Merchandise of smaller brands would not be available at local grocery stores in the near future.
    2. Smaller brands cannot compete with bigger ones in a supermarket set-up.
    3. There is a perception among small brands that sale in a supermarket is higher than that of small grocery stores.
    4. Supermarkets generate more revenue by selling products of bigger brands as compared to the smaller ones.
    5. Smaller brands have always had more tie-ups with supermarkets as compared to small grocery stores.

Cause-Effect Questions from IBPS-2011

  1. It has been reported in recent years that a very large number of seats in engineering colleges in the country remain vacant at the end of the admission session. Which of the following may be the probable cause of the above effect?
    1. There has-been a considerable decrease in hiring of engineering graduates due to economic slowdown in the recent years.
    2. Students have always preferred to complete graduation in three years, time instead of four years for engineering.
    3. The Govt. has recently decided to provide post- qualification professional training to all engineering graduates at its own cost.
    4. There has always been a very poor success rate among the engineering students.
    5. None of these
  2. The condition of the roads in the city has deteriorated considerably during the first two months of monsoon and most of the roads have developed big potholes. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?
    1. The municipal corporation had repaired all the roads in the city before the onset of monsoon with good quality material.
    2. A large number of people have developed spine-related injuries after regularly commuting long distances by road within the city.
    3. The municipal corporation has been careful in choosing the contractors for repairing roads in the past.
    4. People always complain about potholed roads during the monsoon months.
    5. None of these

Syllogism Questions from previous IBPS Exams

Instruction: For the following Q1 to Q4, answercodes are

  1. if only conclusion I follows.
  2. if only conclusion II follows.
  3. if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
  4. if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
  5. if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

Question Statements (for Q1 and Q2):

  1. All gliders are parachutes.
  2. No parachute is an airplane.
  3. All airplanes are helicopters.
Q1. Conclusions: I.No helicopter is a glider.II.All parachutes being helicopters is a possibility.
Q2 Conclusions I.No glider is an airplane.II.All gliders being helicopters is a possibility.

Question Statements (for Q3 and Q4)

  1. No stone is metal.
  2. Some metals are papers.
  3. All papers are glass.
Q3. Conclusions: I. No glass is metal.II. At least some glasses are metals.
Q4 Conclusions I. All stones being glass is a possibility.II. No stone is paper.

Priority#3: Non Verbal Reasoning

  • Within RS Aggarwal’s book, do chapter 1, 2 and 3 from Non-verbal reasoning section.
  • In previous IBPS PO/MT exams, they did not ask questions on reflections-mirrors, dice-cube, paper-folding/paper cutting. Hence you may avoid those chapters. (Although those chapters are important for SSC CGL Tier I).
  • Do not live in overconfidence that “non-verbal is easy and doesn’t require any preparation.” Do maximum practice at home, else you’ll end up spending more than 30 minutes in just those 5-10 non-verbal questions only=less time for other sections=poor scoring.

Priority#4: Input output

A Bank PO exam is incomplete without questions on input output (sequential tracing). Last two years, constantly 4-5 questions appeared. Must be prepared.

Topic and chapter RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
input-output 7 13 to 16

Priority#5: filler topics

In LIC, SSC, ACIO type exams, under the reasoning section, you definitely find direct questions on

  1. Analogy, Sequence, Series
  2. Dictionary
  3. Coding-Decoding
  4. Dictionary Based Arrangement
  5. Maths/Symbol Based Inequalities
  6. Direction Sense Test.

But in IBPS, they try to increase the complexity by asking same topics from data-sufficiency point of view.

To accurately answer such data-sufficiency questions, you should first practice basic questions (ie.non-data sufficiency, direct questions) from the relevant chapters. And then try data-sufficiency questions from….

Topic and chapter number RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Data sufficiency 17 7

That way, you’ll figure out, what statements are essential to answer a given data-sufficiency problem.

Sample questions from previous IBPS Exams

Instruction: Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Data Sufficiency on IBPS Question
Coding-Decoding How is ‘go’ written in a code language?

  1. ‘now or never again’ is written as ‘tom ka na sa’ in that code language.
  2. ‘you come again now’ is written as ‘ja ka ta sa’ in that code language.
  3. ‘again go now or never’ is written as ‘na ho ka sa tom’ in that code language.


  1. Only I and III
  2. Only II and III
  3. Only I and II
  4. All I, II and III are required to answer the question
  5. None of these
Direction Sense Test Towards which direction is village J from village W?

  1. Village R is to the west of Village Wand to the north of Village T.
  2. Village Z is to the east of Village J and to the south of Village T.
  3. Village M is to the north east of Village J and North of Village Z.


  1. Only III
  2. Only II and III
  3. All I, II and III are required to answer the question
  4. Question cannot be answered even with all I, II and III
  5. None of these

Eligibility Tests

Preparation source:

Topic and chapter RS Aggarwal MK Pandey
Eligibility Test 18 12
  • In Eligibility test question set, you’re given a big paragraph with conditions e.g. select candidate if more than 60% marks and 3 years’ experience etc. Then you’re given 3-5 questions that contain profiles of candidate, and you’ve to decide whether to select them, reject them, refer case to higher official etc.
  • although 2011 and 2012’s paper didnot have these type of questions but just to be safe, you should practice a few sets from this topic as well.

For more on IBPS PO/CWE related articles and study plans, visit Mrunal.org/IBPS.

Indian History Freedom Struggle Pratik Nayak

124 Comments on “[Studyplan] IBPS CWE PO/MT: Reasoning, topicwise analysis, priority topics, syllogism, assumption-inference, sitting arrangement, Non-Verbal, data sufficiency”

  1. A tap which allows water at 6 litres/min into a tank is opened. The tank which was initally empty has a leak at its bottom which can empty it in 8hrs. The tank was emptied in 12 hrs. What is capacity of tank?
    Kindly give solution by STD method.

  2. The options for above are :
    1. 8600 Litres
    2. 4500 Litres
    3. 4320 Litres
    4. 8560 Litres
    5. 8640 Litres
    Kindly give solution by STD Method.

        1. leak empty the tank = 1/8
          due to tap it empty the tank = 1/12
          difference = 1/8-1/12 = 1/24
          tap allows water = 6 litres/min = 6*60 = 360 litres/hours.
          hence capacity = 360*24 = 8640.

  3. Hey everybody GA question IBPS po 2013 19/10/13

    Complete list of 40 questions

    1. Chairman of US Federal Reserve — Janet Yellen
    2. SLR full form — Statutory Liquidity Ratio
    3. National Award in “Best Entertaining Movie” Category — Vicky Donor
    4. What is the Maximum Home loan limit to a person in metropolitan city?
    5. Interest Rate for Export
    6. Current bank rate — 9.00 % 7. About SARFAESI act — Secularization and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and
    Enforcement of Security Interest Act,2002 related with NPA
    8. Micro industry(service) set up cost limit
    9. Where is national institute of sports — Patiala
    10. Inventor of mouse who died recently — Douglas Engelbert
    11.Which among below a microprocessor manufacturing company (Option- Intel, Microsoft etc)
    12. Name of tablet made by Microsoft — Surface
    13. Term associated with cricket
    14.Who keeps all credit information of persons — CIBIL
    15. Two question from union budget
    16. Basic Saving Bank Deposit Scheme (BSBDA) For elderly People and Student Living
    Outside their Native Home- Maximum Limit in the Account Per Month- Answer IS 25000 RS
    and 10000 can be transacted at once.
    17. About “Aam Admi Bima Yojana”
    18. MICR full form — Magnetic ink character recognition
    19. Author of book “The lowland” — Jhumpa Lahri
    20. Australian PM — Tony Abbot
    21. Main Focus Of RaghuRam Rajan Comitte- Comes Under Planning Commission and
    Financial sector Reforms
    22. Target fiscal deficit of govt in FY 2013-14 – 4.8%
    23. Who among following are major applicant in new banking license. (Option: Tata Sons,
    Mahindra etc)
    24. Which of the following not considered as proof of identity while opening account in bank
    (options-passport,electricity bill,adhar card,pan card,driving license)
    25. Who is not an MP (Option -Amitabh Bachchan , Dharmendra,etc)
    26. Pan Card essential for how much money transaction
    27. ‘Branch On Wheels’ scheme by which bank — ICICI
    28. EU 28th Member — Croatia
    29. Britain PM — David Cameron
    30. CCTV Full Form – Closed-circuit television
    31. NPA Category
    32. Tagore Award for cultural harmony — Zubin Mehta
    33. About MNREGA — 100 Days
    34. INS Sindhurakshak Made by — Russia
    35. Hummingbird Alogorithm deveoloped by — Google
    36. Corporate Debt Limit- 25bn $
    37. Limit of Micro Enterprise as per MSME act 2006- 25 lakh
    38. Largest Producer of Gold — China
    39. RBI Rajbhasha awards – PNB
    40. Roshni Scheme – ‘Roshni’ for Naxalite-affected areas, placement linked skill development

      1. non verbal questions is not there.
        for maths prepare DI,DS,(15 marks)Series,etc.no simplification(lolz)
        Reasoning seating arrangement(2),i/o & o/p(machine relatd),assumption cause etc

        english 2 Readin Compre,cloze test,jumbled puzzle etc

        cmptr easy

        & don’t fluke

      2. non verbal questions is not there.
        for maths prepare DI,DS,(15 marks)Series,etc.no simplification(lolz)
        Reasoning seating arrangement(2),i/o & o/p(machine relatd),assumption cause etc

        english 2 Readin Compre,cloze test,jumbled puzzle etc

        cmptr easy

        overall paper tough due to time limit(QA lot of time )

        & last but not least don’t fluke

  4. I have to start preparing for IBPS 2014,Please refer me some good english books for grammar and for banking awareness and economy?

  5. Sir,I am totally in shock when I came through these info,its very useful for any kind of xams……hats off to u….

  6. Hi, Hope you heard about the IBPS PO III? The questions were different from our expectations. Some of the reasoning/DI questions seems to be tougher level(CAT kind of).. Please provide any resources we go for these kind of questions?

  7. Hey friends can u help me solve this problem

    It is a 2 dimensional circular arrangement.R.S Agarwal,M.K Pandey(BSC),nor Arihant publications reasoning book helps you in solving such problems(questions are there but no definite strategy to tackle this problems)i can solve this problem but takes lot of time(sometimes 3 dimensional are asked).this type of problems are a surety in PO exams so plz if there is a way to solve this problem in one step plz feel free to share

    There are 8 actors -Amitabh,Akshay,Shahrukh,Hrithik,Priyanka,Anushka,diya,Sonakshi.out of them four are males & others females.each of them endorses a different brand Airtel,titan,Hero,Britannia,lux,rin,nokia,cadbury not in same order.all are sitting around a circular table facing centre

    The person who endorses lux sits opposite shahrukh .there are two persons between diya & hrithik,who endorses nokia

    priyanka who does not endorse rin sits second to left of amitabh who endorses airtel.the person opposite diya endorses titan

    shahrukh is not an immediate neighbour of either amitabh priyanka. anushka does not endorse lux.akshay sits second to right of hrithik

    sonakshi sits third to right of the person endorsing titan & she endorses neither britannia nor cadbury

    shahrukh endorses britannia & person sitting between shahrukh & hrithik endorses hero.no three females sit together

      1. @salim
        write one variable inside table and other outside ring and arrange accordig to infn u may consider two cases if condition demands there is no method which will give u answer in two minutes .at least 5-7 min so practice is only solution all the best.

  8. Hi group members as many of u have given IBPS oct xam and reviews a like that paper was very tough,
    I m having my xam on Nov 9 2013.
    So, I want u ppl 2 suggest me the topic & strategy so that I can focus more on those topics.

    Please help friends !


  9. hi i applied for ibps clerk-3 but because of some reasons i didn’t take print out of online application..is it creates me any problem..

  10. is arihant pblications book gud fr reasning ..if nt plz suggest me buk for bank po n clerk xam n also prefer book for english..

  11. i. all jugs are glasses
    ii.all glasses are cups
    iii.all jugs are pens
    i.all pens are jugs
    ii.some glasses are pens
    iii.some cups are pens
    iv. all pens are cups

    none follows OR ii and iii follow

  12. can any one tell me that what is best book for syllogism…
    because the way ibps level is increasing it demands much practice


    Hi friends,
    As per SSC CGL 2014-Corrigendum the essential qualification post for
    statistical investigator gr-II is now changed & now any graduate can apply
    for the same.
    But what will happen to those who have already filled up the form with
    their choices for the post and submitted their fees.

    New form filling with same credentials that we have filled earlier (viz-
    Name,DOB,Address,mail id,phone number)will lead to the form cancellation
    told to me by SSC office Raipur.
    But he didn’t told me that what should i do to add my choice for this
    Particular post.
    THE QUESTION IS ???????????????

    Will SSC provide new choice filling?
    If not then it is blunder.
    What will happen to those who have filled the form before the corrigendum.

  14. sir pls send privios paper of security officer exam conducting by ONGC Ltd. im waiting and also send study plan and syllabus for it

  15. Good Analysis. Your roadmap for comptetition is the trendsetter man…Clean n clear…You are behind all for saving lots of hours of analysis for no. of aspirants…
    keep it up!!!

  16. which one is better for the preparation of verbal and non verbal reasoning?? r s agarwal or arun sharma???

  17. Eight friend Dewey, Deniyal, Denmark, Denim, Decosta, Dutch, David and Delnaaz are sitting around a circular table and all are facing towards the center but not necessarily in same order. Each of them represents eight different companies viz. Phillips, Lenovo, Sansui, Apollo, Nikon, Aiwa, Uptron and Tata. Dutch sits second to the right of representative of Aiwa. Representative of Nikon is an immediate neighbour of representative of Tata. Denmark and Decosta are immediate neighbours of each-other. Neither Denmark nor Decosta is an immediate neighbour of Deniyal or representative of Tata. Two people sit between representatives of Nikon and Deniyal. David and representative of Uptron are immediate neighbours. Only one person sits between Denmark and representative of Sansui. Delnaaz sits third to the left side of representative of Apollo and is the representative of Tata. Representative of Aiwa sits second to the left of representative of Lenovo. Representative of Phillips sits second to the right of Denim who is not the representative of Nikon. Deniyal is not the representative of Uptron. Denmark sits second to the left of Denim.Solve it and recommend for easy approach .It is very urgent ,Please !

    1. sanjeet dwivedi ji…………
      first write down aiwa &dutch/lenovo. then inbetween these two write philips. now you can solve it. bcoz from philips 2nd to left is denim then 2nd to left is denmark.now solve it…

    2. Start from Delnaaz/Tata and Nikon. Then put apollo and Deniyal accordingly. They will adjust on different side of (Delnaaz&Nikon) in order to fulfill the condition of – Denmark&Decosta not to be neighbour of Delnaaz or Deniyaal. Then put Denim & Denmark accordingly. Leave Decosta’s position for now. Once Denim is adjusted, apply condition of philips/sansui. Then look for the remaining guys where they can be put (because dutch/lenovo and aiwa need to be near with only one in between). Rest settles all by itself.

      Answer: arrangement in anti clockwise order.. dewey(aiwa), deniyal(philips), dutch(lenovo), delnaz(tata), david(nikon), denmark(uptron), devosta(apollo) and denim(sansui).

  18. Passage :

    .A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement given below.

    Input: meditation has been used in every part of view world
    Step I: been meditation has in every part of used view world
    Step II: been every meditation has in of part used view world
    Step III: been every has in meditation of part used view world
    Step IV: mean very beans seen gun brief treat wind dew wood
    Step V: 14 23 3 20 8 3 21 24 5 24
    Step VI : 5 5 3 2 8 3 3 6 5 6
    Step VI is the last step of the above arrangement.
    As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out the answer in each of the following questions.
    Input : Our freedom is founded on the demand for this that suffrage

    Question :

    Which of the following would be the Step IV of the above input?

      1. from step iv to step v following logic is used
        In Mean M alphabetical number is 13
        In next step 14 is given implies(13+1)
        similarly Very here V number is 22, in the next step 23 is given
        from step v to step vi just add the digits …

  19. Passage :
    Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below-
    The director of an institution has announced that six programmes on different areas will be organised on Leadership, Decision-making, Quality Circle, Motivation, Valuation Centre and Group discussion. These would be organised in January 2014 one after another, from Monday to Sunday and one full day will be devoted to only one programme. The rules for this are as follows.
    1. Motivation should be organised after Sunday but not before Valuation Centre.
    2. Quality Circle should not be organised after group discussion.
    3. Decision-making should be organised on friday and there should be one day interval between leadership and Motivation.
    4. There is one day when no programme will be conducted. (That day is not Saturday) on the day just before it, group discussion should be organized.

    Solution :

    Mahendras Answer –
    Program Day
    Leadership Thursday
    Decision making Friday
    Quality circle Wednesday
    Motivation Tuesday
    Valuation centre Monday
    Group discussion Saturday
    off Sunday

    My Answer –

    Monday L/V
    Tuesday V/L
    Wednesday M/Q
    Thu Q/M
    Fri DM
    Sat G

    Which one is correct ?

    1. man i think there is monday instead of sunday in condition no.1 .
      otherwise it is not making any sense.because week is starting from monday….
      using monday wil give the right answer….

  20. sir, plz muje ibps po ki prepration ke liye sabhi subject ki best books bata dijiye.
    thank you

  21. Respected Sir,

    I requested you to send sample of the Seating arrangements (Reasoning) as both direction sitting like inside outside which are too helpful for the bank CWE exams.

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